Line listing at Transit Points -Methodology Mapping carried out by team of 5 people each in the transit points. Line listing of mobile population carried out over three months Line listing of mobile population carried out during the time mobility takes place (first bus to last bus of the day). Line listing carried out through a combination of methods. Not counting those who cross the border daily or those who come for local trading or truckers. Data is collected from as many people as possible regarding their source, destination and other details. Approximately 70% of the total population who cross over provided information about themselves at Gaurifanta / Dhangadhi Approximately 90% of the total population who cross over provided information about themselves at Gaddachouki / Banbasa Data presented here is analysis of over three months.
Estimates of Mobile population atGaurifanta Total Going Going % to Going % to Mobile Delhi % to Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others OthersSource -Accham 1742 159 9 1275 73 308 18Source -Kanchanpur 713 307 43 217 30 189 27Source -Others 5913 1043 18 3387 57 1483 25Total 8368 1509 18.0 4879 58.3 1980 23.7 Those from Accham, almost all go to Mumbai. Those from Kanchanpur, people go to both Mumbai and Delhi Overall, 3 times more people go to Mumbai than those who go to Delhi
Mobile population at Banbasa /Gaddachouki Total Going Going % to Going % to Mobile Delhi % to Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others OthersSource -Accham 1511 248 16 331 22 932 62Source -Kanchanpur 5830 1958 34 194 3 3678 63Source -Others 9339 2876 31 472 5 5991 64Total 16680 5082 30.5 997 6.0 10601 63.6 From Kanchanpur, More people go to Delhi than Mumbai, overall 4 times more people cross over from Kanchanpur than Accham From Accham and Kanchanpur, 4 times more people go to Delhi than those who go to Mumbai
Estimates of Mobile population(combined-both transit sites) Total Going % to Going % to Going % to Mobile Delhi Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others OthersSource -Accham 3253 407 13 1606 49 1240 38Source -Kanchanpur 6543 2265 35 411 6 3867 59Source -Others 15252 3919 26 3859 25 7474 49Total 25048 6591 26.3 5876 23.5 12581 50.2 Those from Accham, more people go to Mumbai than Delhi. Those from Kanchanpur, more people go to Delhi than Mumbai Overall, more number of people go to Delhi than to Mumbai from the two source districts
Buses from the transit points Buses Leaving from Gaddachouki/Banbasa Buses Leaving from GourifantaS.no Destination No.of buses No.of 1 Delhi, Gurgaon 15 S.no. Location buses Haridwar, Mathura, Agra, 1 Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida 7 2 Lucknow 11 Punjab, Shimla, Karnal, 2 Other areas 27 3 Jaipur, Haldwani 11 Grand Total 37 Grand Total 34 The number of buses that leave from the two transit points for each destination also gives us an indication of the volume of mobile population in that direction
Projection Analysis – Methodology 1 As 70% of the mobile population was listed at the Gaurifanta transit point, an additional 30% of the population has been calculated proportionally in each category. Similarly as 90% of the mobile population was listed at Gaddachouki, an additional 10% of the population has been calculated proportionally in each category. The results of the above calculation is shown in the next three slides.
Projection of Mobile population atGaurifanta for three months (Total) % to Total Going % to Going % to Going Others Mobile Delhi Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others 18Source - Accham 2265 207 9 1658 73 400 27Source - Kanchanpur 927 399 43 282 30 246 25Source - Others 7687 1356 18 4403 57 1928Total 10878 1962 18 6343 58 2574 24 Increased 30% in all categories
Projection population at Banbasa /Gaddachouki for three months (Total) % to Total Going % to Going % to Going Others Mobile Delhi Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others 62Source - Accham 1662 273 16 364 22 1025 63Source - Kanchanpur 6413 2154 34 213 3 4046 64Source - Others 10273 3164 31 519 5 6590Total 18348 5590 30 1097 6 11661 64 Increased 10% in all categories
Projection of Mobile population (combined-bothtransit sites) for three months Total Going % to Going % to Going % to Mobile Delhi Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others OthersSource - Accham 3927 480 12 2022 51 1426 36Source - Kanchanpur 7340 2553 35 496 7 4292 58Source - Others 17960 4520 25 4922 27 8518 47Total 29226 7552 26 7439 25 14235 49 Added 30% in all categories for Gaurifanta transit and 10% for those in Gaddachouki transit. Approximately these are the total number of people who crossed over in the three month period.
