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Ge Sit2 Ge Sit2 Presentation Transcript

  • Government Employees Situationer Presented by COURAGE
  • Number of Government Personnel by Status of Appointment and Level of Position (CSC, 1999) Level of Position Career Personnel Permanent Temporary Total 1,250,510 1,176,022 74,488 1 st Level (SG 1-9) 521,428 489,891 31,537 2 nd Level (SG 10 - 24) 709,429 670,667 38,762 3 rd Level (SG25 up) 4,981 2,054 2,927 Non-Exec. Career 14,672 13,410 1,262
  • Statistics
    • 1.445M Government Employees
    Source: CSC Unions 1999 2007 Registered 1,295 (276,354 mem.) 1591 NGA -619 GOCC -185 LGU- 569 SUC - 218 Accredited 430 (116,663 mem.) 663 NGA - 200 GOCC - 99 LGU - 257 SUC - 107 Registered CNA 94 (44,413 mem.) 246 NGA - 89 GOCC - 53 LGU - 63 SUC - 41
  • Number of Central and Local Government Employees Personnel per 100 Population in Different Countries (Source: UP NCPAG) 2007 – 1.6 Country Personnel/100 Pop. Country Personnel/100 Pop. Sweden (79) 14.7 Singapore (81) 5.4 Australia (80) 9.8 Malaysia (86) 4.5 UK (80) 9.6 S. Korea (81) 3.1 USA (81) 7.8 Sri Lanka (80) 3.0 New Zealand (81) 8.4 Thailand 2.9 W. Germany (80) 6.1 Philippines (83) 2.3 Japan (80) 4.1 Indonesia (85) 1.9 8 Lat Am. 4.6 India (81) 1.5 17 African 1.9 Pakistan (83) 1.5
  • Rights of Government Employees: ILO Conventions
    • ILO Conventions
      • #87- Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize
      • #98-Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining
      • #151- Protection of the Right to Organize and Procedures for Determining Conditions of Employment in the Public Service
  • Rights of Government Employees: The Philippine Constitution of 1987
    • Art II, Sec 18 - Labor as primary social economic force; Protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare
    • Art III, Sec. 8 – Right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, asso., or societies.
    • Art IX, B, Sec 2 (5) – Right to self-organization shall not be denied to government employees
    • Art IX, Sec 5 – Congress shall provide standardization of compensation of all government officials and employees
    • Art XIII, Sec. 3 – Full protection to labor; promote full employment; guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law; entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage ; participate in policy and decision-making affecting their rights
  • Rights of Government Employees: Laws, Resolutions and Decisions
    • Civil Service Code
    • Executive Order No.180 (June 1, 1987)
    • Civil Service Commission Resolutions and Circulars
    • Public Sector Labor Management Council Resolutions
    • Supreme Court Decisions
  • Sahod, Trabaho at Karapatan (STK) Salaries, Jobs and Rights
    • Main issues and problems confronting civil servants can be generally classified under 3 items:
      • Salaries (including benefits)
      • Job security
      • Democratic and union rights
    • Basic rights of government employees are no different from the workers in the private sector
  • Salaries and Benefits
    • Minimum gross pay (i.e. salary grade 1, step 1) P5,590 per month
    • Average salary – approx. P10,933 (SG 10 – mostly teachers)
    • Benefits/Allowances
    Personnel Economic Relief Allowance P500/mo Additional Compensation P1,500/mo 13 th Month Pay Cash Gift P5,000 p.a. Clothing Allowance P4,000 p.a. Loyalty Pay Productivity Incentive Bonus P2,000 p.a.
  • Comparison of Nominal vs. Real Pay of Government Employees (1988-2007) 88 89 94 97 00 01 600 2,000 4,400 4,840 5,082 686 07 P500 PERA P500 AdCom P1,000 AdCom 5,590 Aquino: 230% after 3 yrs. Ramos: 120% started after 2 yrs. Estrada: 15.5% after 3 yrs. Arroyo: only 10% after 6 yrs.!
