The Long Now Foundation : January 02009




Climate Change
Recalculated
Saul Griffith.
Makanipower.com
Wattzon.com
Would you prefer
a glass of wine
every evening, or
an annual business
trip?
would you prefer
your taxes spent
on schools or
roads?
would you prefer a
hot shower every
day or eating
meat?
you have heard about...



climate change
you have heard about...


carbon footprint
you have heard about...


energy
independence
let us have a look at these things as though:


we are reconciling the
short term us...

with the 10000 year
future of us....
and hopefully we'll answer two questions...


how do your personal
actions effect climate?

can there be a global
solution...
a big pile of numbers to show you that...

climate change and
energy issues are
aesthetic issues.

what is a quality life?
Two stories : one global, one personal.
HOW MUCH POWER
   DO I USE?
Energy is measured in Joules (J)




                      Lifting an apple from
                      the ground to the
 ...
Power is measured in Watts (W).
1 Watt = 1 Joule / second



                      Lifting one apple from
                ...
40 apples per second
from the ground to the
table = 40 Watts.
Running this Apple laptop takes 40 Watts.
Power

                       100 W               = You, sitting there, reading.



                    1000 W            ...
"Watts per always" - your life in light bulbs.




                           100W




  A 12,000 Watt lifestyle is 120 x ...
Why watts ?
Allows you to compare activities on different timescales.

Allows you to consider non-carbon effects of using ...
Flight

Saul Griffith in 2007: 112,000 Miles
7,992 Watts equivalent. 18.500 kg CO2
Driving
                                        4500 Mi/yr
10,000 Miles                            Honda Insight
1,500 Wat...
Domestic energy consumption
2 person stand alone house, 2br, Mission District, SF.
                                    Hom...
Work Power Consumption...
   18,400² Foot Office, 40 People sharing
1250

                                                ...
My 2007 diet.

                            772 Watts
    Milk Cheese:     30 W

             Wine:   76 W

        Vegetab...
Society - my 1/300 000 000th share of the US infrastructure...



US Military: 94      W

US Nuclear protection: 50       ...
Insight




                                                                                                         up

 ...
SFO TO LHR 41




                                                                                                        ...
Me
Me and my ladyfriend
1000 people
1 000 000 People
Per capita power use 2003
                 Per Capita Energy Use 2003


            30
                                   ...
World Power Consumption by Country, 1965-2005
                                                                 USA
       ...
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Longnow 16 Jan 09