Projection of Mobile population (combined-bothtransit sites) for One year Total Going % to Going % to Going % to Mobile Delhi Delhi Mumbai Mumbai Others OthersSource - Accham 15707 1918 12 8086 51 5702 36Source - Kanchanpur 29360 10212 35 1982 7 17166 58Source - Others 71839 18078 25 19689 27 34072 47Total 116906 30208 26 29758 25 56940 49 Figures for three months calculated for one year. Approximately, 1,00,000 Nepali Mobile population cross over into India in a year through the two transit points Out of that, approximately 12000 come to Delhi as destination and 8500 come to Mumbai from the two sites of Accham and Kanchanpur.
Nepali Mobile PopulationMapping Data at Destination - Delhi India
Locations MappedS.No Name of AREA (Sub Location) - NCR- 6 Noida1 Kashmiri Gate a Mamura (Sector-66) a. Nepali Park b Harola Market(Sec-5) b. Guru Nanak Market c Noida sec-9 c. Chavi Ganj d Khoda d. Mori Gate e Mayur Vihar (1,2,3) 7 Okhla a Jantajeevan Camp2 Chandni Chowk b Mazdoor Janta Colony a. Old Lajpat Rai Market c Tehkhand b. New Lajpat Rai Market c. Bhagirath Place 7 Naraina a Naraina village3 Kingsway Camp b Rajivgandhi Camp a. Mukherji Nagar b. Nirankari Colony 8 Gurgaon c. Malik Pur a Sarhaul Gaon, Sec 18 d Indira Vikas Colony b Nathupur e Sant Nagar/Burari c Shukrali f Outerm Lane d Sikanderpur4 Jhilmil (East Delhi) 9 J.J.Colony a. Chitra Vihar Inderpuri b. Sonia Camp a AB & WZ block c. Ambedkar Camp b C, D, E & F block d. Maharaj Pur e. Old/New Seema Puri 10 Kapas Hera f. Karkarduma Village g. Ghondli 11 Kirti Nagar h. Shalimar Garden 12 Zamrudpur5 Azadpur a. Transport Center 13 Garhi. East of Kailsh b sanjay gandhi tpt nager 14 Harkesh Nagar
Estimated Mobile population Total Single With % age who % age who are (range) family are in India in locality for for less than 5 less than 5 years yearsPeople from 24000-2 9000-1 15000-16 70 - 75 % 60 – 65 %Nepal 6000 0000 000People from 6000-70 2500 - 3500-400 70 – 75 % 60 – 65 %Accham/ 00 3000 0Kanchanpur Estimates from 20 locations around NCR Filtering out categories like single, within India for 5years leaves us with an impact population of: 3650 If we do not have these criteria, the impact population will become approximately 30,000 in Delhi.
NepaliMobile Population Data at Destination - Mumbai India
Estimated Mobile population The Reaching Across Border Project carried out by FHI reached approximately 40,000 Nepali Population in Mumbai (3 years). The project worked with all Nepalis at certain specified areas (did not curtail impact population by source districts). The project worked at 4 districts of Nepal as source sites Based on the above figures, the approximate number of impact population for EMPHASIS would be 3360. If we relax the criteria for impact population, another 25,000 can be reached in Mumbai.
BangladeshiMobile PopulationData at Destination – West Bengal India
Estimated Mobile population Approximately 7000 people cross over the border undocumented. Approximately 65000 people from Bangladesh are found in the locations mapped. Approximate number of people who have come from Jessore and Satkhira is 9750 If we relax the criteria, approximate impact population would be 10,000.
Conclusion Need to relax limiting Impact population criteria In tune with revised NACO strategy Makes intervention feasible. Broaden intervention to reach all Nepalis/Bangladeshi in a destination/transit site, while also focusing on the continuum.