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GREEK MYTHOLOGY
THE TITANS AND THE TWELVE
GREAT OLYMPIANS
TITANS (or the
Elder Gods) –
were for untold
ages supreme in
the universe.
– were of
enormous size and
of incredible
stren...
CRONUS (SATURN)
 the most important Titan.
 he ruled over the other
Titans
 his wife is his sister,
Rhea.
 The father ...
OTHERNOTABLETITANS:
 OCEAN (the river
that was supposed
to encircle the
earth.
 TETHYS
(Ocean’s wife)
 HYPERION (the
fa...
THE TWELEVE GREAT OLYMPIANS
• Zeus (Jupiter)
• Poseidon (Neptune)
• Hades (Pluto)
• Hestia (Vesta)
• Hera (Juno)
• Ares (M...
ZEUS (JUPITER)
 The supreme leader.
 Lord of the Sky, Rain-god and
the Cloud-gatherer, who
wielded the awful thunderbolt...
HERA (JUNO)
 Zeu’s wife and sister.
 The protector of marriage, and
married women were her
peculiar care.
 The cow and ...
POSEIDON (NEPTUNE)
 Ruler of the Sea
 Zeus’s brother and second
only to him in eminence.
 His wife was Amphitrite (a
gr...
HADES (PLUTO)
 The third brother among the
Olympians.
 Ruler of the Underworld and over the
dead.
 The God of Wealth
 ...
PALLAS ATHENA (MINERVA)
 The daughter of Zeus (alone!).
 She is a fierce and ruthless battle goddess,
but elsewhere she ...
PHOEBUS APOLLO
 The son of Zeus and Leto (Latona),
born in the little island of Delos.
 He has been called the most Gree...
ARTEMIS (DIANA)
 Apollo’s twin sister, daughter of
Zeus and Leto.
 One of the three maiden goddess
of Olympus.
 She was...
APHRODITE (VENUS)
 The Goddess of Love and
Beauty.
 She is the daughter of Zeus
and Dione.
 Beautiful, golden goddess.
...
HERMES (MERCURY)
 The son of Zeus and Maia (daughter of
the Titan, Atlas)
 He was graceful and swift of motion.
 He had...
ARES (MARS)
 The God of War.
 Son of Zeus and Hera.
 His bird was the vulture.
HEPHAESTUS (VULCAN)
 The God of Fire.
 Son of Hera (alone!).
 The lame and ugly god of
the forge.
 He is highly honore...
HESTIA (VESTA)
 Zeus’s sister.
 One of the virgin or maiden
goddess.
 She has no distinct personality
and she plays no ...
THE TWO GREAT GODS OF
EARTH
DEMETER (CERES)
 The Goddess of Corn
 Daughter of Cronus and Rhea,
sister of Zeus.
 Her daughter was Persephone.
DIONYSUS (BACCHUS)
 God of the Vine.
 Son of Zeus and a Theban
princess, Semele.
THE LESSER GODS OF OLYMPUS
EROS(CUPID)
God of Love.
Fairest of the
deathless gods.
He is oftenest a
beautiful
serious youth
who gives good
gifts to m...
HEBE
The Goddess of
Youth.
Daughter of
Zeus and Hera.
She appears as
cupbearer to the
gods.
Her husband
was Hercules.
IRIS
She was the
Goddess of the
Rainbow and a
messenger of
the gods.
OLYMPUS TWO BANDS OF
LOVELY SISTERS
 The queens of song  Aglaia (Splendor)
 Euphrosyne (Mirth)
 Thalia (Good Cheer)
 ...
THE GODS OF THE WATERS
PONTUS
Which means
the Deep Sea
Son of Mother
Earth and the
father of
Nereus, a sea-
god far more
important than
he himsel...
NEREUS
Called the Old
Man of the
Sea.
His wife was
Doris, a
daughter of
Ocean.
TRITON
Was the
trumpeter of the
Sea.
His trumpet was
a great shell.
The son of
Poseidon and
Amphitrite.
PROTEUS
Sometimes said
to be Poseidon’s
son, sometimes
his attendant.
He had the
power both of
foretelling the
future and ...
THENAIADS
Water Nymphs
They dwelt in
brooks and
springs and
fountains.
LEUCOTHEA
PALAEMON
GLAUCUS
ONCE MORTALS,
BECAME
DIVINITIES OF
THE SEA, BUT
WERE
UNIMPORTANT.
