Bringing History Alive: Telling stories with Linked Data and open source tools

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The Australian War Memorial is connecting and enriching online archives and collections toward building a platform for telling history. Through Drupal 7 and Linked Data, the Memorial intends to develop tools that designers, researchers and historians can use to help find new ways of building historical narratives.

We will demonstrate some early prototypes and experiments, key uses of Linked Data, practical publishing tools and discuss how this work is unfolding inside one of Australia’s major collecting institutions.

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Bringing History Alive: Telling stories with Linked Data and open source tools

  1. 1. Bringing History Alive Telling stories with Linked Data and open source tools david peterson @davidseth #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  2. 2. Thanks • Adam Bell @bumphead • Armin Haller @W3CAustralia #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  3. 3. Period of Transition #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  4. 4. Period of Transition • Web of Documents #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  5. 5. Period of Transition • Web of Documents • Web of Things #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  6. 6. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  7. 7. 1. You are dealing with real things #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  8. 8. 1. You are dealing with real things 2. You only have part of the picture #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  9. 9. 1. You are dealing with real things 2. You only have part of the picture 3. Everything is connected #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  10. 10. 1. You are Dealing with Real ThingsFriday, 14 October 11
  11. 11. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  12. 12. • People #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  13. 13. • People • Places #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  14. 14. • People • Places • Events #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  15. 15. • People • Places • Events • Documents #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  16. 16. Persistent URLs #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  17. 17. Persistent URLs • Everything needs its own address on the web #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  18. 18. Persistent URLs • Everything needs its own address on the web • That address should not change #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  19. 19. Shared Understanding #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  20. 20. Shared Understanding Vocabularies #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  21. 21. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  22. 22. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  23. 23. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  24. 24. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org • Facebook Open Graph #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  25. 25. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org • Facebook Open Graph • FOAF #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  26. 26. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org • Facebook Open Graph • FOAF • Geonames #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  27. 27. Shared Understanding Vocabularies • Schema.org • Facebook Open Graph • FOAF • Geonames • New York Times #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  28. 28. Vocabularies #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  29. 29. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  30. 30. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? • You know your space better then anyone #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  31. 31. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? • You know your space better then anyone • Create it! #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  32. 32. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? • You know your space better then anyone • Create it! • Ontology [Owl] #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  33. 33. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? • You know your space better then anyone • Create it! • Ontology [Owl] • Thesaurus [SKOS] #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  34. 34. Vocabularies • Can’t Find what you Need? • You know your space better then anyone • Create it! • Ontology [Owl] • Thesaurus [SKOS] • Simple Knowledge Organization System #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  35. 35. Vocabulary Tools #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  36. 36. Vocabulary Tools • Pool Party #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  37. 37. Vocabulary Tools • Pool Party • Neologism [Drupal based] #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  38. 38. Vocabulary Tools • Pool Party • Neologism [Drupal based] • structOntology [Drupal based] #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  39. 39. HTML Data #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  40. 40. HTML Data • RDFa #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  41. 41. HTML Data • RDFa #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  42. 42. HTML Data • RDFa #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  43. 43. HTML Data • RDFa • Microdata #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  44. 44. HTML Data • RDFa • Microdata #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  45. 45. HTML Data • RDFa • Microdata #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  46. 46. HTML Data • RDFa • Microdata • Microformats #wds11Friday, 14 October 11
  47. 47. Named Entity Extraction #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  48. 48. Named Entity Extraction What? #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  49. 49. Automatically Tag your Stuff #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  50. 50. Automatically Tag your Stuff #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  51. 51. Automatically Tag your Stuff • OpenCalais (Drupal module) #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  52. 52. Automatically Tag your Stuff • OpenCalais (Drupal module) #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  53. 53. Automatically Tag your Stuff • OpenCalais (Drupal module) • Yahoo Term Extraction (Drupal module) #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  54. 54. Automatically Tag your Stuff • OpenCalais (Drupal module) • Yahoo Term Extraction (Drupal module) • Apache Stanbol #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  55. 55. Automatically Tag your Stuff #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  56. 56. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  57. 57. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  58. 58. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance $ svn co http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator/stanbol/trunk stanbol #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  59. 59. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance $ svn co http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator/stanbol/trunk stanbol $ mvn clean install #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  60. 60. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance • RESTful interface #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  61. 61. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance • RESTful interface • Analyze textual content, enhance with with named entities (person, place, organization) #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  62. 62. Automatically Tag your Stuff Apache Stanbol • Spin up your own instance • RESTful interface • Analyze textual content, enhance with with named entities (person, place, organization) • Use your own vocabularies #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  63. 63. 2.You only have Part of the PictureFriday, 14 October 11
