中国环保行业 2008
China Environmental
Protection Industry Overview
2008
An industry analysis report from
China Intelligence Onli...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China En
Additional data reveal that 1.34bn tonnes of industrial so...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008...
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China Environmental Protection Industry Report 2008

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This report, compiled by China Intelligence Online, provides an operational overview of the Chinese environmental sector, focusing mainly on market development and strategies.

Investigating the whole sector, the report aims to determine the business opportunities for foreign companies and help investors target markets.

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China Environmental Protection Industry Report 2008

  1. 1. 中国环保行业 2008 China Environmental Protection Industry Overview 2008 An industry analysis report from China Intelligence Online Informing business in China
  2. 2. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 2 1 Table of Contents 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS.........................................................................................................................2 2 CHINA INTELLIGENCE ONLINE............................................................................................................4 3 INDUSTRY SNAPSHOT .......................................................................................................................5 4 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.........................................................................................................6 4.1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................6 4.1.1 THE STRUCTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES ............................................................................................ 7 4.1.2 LEGISLATIVE AND JUDICIAL AUTHORITIES ........................................................................................................... 7 4.1.3 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (MEP) .......................................................................................... 8 4.1.4 OTHER GOVERNMENTAL BODIES ...................................................................................................................... 8 4.1.5 OTHER INSTITUTIONS..................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2 KEY ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES...............................................................................................................10 4.3 GENERAL SECTOR INFORMATION.............................................................................................................13 4.3.1 STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT ....................................................................................................................... 13 4.4 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)....................................................................................................15 5 SECTOR BREAKDOWN BY INDUSTRY; WATER, AIR, AND LAND...........................................................17 5.1 WASTEWATER AND DRINKING WATER.......................................................................................................17 5.1.1 MARKET OVERVIEW..................................................................................................................................... 17 5.1.2 MARKET END-USER ANALYSIS........................................................................................................................ 17 5.1.3 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES.............................................................................................................................. 18 5.2 AIR POLLUTION ..................................................................................................................................21 5.2.1 MARKET OVERVIEW..................................................................................................................................... 21 5.2.2 MARKET AND SALES PROSPECTS..................................................................................................................... 23 5.3 GROUND POLLUTION ...........................................................................................................................24 5.3.1 GENERAL SITUATION.................................................................................................................................... 24 5.3.2 END USER ANALYSIS..................................................................................................................................... 24 5.3.3 MARKET PROSPECTS.................................................................................................................................... 25 5.4 ISO14000 LICENSE .............................................................................................................................26 5.5 ENTERING THE MARKET ........................................................................................................................27 5.5.1 MARKET ACCESS ......................................................................................................................................... 27 5.6 COMPETITION....................................................................................................................................28 5.7 FINANCING........................................................................................................................................28 5.8 TARIFFS ............................................................................................................................................28 5.9 TENDERING .......................................................................................................................................29 5.10 QUALITY CERTIFICATION........................................................................................................................29 5.11 CONCLUSIONS....................................................................................................................................29 6 APPENDIX.......................................................................................................................................30 6.1 ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS...................................................................................................................30 6.2 ACTIVE WORLD BANK ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS IN CHINA .........................................................................44 6.2.1 NATIONAL CONTACTS .................................................................................................................................. 52 6.3 CHINESE INSTITUTES, RESEARCH CENTRES, AND ASSOCIATIONS ......................................................................54 7 DISCLAIMER ...................................................................................................................................55
  3. 3. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 3
  4. 4. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 4 2 China Intelligence Online China Intelligence Online gathers business intelligence and provides analysis as well as general business services for international organisations working or interested in the Greater China and East Asia markets. Business services include company establishment, customised research, sales and marketing, and client representation. Our researchers and analysts collectively have decades of experience on the ground in Mainland China, both living and working; not just in the developed east, but throughout the vast hinterland that represents the real opportunities in the coming decades. In addition, all our researches and analysts, Western and Chinese, are fluent and literate in both Mandarin Chinese and English. Previous clients have included the Terminal Options Conference (TOC), Transport Intelligence, Airline Cargo Management, Informa publications such as Cargo Systems and International Freighting Weekly, China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, China Ports and Harbours among others. For more information contact: info@chinaintelligenceonline.com Or visit our online business intelligence portal: www.chinaintelligenceonline.com
  5. 5. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 5 3 Industry Snapshot For many years the importance of China’s economic growth far outweighed the environmental consequences of that growth. Urbanisation and industrialisation have resulted in environmental degradation in the country so serious that 16 of the world’s 20 most polluted cities are in China. In response to this growing threat, the Chinese government’s objectives, as detailed in China’s 11th Five-year Plan for Environmental Protection (issued on November 22, 2007) are threefold. • To place equal emphasis not only on economic growth, but also on environmental protection. • The second objective is to shift strategies for economic growth towards development that promotes environmental protection, not degradation. • The third objective is administrative and attempts to apply more comprehensive legal, technological and necessary administrative frameworks to better facilitate and enforce environmental protection policies. With the Chinese government promising to spend 1.35 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) over the next three years on environmental protection projects, a broad range of market opportunities have presented themselves. Local players are unable to meet the demands of the relatively new, booming, domestic market and China relies on imports for advanced equipment and high technology. In addition to this, China’s World Trade Organisation (WTO) accession has accelerated legal and regulatory reform measures that play an important role in guaranteeing fair competition in the local market. Foreign companies are increasingly entering this growing market, and foreign products and services are both popular and competitive. Internationally active firms are predominantly from the United States, Europe, and Japan, and competition is fierce. This sector report provides an operational overview of the Chinese environmental sector, focusing mainly on market development and strategies. Investigating the whole sector, the report aims to determine the business opportunities for foreign companies and help investors target markets.
  6. 6. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 6 4 Environmental protection 4.1 Introduction For the better part of its economic reform era, the Chinese government pursued economic growth at any cost; including the environment. Both plodding State-owned industries and the side effects of market reforms have contributed to China’s major environmental issues. These issues mainly include a deteriorating natural resource base, high population density, heavy use of soft coal, outdated technology, cheap water and energy, and the rigors of fast industrial growth. The World Bank calculates that the total cost of air and water pollution—including both health and non-health related costs—equals approximately 5.8 percent of China’s GDP. More troublingly, China’s environmental problems can not be considered a strictly domestic concern; airborne particle pollutants originating in China have exacerbated smog problems in Japan and have contributed to pollution as far away as Los Angeles in the western United States. The 11th 5-Year Plan represents a second try for the Chinese government. The 10th 5-Year Plan, which called for a 10 percent reduction in total pollution discharge from 2000 levels by 2005 largely failed; instead, Co2 emissions dropped by only 2.1 percent and SO2 emissions increased by 27.8 percent. With the 11th 5-Year plan, the government has introduced extensive new environmental legislation and has called for the shut down of thousands of factories, ultimately aiming for a 10 percent reduction from 2005 CO2 and SO2 emission levels. Uneven local enforcement of environmental laws and inadequate investment in pollution control problems could derail these ambitious goals. Domestic firms in China have emerged as strong competitors in the increasingly valuable environmental protection industry. Within China, products that have proven most profitable include low-cost flue gas desulphurisation systems, air and water monitoring instruments, drinking water purification products, vehicle emission controls and inspection devices, industrial wastewater treatment equipment, and energy efficient and resource recovery technologies. In its 11th Five-Year Plan, the Chinese government has outlined bold goals intended to reverse years of environmental ruin. Though government emphasis on the environment is an encouraging step, it remains to be seen how effectively these goals will be realised, particularly if they threaten to derail other economic priorities.