THE UNDERWORLD
PERSEPHONE
THANATOS
CERBERUS
THEERINYES(FURIES)
THE LESSER GODS OF EARTH
PAN
SILENUS
THESILENI
THESATYRS
THEEARTH
NYMPHS:OREADS&
DRYADS
AEOLUS
THECENTAURS
THEGORGONS
THEGRAIAE
THESIRENS
THEFATES
THE END
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)
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Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)

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List of Greek Gods and Goddesses
Titans
Olympians
Greek creatures

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Greek Mythology: Gods and Goddesses (Edith Hamilton)

  1. 1. GREEK MYTHOLOGY
  2. 2. THE TITANS AND THE TWELVE GREAT OLYMPIANS
  3. 3. TITANS (or the Elder Gods) – were for untold ages supreme in the universe. – were of enormous size and of incredible strength. – there were many of them, but only a few appear in the stories of mythology.
  4. 4. CRONUS (SATURN)  the most important Titan.  he ruled over the other Titans  his wife is his sister, Rhea.  The father of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Demeter
  5. 5. OTHERNOTABLETITANS:  OCEAN (the river that was supposed to encircle the earth.  TETHYS (Ocean’s wife)  HYPERION (the father of the sun, moon and dawn)  MNEMOSYNE (Memory)  THEMIS (usually translated by Justice)  IAPETUS  ATLAS (who bore the world on his shoulders)  PROMETHEUS (the saviour of mankind)
  6. 6. THE TWELEVE GREAT OLYMPIANS • Zeus (Jupiter) • Poseidon (Neptune) • Hades (Pluto) • Hestia (Vesta) • Hera (Juno) • Ares (Mars) • Pallas Athena (Minerva) • Phoebus Apollo • Aphrodite (Venus) • Hermes (Mercury) • Artemis (Diana) • Hephaestus (Vulcan)
  7. 7. ZEUS (JUPITER)  The supreme leader.  Lord of the Sky, Rain-god and the Cloud-gatherer, who wielded the awful thunderbolt.  His wife was Hera.  He is represented as falling in love with one woman after another and descending to all manner of tricks to hide his infidelity from his wife.  His breastplate was the aegis.  His bird was the eagle, his tree is the oak.
  8. 8. HERA (JUNO)  Zeu’s wife and sister.  The protector of marriage, and married women were her peculiar care.  The cow and the peacock were her sacred animals.  Argos was her favorite city.
  9. 9. POSEIDON (NEPTUNE)  Ruler of the Sea  Zeus’s brother and second only to him in eminence.  His wife was Amphitrite (a granddaughter of the Titan, Ocean).  He was commonly called Earth-shaker and was always shown carrying his trident.  He had some connection with bulls as well as horses.
  10. 10. HADES (PLUTO)  The third brother among the Olympians.  Ruler of the Underworld and over the dead.  The God of Wealth  He had far-famed cap or helmet which made whoever wore it invisible.  He was not a welcome visitor.  He was unpitying, inexorable, but just; a terrible, not an evil god.  His wife was Persephone (Proserpine), Queen of the Lower World.  He had three-headed dogs or hellhounds, Cerberus.  King of the Dead – not Death himself, whom the Greeks called Thanatos (Orcus).
  11. 11. PALLAS ATHENA (MINERVA)  The daughter of Zeus (alone!).  She is a fierce and ruthless battle goddess, but elsewhere she is warlike only to defend the State and the home from outside enemies.  She was the pre-eminently the Goddess of the City, the protector of civilized life, of handicrafts and agriculture; the inventor of the bridle, who first tamed horses for men to use.  She was her father’s favorite child.  The word oftenest to describe her is gray- eyed or, as it sometimes translated, flashing- eyed.  Chief of the virgin goddess and was called Maiden, Parthenos, and her temple was the Parthenon.  She was the embodiment of wisdom, reason, purity.  Athens, her special city; the olive created by her was her tree; the owl, her bird.
  12. 12. PHOEBUS APOLLO  The son of Zeus and Leto (Latona), born in the little island of Delos.  He has been called the most Greek of all gods.  The master musician who delights Olympus as he plays on his golden lyre; the lord too of the silver bow, the Archer-god, far-shooting; the Healer.  The God of Light and Truth.  Phoebus means brilliant or shining.  The laurel was his tree.  Many creatures were sacred to him, chief among them are the dolphin and the crow.