  64. 64. Open World / Closed World #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  65. 65. Allow for the Unknown • Don’t use strict, unchangeble definitions of your data • JSON works well • NoSQL or GraphDB #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  66. 66. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  67. 67. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  68. 68. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  69. 69. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  70. 70. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  71. 71. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  72. 72. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  73. 73. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  74. 74. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  75. 75. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  76. 76. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  77. 77. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  78. 78. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  79. 79. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  80. 80. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  81. 81. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  82. 82. R.E.M. #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  83. 83. Drupal Content Types • Easily model any sort of object • Content Types • Fields • Drupal 7 plays well with the Web #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  84. 84. 3. Everything is ConnectedFriday, 14 October 11
  85. 85. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  86. 86. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  87. 87. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  88. 88. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  89. 89. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  90. 90. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  91. 91. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  92. 92. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  93. 93. 6° of Kevin Bacon #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  94. 94. Giant Global Graph #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  95. 95. Giant Global Graph "Its not the documents, it is the things they are about which are important". Obvious, really. Tim Berners-Lee #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  96. 96. Facebook Open Graph Beta... (the beginning of the semweb?) #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  97. 97. Facebook Open Graph Beta... #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  98. 98. Facebook Open Graph Beta... #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  99. 99. RDF Alexander Kelley wounded WW I #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  100. 100. RDF Subject Alexander Kelley wounded WW I #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  101. 101. RDF Subject Predicate Alexander Kelley wounded WW I #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  102. 102. RDF Subject Predicate Object Alexander Kelley wounded WW I #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  103. 103. Linked Data #awm11 “Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/”Friday, 14 October 11
  104. 104. Linked Data #awm11 “Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/”Friday, 14 October 11
  105. 105. Linked Data 5 Step Program http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  106. 106. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  107. 107. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL ★ make your stuff available on the web (whatever format) http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  108. 108. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL ★ make your stuff available on the web (whatever format) ★ ★ make it available as structured data (excel instead image) http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  109. 109. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL ★ make your stuff available on the web (whatever format) ★ ★ make it available as structured data (excel instead image) ★ ★ ★ non-proprietary format (csv instead of excel) http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  110. 110. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL ★ make your stuff available on the web (whatever format) ★ ★ make it available as structured data (excel instead image) ★ ★ ★ non-proprietary format (csv instead of excel) ★ ★ ★ ★ use URLs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  111. 111. Linked Data 5 Step Program by the Man - TimBL ★ make your stuff available on the web (whatever format) ★ ★ make it available as structured data (excel instead image) ★ ★ ★ non-proprietary format (csv instead of excel) ★ ★ ★ ★ use URLs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ link your data to other people’s data to provide context http://bit.ly/bURiXV #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  112. 112. Linked Data • DBpedia • LODLAM • JSON-LD #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  113. 113. Bonus Round #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  114. 114. Bonus Round 1. You are dealing with real things #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  115. 115. Bonus Round 1. You are dealing with real things 2. You only have part of the picture #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  116. 116. Bonus Round 1. You are dealing with real things 2. You only have part of the picture 3. Your objects live in the graph #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  117. 117. Bonus Round 1. You are dealing with real things 2. You only have part of the picture 3. Your objects live in the graph 1 + 2 + 3 = API #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  118. 118. Your Site Becomes an API • Make it easy for your content to be reused • Queried • Free it from the confines of your site #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  119. 119. Drupal WYSIWYG Editor • Makes it easy for users to embed images from catalog • Uses embedded RDFa #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  120. 120. [demo] Drupal WYSIWYG Editor #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  121. 121. [demo] Drupal WYSIWYG Editor #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  122. 122. [demo] Drupal WYSIWYG Editor #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  123. 123. [demo] Drupal WYSIWYG Editor #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  124. 124. WYSIWYG Editor • Creates JSON data from RDFa #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  125. 125. WYSIWYG Editor • Creates JSON data from RDFa #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  126. 126. Demos • Recollection • Simile Timeline #awm11Friday, 14 October 11
  127. 127. Questions? #awm11Friday, 14 October 11

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