Material dimensions of man

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Material dimension of man

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Material dimensions of man

  1. 1. MATERIAL DIMENSIONS OF MAN
  2. 2. In Psychology, emotions are associated with moods. It relates emotions to feelings. Scientifically speaking, it is an extreme form of mental state wherein individual experience arousal, pleasant and unpleasant even physical conditions.
  3. 3. EIGHT EMOTIONS OF MAN ACCORDING TO ROBERT PLUTCHIK
  4. 4. It occurs because if the belief that the reason why we experience life’s misfortune is because of the inconsiderate actions of other individuals. We normally tend to find another person to blame instead of putting the blame on ourselves. It may be associated with physical and emotional changes that could result into serious physical and emotional illnesses. ANGER
  5. 5. Is manifested through physical gestures and expressive feelings through smiling, mood of warm inner glow, harmony and peace. It is also an emotion of great happiness. For Aristotle, he defined happiness as the end goal of life (eudaimonia- is used to refer to the right actions as those that result in the well-being of an individual.). Some people believe that happiness can only be appreciated if it is accompanied by pleasure. JOY
  6. 6. It may come into two forms: Imaginary fear can be explained through phobia or trauma. Real fear may occur if there is a present threat and dangerto the present emotional and physical status of the individual. FEAR According to evolutionary point of view, fear serves as preemptive response to the existing danger.
  7. 7. Fear and anxiety are different. Its distinction lies on the cause of distress. FEAR-the cause of distress is identified. ANXIETY- distress cannot be identified. Individuals who have anxiety disorders may feel apprehensive without knowing exactly why. FEAR
  8. 8. It refers to brief emotion of sorrow. GRIEF refers to sorrowful state for a long period of time. It could be attained in various forms, it can either be voluntary or involuntary attained through harmful actions, or it could be felt whenever an individual is forced to perform an action against his will. SADNESS
  9. 9. It occurs if the individual experiences something that is contrary to his taste, view and type of behavior. It is closely associated with “dislike” It may display physical gestures related to rejection. DISGUST
  10. 10. It occurs when individual displays a natural inquisitive behavior. a strong desire to know or learn something. CURIOSITY
  11. 11. It may proceed after sadness for it normally occurs if the individual experiences physical and emotional loss. It may also occur if the individual learns to move on with his life. The perverse form of this emotion is resistance. ACCEPTANCE
  12. 12.  It may occur when the individual experiences an unexpected situation .  It can also manifested through physical gestures such as pair of wide eyes,erratic heart beat, etc.  It can be expressed through following gestures: Raised and high eyebrows Dropped jaw Wide open eye-lids SURPRISE
  13. 13. EXTERNAL SENSES
  14. 14. SENSE OF SIGHT It is the visual system includes the eyes. Much of the information we obtain about the world around us is detected by the visual system. Our education is largely based on visual output and depends on our ability to read words and numbers. The eye, is the major body organ for the sense of sight, is composed of eyeball, retina and optic disc.
  15. 15. SENSE OF TASTE Taste buds are the sensory structures that can detect stimuli. Taste sensations can be recognized through saliva and taste buds. The compositions of taste are : sweet,bitter, sour and salty.
  16. 16. SENSE OF SMELL  It occurs in response to airborne molecules called odors that enter the nasal cavity.  Our smelling ability increases to reach a plateau at about the age of eight, and declines in old age. Some researchers claim that our smell-sensitivity begins to deteriorate long before old age, perhaps even from the early 20s.
  17. 17. SENSE OF HEARING is an organism’s ability to receive mechanical energy in the form of sound waves. The auditory nerve carries message from 25,000 receptors in ear to the brain. The brain then makes sense of the messages and tells what sounds you are hearing.
  18. 18. SENSE OF TOUCH It involves the skin which is considered as the largest body organ. The concept of touch is the integrated descriptions of temperature, pain and pressure The sense of touch (which involve pain ,pressure and temperature) should be generally called the skin senses.
  19. 19. INTERNAL SENSES MEMORY CONSCIOUSNESS INSTINCT IMAGINATION
  20. 20. MEMORY It refers to the process of remembering things that can be used in the present. Psychologists have developed different techniques to evaluate/measure the occurrence of memory to the individual. These methods are normally objective in character (the likes of objective examination format such as fill in the blanks, multiple choice, true or false test, etc.)
  21. 21. CONCIOUSNESS It refers to the condition wherein the individual appreciates the stimuli coming from the environment as perceived by our senses as well as the various sensations produced by our inner thoughts and feelings. It is asset of consolidated awareness, recognition and apprehension of various kinds of stimuli.
  22. 22. INSTINCT It is the ability of man to gear towards good things and veer away from evil/dangerous ones. Instincts are also often discussed in relation to motivation; since they can also occur in response to an organism's need to satisfy some innate internal drive tied to survival.
  23. 23. IMAGINATION Ability to form a clear picture/figure based on perception and understanding. It also plays a vital role in improving the artistic skill of man.  may be defined as the faculty of forming mental images or representations of material objects, apart from the presence of the latter.
  24. 24. SPIRITUAL DIMENSION OF MAN HUMAN INTELLECT WILL CONSCIENCE
  25. 25. HUMAN INTELLECT “knowing the faculty of man” The law of nature mandates man to responsibly use his rational skills for the common good.
  26. 26. WILL The powerful weapon of man to determine whether a particular thing/ entity is within the bounds of morality. Must be within the accepted ideas and principles of human reason.
  27. 27. WILL Freedom pertains to an act of performing a desired action freely , without any limitation and obstruction while WILL aids us in determining whether this action is not contrary to human reason, moral standards and public policy.
  28. 28. CONSCIENCE ‘inner voice” A man who has conscience usually utilizes his intellect instead of his will. A function between the intellect and will of man he renders judgment through his rational skills based on his moral judgment.
  29. 29. FOUR VARIATIONS OF CONSCIENCE  CORRECT/TRUE CONSCIENCE- occurs when judgment is based on facts  ERRONEOUS CONSCIENCE- occurs when the judgment is based on the incorrect and irrational moral principles or applied within the bounds of morality but in correct means.  CERTAIN CONSCIENCE-it is when the judgment is based on an assured fact, without committing any mistake.  DOUBTFUL CONSCIENCE- the agent (the one who will be rendering the judgment) is aware that his judgment may possibly commit a mistake.

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