  13. 13. ARTEMIS (DIANA)  Apollo’s twin sister, daughter of Zeus and Leto.  One of the three maiden goddess of Olympus.  She was the Lady of wild Things, Huntsman-in-chief to the gods, an odd office for a woman.  The protectress of dewy youth.  As Phoebus was the Sun, she was the Moon, called Phoebe and Selene (Luna).  The cypress was sacred to her; and all wild animals, but especially the deer.
  14. 14. APHRODITE (VENUS)  The Goddess of Love and Beauty.  She is the daughter of Zeus and Dione.  Beautiful, golden goddess.  She was the wife of Hephaestus.  The myrtle was her tree; the dove her bird – sometimes, too the sparrow and the swan.
  15. 15. HERMES (MERCURY)  The son of Zeus and Maia (daughter of the Titan, Atlas)  He was graceful and swift of motion.  He had winged sandals; winged low- crowned hat; and winged magic wand, the Caduceus.  Zeus’s Messenger.  He was the shrewdest and most cunning.  He was the Master Thief.  The God of Commerce and the Market, protector of traders.  In odd contrast to this idea of him, he was the also the solemn guide of the dead, the Divine Herald who led the souls down to their last home.
  16. 16. ARES (MARS)  The God of War.  Son of Zeus and Hera.  His bird was the vulture.
  17. 17. HEPHAESTUS (VULCAN)  The God of Fire.  Son of Hera (alone!).  The lame and ugly god of the forge.  He is highly honored in Olympus, the workman of the immortals.  He was kindly, peace-loving god, popular on earth as in heaven.
  18. 18. HESTIA (VESTA)  Zeus’s sister.  One of the virgin or maiden goddess.  She has no distinct personality and she plays no parts in the myths.  The Goddess of Hearth, the symbol of the home, around which the newborn child must be carried before it could be received into the family.  In Rome her fire was cared for by six virgin priestesses, called Vestals.
  19. 19. THE TWO GREAT GODS OF EARTH
  20. 20. DEMETER (CERES)  The Goddess of Corn  Daughter of Cronus and Rhea, sister of Zeus.  Her daughter was Persephone.
  21. 21. DIONYSUS (BACCHUS)  God of the Vine.  Son of Zeus and a Theban princess, Semele.
  22. 22. THE LESSER GODS OF OLYMPUS
  23. 23. EROS(CUPID) God of Love. Fairest of the deathless gods. He is oftenest a beautiful serious youth who gives good gifts to men. He was often represented as blindfolded, because love is often blind.
  24. 24. HEBE The Goddess of Youth. Daughter of Zeus and Hera. She appears as cupbearer to the gods. Her husband was Hercules.
  25. 25. IRIS She was the Goddess of the Rainbow and a messenger of the gods.
  26. 26. OLYMPUS TWO BANDS OF LOVELY SISTERS  The queens of song  Aglaia (Splendor)  Euphrosyne (Mirth)  Thalia (Good Cheer)  Dancers  Give life to its bloom The Muses The Graces
  27. 27. THE GODS OF THE WATERS
  28. 28. PONTUS Which means the Deep Sea Son of Mother Earth and the father of Nereus, a sea- god far more important than he himself was.
  29. 29. NEREUS Called the Old Man of the Sea. His wife was Doris, a daughter of Ocean.
  30. 30. TRITON Was the trumpeter of the Sea. His trumpet was a great shell. The son of Poseidon and Amphitrite.
  31. 31. PROTEUS Sometimes said to be Poseidon’s son, sometimes his attendant. He had the power both of foretelling the future and of changing his shape at will.
  32. 32. THENAIADS Water Nymphs They dwelt in brooks and springs and fountains.
  33. 33. LEUCOTHEA PALAEMON GLAUCUS ONCE MORTALS, BECAME DIVINITIES OF THE SEA, BUT WERE UNIMPORTANT.
  34. 34. THE UNDERWORLD
  35. 35. PERSEPHONE
  36. 36. THANATOS
  37. 37. CERBERUS
  38. 38. THEERINYES(FURIES)
  39. 39. THE LESSER GODS OF EARTH
  40. 40. PAN
  41. 41. SILENUS
  42. 42. THESILENI
  43. 43. THESATYRS
  44. 44. THEEARTH NYMPHS:OREADS& DRYADS
  45. 45. AEOLUS
  46. 46. THECENTAURS
  47. 47. THEGORGONS
  48. 48. THEGRAIAE
  49. 49. THESIRENS
  50. 50. THEFATES
  51. 51. THE END

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