Greek and roman mythology


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Greek and roman mythology

  1. 1. Greek and Roman Mythology<br />
  2. 2. What is a myth?<br />Is a set of beliefs, myths and religions hosted by Greek civilization<br />Uses the supernatural to interpret natural events<br />Explains the culture’s view of the universe and the nature of humanity<br />
  3. 3. In the beginning...<br />…was Chaos (shapeless nothingness)<br />Chaos had two children:<br />Night (darkness)<br />Erebus (death)<br />“All was black, empty, silent, endless.”<br />Mysteriously, Love was born of darkness and death.<br />
  4. 4. And then...<br />When Love was born, order and beauty began to flourish.<br />Love created Light and Day.<br />Earth was created.<br />She was the solid ground, but also a personality.<br />The Earth bore Heaven to cover her and be a home for the gods.<br />
  5. 5. The First Parents<br />Mother Earth = Gaea (Gaia)<br />Father Heaven = Ouranos (Uranus)<br />They had three kinds of children:<br />Three monsters with 100 hands and 50 heads<br />Three Cyclopes (Giant of the giants of mythology)<br />The titans<br />These were the first characters that had the appearance of life, although it was unlike any life known to man.<br />
  6. 6. The Titans (The Elder Gods)<br />There were many of them.<br />Enormous size, incredible strength<br />Cronos (Saturn): Ruler of the titans<br />Rhea: Wife of Cronos<br />Ocean: River that encircled the world<br />Iapetus: Father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas (also titans)<br />
  7. 7. The Principal Gods<br />Cronos and Rhea were parents of<br />Zeus (Jupiter, Jove)<br />Poseidon (Neptune)<br />Hades (Pluto)<br />Hera (Juno)<br />Hestia (Vesta)<br />Demeter (Ceres)<br />Other Olympians include<br />Athena (Minerva)<br />Ares (Mars)<br />Hebe (Juventas)<br />Hephaestus (Vulcan)<br />Apollo (Apollo)<br />Artemis (Diana)<br />Hermes (Mercury)<br />Aphrodite (Venus)<br />Dionysus (Bacchus)<br />Persephone<br />
  8. 8. The Olympians<br />
  9. 9. Zeus<br />Roman Name: Jupiter (also Jove)<br />Supreme god of the Olympians.<br />Fathered many characters in mythology<br />King of the gods and its ruler, a god of thunder and lightning.<br />
  10. 10. Zeus<br />
  11. 11. Hera<br />Roman Name: Juno<br />Zeus’s sister and wife<br />Jealous protector of marriage (Goddess of (marriage<br />Punished the women Zeus fell in love with<br />
  12. 12. Poseidon<br />Roman Name: Neptune<br />Brother of Zeus and Hades<br />God of the Seas and Waters<br />“The Earthshaker”<br />
  13. 13. Hades<br />Roman Name: Pluto <br />Brother of Poseidon and Zeus<br />God of the Underworld/ Dead<br />Kidnapped Persephone<br />
  14. 14. Hestia<br />Roman Name: Vesta<br />Goddess of Home& fireplace<br />Powerful Protector <br />Relinquished her position as one of the major Olympian gods Dionysius.<br />
  15. 15. Demeter<br />Roman Name: Ceres<br />Goddess of the Harvest<br />A Goddess of the Earth<br />
  16. 16. Athena<br />Roman Name: Minerva<br />Goddess of Wisdom , Planning ,and War<br />Sprang from Zeus’s head <br />Favorite daughter of Zeus.<br />
  17. 17. Ares<br />Roman Name: Mars<br />God of War and Revenge<br />Son of Zeus and Hera<br />Bloodthirsty and merciless<br />
  18. 18. Hephaestus<br />Roman Name: Vulcan (Mulciber)<br />God of Fire/Forge<br />Son of Zeus and Hera<br />Kind, unlike his brother <br />Husband of Aphrodite, who was forced to marry him<br />
  19. 19. Apollo<br />Roman Name: Apollo<br />God of arts, including music and poetry is also a sun god <br /> Brother of Artemis<br />
  20. 20. Artemis<br />Roman Name: Diana<br />Goddess of hunting, shooting, birth, virginity, protector of young animals and humans, and in some legends, the goddess of the moon <br />Sister to Apollo<br />
  21. 21. Hermes<br />Roman Name: Mercury<br />Messenger of the Gods<br />God of travel, thieves, Trade<br />Appears in more myths than any other character<br />
  22. 22. Aphrodite<br />Roman Name: Venus<br />Goddess of Love and Beauty<br />Sprang from the ocean foam<br />
  23. 23. Dionysus<br />Roman Name: Bacchus<br />God of Wine<br />Patron god of the Greek stage<br />A God of the Earth<br />
  24. 24. Persephone<br />Roman Name: Proserpina<br />Goddess of the Underworld<br />Daughter of Zeus and Demeter<br />Abducted by Hades<br />
  25. 25. Hebe<br />Roman Name: Juventas<br />Goddess of Youth<br />Restored youth to the aged<br />
  26. 26. Eros<br />Roman Name: Cupid<br />Young God of Love<br />Son of Aphrodite and Hephaestus<br />
  27. 27. Iris<br />Goddess of the Rainbow<br />Messenger for Zeus and Hera<br />Daughter of the titan Thaumus and the nymph Electra<br />
  28. 28. The Muses<br />Goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences<br />“He is happy whom the muses love.”<br />Nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne<br />Inspired artists of all kinds<br />Clio, Urania, Thalia, Melpomene, Erato, Calliope, Euterpe, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia<br />
  29. 29. The Graces<br />Three Goddesses of Grace and Beauty<br />“They give life its bloom.”<br />Aglaia (Splendor)<br />Euphrosyne (Mirth)<br />Thalia (Good Cheer)<br />
  30. 30. The Erinnyes (The Furies)<br />Roman Name: Furiae or Dirae (The Furies)<br />Three Goddesses of Vengeance<br />Tisiphone<br />Alecto<br />Megaera<br />They punish evildoers.<br />
  31. 31. The Fates<br />Roman Name: Parcae, Moirae<br />Three sisters<br />Clotho (“The Spinner”)<br />Lachesis (“The disposer of lots”)<br />Atropos (“The cutter”)<br />They weave, measure, and cut the thread of life for humans.<br />
  32. 32. The Satyrs<br />Gods of the woods and mountains<br />“Shepherd gods”<br />Goat men (like Pan)<br />Companions of Dionysus<br />They like to drink, dance, and chase nymphs.<br />
  33. 33. The Gorgons<br />Three snake-haired monsters<br />Medusa is most well-known<br />Their look turns men to stone.<br />
  34. 34. The Centaurs<br />Half man, half horse<br />Savage creatures (except Chiron)<br />Followers of Dionysus<br />
  35. 35. ......To be continued <br />
  36. 36. Sources<br />Graphics in this presentation were taken from the following web sites:<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  37. 37. Thank You<br />