Tavaana Webinar: Prevention Tactics


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Explore tested tactics for preventing human rights abuse in 'Prevention Tactics', the first of four live webinars on human rights defense tactics with Tavaana and the New Tactics in Human Rights Project.

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  • Founded in 1985 The first center established in the USA The third rehabilitation center in the world Aid to other centers in the U.S. and the world
  • What kinds of risks might be involved? The tolerance for risk is very individual – some people want and need to join a demonstration; others would want to act as long as there is no physical danger or visibility of their participation (e.g., Turkey tactic – turning lights on and off)
  • In other words - Planning without action is futile. Action without planning can be fatal.
  • What do these pictures make you think of? Write ideas in the “free space” How have technological advances changed what we think is possible to do? What technology tools do you feel comfortable using? (e.g., Technology has made a big difference in our world today. I, personally, have seen the shift from letters, to FAX machines, to e-mail, to text messaging. As you learn about more tactics, the more possibilities there are that can be generated for adapting such ideas to news contexts and issues.)
  • Who do you think is the “target” of this tactic?
  • What constituency or group do you think this tactic is targeting?
  • Minimum wage law campaign in Korea Different tactics were used to keep the campaign moving (right side demonstration) Slogan – “can you live on 42 won a day ($.04 per day)? 2) They followed up the demonstration on a different day by inviting the press & public to have the “lunch” this worker could afford – rice and vegetables – on 42 won a day 3) They followed that by being creative on a hot day and they used coins frozen in a big ice cube – “her wages are melting away” These demonstrations made a HUGE impact for raising the minimum wage and changing the minimum wage law
  • Institute for Democracy in South Africa teaches community members how to understand, influence and monitor local, provincial and national government budgets to advance child-specific socio-economic rights. Can you think of another example where tactics can teach participants and observers how they can actually engage in the world? (e.g., Use of petitions in Argentina – to get the public to understand their rights and demand the government to change policy)
  • What kinds of capacities do you think you need to consider? (people, resources, ability to implement the chosen tactic, etc.) Example: Red clip boards – an organization began using volunteers and simple red clip boards to monitor judges and how they ruled on domestic violence cases to raise awareness of the unfairness of the process toward women. The “red clip board” tactic has now been used around the world.
  • What kinds of risks might be involved? The tolerance for risk is very individual – some people want and need to join a demonstration; others would want to act as long as there is no physical danger or visibility of their participation (e.g., Turkey tactic – turning lights on and off)
  • It is important to keep your BIG vision in mind as you think about the target you’ve identified and the tactics that can move you toward the direction of your goal.
  • NOTE: There are 14 tactic examples in the PREVENTION section of the New Tactics book – we will be exploring THREE tactics - ONE from each category of PREVENTION tactics.
  • NOTE: There are 14 tactic examples in the PREVENTION section of the New Tactics book – we will be exploring together only THREE tactics - ONE from each of these three categories of PREVENTION tactics.
  • What kinds of risks might be involved? The tolerance for risk is very individual – what is the risk of physical danger
  • Nonviolent Peace Force, FrontLine Defenders, Christian Peacemaker Teams and others – HIGHLIGHT – Staying Safe: Security Resources
  • Highlight Information Activism – includes mobile phones
  • Nepal: Community mediator – man and woman seated on equal chairs; community people participating; a group of mediators – behind standing woman, listening to presentation as well as community people Raise your hand if you have been involved in an organization that provided training that not only involved you but moved the vision of the organization forward.
  • Front line watchdogs come in all shapes and sizes. They can be seen in courtrooms ensuring fair trials, accompanying threatened human rights defenders, holding vigil outside police stations to prevent torture, protecting election ballot results, testing for discrimination, monitoring development aid projects, investigating toxic waste from companies, etc., etc. 
  • Share the way to navigate the searchable tactics database – and highlight the Visayan Forum tactic. Move on to “advertise” our next webinar focusing on INTERVENTION tactics.
