In Psychology, emotions are associated with
moods. It relates emotions to feelings.
Scientifically speaking, it is an extreme form of
mental state wherein individual experience arousal,
pleasant and unpleasant even physical conditions.
EIGHT EMOTIONS OF MAN
ACCORDING TO ROBERT
It occurs because if the belief that the reason why we
experience life’s misfortune is because of the inconsiderate
actions of other individuals.
We normally tend to find another person to blame instead of
putting the blame on ourselves.
It may be associated with physical and emotional changes that
could result into serious physical and emotional illnesses.
Is manifested through physical gestures and expressive feelings
through smiling, mood of warm inner glow, harmony and
It is also an emotion of great happiness.
For Aristotle, he defined happiness as the end goal of life
(eudaimonia- is used to refer to the right actions as those that
result in the well-being of an individual.).
Some people believe that happiness can only be appreciated if
it is accompanied by pleasure.
It may come into two forms:
Imaginary fear can be explained through phobia or trauma.
Real fear may occur if there is a present threat and dangerto the present
emotional and physical status of the individual.
According to evolutionary point of view, fear serves as
preemptive response to the existing danger.
Fear and anxiety are different. Its distinction lies on the
cause of distress.
FEAR-the cause of distress is identified.
ANXIETY- distress cannot be identified. Individuals
who have anxiety disorders may feel apprehensive
without knowing exactly why.
It refers to brief emotion of sorrow.
GRIEF refers to sorrowful state for a long period of time.
It could be attained in various forms, it can either be voluntary
or involuntary attained through harmful actions, or it could be
felt whenever an individual is forced to perform an action
against his will.
It occurs if the individual experiences something that is contrary
to his taste, view and type of behavior.
It is closely associated with “dislike”
It may display physical gestures related to rejection.
It occurs when individual displays a natural inquisitive behavior.
a strong desire to know or learn something.
It may proceed after sadness for it normally occurs if the
individual experiences physical and emotional loss.
It may also occur if the individual learns to move on with his life.
The perverse form of this emotion is resistance.
It may occur when the individual experiences an unexpected situation .
It can also manifested through physical gestures such as pair of wide
eyes,erratic heart beat, etc.
It can be expressed through following gestures:
Raised and high eyebrows
Wide open eye-lids
SENSE OF SIGHT
It is the visual system includes the eyes.
Much of the information we obtain about the world around us
is detected by the visual system.
Our education is largely based on visual output and depends
on our ability to read words and numbers.
The eye, is the major body organ for the sense of sight, is
composed of eyeball, retina and optic disc.
SENSE OF TASTE
Taste buds are the sensory structures that can detect stimuli.
Taste sensations can be recognized through saliva and taste
The compositions of taste are : sweet,bitter, sour and salty.
SENSE OF SMELL
It occurs in response to airborne molecules called odors that enter the
Our smelling ability increases to reach a plateau at about the age of eight,
and declines in old age. Some researchers claim that our smell-sensitivity
begins to deteriorate long before old age, perhaps even from the early
SENSE OF HEARING
is an organism’s ability to receive mechanical energy in the
form of sound waves.
The auditory nerve carries message from 25,000 receptors in
ear to the brain. The brain then makes sense of the messages
and tells what sounds you are hearing.
SENSE OF TOUCH
It involves the skin which is considered as the largest body
The concept of touch is the integrated descriptions of
temperature, pain and pressure
The sense of touch (which involve pain ,pressure and
temperature) should be generally called the skin senses.
It refers to the process of remembering things that can
be used in the present.
Psychologists have developed different techniques to
evaluate/measure the occurrence of memory to the
These methods are normally objective in character (the
likes of objective examination format such as fill in the
blanks, multiple choice, true or false test, etc.)
It refers to the condition wherein the individual appreciates
the stimuli coming from the environment as perceived by
our senses as well as the various sensations produced by
our inner thoughts and feelings.
It is asset of consolidated awareness, recognition and
apprehension of various kinds of stimuli.
It is the ability of man to gear towards good
things and veer away from evil/dangerous ones.
Instincts are also often discussed in relation to
motivation; since they can also occur in response
to an organism's need to satisfy some innate
internal drive tied to survival.
Ability to form a clear picture/figure based on perception and
It also plays a vital role in improving the artistic skill of man.
may be defined as the faculty of forming mental images or
representations of material objects, apart from the presence of
SPIRITUAL DIMENSION OF MAN
“knowing the faculty of man”
The law of nature mandates man to responsibly use
his rational skills for the common good.
The powerful weapon of man to determine whether a particular
thing/ entity is within the bounds of morality.
Must be within the accepted ideas and principles of human
Freedom pertains to an act of performing a desired action
freely , without any limitation and obstruction while WILL aids
us in determining whether this action is not contrary to human
reason, moral standards and public policy.
A man who has conscience usually utilizes his intellect
instead of his will.
A function between the intellect and will of man he renders
judgment through his rational skills based on his moral
FOUR VARIATIONS OF CONSCIENCE
CORRECT/TRUE CONSCIENCE- occurs when judgment is based on facts
ERRONEOUS CONSCIENCE- occurs when the judgment is based on the
incorrect and irrational moral principles or applied within the bounds of
morality but in correct means.
CERTAIN CONSCIENCE-it is when the judgment is based on an assured
fact, without committing any mistake.
DOUBTFUL CONSCIENCE- the agent (the one who will be rendering the
judgment) is aware that his judgment may possibly commit a mistake.