  1. 1. The Long Now Foundation : January 02009 Climate Change Recalculated Saul Griffith. Makanipower.com Wattzon.com
  2. 2. Would you prefer a glass of wine every evening, or an annual business trip?
  3. 3. would you prefer your taxes spent on schools or roads?
  4. 4. would you prefer a hot shower every day or eating meat?
  5. 5. you have heard about... climate change
  6. 6. you have heard about... carbon footprint
  7. 7. you have heard about... energy independence
  8. 8. let us have a look at these things as though: we are reconciling the short term us... with the 10000 year future of us...
  9. 9. and hopefully we'll answer two questions... how do your personal actions effect climate? can there be a global solution for climate change?
  10. 10. a big pile of numbers to show you that... climate change and energy issues are aesthetic issues. what is a quality life?
  11. 11. Two stories : one global, one personal.
  12. 12. HOW MUCH POWER DO I USE?
  13. 13. Energy is measured in Joules (J) Lifting an apple from the ground to the table. ~ 1 Joule
  14. 14. Power is measured in Watts (W). 1 Watt = 1 Joule / second Lifting one apple from the ground to the table each second. ~ 1 Watt.
  15. 15. 40 apples per second from the ground to the table = 40 Watts.
  16. 16. Running this Apple laptop takes 40 Watts.
  17. 17. Power 100 W = You, sitting there, reading. 1000 W 1kW = Domestic kettle 1 kilowatt (kW) = 1000 W 1000000 W 1MW = Diesel locomotive / wind turbine. 1 megawatt (MW) = 1000 kW 1000000000 W 1GW = Hoover dam 1 gigawatt (GW) = 1000 MW 1000000000000 W 1TW = World power consumption, 1890 1 terawatt (TW) = 1000 GW
  18. 18. "Watts per always" - your life in light bulbs. 100W A 12,000 Watt lifestyle is 120 x 100 watt light bulbs burning permanently. ( Or 920 Compact Fluorescents )
  19. 19. Why watts ? Allows you to compare activities on different timescales. Allows you to consider non-carbon effects of using so much power. If you do something yearly (like fly 105,000 miles), it contributes: 168,207 kilometers 1 year 1.40 megajoules Joules 1 year � 31,536,000 seconds � 1 kilometer � 7,462 second = 7,462 Watts If you do something monthly (like your electricity bill), it contributes: 122 kilowatt ·hours 1 month 3.6 megajoules Joules 1 month � 2,952,000 seconds � 1 kilowatt · hour � 170 second = 170 Watts If you do something daily (like drink 1 Energy drink), it contributes: 1 energy drink 1 day 7.84 megajoules Joules 1 day � 86,400 seconds � 1 bottle � 90 second = 90 Watts Yearly things + Monthly things + Daily things = your lifestyle in watts.
  20. 20. Flight Saul Griffith in 2007: 112,000 Miles 7,992 Watts equivalent. 18.500 kg CO2
  21. 21. Driving 4500 Mi/yr 10,000 Miles Honda Insight 1,500 Watts 55 mpg 2000 Mi/yr 81.82 gallons spent other (avg. rental) 9,900,000,000 J Seattle 16 mpg 313.71 Watts 125 gallons spent 15,125,000,000 J 479.28 Watts Boston 1000 Mi/yr Dune Buggy (VW) Chicago New York 25 mpg San Francisco 40 gallons spent 4,840,000,000 J 1200 Mi/yr 153.37 Watts Toyota Tacoma 18 mpg 66.67 gallons spent 8,066,666,667 J 255.62 Watts San Diego Tucson Atlanta Jacksonville 700 Mi/yr Toyota Hilux 17 mpg 600 Mi/yr Key West 41.18 gallons spent Sprinter Diesel 4,982,352,941 J 20 mpg 157.88 Watts 30 gallons spent 4,128,000,000 J 130.81 Watts
  22. 22. Domestic energy consumption 2 person stand alone house, 2br, Mission District, SF. Home Gas and Electric breakdown625W 1400 GAS shower GAS cooking GAS heat ELEC fridge 1200 ELEC computer ELEC toothbrush ELEC phone chargers ELEC laptop1 1000 ELEC laptop2 ELEC stereo ELEC lights&other 800 600 400 200 0 JANUARY FEBRUARY NOVEMBER JULY DECEMBER AUGUST SEPTEMBER MAY JUNE MARCH OCTOBER APRIL
  23. 23. Work Power Consumption... 18,400² Foot Office, 40 People sharing 1250 Gas : 201 Watts Electric : 411 Watts 1000 750 500 250 0 Jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec
  24. 24. My 2007 diet. 772 Watts Milk Cheese: 30 W Wine: 76 W Vegetables: 100 Farming: 100 W Transportation: 120 W Fertilizer: 125 W Meat & Fish: 221 W
  25. 25. Society - my 1/300 000 000th share of the US infrastructure... US Military: 94 W US Nuclear protection: 50 W US Government: 18 W NASA: 1.1 W USPS: 5 W * Published fuel and electricity numbers.