  7. 7. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 7 4.1.1 The structure of environmental authorities Source: SEPA 4.1.2 Legislative and judicial authorities Chinese law states that only the National People’s Congress (NPC) and its Standing Committee (SC) reserve the right to legislate laws, though in practice most laws derive directly from the central executive branch. The NPC and SC do remain responsible for adopting and promulgating any news laws, however. Judicial authorities at all levels are responsible for enforcing environmental laws while the Environmental Protection Bureau (EPB) mediates environmental protection disputes between two or more parties. In practice, the Chinese judicial system seldom challenges entities with vested state interests, usually siding with GDP growth over environmental protection.
  8. 8. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 8 4.1.3 Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) In recent years, the State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) was renamed the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) after elevation to the ministry level. The Environmental Protection Committee, a member of the State Council, is responsible for drafting laws and regulations that are then considered for approval by the National People’s Congress. While measures promulgated in Beijing in theory forestall enormous changes across the country, in practice many central directives dissipate as they traverse the layers of China’s vast governmental bureaucracy. As a result, outcomes on the ground often do not realise the ambitious goals of central government policy. In addition, SEPA suffers from under-funding and under-staffing and an occasionally adversarial relationship with agencies like the Construction Ministry in terms of handling water and sewage treatment. Intra- governmental rivalries lead to a lack of cooperation between competing agencies that may not be willing to share key data. On the local level, branches known as Environmental Protection Bureaus (EPB) are designed to monitor pollution, enforce standards, and collect fines. These branches though will seldom go against the GDP growth at all costs policies of local governments, muting their efficacy. Under-funded EPBs largely depend on fine collection for revenue, leading to perverse incentives in which the EPBs depend on those they are entrusted to punish. In recognition of these problems, the 11th 5-Year Plan has set forth provisions to reform the system. The plan aims to enhance both national and regional-level supervision in order to compel EPBs to improve their performance, install both constraining and incentive mechanisms in order to promote corporate responsibility, and provide incentives for greater inter-departmental cooperation. As of yet, the efficacy of these measures have yet to be proven. In addition to enforcing environmental laws, the MEP also works as an intermediary between international government and non-government organisations (NGOs) and can grant environmental licenses. The International Cooperation Division and Foreign Economic Cooperation Office both work with foreign governments, organisations, and agencies, often approving large foreign investment projects throughout the country. 4.1.4 Other governmental bodies In addition to agencies listed above, several commissions subordinate to the State Council have various responsibilities related to environmental protection. These commissions include the State Planning Commission, the State Economic Commission, the Ministry of Construction, the State Science and Technology Commission, the Ministry of Water Conservancy and the State Environmental Sanitation
  9. 9. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 9 Commission. The sheer number of different commissions involved in policy sometimes causes inefficiency and conflict of interest. 4.1.5 Other institutions Other institutions, while lacking any real power, contribute to the environmental sector in China. These include research institutes, universities, and NGOs. Special studies, statistics, and legislation often rely on these institutions for information, and on occasion research on pollution control has attracted media attention, most notably in forming opposition to plans to construct dams in China’s southwest.
  10. 10. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 10 4.2 Key environmental policies Controlling total emissions of major pollutants and ensuring drinking water, both in cities and in rural settings, are the key environmental policies at the national level established by the 11th 5-Year Plan. In addition, there are eight major focal areas included in the plan for Environmental Protection, as listed here with subheadings. (1) Reduction of CO2 emissions and improvement in water quality • Reach CO2 emission reduction targets • Ensure safety of drinking water sources • Prevention and control of water pollution of key river basins (2) Reduction of SO2 emissions to prevent and control air pollution • Reach SO2 emission reduction target • Comprehensive improvements in urban air quality • Enhancement in the prevention and control of industrial waste gases • Strengthening the prevention and control of vehicle emission pollution • Intensification of noise pollution control • Control in the emissions of greenhouse gases (3) Control solid waste pollution and promote recycling and reuse of solid waste • Implementation of projects to dispose of hazardous and medical waste • Implementation of innocuous disposal of domestic garbage • Promotion of comprehensive utilisation of solid waste (4) Protection of ecological environment, improvement in level of security for ecological safety • Development of national zoning for areas with ‘ecological functions ‘ • Initiation of activities for the conservation of key areas with ‘ecological functions ‘
  11. 11. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 11 • Development of quality for nature reserves • Strengthening the conservation and safety management of species resources • Intensification of environmental supervision on development and construction activities (5) Control of Rural Environment, Promotion of the Development of New Socialist Countryside • Focus on the prevention and control of soil pollution • Comprehensive environmental control in rural areas • Prevention and control of rural pollution (6) Strengthening marine environmental protection, focusing on the prevention and control of pollution as well as ecological damage of coastal sea waters • Work toward reducing pollutants from land-based activities • Acceleration of pollution control in key sea areas • Prevention and control of port and ship pollution • Protect marine ecological environments • Prevent and control marine environmental disasters (6) Strict supervision and management to ensure nuclear and radiation environmental safety • Improvement in the quality of construction of nuclear facilities and operation safety levels • Improvement in management of radioactive isotopes and radiation devices • Acceleration in control of radioactive pollution • Improvement in prevention and control of electromagnetic radioactive pollution (8) Enhance management capacity building and raise law enforcement supervision • Establishment of advanced environmental monitoring and early warning systems • Establishment of a complete environmental law enforcement supervision system • Development of an environmental emergency response system
  12. 12. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 12 • Improvement in China’s comprehensive environmental assessment capacity • Development of the ‘Jinhuan Project’ (a national and local environmental protection information system) • Strengthening the supporting capacity in the innovation of environmental science and technology
  13. 13. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 13 4.3 General sector information 4.3.1 State of the Environment A State of the Environment report published in 2007 by the SEPA indicates that the Chinese environment has remained unchanged from the previous year, a sobering thought considering that in the previous year the environment was noted for its soil erosion, urban pollution, acid rain, and other headaches. The report included the following findings: • Overall in China, the quality of urban air, surface water, offshore sea water, and ecological environment remained either ‘similar’ or ‘unchanged’ from the previous year. • More than half—54 percent—of inland seas, lakes, and rivers are of Grade IV quality or worse • China’s 7 major rivers and 25 of its 27 major lakes are polluted. The Haihe River is China’s most polluted, with the Liaohe, Huaihe, Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers following. • More than 160 municipalities began monitoring underground water quality, and the area of underground monitoring sites exceeded 1m square km. • Water quality remained largely stable in 2007 • More Chinese cities suffered from acid rain than ever before, a result of air pollution. Similar surveys reveal additional statistics that do not portray China’s environment in glowing terms. One survey of 500 cities showed that only 32 percent of domestic sewage and 58 percent of domestic garbage were treated in these cities on average in 2004. Most facilities in these cities are inadequate and are unable to support current growth trends. In 2004, the total discharge amount of wastewater nation-wide equalled 52.45bn tonnes—split roughly evenly between domestic and industrial use—while chemical oxygen demand (COD) emission totalled 14.12m tonnes. In addition, 1.498m tonnes of ammonia were released into the environment, of which a scant 35 percent was treated.
