Martin Luther King - Courage for Change


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Martin Luther King - Courage for Change

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  • Sorry, for this comment, i have commented on topic for recession, but then i went universal, pardon me .... !
    i am not doing too much, i am doing what i think it has to be done ....
    my solution for recession is universalisation, means evaluate all resourcess and assets of universe and then apply necessary sum of new currency (Zik=100$) to pay all debts and to buy off all taxes from national governments ....
    of course for this we need adequate entity, i see on horizon only myself as the secular and universal, legal and official The God, recognised by UN and with contracts with all national states governments,
    of course i invite you all to create a fresh new account at google, free, but with my data: universal identities names and universal residence, like this: Zababau Ganetros Cirimbo Ostangu ogiriny64256142, ( you can create this one but then inform me), access to account i have to have because this is divinising universalisation, but you can open it for all, i simply have to arrange it to adapt to paradigm, isn't it ......
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Martin Luther King - Courage for Change

  1. 1. Martin Luther King Junior’s<br />COURAGE FOR CHANGE<br />Eamon O’Brien – Mr. Patten’s 4th Period Religion 11<br />
  2. 2. What is Courage?<br /><ul><li>Before studying the courage of an individual, it is necessary to know EXACTLY what courage is
  3. 3. Courage’s textbook definition is:
  4. 4. The ability to confront fear, pain, risk/danger, uncertainty, or intimidation
  5. 5. There are other various definitions and specific types of courage; ex. Moral courage, physical courage, etc. </li></ul>Courage the Cowardly dog is NOT the type of courage worth discussing. <br />Get him out of your head. <br />
  6. 6. Common Misconceptions<br /><ul><li>Buff or extremely muscular individuals or almost always labeled courageous blindly
  7. 7. However, physical strength does not necessarily imply fortitude
  8. 8. Strength of the mind is what is necessary in order to be courageous and as will be seen in this presentation, MLK had exactly just that </li></ul>Strong people are commonly associated with courage, which is a misconception as physical strength does not imply fortitude.<br />
  9. 9. MLK Jr. – The Man<br />"We must constantly build dikes of courage to hold back the flood of fear“ - MLK<br /><ul><li>MLK was a courageous individual from the get-go
  10. 10. He attended school, where he undoubtedly encountered racial discrimination
  11. 11. He skipped two grades due to his intelligence and desire to make a difference quick</li></ul>Martin Luther King Jr. was well known for his rhetoric and ability to establish a bond with his audiences. <br />
  12. 12. MLK’s Influences<br /><ul><li>MLK’s actions were heavily influenced by many courageous individuals
  13. 13. Mohandas Gandhi: protested British by means of non-violence
  14. 14. Howard Thurman: met with Gandhi and did missionary work abroad
  15. 15. Bayard Rustin: studied Gandhi’s teachings; advocated non-violence
  16. 16. These influences would all drive MLK to use civil disobedience as a means of protest</li></li></ul><li>STATUS QUO<br /><ul><li>Although it was nearly a century since the emancipation proclamation and the end of the civil war, the 1950s-1960s were filled with racist sentiments
  17. 17. Jim Crow Laws – enacted “separate but equal” status; legal segregation
  18. 18. Voting qualifications often restricted African Americans from voting
  19. 19. This would add fuel to MLK’s flame</li></ul>Signs indicating segregated areas were common. African American facilities were often in far worse condition than white ones, despite the supposed “separate but equal” doctrine. <br />
  20. 20. Montgomery Bus boycott<br /><ul><li>MLK’s first major public courageous action was when he supported a woman ignited a movement that would change history forever
  21. 21. Rosa Parks had refused to give her seat to a white man and was arrested as a result
  22. 22. MLK rallied up fellow African Americans to protest the segregation of the Montgomery Buses non-violentally</li></ul>In response to Rosa Parks’ arrest, African Americans, rallied under MLK, protested the Montgomery buses and walked to work, home, etc. <br /><ul><li>The protest was a success as segregation on the buses was ruled to be illegal. </li></li></ul><li>Albany Movement<br /><ul><li>The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia
  23. 23. King got involved and was even arrested while peacefully protesting
  24. 24. King courageously declined bail until the city would make concessions
  25. 25. King returned to Albany a year later and was again arrested </li></ul>After two weeks of trying to meet with the Albany city council, Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, and 8 others kneeled to pray on the steps of the city hall. King and Abernathy were arrested and sent to jail for the third time.<br />
  26. 26. Birmingham Campaign<br /><ul><li>The Birmingham campaign was a strategic effort by the SCLC to promote civil rights for African Americans
  27. 27. Its goal was to end the city's segregated civil and discriminatory economic policies.
  28. 28. MLK played a key role as he orchestrated and organized the non-violent protests</li></ul>High school students are hit by a high-pressure water jet from a fire hose during a protest in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963.<br /><ul><li>King was jailed and it was then that he wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail,”; describing his civil disobedience</li></li></ul><li>March on Washington<br /><ul><li>A large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for African Americans that took place in Washington, D.C.
  29. 29. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march
  30. 30. The march is widely credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act; two pieces of legislation that improved the condition of African Americans </li></li></ul><li>“Bloody Sunday”<br /><ul><li>Martin Luther again courageously supported and helped orchestrate the Selma to Montgomery marches
  31. 31. There were 3 marches, which marked the high point of the Civil Rights movement
  32. 32. The marches received a brutal government response</li></ul>Alabama state troopers attack civil-rights demonstrators outside Selma, Alabama, on Bloody Sunday, March 7, 1965.<br /><ul><li>In the first march, called “Bloody Sunday,” 600 civil rights activists were attacked by local government officials with tear gas, clubs, etc.</li></li></ul><li>The death of a hero<br /><ul><li>MLK was assassinated on March 29, 1968 by a man named James Earl Ray
  33. 33. MLK’s assassination led to a gloomy year and riots broke were prevalent
  34. 34. Although MLK’s public protests only lasted for about two decades, without them, it is likely that the Civil Rights movement would have moved along at a much slower pace
  35. 35. MLK will never be forgotten for his courage to take a stand in a society full of racism and prejudice</li></ul>The Lorraine Motel, where King was assassinated, is now the site of the National Civil Rights Museum.<br />
  36. 36. Overview of MLK’s Courage<br /><ul><li>Some may merely look at all of the aforementioned protests as just individuals complaining about the status quo, but they are more than that
  37. 37. MLK not only protested, but did so in a civil and non-violent way
  38. 38. This “civil disobedience” requires much more courage that brute force
  39. 39. MLK took a stand for what he believed in without fearing the consequences; this is the true definition of courage</li></li></ul><li>Closing <br /><ul><li>Without Martin Luther King Junior’s courage to fight racial prejudice, it is unlikely that the Civil Rights movement would have been as much of a success as it was
  40. 40. MLK’s courage was a catalyst for change and thus, he will be forever remembered
  41. 41. Courage requires one to continue despite limitations or dangers, like what MLK did in a society full of racism
  42. 42. MLK was arrested several times, but he knew what he was going was right</li></ul>“We must constantly build dikes of courage to hold back the flood of fear.” – MLK<br />