What is Stress ?• Stress is your mind and body’s response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change.• The threat, event or change are commonly called stressors. Stressors can be internal (thoughts, beliefs, attitudes) or external (loss, tragedy, change).
Causes for stress• Major life changes• Work• Relationship difficulties• Financial problems• Being too busy• Children and family• Not all stress is caused by external factors. Stress can also be self-generated:• Inability to accept uncertainty• Pessimism• Negative self-talk• Unrealistic expectations• Perfectionism• Lack of assertiveness
STUDENT STRESS RATING SCALEThe following are events that occur in the life of a college student. Place a check in the left-hand column foreach of those events that has happened to you during the last 12 months.___ Death of a close family member - 100 points____ Jail term - 80 points____ Final year or first year in college - 63 points________ Severe personal illness or injury - 53 points____ Marriage - 50 points____ Any interpersonal problems - 45 points____ Financial difficulties - 40 points____ Death of a close friend - 40 points____ Arguments with your roommate (more than every other day) - 40 points____ Major disagreements with your family - 40 points’____ Major change in personal habits - 30 points____ Change in living environment - 30 points____ Beginning or ending a job - 30 points____Problems with your boss or professor - 25 points____ Outstanding personal achievement - 25 points____ Failure in some course - 25 points____ Final exams - 20 points____ Increased or decreased dating - 20 points____ Changes in working conditions - 20 points____ Change in your major____ Change in your sleeping habits - 18 points____ Several-day vacation - 15 points____ Change in eating habits - 15 points____ Family reunion - 15 points____ Change in recreational activities - 15 points____ Minor illness or injury - 15 points____ Minor violations of the law - 11 pointsScore: _________________
INTERPRETING YOUR SCORE !!! • Less than 150 points : relatively low stress level in • relation to life events • 150 - 300 points : borderline range • Greater than 300 points : high stress in relation to life events
Many health problems are caused or exacerbated by stress, including:• Pain of any kind• Heart disease• Digestive problems• Sleep problems• Depression• Obesity• Autoimmune diseases• Skin conditions, such as eczema
Stress managementIt is one of the keys to a happy and successful life in modern society. Although life provides numerous demands that can prove difficult to handle, stress management is the best way to manage anxiety and maintain overall well-being.More information is provided below on how to measure stress levels, learn about stress management models and practice techniques that will help to reduce stress and promote a positive lifestyle.
How to reduce, prevent and cope with stress• Identify the sources of stress in your life• Look at how u cope up with it• Learning healthier ways to manage stress
How to deal with stress• Dealing with Stressful Situations: The Four A’s• Change the situation:• Avoid the stressor.• Alter the stressor.• Change your reaction.• Adapt to the stressor.• Accept the stressor.
Strategy to Manage Stress• Avoid unnecessary stress• Alter the situation• Adapt to the stressor• Accept the things which u cant change• Make time for fun and relaxation• Adapt a healthy lifestyle