  14. 14. China Intelligence Online 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China En Additional data reveal that 1.34bn tonnes of industrial solid wastes were generated, industrial solid wastes equalled 16.547m tonnes, a decline of 6.1 percent from the previous year. In general, hazardous waste disposal, particularly medical wastes, improved markedly but remained dangerously low. Rural and under-developed parts of the country are affected most acutely. Water and soil erosion in China spread over 3.56m sq km, accounting for more than a third of total national territory. Of this figure, 1.65 sq km was affected by water erosion while the remainder was af erosion. Mountainous, hilly, and windy areas, especially those located in the middle and upper reaches of China’s major rivers, were particularly susceptible to erosion. Altogether, an estimated 5bn tonnes of soil are lost to erosion in China each year. Demographic trends do not suggest any relief for China’s erosion problem. The country is urbanising at a clip of 4 percent per year, a trend that continues to drive rapid economic growth. If the residency permit system restricting internal migration from the countryside may only intensify. Increased urbanisation means increased energy consumption, as city dwellers use an estimated 3.5 times the energy than their rural counterpa Rapid industrialisation and economic growth have come at a steep price to China’s natural environment. The country has recently opened to the idea of enlisting foreign help in tackling its environmental problems, creating enormous opportunities for wo 00 10 20 30 40 50 60 Proportionofcities,% 3.1.2 Comparison of Water Quality in the Seven Major Rivers in 2005 www.chinaintelligenceonline China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China Additional data reveal that 1.34bn tonnes of industrial solid wastes were generated, industrial solid wastes equalled 16.547m tonnes, a decline of 6.1 percent from the previous year. In general, hazardous waste disposal, particularly medical wastes, improved markedly but remained dangerously low. loped parts of the country are affected most acutely. Water and soil erosion in China spread over 3.56m sq km, accounting for more than a third of total national territory. Of this figure, 1.65 sq km was affected by water erosion while the remainder was af erosion. Mountainous, hilly, and windy areas, especially those located in the middle and upper reaches of China’s major rivers, were particularly susceptible to erosion. Altogether, an estimated 5bn tonnes of soil are Demographic trends do not suggest any relief for China’s erosion problem. The country is urbanising at a clip of 4 percent per year, a trend that continues to drive rapid economic growth. If the ng internal migration—is abolished, the numbers flocking to Chinese cities from the countryside may only intensify. Increased urbanisation means increased energy consumption, as city dwellers use an estimated 3.5 times the energy than their rural counterparts. Rapid industrialisation and economic growth have come at a steep price to China’s natural environment. The country has recently opened to the idea of enlisting foreign help in tackling its environmental problems, creating enormous opportunities for would-be market players. 00 10 20 30 40 50 60 ≤4.5 4.6-5.0 5.0-4.6 pH value of precipitation 3.1.2 Comparison of Water Quality in the Seven Major Rivers in 2005 2004 2005 chinaintelligenceonline.com usiness in China 14 Additional data reveal that 1.34bn tonnes of industrial solid wastes were generated, while the discharge of industrial solid wastes equalled 16.547m tonnes, a decline of 6.1 percent from the previous year. In general, hazardous waste disposal, particularly medical wastes, improved markedly but remained dangerously low. Water and soil erosion in China spread over 3.56m sq km, accounting for more than a third of total national territory. Of this figure, 1.65 sq km was affected by water erosion while the remainder was affected by wind erosion. Mountainous, hilly, and windy areas, especially those located in the middle and upper reaches of China’s major rivers, were particularly susceptible to erosion. Altogether, an estimated 5bn tonnes of soil are Demographic trends do not suggest any relief for China’s erosion problem. The country is urbanising at a clip of 4 percent per year, a trend that continues to drive rapid economic growth. If the hukou system—a is abolished, the numbers flocking to Chinese cities from the countryside may only intensify. Increased urbanisation means increased energy consumption, as Rapid industrialisation and economic growth have come at a steep price to China’s natural environment. The country has recently opened to the idea of enlisting foreign help in tackling its environmental problems, ≥5.6 3.1.2 Comparison of Water Quality in the Seven Major Rivers in 2005
  15. 15. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 15 4.4 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) • How is China prioritising its environmental protection needs? While each region within China has its own unique environmental protection needs, the following areas are in greatest nationwide demand: water and wastewater treatment, flue gas desulphurisation at coal-fired power plants, energy efficiency techniques, river basin management to control flooding, water reuse projects, and sludge treatment and disposal. Market-based environmental solutions allowing investors to reap financial gain have become popular due to the under-funding of environmental projects nationwide. In particular, savvy investors can find opportunities in areas of environmental treatment, clean production, energy efficiency, and recycle and reuse technologies. While industrial waste recycling is popular among some local planners, the market for this service remains small and quality controls are lacking. • What areas hold the best market opportunities for firms in the environmental protection sector? Environmental problems in China rarely confine themselves to specific geographic regions; air, water, and land pollution rarely respect administrative borders. In general, though, northern China suffers from soil erosion, air pollution, desertification, and drought while the south endures silting and acid rain. Cities with high levels of industry have alarmingly high rates of air pollution while most big cities have inadequate sewage and water treatment. Rivers and lakes are seriously polluted, as well. To meet these challenges, environmental projects have sprouted up everywhere in China, from dust control projects in Inner Mongolia to wastewater treatment in Chongqing. Two upcoming international events— Beijing’s 2008 Summer Olympic Games and Shanghai’s 2010 World Expo—have brought extra attention to China’s environmental protection efforts, including clean mass transit, energy-efficient buildings, and auto emissions control. Shanghai in particular launched a three-year (2003-2005) environmental protection plan focussing on water, air, solid waste, forestation, industrial pollution, and agricultural contamination. Many Chinese cities have encouraged foreign investors to supplement government-funded environmental protection programmes, though several projects cannot offer companies high investment returns. The more reliable and better-funded projects are located in the highly competitive coastal regions rather than inland. • Bidding for World Bank- and Asian Development Bank projects Networking with local design institutes, government authorities, foreign engineering firms, and bank project officers early in the process will help your company identify projects likely to receive World Bank (WB) or Asia Development Bank (ADB) funding. Well before the loan is finalised and the tender opportunity is made
  16. 16. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 16 public, equipment requirements and specifications are usually identified. One key strategy involves having a local market presence, either a sales officer or sales agent, to learn about projects and follow up as they unfold. Embassies and Consulate Generals can help foreign firms through liaison officers at the WB and ADB. (for a list of active WB projects, please see the Appendices) • Is there much demand for environmental consulting services? Consults have traditionally had trouble penetrating the Chinese market. However, the opening of service markets to foreign competition, heightened compliance requirements, and demand for sophisticated technologies have created more opportunities for consultants. In particular, many European firms have successfully bundled consulting services with turn-key design-and-build projects. Some equipment providers have offered free consulting services up front in order to develop sales later in the project. WB and ADB projects usually allow foreign companies to bid for consulting components of various projects. While State-owned firms may be resistant to foreign consultation, the amount of foreign investment into the country has allowed consultants to focus their services on foreign manufacturers. Nonetheless, foreign consultants should consider selling its consulting services to the China-based parts of multinational manufacturing firms as several opportunities exist. • Is it true that the PRC government plans to invest billions of dollars in wastewater treatment? While the Chinese government plans to invest heavily in the wastewater treatment sector, most projects that are financed at all are done so only in local currency. Foreign companies wishing to access this market must be willing to accept Chinese renminbi, make equity investments in projects, or offer competitive financing terms on equipment and technology sales. • Are there any good environmental trade shows in China? While most environmental trade shows in China are small and regional, there are a number of exceptions. The biannual China International Environmental Protection Industry Conference is the nation’s largest and will next take place in Beijing on 4-5 June 2009. The conference will cover a wide range of sectors including air pollution, water, wastewater, solid waste, recycling, green transport, and energy conservation. Foreign firms should also consider participating in technical seminars and conferences to network and learn the latest trends. Local government bureaus are often eager to co-operate in organising such conferences as a way to encourage the introduction of foreign technology. (for more fairs and conferences, please see the appendices at the end of this report).