  • Benefits Denied to Government Employees
    • COLA stopped in 1989 (implementation of SSL or RA 6758)
    • Denial of Amelioration allowance and hazard pay
    • Medical allowance (some were converted to health insurance)
  • Salaries Compared to Cost of Living (NCR and National Average) Nat’l Ave P21.390 NCR P24,240
  • Rising Prices of Commodities
    • Since 2001 – prices of commodities have risen by 38% while salaries have only risen by 15.5% in the public sector and 18.6% in the private sector
    • Price of oil has risen to 275% since 2001
    • During the same period, the price of rice has risen by 27% (end of 2007)
  • SSL III Proposal
    • Collapsing of salary grades from 33 to 22 (job grades)
    • Increase of only 3% (P5,590 to P5,800) for SG 1
    • Average increase of 50% (SG 18: P17,425 to P26,469) for professionals/technical
    • Increase of as much as 214% (SG 30: P31,762 to P99,847!) for executives
    • Effectively increasing the gap between the lowest level employee to the highest official from about 12 fold to 22 fold
  • SSL “Benchmarking” (CSC,DBM)
  •  
  • Increases range only from 3.0 to 17.4% Increases range only from 26.1 to 55.4% Increases range from 94.4 to 214.4%! Sal. Grade Current GCA(JG) % Inc. Sal. Grade Current GCA(JG) % Inc. 1 5590.2 5800(1) 3.8 18 17425.1 26469(11) 51.9 2 6094 6844(2) 12.3 19 18471.2 26489(11) 43.4 3 6642.9 6844(2) 3.0 20 19578.9 26489(11) 35.3 4 7174.2 8076(3) 12.6 21 20361 26489(11) 30.1 5 7747.3 8076(3) 4.2 22 21176.1 30704(12) 45.0 6 8366.6 9530(4) 13.9 23 22022 30704(12) 39.4 7 8952.9 9530(5) 6.4 24 22916.3 35616(13) 55.4 8 9579.9 11245(6) 17.4 25 23820.5 46301(14) 94.4 9 10249.8 11245(6) 9.7 26 24773.1 52783(15) 113.1 10 10932.9 14618(7) 33.7 27 25764.2 60173(16) 133.6 11 11588.5 14618(7) 26.1 28 26794.9 68597(17) 156.0 12 12283.7 16957(8) 38.0 29 27866.3 78201(18) 180.6 13 13020.7 16957(8) 30.2 89149(19) 14 13800.6 19670(9) 42.5 30 31762.5 99847(19) 214.4 15 14630 19670(9) 34.4 31 44467.5 111828(20) 151.5 16 15507.8 22818(10) 47.1 32 50820 125247(21) 146.5 17 16438.4 22818(10) 38.8 33 63525 140277(22) 120.8
  • Expenditure Requirement
    • P3,000 across-the-board salary increase -approximately P60B for all 1.445 M Government employees
    • Other than the budget which can be rechannleled from debt servicing, this can be sourced from the increase of national government revenues by 56% or P315B from 2001 (P567B) to 2006 (P882B)
    • Expenditure for social services and salary neglected
  • National Government Budget (in B of P) Particulars 2001 2006 %age Inc/Dec Education 117.1 131.2 12 Health 12.9 13.9 7.7 Social Security 35.4 40.1 13.3 Housing 1.8 1.7 (5.6) Debt Servicing 274.4 748.43 273.0
  • 10% Increase Negligible
    • In real terms, will only result in a P559/mo increase for low level employees or P25/day
    • More beneficial for higher paid officials
    • “ 10% ‘Di sapat, P3,000 dapat!”
  • GSIS Issues
    • Premium-Based Policy and Auto CLIP/Cross Default Policy
    • Non-remittance of premiums/Unreconciled records
    • E-card anomalies (now GSIS E-Card Plus)
    • Non-commensurate, delayed, unpaid retirement benefits
    • Stoppage of contribution to Employees compensation
    • No genuine representation to GSIS Board
    • Misuse of funds/ Rampant Graft and Corruption
    • Speculative/questionable investments (ex. EPCIB, Meralco)
    • Increasing contributions
    • Limiting survivorship benefits
    • Repression of GSIS employees
    • Questionable management of GIF (P2B Malacanang Dividend)
    • Edu-Child, Genesis program stoppage
    • Housing loan policy
    Sec. 10 , RA 8291 (GSIS Act of 1997) – “Computation of Service (a) The computation of service for the purpose of determining the amount of benefits payable under this Act shall be from the date of original appointment/election, including periods of service at different times under one or more employers…” NOTE: LENGTH OF SERVICE ONLY. NOT LENGTH OF SERVICE WITH PREMIUM PAYMENTS
  • Threats to Job Security
    • Reorganization
      • Executive Orders 366, 103 and others
      • Pending Bills in Congress ( restructuring of the bureaucracy)
      • Approximately affected -30,000 – 500,000
    • Privatization
      • MWSS, NAPOCOR, Petron, PNB, PAL – approx. 25,000
      • Targetted- NFA, NHA, BIR, BOC, NPO, LWUA, water districts, hospitals, state colleges/universities
  • Other threats to Job Security
    • Contractualization
      • With employee-employer relationship
      • With no employee-employer relationship
      • Job-out/Service agency; “Business process outsourcing”
    • Casualization
      • Emergency work; minimal benefits; no security of tenure
  • Actual Effect on Jobs
    • Between April ’04 to April ’05, more than 126,000 jobs in the public sector have been lost (Phil. Labor Force Survey)
    • Actual proposals for some agencies
    Agency Proposals NFA 1500 of 5000 will remain (original proposal) ATI 200 positions to be abolished NEDA 20% reduction & merged w/ DBM DSWD 1,000+ regular positions converted to contractual/casual/etc. DENR Conversion of line bureaus to staff bureaus; merging of div.
  • Curtailment of Democratic and Union Rights
    • No right to strike; EO 180, SC decisions
    • Limited negotiable provisions in CNA; excluded are those which require appropriations (such as increase in salaries) and management prerogatives (such as appointments, promotions, etc.)
    • Cabinet deferment of CNA economic benefits including signing bonus (March 2002)
    • CSC Resolution on prohibition on mass actions
    • Political repression and killings; 5 documented killings, 1 attempted murder
  • COURAGE’s Call
    • P3,000 Across-the-Board salary increase and return COLA including backpay
    • Respect our jobs and security of tenure ; regularization of casuals, contractuals, job orders, etc.;Junk policy of mass lay-off thru E.O. 366 (Rationalization), Reorganization and Privatization)
    • Protection of workers funds ; Institute genuine reforms in GSIS; prosecute and investigate GSIS PGM Winston Garcia
    • Demand for genuine public sector union rights ; right to strike; Collective Negotiations Agreement (CNA); repeal of E.O. 180; fight against repression and EJKs
    • Struggle for truth and justice, including demand for GMA’s resignation
    • The
    • End