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Gender

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A PowerPoint citing important differences between male and female student learning in classroom instruction.

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Gender

  1. 1. Gender in the English Classroom: “A Significant Instructional Issue” Rachel Armock TE 801
  2. 2. The Typical English Classroom <ul><li>According to the U.S. Department of Education's 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey, 91 percent of the nation's sixth grade reading teachers, and 83 percent of eighth grade reading teachers are female. </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does this have on male students? </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Typical English Classroom <ul><li>According to the US Dept. of Ed., the average 11th grade boy is reading at the same level as an 8th grade girl. </li></ul><ul><li>By 2011, there will be 140 women graduating for every 100 men. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good Odds! ;) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Origins of Gender Difference <ul><li>Biology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The differences between what boys and girls can do are not large. But the differences in how they do it can be very large indeed.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leonard Sax </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sense of Self <ul><li>General Behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys overestimate abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls underestimate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys problem solvers, athletes, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls- well behaved, social relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys aggressive physically, bullying, competitive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls aggressive socially, gossiping, cooperative </li></ul></ul>True or Stereotypes?
  6. 6. Not Exactly True… <ul><li>Visual systems </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some More Gender Origins… <ul><li>Socialization/Peer Behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls’ friendships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conversational </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate, personal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys’ friendships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common activity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Gender Differences <ul><ul><li>Physical Activity And Motor Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boys more active, physical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have trouble sitting still </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less likely to enjoy reading (sedentary) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More likely to pose discipline problems </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Classroom Behavior <ul><li>Boys more active participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk more, ask more ?s, speak out of turn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Girls more contemplative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait until called on </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship with Teacher </li></ul>
  10. 10. Achievement Motivation <ul><li>Less likely to graduate (HS, college) </li></ul><ul><li>Risk takers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls afraid of failure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boys- Math, Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Girls- Language, Lit </li></ul>
  11. 11. General Strategies- Boys <ul><li>Self-selected Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Topics </li></ul><ul><li>The classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of groups </li></ul><ul><li>Response to work/ideas </li></ul>
  12. 12. General Strategies-Girls <ul><li>Smile </li></ul><ul><li>Look her in the eye </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t yell </li></ul><ul><li>Use role-playing </li></ul><ul><li>Use emotion </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Typical English Classroom <ul><li>According to the U.S. Department of Education's 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey, 91 percent of the nation's sixth grade reading teachers, and 83 percent of eighth grade reading teachers are female. </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does this have on male students? </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ ” Don’t be Gender-Blind”

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