  17. 17. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 17 5 Sector Breakdown by Industry; Water, Air, And Land 5.1 Wastewater and drinking water 5.1.1 Market overview The combined effects of a large population and rapid economic development have caused severe water shortages in China. Significant improvements in water and wastewater infrastructure have occurred, though problems remain; roughly two thirds of the country’s 600-odd metropolitan areas still suffer from shortages. Demographic trends promise little relief- urbanisation and continued growth are likely to strain China’s water supply even more. In the past, water and wastewater treatment was a public good in China, leading to large amounts of resource squandering and pollution. In addition, a lack of fee-collection led to a scarcity of capital in construction, renovation, operation, and maintenance of facilities. The government took action in 1001 with the passage of the Water Resource Law, opening public water infrastructure to private and even foreign financing. That, coupled with WTO accession, have jumpstarted China’s water market. The WB has also contributed with investment, advisory services, and technical assistance. By 2012 total WB investment in Chinese urban wastewater treatment is expected to exceed USD 10bn. 5.1.2 Market end-user analysis The wastewater and drinking water treatment markets in China have a number of different end-users including municipal water treatment, industrial wastewater treatment, and smaller treatment units for hotels/hospitals. Increased enforcement of environmental standards has resulted in technological investment. Despite ample private investment, the public sector still covers most wastewater treatment costs, rendering projects financially untenable for other parties. However, government interest in wastewater treatment is substantial; an estimated 60 percent of environmental spending will concern wastewater treatment, giving foreign companies enormous potential opportunity in the sector. Creative solutions also matter. Pilot projects, demonstrations, training courses, and alignment with research institutes greatly assist market entry. Small and medium-sized firms can also compete, as several modern housing complexes or hotels have implemented their own water treatment facilities. The fastest growing sector in the wastewater treatment market remains in industry, as pulp and paper mills, paint factories, and food processing plants—among others—seek pollutant specific technology.
  18. 18. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 18 5.1.3 Market opportunities Foreign enterprises stand to benefit greatly from water reforms in China. The construction of new infrastructure as well as the operation and maintenance of all existing plants provide enormous opportunities for foreign firms, for whom the Chinese government has liberalized regulations concerning partnerships. The following technology needs offer the most opportunity: • Biological denitrification and phosphorus removal technologies • Membrane separation and manufacturing technologies and equipment • Manufacturing technology of anaerobic biological reactors • High-concentration organic wastewater treatment technology and equipment • Series-standard water and wastewater treatment equipment with high efficiency • Water-saving technologies and equipment • Water treatment agents • Monitoring instruments • Natural water-body rehabilitation technology China will see the implementation of many water supply and wastewater treatment projects intended to strengthen infrastructure In order to extend its drinking water capacity by 20 percent, China must invest USD 20bn in the years preceding 2010. The government also must extend and renew its existing water supply and wastewater collection piping systems. Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Technology and Equipment The construction of new water and wastewater treatment plants and piping systems, as well as the reconstruction of outdated water and wastewater treatment plants and piping systems, creates a large market demand for relevant technology and equipment. Water and Wastewater Treatment Technology and Equipment
  19. 19. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 19 Both the water supply and wastewater treatment sectors require more efficient technology. Pollution of surface water and groundwater has created demand for deep treatment technologies, while nitrogen and phosphate removal technologies are needed in urban areas. Industrial wastewater treatment requires technologies that can remove non-biodegradable organics. The following specific technologies and equipment represent the best market potential in China: • Municipal wastewater treatment • Standardised water and wastewater treatment equipment • Biological denitrification and phosphorus removal technology with high-efficiency and energy-saving technologies • Manufacturing technology of anaerobic biological reactors such as upward-flow anaerobic sludge bed reactors, anaerobic filters, anaerobic attached-film expanded beds, and anaerobic fluidised bed reactors • Immobilized microbe technology • Membrane manufacture technology • Low-speed and variable-speed multi-pole centrifugal blower • Sludge treatment and disposal equipment Packaged thickening and dewater belt presses Horizontal screw centrifugal dewatering Methane electric generators • Automatic control equipment for water treatment • Industry wastewater treatment • High-concentration organic wastewater treatment technology and equipment • Membrane separation technologies, such as reverse osmosis, nano-filtration, ultra-filtration, micro- filtration, and ion exchange • Wastewater deep treatment and reuse technology and equipment in industry sectors, such as surface treatment, coal and mining, pulp and paper, metallurgy, petroleum A number of major wastewater treatment programs have begun in China, including the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, the Three Gorges Project, the comprehensive pollution control and ecological rehabilitation project in the Three-Rivers and Three-Lakes regions, and the National Western Development
  20. 20. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 20 Project. These projects will account for approximately USD 22bn in water supply and treatment investment by 2013. Additional water treatments are occurring in China’s special economic regions, such as the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, and Bohai Bay area. China intends to greatly expand its sewage treatment rate in large cities for which a great deal of hi-tech equipment is needed. Equipment with the best sales prospects for foreign companies includes, but is not limited to: • Flow meters/hydraulic pressure gauges • Water quality monitoring systems • Large pumps • Disinfecting equipment • Reverse-osmosis water treatment systems • Physical and chemicals analysers or monitors • Valves • Screening presses • Digester agitators • Aerating brushes for oxidation ditches • Shaft-less screw conveyers • Methane generators and meters • Adjustable outlet wires • Sludge scrapers • Suction devices and aerators • Computerised monitoring systems Industrial specific treatment methods are also needed in the following industries: • Paper mills
  21. 21. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 21 • Dye factories • Food processing plants • Pharmaceutical • Chemical • Fertiliser Supervision and management related projects also offer good opportunities for the consulting sector specialised in water management. The following table shows proposed spending on municipal wastewater plants. Table 2.7.3.1 Construction Plan for Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants Year Budget (USD bn) 5.1.3.1.1 Number of Plants Capacity (mn3 /day) 2001–2008 1.17 78 3.785 2009–2013 0.77 57 2.905 Total 1.94 135 6.690 Source; PRC, State Environmental Protection Administration, ‘The Progress on the Wastewater Treatment on the Eastern Route of the South to North Water Diversion Project’ 5.2 Air pollution 5.2.1 Market overview Air pollution is a major problem in China. Pollution levels are high as most major cities have high concentrations of CO2 and SO2 as well as ambient concentrations of suspended particles. Acid rain affects up to 30 percent of the country, an unusually high percentage. Northern cities, in which coal is used for space heating, generally suffer from more serious pollution than do their southern counterparts. Carbon emissions affects pollution levels nation-wide. There is a light at the end of the tunnel, and foreign companies could be the beneficiaries of China’s new air pollution consciousness. Cleaner production programmes, the introduction of emission controls, and the
  22. 22. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 22 conversion in some cities of taxis and buses to cleaner fuels exemplify market opportunities foreign firms may seek to capitalise upon. Urban air Chinese cities are among the most polluted in the world, with air quality levels far worse than normally considered safe for human health. Government measures to address these problems include: • enacting a series of laws, regulations and standards • the establishment of governmental organisations responsible for environmental protection • environmental monitoring • energy conservation and investment in environmental infrastructure • installing pollution control devices • utilising cleaner production technologies • installing natural gas infrastructure for cooking. Though these measures have been enacted, major air pollution problems remain nation-wide. Vehicle emissions China’s exploding motor vehicle industry—the number of cars in the country is expected to rise from 12m in 1997 to 49m in 2010—has caused a substantial rise in air pollution. Emission levels per vehicle are also higher in China than in more developed countries due to the use of outdated technology. Efforts by the Chinese government to reduce emissions—such as a 2000 act of legislation mandating electronic fuel- injection systems to be placed in all cars—have done little to stem the rise of auto-caused air pollution. Acid rain China’s extensive use of coal accounts for more than 90 percent of its CO2 emissions, a major cause of acid rain. Apart from the relatively arid north, acid rain greatly affects all regions in China and has not improved in recent years. In response, the government has encouraged the use of desulphurisation equipment when burning coal, and some cities have even substituted electricity and natural gas for coal. The government in 1998 established the Acid Rain Control Zone and SO2 Control Zones, requiring construction projects and existing industries to switch to low-sulphur coal or to be equipped with desulphurisation equipment by the compliance deadline of 2010.
