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Martin Luther King - Courage for Change

Martin Luther King - Courage for Change



Martin Luther King - Courage for Change

Martin Luther King - Courage for Change



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    Martin Luther King - Courage for Change Martin Luther King - Courage for Change Presentation Transcript

    • Martin Luther King Junior’s
      Eamon O’Brien – Mr. Patten’s 4th Period Religion 11
    • What is Courage?
      • Before studying the courage of an individual, it is necessary to know EXACTLY what courage is
      • Courage’s textbook definition is:
      • The ability to confront fear, pain, risk/danger, uncertainty, or intimidation
      • There are other various definitions and specific types of courage; ex. Moral courage, physical courage, etc.
      Courage the Cowardly dog is NOT the type of courage worth discussing.
      Get him out of your head.
    • Common Misconceptions
      • Buff or extremely muscular individuals or almost always labeled courageous blindly
      • However, physical strength does not necessarily imply fortitude
      • Strength of the mind is what is necessary in order to be courageous and as will be seen in this presentation, MLK had exactly just that
      Strong people are commonly associated with courage, which is a misconception as physical strength does not imply fortitude.
    • MLK Jr. – The Man
      "We must constantly build dikes of courage to hold back the flood of fear“ - MLK
      • MLK was a courageous individual from the get-go
      • He attended school, where he undoubtedly encountered racial discrimination
      • He skipped two grades due to his intelligence and desire to make a difference quick
      Martin Luther King Jr. was well known for his rhetoric and ability to establish a bond with his audiences.
    • MLK’s Influences
      • MLK’s actions were heavily influenced by many courageous individuals
      • Mohandas Gandhi: protested British by means of non-violence
      • Howard Thurman: met with Gandhi and did missionary work abroad
      • Bayard Rustin: studied Gandhi’s teachings; advocated non-violence
      • These influences would all drive MLK to use civil disobedience as a means of protest
      • Although it was nearly a century since the emancipation proclamation and the end of the civil war, the 1950s-1960s were filled with racist sentiments
      • Jim Crow Laws – enacted “separate but equal” status; legal segregation
      • Voting qualifications often restricted African Americans from voting
      • This would add fuel to MLK’s flame
      Signs indicating segregated areas were common. African American facilities were often in far worse condition than white ones, despite the supposed “separate but equal” doctrine.
    • Montgomery Bus boycott
      • MLK’s first major public courageous action was when he supported a woman ignited a movement that would change history forever
      • Rosa Parks had refused to give her seat to a white man and was arrested as a result
      • MLK rallied up fellow African Americans to protest the segregation of the Montgomery Buses non-violentally
      In response to Rosa Parks’ arrest, African Americans, rallied under MLK, protested the Montgomery buses and walked to work, home, etc.
      • The protest was a success as segregation on the buses was ruled to be illegal.
    • Albany Movement
      • The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia
      • King got involved and was even arrested while peacefully protesting
      • King courageously declined bail until the city would make concessions
      • King returned to Albany a year later and was again arrested
      After two weeks of trying to meet with the Albany city council, Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, and 8 others kneeled to pray on the steps of the city hall. King and Abernathy were arrested and sent to jail for the third time.
    • Birmingham Campaign
      • The Birmingham campaign was a strategic effort by the SCLC to promote civil rights for African Americans
      • Its goal was to end the city's segregated civil and discriminatory economic policies.
      • MLK played a key role as he orchestrated and organized the non-violent protests
      High school students are hit by a high-pressure water jet from a fire hose during a protest in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963.
      • King was jailed and it was then that he wrote the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail,”; describing his civil disobedience
    • March on Washington
      • A large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for African Americans that took place in Washington, D.C.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march
      • The march is widely credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act; two pieces of legislation that improved the condition of African Americans
    • “Bloody Sunday”
      • Martin Luther again courageously supported and helped orchestrate the Selma to Montgomery marches
      • There were 3 marches, which marked the high point of the Civil Rights movement
      • The marches received a brutal government response
      Alabama state troopers attack civil-rights demonstrators outside Selma, Alabama, on Bloody Sunday, March 7, 1965.
      • In the first march, called “Bloody Sunday,” 600 civil rights activists were attacked by local government officials with tear gas, clubs, etc.
    • The death of a hero
      • MLK was assassinated on March 29, 1968 by a man named James Earl Ray
      • MLK’s assassination led to a gloomy year and riots broke were prevalent
      • Although MLK’s public protests only lasted for about two decades, without them, it is likely that the Civil Rights movement would have moved along at a much slower pace
      • MLK will never be forgotten for his courage to take a stand in a society full of racism and prejudice
      The Lorraine Motel, where King was assassinated, is now the site of the National Civil Rights Museum.
    • Overview of MLK’s Courage
      • Some may merely look at all of the aforementioned protests as just individuals complaining about the status quo, but they are more than that
      • MLK not only protested, but did so in a civil and non-violent way
      • This “civil disobedience” requires much more courage that brute force
      • MLK took a stand for what he believed in without fearing the consequences; this is the true definition of courage
    • Closing
      • Without Martin Luther King Junior’s courage to fight racial prejudice, it is unlikely that the Civil Rights movement would have been as much of a success as it was
      • MLK’s courage was a catalyst for change and thus, he will be forever remembered
      • Courage requires one to continue despite limitations or dangers, like what MLK did in a society full of racism
      • MLK was arrested several times, but he knew what he was going was right
      “We must constantly build dikes of courage to hold back the flood of fear.” – MLK