  26. 26. Insight up gy ick g bu ne ap Honda du ot en toy g wa ks er H l d dd trip er vo or la e rs ov re e y k nc ep ast tre we ec la r hisl ke io st s po honpatuolletlbow ot w p AS ns m istm tma te uin na r ex m alch hrisrry g alu tur ialc ca eba ic e c tif as n ar uitc fere lla st ne s n re e co mb lChpho boo chrina u oo sk m ru llp ers intr snwuga ce bb pa ndgklmkrkr n taateo e laean ictenn vinlebne inlscmo n c n eta nstaakp Fr b ing oo mduhuspp r itc s sp wosec apee pp baok g r upe ceixc so yc K ll kit u in s fr r b eesappk nn e etep intchffh Wmoleaaic h id wcttn odbcueitc ma ed tele tao repin sb kec slaeinn tesareg tus hfo lagcteolo tt aoelaceif e ol sg te d peeurif laoo pdkleten k t le sbs ll aabmns sprlaskan Greope gulop creotanif o o b rk eproeiv o P sto ed TR T de ba somp es pr es coo c plantp pla ots rge ofab ing ntpotla s irdin ble tin gk din a ta ch ing itc he n sit g fallow oorru h nc So pi nfl f be l e ole he ram wo oksfutonf ame Boodenlfutonfr ss ttre nma wo eta m futo ChairWood) ( er it beltleath crocsshoes Table oolSu MenW opants menso t cks carg llaredar rtst- shirat t ensco erwe nshocks woolh ebrimha d me shir tm enunhoes so wid Shoes m rs oots leathe Hat et uggb s len pant Woocoatjack lls per oachveralls overa axedpa Watch-C il clingwrapsaran w erroll co fo toiletpap aluminum d er washingpow detergent teacandle Book conditionerthpaste sheetsofpaper too framed se rt Papercup a hampoo (mhbrush l) CDjewelca e ardgam Toot lfball bo ll tennisba go lftee go d tennisrac ket surfb cycle oar r motogerbag n esse le lephantet BikemGolfClubinflaotabrcyeclehelm s rs m to e Pap ws Ne e s in an az e ag in ar Re M o uter gaz m ly a th m m n ee p on ta rly m Dr Oveerahine cr ns Co frig ac p r r tio te n to p ec m Ca e kto oj ar pr on es g t qu Ph D p s PHYSICAL STUFF ye cle La ile ob hin M y as Bic House W ~2500 Watts
  27. 27. SFO TO LHR 41 W W W 60 LHR- 3 W 4 SF 30 TS 29 SFO ER ATL HE 3 O-A H TH DS LIG ED SFO L-A -ATL 60 W O - SF A TL ET 1 W W NT O O M R RE -CP A 4 OU S- 410 W O1 K- ST ASA CE 4 W 160 AT O 0W H5 CC G TI Y L- G N S SF -H G 4W N-A W 10 O JU ER W W 3 O N N ER W 3 W NO -O 57 E H S A 1 S IR W OT S LE FA 0 SF K W 5 W O- 56 H 2 IC AF E H H - IC BO BO 0 SA .VE NS S- S W G V A RV W SF 21 O ER -SE 0 OA O 21 0 W G T L 10 OA K DC -DC 8W VE STA E K-O 0W NS RD -M -O AK 18 0 DS 0 W PO FE ON 18 W OO 34 DE -QU EG N QU E-D E2 0W HIT ATIO 0 W TW 10 W UC 6 -SF W ED ANCE O2 BUR-O SFO 10 W FIN -JFK W AK 20 W OAK-BUR 200 680 20 W JFK-SFO ARE W LTHC 200 W HEA SFO-BO W BOS-ORD S 210 W TION 110 70 W RECREA ORD-SFO 14 0W HOUSE 260 W SFO-JFK 200 W JFK-SFO 200 W 230 W MISCSTU SJC-SJO FF1000 W 0W JC 23 SJO-S 0W BOO IJ 28 KS S JC-V W WA 130 80 STE W C2 BIK DIS -SJ NE ES PO TEXT VIJ WS 6 WW SA L 9 ILES EL 18 A EC 0 W TER 1 W T 90 W TR 60 RAN W ON W SPO 1 40 CO IC S2 RTT OM D1 M PU 50 E 4 SY W 0W O- TE SF RS BO W 70 0 AT 0 CA 31 W W S RS R 0 50 0W WO -D 31 56 0W W O WO ERTI 28 O SF RK 0W AG IN 0 SF HILU 150 W 28 TE W 0W RK K HE W 0W - .F OA SHOWERS GAS 70 W 0W COOKING GAS 30 W DR RN 31 EL AT FO 100 X 16 ET O- MA 24 HT EC 20 TAXIORRENTAL 47 K-S W SF 70 SIG LIZ TER 0W TR YV OA W IC MY 2007 LIFE: ER A IN UGG A TACO PRIN 41 OTA 50 ND 0W EB GE S W TOY 17027 Watts HO DUN TOYOT AG ELEC CIDE AG PEST 0 W 0 W DOD . FO AG . CO . BE SS FF SU ER CE ILF OTHER EE LIGHTS GA TR STERE FR LAPTOP COMPU &W W I RE FRIDGE DA UE HEATIN IC R UIT 50 W S 3 2 FA AL IRY LS ME INE 20 40 TS ,V S& S ELEC 8 O ELEC AT 80 ELEC 7 EG AN GGS W 10 6 TER EL ELEC 1 G GAS 4 GR TS 9 ELEC 3 &E W DO &N W AIN U IL 0W W S 1W EC 10 16 0W 10 00 W W 0W 0W 0W W W
  28. 28. Me
  29. 29. Me and my ladyfriend
  30. 30. 1000 people
  31. 31. 1 000 000 People
  32. 32. Per capita power use 2003 Per Capita Energy Use 2003 30 16 Belgium 17 Saudi Arabia 18 Singapore 19 Gibraltar 20 Netherlands 21 Oman 1 Qatar 22 France 23 Russian Federation 25 2 Iceland 24 New Zealand 3 United Arab Emirates 25 Korea, Rep 26 Czech Rep 4 Bahrain 27 Germany 28 Austria 5 Luxembourg 29 Japan 6 Netherlands Antilles 30 United Kingdom 31 Denmark 7 Kuwait 32 Ireland 20 8 Trinidad and Tobago 33 Switzerland 34 Estonia 9 Canada 35 Turkmenistan 36 Slovenia 10 United States 37 Slovakia 11 Brunei Darussalam 38 Kazakhstan 39 Cyprus kilowatts 12 Finland 40 Spain 41 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 13 Norway 15 42 Israel 14 Sweden 43 Italy 44 Ukraine 15 Australia 45 Greece 46 Belarus 47 Lithuania 48 South Africa 49 Hungary 50 Bulgaria US Average. 10 5 Global Average 0 10 20 30 40 50
  33. 33. World Power Consumption by Country, 1965-2005 USA Canada Mexico Argentina 15 Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium & Luxembourg Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland 10 Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland terawatts Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia 5 Iran Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan 0 Philippines Singapore South Korea 1970 1980 1990 2000 Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific

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