  23. 23. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 23 The road to compliance though will not be easy. There remains in China a severe shortage in advanced, practical control technologies. Desulphurisation technology has yet to reach wide use and is largely confined to experimental stages. Key issues include: • Energy efficiency improvement. Promotes industrial modernisation; cleaner and more efficient production technologies and processes, economies of scale, and better enterprise management; high-efficiency industrial equipment such as boilers, electric motors, fans and pumps; and industrial energy conservation such as plant or equipment renovation, energy housekeeping, and demand-side management. • Cleaner coal and energy diversification. Encourages coal washing, gaseous fuels for residential and commercial use, and research and development in low, or zero-emission energy sources and technologies. In the short to medium term, increasing use of imported gas and oil could reduce demand for coal and overall emissions. • Emission control. Emission would fall if high-efficiency dust precipitators were installed in industrial boilers and furnaces, high-efficiency electrostatic precipitators were installed in power plants and large point sources, and sulphur dioxide emissions were controlled in areas burning high-sulphur coal. Market-based policies developed by the government have shifted incentives, allowing more opportunity for private companies. However, enforcement remains an issue. 5.2.2 Market and sales prospects Industry China is the world’s biggest producer and consumer of coal, and its coal for energy use is predominantly raw with only 22 percent undergoing dressing and cleaning. Prospects for briquette and coal washing technologies abound, while China simultaneously plans to equip coal-burning power plants with desulphurisation equipment. In order to curtail pollution by the chemical and metallurgical sectors as well as other industries, China needs electrostatic precipitators consisting of dry, plate, and horizontal type equipment as well as fabric filters and cyclone particulate collectors for its particulate removal market. Vehicle emissions
  24. 24. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 24 Chinese government efforts to improve vehicle emissions control have created demand for catalytic converters, electronic fuel injection systems, fuel evaporation control systems, retrofit technologies, and emission detecting instruments. The government also encourages conversion from coal or gasoline engines to natural gas. Monitoring stations Most of the equipment used in China’s over 4,000 environmental monitoring stations is outdated and in poor condition, prompting calls for the government to import advanced equipment such as satellite remoe sensing monitoring systems. 5.3 Ground pollution 5.3.1 General situation With the largest population and one of the largest economies in the world, China’s ground waste figures are staggering. Data released by SEPA reported that the total amount of industrial solid waste generated in country equalled 1.2bn tonnes in 2004. Total discharged industrial solid waste likewise amounted to 17.92m tonnes, while hazardous waste reached 9.63m tonnes. These numbers only figure to increase. Solid waste refers to all kinds of solid, semi-solid and highly concentrated liquid waste generated from production, consumption, living and other activities. In China, much industrial solid waste piles up without treatment, causing pollution in both surface and ground water. More management of this waste is needed. Despite rising demand for solid waste treatment, a lack of regulatory enforcement has stagnated industry development, preventing local players from supplying an adequate amount. End-users have recent turned to the import market for solid waste treatment needs, an extremely expensive prospect suggesting market possibilities for other players. 5.3.2 End user analysis Typical end-users for solid waste treatment products are municipal governments, state-owned enterprises, quasi-private enterprises, and foreign-invested enterprises. Many of these enterprises cannot afford to the more sophisticated equipment, used to meet increasingly stringent government regulations. Opportunities in this sector favour multinationals, multilateral bank projects, or projects seeking foreign investment.
  25. 25. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 25 5.3.3 Market prospects Due to the urgent nature of the hazardous waste sector technology and equipment transfers from foreign countries, scientific research and construction of demonstration projects for disposal of hazardous waste are in high demand: China is currently attempting to establish demonstration projects in the following areas: • Electroplating waste minimisation • Chromic slag recycling • Safe landfill and incineration of hazardous waste • Recycling of plastic waste Foreign companies have an opportunity in the medical waste market, an area presently causing a lot of headaches in China. Few domestic companies have the means to obtain the specialised technology the industry requires. In addition, firms with the raw material and recycling equipment capabilities can find a huge market in paper and plastic recycling in China, as these services are typically imported. A number of local and municipal authorities plan to make significant purchases of technology and equipment during the next few years as the Solid Waste Management System is developed. Best prospects include the following products: Urban waste collection and transfer vehicles • Compressed refuse collectors • Facilitated refuse dumpsters • Mechanical transfer station of refuse, related equipment. • Special urban vehicles with large capacities: garbage trucks, night-soil trucks, and highway cleaning trucks. Auxiliary equipment and technology for landfills • Landfill machinery: garbage compacting machinery such as landfill site slope compacting equipment • Liner materials: the liner laying and welding • Quality guarantee system: site-detecting system, monitoring system and instruments
  26. 26. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 26 • Anti-seepage material and waste water drainage systems and materials Landfill treatment As Chinese producers cannot generally provide anti-leach materials, landfill wastewater collection systems, methane gas collecting and recycling equipment, opportunities exist for foreign companies that utilise modern landfill treatment methods Waste sorting equipment Local producers generally can provide cylinder screeners and permanent magnetic cylinder screeners used in compost sorting processes. Chinese firms generally cannot produce a large scale sorting system to select the recyclable wastes. Recycling and comprehensive utilisation The following have been identified as needs in the recycling and comprehensive utilisation industries: • Circulated / Pressured fluidised bed combustion furnace using coal refuse -- Metals recycling and utilisation equipment: • Large sized waste steel recycling equipment such as 1,500-ton-grade waste steel cutting machinery, large sized crushing appliance, 800-ton-grade three dimensional waste metal packaging machine, and related attached appliances • Small sized waste metals compacting equipment and heavy metal waste liquid recycling equipment. • Copper, aluminium, and lead recycling equipment, including equipment of waste metal crushing, screening, and casting • Composting technology and related equipment: China needs large sized composting technology and simple composting equipment. • Management services, monitoring equipment and software 5.4 ISO14000 license China’s accession into the WTO brought along the significant problem of ‘green barriers’; i.e., the stringent international environmental restrictions with which China would have to comply. This is where international standardisation can help. The standard for environmental protection—ISO14000—sets benchmarks for Chinese firms to meet, enabling them to promote their goods in international markets.
  27. 27. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 27 5.5 Entering the market The environmental protection industry must surely salivate at the prospect of entering the Chinese market. No other country combines the combination of abundant land, an enormous population, and the scope of environmental degradation. Gaining market access however is far from easy. China remains a developing country with financial constraints, something potential buyers are certainly mindful of. Needless to say, competition among foreign firms is spirited. Most projects are financed in renminbi, compelling foreign firms to avoid the Chinese hinterland in favour of cities that have foreign exchange reserves. Aggressive concessionary financing and aid programmes have benefited several companies based in Japan and Europe. Who are the key international players? Britain, Germany, France, and the United States dominate the environmental technology market, while Finland is very active in the air pollution control market. Setting aside Japan, regional players have been relatively quiet with only Malaysia and South Korea having recently entered the market. The domestic market should not be ignored, either. The MEP estimates that more than 20,000 Chinese firms were involved in environmental protection in 2003, concentrated in the coastal and riverside parts of the country. Large-scale government investment has benefited many of these firms, leading to an increase in the number of local manufacturers and service providers hoping to cash in on the surge in environmental spending. Much of the firms have focussed on air emission and wastewater, as these are high profile problems in China. While the illegal copying of advanced technologies has deterred foreign firms from China in the past, the enormous opportunities present cannot be ignored. 5.5.1 Market access As in most markets, price and financing largely guide procurement decisions by private firms and municipal government organisations. Yet for foreign country, maintaining a good relationship with the government remains an extremely important component to business success in China. Companies that do market research, are aware of the diversity existing in different regions, and are mindful of business customs in the country will benefit greatly. In the environmental technology sector, there are several ways to actually enter the market. Foreign firms can establish a representative office or capable agents and distributors. Likewise, a Chinese partnership or joint venture, or even a wholly-owned foreign project, can be helpful.