  • Tavaana Webinar: Prevention Tactics

    1. 1. A Project of 649 Dayton Avenue  St. Paul, MN 55104  USA T:+1.612.436.4800  Email: newtactics@cvt.org Websites: http://www.cvt.org  http://www.newtactics.org Attribution List “The Center for Victims of Torture - New Tactics in Human Rights Project” as the source for any information used in this document as well as any original attribution provided in this document. Noncommercial The information in this document is not to be used for profit. Share Alike If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights project invites you to use, share and contribute to the further development of this information under the License: Creative Commons 2.0 Exploring Tactics to PREVENT Human Rights Abuses
    2. 2. Presenter: <ul><li>Nancy Pearson, M.S.W., L.I.S.W. </li></ul><ul><li>New Tactics in Human Rights Program Manager Center for Victims of Torture </li></ul>
    3. 3. Today’s Webinar Outline: <ul><li>Brief orientation to GoToWebinar – using our on-line tools! </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation for Strategic Thinking & Tactical Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Key Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss why there is the need for “new” tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring PREVENTION Tactics </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: All tactic examples can be found on www.newtactics.org </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s featured PREVENTION tactic examples can be found in the book, </li></ul><ul><li>New Tactics in Human Rights: A Resource for Practitioners (free download) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Take a walk around the neighborhood – using the GoToWebinar tools <ul><li>Two ways to ask your questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the question box to send us a PRIVATE question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise your  “hand” tool to let us know you want to raise a question directly. </li></ul></ul> We will be asking YOU questions through a “polling” tool. Here is a sample…
    5. 5. POLL : From what area of the world are you participating in this webinar? <ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Asia (Central / South / Southeast) </li></ul><ul><li>Europe (East / West) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>South / Central America </li></ul><ul><li>North America </li></ul><ul><li>South Pacific </li></ul>A B C D E F G H An area not listed
    6. 6. Foundations for Strategic Thinking and Tactical Innovation
    7. 7. <ul><li>Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. </li></ul><ul><li>Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat. </li></ul>Sun Tzu (over 2,000 years ago)
    8. 8. Know Yourself Know Your Opponent Know the Terrain From Sun Tzu— the Art of War
    9. 9. Know Yourself <ul><li>What do you need to know about “yourself”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths and limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics we know & those we can successfully implement </li></ul></ul>Know Yourself
    10. 10. Know your opponent <ul><li>What do you need to know about your opponent? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths and weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A key component of strategy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of such tactics aids us in counteracting them </li></ul></ul></ul>Know Your Opponent
    11. 11. Know the Terrain <ul><li>What is the terrain and what do you need to know about it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The terrain includes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Context (social / political / cultural) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where a “battle” will be fought… </li></ul></ul>Know the Terrain
    12. 12. Know Yourself Know Your Opponent Know the Terrain From Sun Tzu— the Art of War
    13. 13. Key Terms
    14. 14. POLL : What is STRATEGY? <ul><ul><li>Strategy defines what is important to do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy is a specific action taken to affect a given situation. </li></ul></ul>A B
    15. 15. Strategy entails many decisions <ul><ul><li>An outline of key steps and approaches in accomplishing the goal. Strategy defines what is important to do – including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of key objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate targets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of needed constituencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions on which t actics to use and when </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. POLL : What is a TACTIC? <ul><ul><li>A specific action taken to affect a given situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> A source of inspiration which focuses on how the world can be in the future. </li></ul></ul>A B
    17. 17. A Tactic is a specific action… <ul><li>Tactics are the levers or mechanisms to carry out a strategy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tactic is a specific action or systematic combination of actions taken to affect a given situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics are one of the key building blocks of strategy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics are about “the how,” while strategies are about “the what.” </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Target <ul><li>The person, institution, group or segment of society where your tactical action is directed . </li></ul><ul><li>PERSON </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentarian </li></ul><ul><li>Journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Religious leader </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Employer </li></ul><ul><li>INSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Institution </li></ul><ul><li>School </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>GROUP </li></ul><ul><li>Law makers </li></ul><ul><li>Bloggers </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Businessmen </li></ul>
    19. 19. &quot;new&quot; tactics Why the need for
    20. 20. <ul><li>What we know how to do influences what we think is possible to do. Tactics help determine strategy. </li></ul>Amnesty International – Netherlands SMS Alert Network that engages youth in combating torture with text messaging.
    21. 21. <ul><li>Different tactics are effective against different targets. </li></ul>Committee for the Administration of Justice (CAJ) – Northern Ireland Using international bodies to pressure UK government on detention practices.
