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Human Rifgts Defenders training

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Hrd

  1. 1. Training Implementing ICCO’s HRDs Guidelines 19 Jan. 2009
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Practice skills </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange experience </li></ul><ul><li>Implement ICCO’s HRDs guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Support and protect HRDs (partners) </li></ul>
  3. 3. HRDs <ul><li>Fact Sheet 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Who are they? </li></ul><ul><li>“ any person or group of persons who act to promote or protect human rights” </li></ul>
  4. 4. HRDs <ul><li>“ what is important in characterizing a person as a HRD is not the person’s title or name of the organization he or she works for but rather the human rights character of the work undertaken” </li></ul>
  5. 5. HRDs <ul><li>Non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Universality </li></ul><ul><li>Correctness of argument or nature of alleged victim doesn’t matter </li></ul>
  6. 6. HRDs <ul><li>What do they do? </li></ul><ul><li>Political and civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Economic, social and cultural rights </li></ul><ul><li>Rights of individuals or groups </li></ul>
  7. 7. HRDs <ul><li>Different levels </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate, document, report </li></ul><ul><li>Support victims </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability and ending impunity </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy, good governance, corruption, elections </li></ul><ul><li>Development projects </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights education </li></ul>
  8. 8. UN Declaration on HRDs <ul><li>Adopted 9 December 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Rights of HRDs </li></ul><ul><li>Duties of states </li></ul><ul><li>“ does not create new rights but instead articulates existing rights in a way that makes it easier to apply them to the practical role and situation of HRDs” </li></ul>
  9. 9. UN Declaration <ul><li>Rights of HRDs (examples) </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of association and assembly </li></ul><ul><li>To make complaints </li></ul><ul><li>To attend trials </li></ul><ul><li>To protection by state </li></ul><ul><li>Access to resources from abroad </li></ul>
  10. 10. UN Declaration <ul><li>Duties of states (examples) </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate alleged HR violations </li></ul><ul><li>Protect human rights and HRDs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Violations against HRDs <ul><li>Killings </li></ul><ul><li>Death threats </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnapping </li></ul><ul><li>Beatings </li></ul><ul><li>Torture </li></ul><ul><li>Arbitrary arrest and detention </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecution and imprisionment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Violations against HRDs <ul><li>Harassment </li></ul><ul><li>Defamation </li></ul><ul><li>“ security measures” </li></ul><ul><li>Closing down organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Restricting movement </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking funding </li></ul><ul><li>Break-ins, searches of homes and offices </li></ul>
  13. 13. Protecting HRDs <ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>HRDs themselves </li></ul><ul><li>International NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign governments (Netherlands, EU) </li></ul>
  14. 14. HRDs themselves <ul><li>Assessing environment and risk </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to/preventing threats, attacks, detention, kidnapping </li></ul><ul><li>Making security plans </li></ul><ul><li>Security of Internet/e-mail and information </li></ul>
  15. 15. HRDs themselves <ul><li>Using the diplomatic community (EU, Norway) </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Safe houses </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Action alerts/urgent appeals </li></ul><ul><li>MANUALS </li></ul>
  16. 16. International NGOs <ul><li>PBI: physical accompaniment, training and capacity-building, lobby and advocacy, protection website ( www.protectionline.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Front Line: website ( www.frontlinedefenders.org ), funding, lobby and advocacy, “hotline,” emergency relocation, training </li></ul>
  17. 17. International NGOs <ul><li>Amnesty International: research, urgent action, reports, lobby and advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Amnesty International Netherlands: Brazil, Colombia, China, India, Turkey, Serbia, Israel, Ethiopia (EU Guidelines) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Netherlands <ul><li>HRDs a priority in own policy (action plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible in implementation of EU Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Raising cases in EU dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with HRDs on 10 December </li></ul>
  19. 19. Netherlands <ul><li>Raising HRDs in bilateral meetings and visits; meetings with HRDs </li></ul><ul><li>Demarches, declarations, prison visits, trial observation </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>“ HRDs Tulip” </li></ul>
  20. 20. EU Guidelines on HRDs <ul><li>Adopted June 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>“ to enhance EU action” in supporting/protecting HRDs </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of UN HRDs Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: “bring about an environment where HRDs can operate freely” </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive role for EU missions </li></ul>
  21. 21. EU Guidelines on HRDs <ul><li>Monitoring, reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating/sharing information </li></ul><ul><li>Visible recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Observing trials </li></ul><ul><li>Raising HRDs situation/cases during visits and in political dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Demarches, public statements </li></ul>
  22. 22. EU Guidelines on HRDs <ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Local implementation strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Revision by French EU Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>EU (i.e. Presidency) AND individual states </li></ul>
  23. 23. Proactive measures <ul><li>Prevention and preparing for reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of HRDs and rights </li></ul><ul><li>Improving environment </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate ICCO HRDs policy </li></ul><ul><li>Build relationships with gov’t. and HRDs </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify mechanisms and expectations </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reactive measures <ul><li>Partner action and ICCO action </li></ul><ul><li>Action by partners and international NGOs strengthens lobby </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation and consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Formulating specific requests for action </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, follow-up and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Direct contact Embassy/Ministry and HRD </li></ul><ul><li>Partner priority? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Role play <ul><li>Collecting information, formulating specific requests, identifying targets, conducting lobby meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Amnesty report: background </li></ul><ul><li>Using Amnesty report: citing “best practices” and inconsistencies, lessons learned on impact, anticipating and countering arguments not to act </li></ul>
  26. 26. Role play <ul><li>Using ICCO and EU Guidelines, Dutch HR policy </li></ul><ul><li>Different roles of ICCO staff </li></ul><ul><li>Narrowing request </li></ul><ul><li>Building on initiatives of partners and international NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Persistence </li></ul><ul><li>Getting commitments to taking action and agreements on follow-up </li></ul>

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