  28. 28. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 28 Due to the persistence of government control in the sector, a joint-venture with a government-linked firm can help reduce costs while developing suitable technology and equipment. 5.6 Competition Competition for both domestic and international firms is fierce in China. In addition to the more than 20,000 Chinese enterprises actively involved in the environmental protection market, there are a large number of foreign-directed projects. Both domestic and international projects are largely based in China’s more prosperous coastal region. Foreign firms typically have advantages in technology, equipment, and service while domestic enterprises compete with low prices and easy access to the markets. The more successful foreign-funded enterprises have utilised solid relationships with the Chinese government as well as a good understanding of China’s market status. 5.7 Financing Finding the hard currency necessary for investment in environmental technology has not been easy for China, still a developing country. Most end-users for environmental equipment are public authorities or state-owned enterprises, which together comprise roughly 65 percent of the market. Provincial and municipal governments have begun dedicating more money for environmental investment in recent years, increasing the efficacy of keeping close contact with those sources. Projects backed my multilateral funding are subject to international competitive bidding, as they generally have hard currency backing. Cluster-finance, in which several different types of loans are bundled together to cover the cost of a project, provides a possibility for perennially under-funded companies seeking to invest in major projects. In addition, private industrial enterprises, large office buildings, hotels or hospitals and residential areas also present opportunities. Because environmental protection is an industry for which the Chinese government has actively encouraged foreign investment, joint-venture projects can qualify for tariff exemptions or a reduction on the import of capital equipment. 5.8 Tariffs By 2008, the Chinese government intends to reduce tariffs on environmental protection to 6.9 percent from 13.4 percent. The line-item tariff rate was reduced by 70 percent to 8.85 percent in 2003, and reduced further to 7.03 percent in 2005.
  29. 29. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 29 5.9 Tendering Tendering is required for major projects funded through international funding entities. Such business opportunities may be located through the China Daily newspaper, China Tendering magazine or at www.chinatendering.com.cn and www.chinatender.gov.cn 5.10 Quality certification In 2002, the MEP-issued Measures for the Management of Environmental Protection Product Certification became effective, promoting technological progress of the local environmental protection industry, development of environmental technology trade, and implementation of environmental protection product certification work. The certificate, valid for three years and available for extension, covers the following products: equipment, environmental monitoring apparatus, biological agents and materials used for control of pollution, improvement of the ecological environment and protection of natural resources. 5.11 Conclusions In general, a large, diverse, and growing water treatment market has emerged in China in recent years. The Chinese government’s inability to satisfy the enormous nationwide demand has created ample opportunities for private and foreign investment, investment that the government encourages through measures such as preferential tax policies. Policies adapted at the national level have trickled down to provincial and municipal levels, information that companies can obtain through contact with the government or local taxation bureaus. Private and foreign operators typically form a private and public partnership (PPP) to enter the water supply and wastewater treatment sector, a measure that includes a slight risk given the novelty of PPPs in the country. BOT and DBO (design-build-operate) are more applicable for specific projects. In air pollution, acquiring clean fuels, desulphurisation, coal washing, air quality monitoring, and other related technologies is necessary for progress. Likewise, in the solid waste treatment sector, advanced equipment and technology are needed to treat hazardous solid and medical waste. Altogether, the opportunities for foreign companies in the Chinese environmental sector are ample.
  30. 30. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 30 6 Appendix 6.1 Environmental projects Area Projects Hebei Province Hebei Cangzhou Qingxian South Korean Industrial Base Sewage Treatment Plant Project Investment: CNY 153m Area of this project is 404, 685 square meters. Recent project construction scale is 20,000 tonnes/day, further project is 45,000 tonnes/day. Sewage treatment technology is ‘cast’. Contact: Li Guoqing TEL: +86(317)407 8600 Sewage Treatment Project in Dongguang County Investment: CNY 128.36m Area of this project is 242, 811 square meters. It will be designed as sewage treatment ability of 60,000 tonnes a day, annual ability is 21.9m cubic meters. Contact: Ma Fucheng TEL:+86(317)772 1726 Cangzhou Lingang Chemical Industrial Park 50,000 tonnes Sewage Treatment Project Investment: CNY 122,320,000 This project is mainly about treatment of urban water consumption and enterprise waste water. Contact: Tang Jinlin TEL:+86(317)548 8543
  31. 31. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 31 Area Projects Cangzhou Lingang Chemical Industrial Park 23.3000 tonnes/year of Industrial Wastes Incineration and wastes landfill project Investment : CNY 89,730,000 This project is about urban wastes and industrial wastes of Cangzhou City. Treatment fee for one ton is USD 93.With the higher environmental criteria, more wastes will have to be treated which will make more profit. Contact: Tang Jinlin TEL: +86(317)548 8543 Sewage Treatment project in the West Handan city Investment: CNY 117.633m This project deals with waste water of Handan City. Service area is 215,400 square meters, and covering 450,000 people. Contact: Zhang Xinjun, Wei Hong TEL: +86(310)302 6427, 312 2819 Wanlidawa Sewage Treatment Plant of 40,000 tonnes In Cang County Water is a strategic economic resource, and with more and more pollution, we need more sewage treatment plants to clear the polluted water. Contact: Sun Hongxiang TEL:+86 (317)305 3116
  32. 32. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 32 Area Projects Cogeneration of Straw Renewable Resources in Botou City Botou Thermoelectric Co., Ltd is planning to build a 2*12mw straw renewable resources cogeneration project. The area is 485,622 square meters, annual generated energy is 132m degrees, annual heat loading is 963,200gj, and annual straw consumption is 240 thousand tonnes. Contact: Xing Weimin TEL: +86(317)556 1970/818 4541 Sewage Treatment Plant and Urban Pipe Net Reconstruction in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County of Qinhuangdao City Investment: CNY 49,030,000 It is being planned to build a sewage treatment plant of 21,000 tonnes and reconstruct urban pipe network in county. Advanced Degradation of Meal Boxes in Luan County, Tangshan, Hebei With the development of the third industry, the number of meal boxes is growing fast; with the strengthened ideas of environmental protection, degradation of meal boxes is in the direction of future development. Two reasons for choosing this place: 1. Convenient traffic, well- developed communication, rich water and power resources. 2. Rich materials. Wastes Treatment Project in Zunhua City Investment: CNY 22,490,000 Annual garbage produce is 100,000 tonnes in Zunhua, consistent with the growth in population. Garbage land fills are full, and garbage elimination is the main obstacle of economic development. This project contains waste storage warehouses workshops, distributed processing workshops, biological transformation workshops, mill workshops, and fertiliser workshops. TEL: +86(315)282 1720
  33. 33. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 33 Area Projects Sewage Treatment Plant in Zunhua City The capacity of this sewage treatment plant is 80,000cm a day. At present, Zunhua city lacks good drain systems, as all of domestic and industrial sewage is piped to Shao River, Qingshui River, Laozhua River and the city moat, which in turn pollutes water in the rivers. So sewage treatment plants are needed. TEL: +86(315)282 1720 Shanxi Province Completely-closed Intelligent Handling of Used Batteries in Yangquan, Shanxi Investment: CNY 100m Used batteries are the main pollutants of the world environment. Recently, production of batteries has grown fast, and statistics show that 11bn batteries are used each year and this figure is growing. So we need factories for handling these batteries. Contact: Liu Lindi TEL: +86 (353) 806 0777/662 6777 Sewage Treatment Project in Niangziguan Contact: Wei Delin, Zhang Aibao TEL: +86 (353)603 272 20353—603 1156 Sewage Treatment Plant in Pingding County Sewage recycling project relies on water quality. It is in charge of Pingding County Sewage Plant. Planned scale of project is 21,600 m 3 /d, and it needs an investment of CNY 18.1m.