    22. 22. <ul><li>Different tactics appeal to different constituencies. </li></ul>Nigdy Wiecej (Never Again) - Poland Engaged popular soccer personalities to educate the public and combat racism.
    23. 23. <ul><li>Tactical flexibility is the source of surprise. </li></ul>Korean Women Workers Associations United (KWWAU) - Korea Effectively engaged media with a wide variety of eye-catching actions to raise public awareness and change the minimum wage law.
    24. 24. <ul><li>Tactics teach participants and observers how to engage in the world. </li></ul>Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) Grassroots capacity-building training to familiarize activists and community members with budget analysis process and skills.
    25. 25. <ul><li>Tactics are the training systems for engaging participants and allies in the organization’s work. </li></ul>Center for Victims of Torture (CVT) - United States Instituted long-term, supervised training to build the capacity of refugees to provide psycho-social counseling to other refugees and their repatriated communities.
    26. 26. What important considerations are needed in making tactical choices?
    27. 27. Important Considerations: <ul><li>Group’s capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance for risk </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of the opponent </li></ul><ul><li>Context in which the tactics will be used </li></ul>
    28. 28. Tactic ideas for hitting your “target”
    29. 29. New Tactics Examples <ul><li>Source: New Tactics in Human Rights: A Resource for Practitioners workbook </li></ul><ul><li>Additional resources will be shared from the New Tactics website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line Dialogue topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics from the searchable database </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. <ul><li>PREVENTION TACTICS: </li></ul><ul><li>Moving beyond “naming” and “shaming”. </li></ul>
    31. 31. <ul><li>PREVENTION tactics aim to prevent imminent abuse : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing critical information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing opportunities for abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>POLL : </li></ul><ul><li>How many have you used one or more of these kinds of tactics? Select as many that apply. </li></ul>
    32. 32. <ul><li>PREVENTION TACTICS </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Protection </li></ul><ul><li>These are tactics that prevent harm through providing physical protection. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Bodyguards for Human Rights <ul><li>A number of organizations provide actual physical protection for people in danger. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Brigades International (PBI), pg 31 </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Physical Protection <ul><li>New Tactics On-line Dialogues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unarmed Accompaniment - that features discussion between PBI, Nonviolent Peaceforce, Christian Peacemaker Teams and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staying Safe: Security Resources for Human Rights Defenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being Well, Staying Safe </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. <ul><li>PREVENTION TACTICS </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing Critical Information </li></ul><ul><li>These are tactics that put information into the hands of people who can prevent abuse. </li></ul>
    36. 36. Anti-Violence Phone Network <ul><li>Using mobile phones to create a network of communication that can stop violence before it escalates. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction Belfast, pg 35 </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. Sharing Critical Information <ul><li>New Tactics On-line Dialogues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Mobile Phones for Action - that features discussion between Interaction Belfast, MobileActive, Africa Interaction, Center for Migrant Advocacy Philippines and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Activism: Turning Information into Action </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. Sharing Critical Information <ul><ul><li>You find more on mobiles and mobile activism campaigns in these places: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.mobileactive.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.tacticaltech.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.digiactive.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.kiwanja.net/database/kiwanja_search.php </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CURRENT On-line Dialogue – 27 July to 2 August 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Mobile Phones for Citizen Media </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. <ul><li>PREVENTION TACTICS </li></ul><ul><li>Removing Opportunities for Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>These are tactics that anticipate and create obstacles to stop it. </li></ul>
    40. 40. Community Mediation <ul><li>Created alternatives mechanisms of dispute resolution to prevent involvement of the police, who are potential abusers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Victims of Torture (CVICT) - Nepal, page 44 </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Removing Opportunities for Abuse <ul><li>New Tactics On-line Dialogues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front Line Watchdogs: Monitoring accountability for human rights </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Removing Opportunities for Abuse <ul><ul><li>Searchable Database Tactic: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building allies with government institutions and port communities to prevent human trafficking and protect victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visayan Forum, Inc. (VF), in co-operation with the Philippine Ports Authority, intervene to combat human trafficking in specific seaports by intercepting potential victims of trafficking and apprehending suspected traffickers. </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Upcoming Webinar Dates : <ul><li>Wednesday, 10 August – Intervention Tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday, 24 August – Restorative Tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday, 14 September – Promotion Tactics (Building Human Rights Cultures and Institutions) </li></ul>