Subjects and predicates

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Grammar Lesson for A Walk in the Desert

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Subjects and predicates

  1. 1. Subjects and Predicates A Grammar Lesson for Fourth Grade Created by Teresa Wilson – Desert Palms - July 2010
  2. 2. Every sentence is made up of two parts. <ul><li>The subject names the person, place, or thing the sentence is about (the WHO or WHAT.) </li></ul><ul><li>The predicate tells what the subject is or does (the ACTION.) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Subject <ul><li>The complete subject includes all the words that identify the person or thing the sentence is about. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>My Aunt Mary has a cat. </li></ul><ul><li>The little old man walked with a cane. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple subject is the main noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy with the blue shirt waved to me. </li></ul><ul><li>Jack loves to play soccer. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Predicate <ul><li>The complete predicate includes all words that tell what the subject of the sentence is or does. </li></ul><ul><li> Tim took three marbles from the pile. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple predicate is the </li></ul><ul><li>main verb or verb phrase. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Let’s Review <ul><li>Share with your shoulder partner the difference between a complete subject and a simple subject . </li></ul><ul><li>Share with your shoulder partner the difference between a complete predicate and a simple predicate . </li></ul>A quick coyote A quick coyote caught a lizard. A quick coyote caught a lizard. caught a lizard.
  6. 6. Sentences can have more than one subject or predicate. <ul><li>A compound subject is two or more subjects with the same predicate. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The subjects are usually joined by and or or . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacey and her brother went to the park. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A compound predicate is two or more predicates with the same subject. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The simple predicates in a compound predicate are usually joined by and, but, or or . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacey and her brother went to the park and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>played frisbee . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mechanics and Usage <ul><li>If a compound subject has two subjects, the subjects are not separated by a comma. </li></ul><ul><li>If it has three or more subjects, they are separated by commas. </li></ul><ul><li> Josh , Carrie , and Meg went fishing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mechanics and Usage <ul><li>If a compound predicate has two predicates, the predicates are not separated by a comma. </li></ul><ul><li>If it has three or more predicates, they are separated by commas. </li></ul><ul><li>Tonight we will eat , read , </li></ul><ul><li>and play games. </li></ul>

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