Twelve olympians


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Twelve olympians

  1. 1. TWELVE OLYMPIANS The twelve Olympian gods and goddesses were the major deities with prominent roles in Greek mythology. Although being an Olympian, god meant a throne on Mt. Olympus, some of the major Olympians spent most of their time elsewhere. Poseidon lived in the sea and Hades in the Underworld. 1. ZEUS (JUPITER) - he overthrew the power of his father Cronus -he drew lots with his brothers Poseidon and Hades. -he is the supreme ruler of the gods, he is the lord of the sky, the rain god and cloud-gatherer -his weapon is a thunderbolt which he hurls at those who displease him. - married to Hera,but ,is famous for many affairs. - his power was greater than that of all other divinities together. 2. HERA (JUNO) - queen of the gods - Zeus’s wife and sister. - the protector of marriage, and married women were her peculiar care. 3. POSEIDON (NEPTUNE) - ruler of the sea -Zeus’s brother and second only to him in eminence -he was commonly called “Earth-shaker” and was always shown carrying his trident, a three-pronged spear, which he would shake and shatter whatever he pleased. -his wife was Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Ocean 4. HADES (PLUTO) - the third brother among the Olympians who drew for his share the underworld and the rule over the dead. - he was the God of Wealth of the precious metals hidden in the earth. -his wife was Persephone (Proserpine) whom he carried away from the earth and made Queen of the Lower World. 5. PALLAS ATHENA (MINERVA) - daughter of Zeus alone, no mother bore her, she sprang from his head. -she is the goddess of the city,handicrafts and agriculture. -she was Zeus’s favorite child and was allowed to use his weapons including his thunderbolt. -her favorite city is Athens, her tree is olive, and owl is her bird. -a gray-eyed or flashing- eyed. 6. PHOEBUS APOLLO - son of Zeus and Leto - he has been called “the most Greeks of all the Gods” -he was the God of Light, in whom there’s no darkness at all, he is also a God of Truth, no false word ever came from his mouth. -depicted as beardless young man 7. ARTEMIS (DIANA) - Apollo’s twin sister,daughter of Zeus and Leto. -one of the three maiden goddesses of Olympus -protector of the young,goddess of the chastityand huntsman of the gods. - cypress is her tree, all wild animals are scared to her, especially the deer. 8. APHRODITE (VENUS) - goddess of love,desire and beauty, she’s a laughter-loving goddess - in later poems she is said to have sprung from the foam of the sea. -wife of Hephaestus - myrtle is her tree;dove, sparrows and and swan are her birds
  2. 2. 9. HERMES (MERCURY) - a messenger god in Greek mythology -son of Zeus and Maia,daughter of Atlas,his mother. -God of Commerce and Marker , protector of traders -the fastest of the gods, he wears winged sandals, a winged hat and carries a magic wand. 10. ARES (MARS) - the god of war -son of Zeus and Hera , he was disliked by both of his parents - he is considered murderous and bloodstained but also coward. - he was caught in act of adultery with Aphroditeher husband Hephaestus is able publically ridicule him. -his bird is vulture, his animal is dog 11. HEPHAESTUS (VULCAN AND MULCIBER) -sometimes said to be the son of Zeus and Hera,some says of Hera alone -among the perfectly beautiful immortals he only was ugly. - God of Fire, he is patron god of both smiths and weavers. -he is kind and peace loving. - his wife is Aphrodite 12. HESTIA (VESTA) -Zeus’s sister -she is a virgin goddess together with Athena and Artemis -goddes of Hearth, the symbol of the Home,she almost never leaves home -she has no distinct personality and plays no part in myth. REFERENCES: Mythology by Edith Hamilton , Little Brown and Company , April 1999