A Phenomenological Research


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A Phenomenological Research

  1. 1. A Phenomenological Approach to understand Student Information Seeking And Why Children Why Children Seek Information
  2. 2. Relationships that Foster Intrinsic Motivation for Information Seeking <ul><li>By Sherry R. Crow </li></ul>
  3. 3. Phenomenography <ul><li>Qualitative Resarch </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly conducted through interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Interview pooled rather than tied to individual informants </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on manifest content, similarities and differences and categories </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a map of a situation through patterns of variations </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the experiences in the lives of upper elementary school children that foster an intrinsic motivation to seek information?
  5. 5. The Self-Determination Approach <ul><li>An organismic/dialetical apporach with differentiated conceptualizations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest that environment and social contexts facilitate or undermine intrinsic motivation and self-regulation of externally motivated behavior. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Intrinsic Motivation? <ul><li>The inherent tendency to seek out novelty and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>To extend and exercise one’s capacities </li></ul><ul><li>To explore and to learn </li></ul><ul><li>(Ryan & Deci, 2000 b, p. 70) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The 4 mini-theories of Self-Determination Theory <ul><li>Cognitive Evaluation Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Organismic Integrity Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Causality orientations Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Needs Theory </li></ul>
  8. 8. Focus on Cognitive Evaluation Theory <ul><ul><li>Social conditions that produce a sense of autonomy and feelings of competence catalyze one’s inherent tendency toward intrinsic motivation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatedness is also a significant factor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to Belong </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Research Methodology <ul><li>9 fifth grade students out of 178 scored high for intrinsic motivation style on “The Information Seeking Self-Regulation Questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Data for the study was collected primarily through interviews with the 9 students and </li></ul><ul><li>Information gleaned from parents and teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings gathered from an art activity </li></ul>
  10. 10. Information sought was: <ul><li>The factors in the students’ life experiences that contributed to their dispositions toward seeking information generally, and </li></ul><ul><li>The factors surrounding their information seeking experiences. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 4 Main Information Seeking Relationships <ul><li>Students’ affinity for play </li></ul><ul><li>Point-of-passion experience </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of “anchor” relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for group work </li></ul>
  12. 12. Play <ul><li>Students have a particular affinity for play. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss play enthusiastically </li></ul><ul><li>Connect Play to Information Seeking </li></ul>
  13. 13. Anchor Relationships <ul><li>Family or personal relationship that furnishes a secure base for their autonomous actions and information seeking behavior. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Point-of-Passion Experience <ul><li>Students’ first remembered experience regarding an interest or fascination they have pursued. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Favorite Information-seeking Episodes <ul><li>Students described experiences of working in groups to complete an assignment as the most enjoyable and rewarding. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Culture and Relationships <ul><li>In a Lepper, Corpus and Iyenger study, there was a positive correlation between intrrinsic motivation and pleasing the teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Research points to the universality of the connection between need satisfaction and intrinsic motivation, but emphasis may differ depending on culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy seems to be the dominant need in individualistic societies </li></ul><ul><li>Relatedness seems to be the dominant need in collective societies </li></ul>
  17. 17. Intrinsically Motivated Students seek information : <ul><li>For Fun and enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>As a part of daily living </li></ul><ul><li>Include their passions, interests and activities </li></ul>