  34. 34. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 34 Area Projects Urban Living Wastes Landfill Project in Yu County It aims at getting rid of 220 tonnes a day of garbage. Sewage Treatment Plant in Yinying Town, Yangquan city This project is being planned to use BIOLAK technology of a German company (Von Nordenskjold Verfahrenstechnik GmbH). It is popular with a lot of sewage treatment plants Contact: Bai Chaohui TEL: +86(353)505 3325 Comprehensive Ecological Environmental Development in Longhai Moutain The main peak (Jade Emperor Mountain) of the Longhai Mountain is over a thousand meters tall. It is the source of Yijing River, faces the monument of ‘Great Battle of Hundreds of Regiments’ and Shinaoshan Forest Park. The project contains: 1.Botanical garden. 2. Breeding park. 3. Pond fish culture. 4. Sightseeing, holiday project. 5. Road 6. Ancient temples reconstruction. 7. Water, power, and heating Contact: Wang Chunhai TEL: +86 133 035 373 73 Sewage Reutilization Project in Datong Development Zone Expected investment ways include joint venture, wholly-owned or a shareholding system. Contact: Wu Deyuan, Zhang Zhongcheng TEL: +86 139 352 938 28, 130 080 801 33
  35. 35. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 35 Area Projects Living Wastes Treatment Project in Datong The expected investment ways are joint venture, wholly-owned, shareholding or cooperation. Datong daily waste is a thousand tonnes, feces 600 tonnes. This project will give a lot of benefits to Datong. Contact: Xu Yuefeng TEL: +86(352)201 6280 Jilin Province Sewage Treatment Project in Baicheng City Beicheng city has a total of 41,160 m3/d of sewage, total mileage of sewage pipes equal 61.8 km. The sewage exit is located in southeast of city. The sewage is piped through a pumping house to Mingqu and Dacaodian. The project aims at a sewage treatment plant of a capacity of 50,000 tonnes/d, 6 pumping houses, a 46 km sewage pipeline, reconstruction of old 3 pumping houses and some additional pipelines. Uses oxidation ditch processes Contact: Guo Shuping, Li Chuang TEL: +86(436)324 7732 The 5 th Water Purification Plant in Changchun Changchun is the capital city of Jilin Province. It is a fast-developing city which requires a large amount of water, so purification of underground water and water resource are listed as goals of water resource construction of Changchun. The 5 th water purification plant will be important to the industrial and living water supply and it will play a big role for ‘the eleventh five-year plan’ in Changchun. Contact: Li Shiyong, Sun Jiansheng TEL: +86(431)590 6068, +86(431)590 6058
  36. 36. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 36 Area Projects East Sewage Treatment Plant in Changchun East sewage treatment plant mainly deals with industrial and living sewage in Economic- Technological Development Area and Jingyue Development Zone. It clears Yitong River which is beneficial to the scenery as well as clearing river water that can be used for garden watering, car washing, cooking, and city construction. Project of High Energy Environmental Protection Blake Pads in Changchun Guangda Frication Production Co., Ltd was listed as a project of the national key new product. Its main product is ‘brake pads’ made by carbon fibre composites for cars. Contact: Wang Chao, Zheng Shuju TEL: +86(431)852 0138 Southern Sewage Treatment Plant in Changchun This plant will be located in high-tech development zone. It has an area of 80,000 square meters. It contains a sewage treatment plant with the treatment ability of 150,000 tonnes a day. Living Wastes Treatment Project in Changchun The purpose of this project is to enhance the treatment level of living wastes and the environment as well as to solve the contradiction between the fast growth of living wastes and antiquated environmental protection equipment. This project has been approved by relevant authorities and experts. It will use well-developed landfill methods. This method has the advantages of low cost, mature technology and easy management. It has sustainable development potential.
  37. 37. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 37 Area Projects Sewage Treatment Plant of Western Xinkai River, Changchun This project is to build a sewage treatment system, pre-treatment system, biological sewage treatment system, sludge treatment system and commensurate equipment. The plant will treat 100,000 tonnes a day, with 70,000 tonnes to be reused. Contact: Cheng Shuchun TEL: +86(431)590 2277 Garbage Incineration Power Station Engineering Jilin city has daily garbage weighing 700-1,000 tonnes which led to the establishment of a garbage incineration power station. The municipal government has decided to build garbage incineration power station which contains two sets of 400 ton garbage burning boilers and two 6,000 KW condensation turbo-generators. Contact: Qiu Jixiang TEL: +86(432)204 9412 Sewage Treatment Project of Sewage Treatment Company in Jilin city Jilin city is located upstream of the Songhua River, and is its main pollution source .With the development of the city, more and more polluted water is piped to the Songhua River bringing harmful, polluting bacteria. In order to get rid of pollution, and protect the health of the river, Jilin is going to set up a sewage treatment plant. Contact: Qiu Jixiang TEL: +86(432)204 9412
  38. 38. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 38 Area Projects Urban Sewage Treatment Project in Meihekou City This project is to protect drinkable water resources and the water quality of the downstream regions of the Huifa River. It is necessary to replace antiquated urban sewage equipment and the urban tension water supply. Its plan is to build a sewage treatment plant with the capacity of 6,000 tonnes a day as well as reuse 3,000 tonnes a day. Contact: Zhang Yongping TEL: +86(4410) 422 2270 Environmental Protection Catering Units Project in Changling County This project uses the skin of sunflower seeds to make disposable catering tools to completely stop ‘white pollution’. Changling county is abundant in sunflowers. This project will be good for the environment and it also has a huge potential market. Contact: Lian Weiyi , Gai Changqing TEL: +86(438)722 3393 Urban Sewage Treatment Project in Jiaohe city Jiaohe city is located upstream of the Songhua River. With the development of the economy, pollution has grown. It is estimated that the quantity of pollution will reach 30,000 tonnes a year in 2010. In order to preserve the biological environment and reduce pollution in Songhua River, a sewage treatment plant will be established with a total scale of 60,000 tonnes of daily treatment. Of this, the treatment ability of the 1 st phase is 30,000 tonnes/day. A sewage interception pipe will be 3,400 meters long, a sewage pipeline 1,800 meters long, and a reconstructed pipeline 9,800 meters long Contact: Qu Jie TEL: +86(432)726 7005 +86(432)726 7006
  39. 39. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 39 Area Projects Water Treatment Project of Southern, Northern River in Siping City Contact: Qi Decai Phone number: +86(434)508 1915 Sewage Treatment Project in Tonghua City Contact: Ren Hongfei TEL: +86(435)361 8391 Green Large Seedlings Exchange Market and Biological Leisure Center 485,622 square meters-large seedlings exchange area 404,685 square meters-large leisure centre Contact: Guo Fanjin TEL: +86 139 513 881 48 Environmental Protection, New Energy Production Investment options: Wholly-owned, joint venture, cooperation Products of environmental protection and new energy are the trend of resource development, rendering this a potential market. Jiangsu Province Urban Sewage Treatment Project: Phase Ⅱ Phase I is for improving sewage treatment ability to meet popular need. Its main project items are a sewage collection net (of between 400—1400metres long, long 9.98 km; 2 lifting pump stations, total scale is 48,000 m3/day.
