Uncovering the Voices of API Women on Sex Selection, Gender Preference & Self-Esteem

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Presented research findings at the University of California, Irvine's UROP (Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program) Symposium, Irvine, CA. May 14, 2011.

Presented research findings at the University of California, Irvine's UROP (Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program) Symposium, Irvine, CA. May 14, 2011.

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  • 1. UROP Symposium 2011 UNCOVERING THE VOICES OF API WOMEN ON SEX SELECTION, GENDER PREFERENCE & SELF-ESTEEM Department of Asian American Studies Drs. Sang Leng Trieu & Linda Vo May 14, 2011 Irvine, CaliforniaSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 2. Presenters Jedrek Chua University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Urban Studies Christine Lee University of California, Irvine Biological Sciences & Anthropology Allison Nguyen University of California, Irvine Public Health Policy & Business Economics Denise Tran University of California, Irvine Public Health SciencesSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 3. Poll Do you believe boys are valued more in Asian families?Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 4. SEX SELECTIONSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 5. What is Sex Selection?Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 6. Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 7. Hypothesis We propose that sex selection and gender preference has an adverse impact on the self-esteem and self-perception of Asian American women.Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 8. Qualitative Methods 2 Focus Group Discussions [N=19] Female Group [N=12] Male Group [N=7] Focus Group Included: Pre-focus group questionnaire Warm-up questions Focus group discussion questions Reflection unintended consequence :)Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 9. Focus Group Discussion Questions How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Esteem How Sex Selection & Gender Preference Affects Self-Perception How Self-Esteem Affects Educational Opportunities & Career Paths Attitudes on Gender Roles and Familial ResponsibilitiesSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 10. Data Analysis Transcribed both sets of focus group audio recordings Generated transcripts totaling about 50 pages Coded and created themes Tabulated pre-focus group questionnaires Discussed & interpreted emerging themesSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 11. Saturday, May 14, 2011
  • 12. Findings Attitudes on gender roles and How self-esteem affects familial responsibilities educational opportunities & career paths ♂ Privileged in job-related opportunities compared to ♀ Desire to be male for greater women freedom ♀ Get married, have families ♀ Need for push from parents ♂ Men to protect women ♀ Need for jobs with financial security ♀ Family life given priority ♂ Jobs first, families later ♀ Gender-based choresSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 13. Findings Familial Responsibilities Expectations placed on older child Educational Expectations Emphasis placed on younger childSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 14. Conclusion Parental Encouragement & Guidance Careers with Financial Stability Familial Responsibilities vs. Educational AchievementSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 15. Conclusion Limitations Ethnic Composition of Focus Groups Follow-Up Questions Generation Gap and Acculturation Retherford and Roy (2003) Having open and honest discussion Recruitment Asian CharacteristicsSaturday, May 14, 2011
  • 16. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank Dr. Sang Trieu, Nina Nguyen, NAPAWF, our CYWC classmates and our study participants.Saturday, May 14, 2011