  40. 40. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 40 Area Projects Water Treatment Plant Project Guangfeng County is a strong economic county in Jiangxi Province with a population of 770,000. Guangfeng city has a population of 150,000 and an area of 15 square km. It is a ‘National Hygiene City’ and ‘Civilized City of Jiangxi Province’. Sewages are mainly for domestic sewage and industrial sewage. Sewage treatment plants are connected to construction and sustainable development of a city. At present, sewage threatens the environment. Because at present Guangfeng County lacks a sewage treatment plant, construction of one will produce huge economic and social benefits. Contact: Shen Jiayi TEL: +86 (10)883 590 82 transfer 103, +86 136 911 61556 Taishan Seedlings and Flower Technology Pilot Park Project The project covers an area close to Panhe Street, linked to the Jing-Hu and Jing-Fu expressways in the east, and to State Highway 104. This project is a provincial level agricultural pilot park approved by Shandong Provincial Science Department and Financial Department. Planned area: 700 hectares, core area: 200 hectares. The park is designed with three areas of different functions: Germplasm resources district, Factory seedling district and Exhibit and Sales District. So far, the park has attracted 200 greening, fruit tree, flower and Chinese medicines of high quality from home and abroad, with 20 qualified seedlings produced annually. Eight science institutions moved into the base, and developed many a types with independent intellectual property rights. Taishan Flower Exhibition Centre phase one and phase two has been completed. The Park has held several International Flower and Seedling Exhibition. Contact: Mr. Liu/ Mr. Sun TEL: +86 (538) 699 0963/699 1091
  41. 41. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 41 Area Projects Jiangxi Province Dawenkou Cultural Heritage Tourism Resource Development Project Joint-venture, partnership, exclusive investment This project aims to protect Dawenkou Cultural Heritage, as well as rebuild and conserve surrounding places of historic interest, and support infrastructure and facilities such as roads , hotels and restaurants for tourism. Contact: Mr. Liu/ Mr. Sun TEL: +86 (538) 699 0963/699 1091 Shandong Province Jiaozuo Municipal Construction Investment and Development Co., Ltd. Medical Waste Disposal Centre Project Contact: Wang Xiaojun TEL: +86 (391) 358 5840 Residential Garbage Treatment Project for Wuzhi County Wuzhi County Municipal Construction Investment and Development Co., Ltd, established in March, 2004, is a wholly state-owned company with registered capital of CNY112, 680, 000. Investment return circle: 12 years. Contact: Feng Wei TEL: +86 (391)7289799, +86 138 391 231 11 Henan Province Hengde Environment Protection Industry Park Seeks Cooperation Project Hubei Province Xiantao Municipal Investment Promotion Bureau Contact: +86 (728) 331 2265, +86 139 979 945 01
  42. 42. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 42 Area Projects Chaoyang District Water Treatment Plant Project Phase One This project covers 11 hectares. The initial investment is CNY 255, 000, 000 to set up a Water Treatment Plant with daily capacity of 75,000 tonnes, and pipeline of 14.5 km and a midway pump station. Capacity of the pump station is 75, 000 tonnes/day in dry days and 15,000 tonnes/day in rainy days. After completion, this Plant is to serve Chaoyang district. Water level after treatment is State level 1. Investment return period: 20 years. Contact: Zhang Guangxing TEL: +86 135 468 823 93, +86 (754)383 5714 Hubei Province Chaonan District Liangying Waste Water Treatment Plant Phase 1 Joint investment, exclusive investment Liangying Waste Water Treatment Plant covers an area of 60 mu. Designed capacity for its first phase is 30,000 tonnes per day with supporting pipeline of 19.68 km long. The designated investment is CNY88m. Investment return will be from waste water treatment fee. Investment return period: 17 years. Location of the Plant: Liangying Town, Chaonan District, Shantou Contact: Zhou Ruolin TEL: +86 138 228 575 66, +86 (754)557 1729 Guangdong Province Puding County Water Treatment Plant Puding county now has a population of over 40,000 people. The daily waste water released equals 5,000 tonnes. Yelang Lake of Puding county is a provincial level tourism site. As surveyed by relevant experts, it is planned to set up a daily domestic water treatment plant of 13,000 m3. Contact: Huang Wen / Zhou Xianbin TEL: +86 (53) 822 2137
  43. 43. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 43 Area Projects 10,000 ton/daily capacity Waste Water Treatment Plant Project Through joint investment, partnership, exclusive investment, and other methods, the Yunnan Yanglin Industrial Development Region (municipal development region) seeks investment. By the end of 2004, this region had established 70 projects and 28 of them had established businesses. Daily waste water capacity is 15,000 tonnes. This current project is to set up a Waste Water Treatment Plant of 10,000 tonnes/daily capacity at Longhe river to offer water treatment service to enterprises within the development zone. Investment methods preferred by the development zone management office are partnerships, joint investments and exclusive investments. Contact: Luo Jiafu, Chen Qingbo TEL: +86 (871) 604 5309 Guizhou Province Yunnan Province
  44. 44. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 44 6.2 Active World Bank Environmental Projects in China Project ID Product Line Date Approved Han River Urban Environment Improvement Project P087224 IBRD/IDA 29.Apr.08 Anhui Highway Rehabilitation and Improvement Project P099112 IBRD/IDA 22.Apr.08 Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Irrigated Agriculture Project P105229 Global Environmen t Project 17.Apr.08 Shandong Minhe Poultry Manure Biogas P102567 Carbon Offset 28.Mar.08 Gansu Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection and Development Project P091949 IBRD/IDA 20.Mar.08 China Bengbu Integrated Environment Improvement Project P096925 IBRD/IDA 11.Mar.08 CN-PCF-Meishan CDQ Projec P104601 Carbon Offset 03.Mar.08 Guiyang Transport Project P093963 IBRD/IDA 08.Jan.08 China Guangdong Huizhou CCGT project P108516 Carbon Offset 19.Dec.07
  45. 45. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 45 China-PCF-Tianjin Landfill Gas Recovery and Utilization P086035 Carbon Offset 29.Jun.07 China-GEF-Liaoning P090375 Global Environmen t Project 26.Jun.07 China-Second Liaoning Medium Cities Infrastructure Project P092618 IBRD/IDA 26.Jun.07 Western Provinces Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Project P095315 IBRD/IDA 26.Jun.07 Micro and Small Enterprise Finance Project P096285 IBRD/IDA 19.Jun.07 CN-Second Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban Environment Projec P081776 IBRD/IDA 21.Mar.07 Shaanxi Ankang Road Development P075613 IBRD/IDA 13.Mar.07 CN-GEF-Second Shandong Environment Project P090377 Global Environmen t Project 27.Feb.07 SECOND SHANDONG ENVIRONMENT PROJECT P077752 IBRD/IDA 27.Feb.07 Third National Railway Project P086515 IBRD/IDA 23.Jan.07 Guangxi Integrated Forestry Development and Conservation Project P088964 IBRD/IDA 14.Dec.06
  46. 46. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 46 Guangxi Integrated Forestry Development and Conservation Project P087318 Global Environmen t Project 14.Dec.06 CN-CF-Inner Mongolia Huitengxile Wind F P087292 Carbon Offset 27.Oct.06 China-PCF-CDCF Hubei Guangrun Hydropower P094795 Carbon Offset 27.Oct.06 Capacity Building for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Prevention and Human Influenza Pandemic Preparedness P104264 Recipient Executed Activities 18.Oct.06 Fujian Highway Sector Investment P091020 IBRD/IDA 12.Oct.06 Sichuan Urban Development Project P083322 IBRD/IDA 07.Sep.06 GEF-Ningbo Water and Environment Project P090336 Global Environmen t Project 29.Jun.06 Facilitating Afforestation Program P090649 Carbon Offset 29.Jun.06 Demonstration of alternatives to Chlordane and Mirex in Termite Control Project P082992 Global Environmen t Project 29.Jun.06 China - Nanjing Steel Convertor Gas Recovery Project P088106 Carbon Offset 29.Jun.06
  47. 47. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 47 Liaoning Medium Cities Infrastructure Project P099992 IBRD/IDA 27.Jun.06 Changjiang/Pearl River Watershed Rehabilitation Project P081255 IBRD/IDA 27.Jun.06 HENAN TOWNS WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT P081348 IBRD/IDA 27.Jun.06 Third Jiangxi Highway Project P093906 IBRD/IDA 27.Jun.06 China Economic Reform Implementation Project P085124 IBRD/IDA 11.Apr.06 Follow Up to CRESP Phase I P096158 IBRD/IDA 07.Feb.06 CN-Heilongjiang Dairy P086629 IBRD/IDA 24.Jan.06 China HFC-23 Emissions Reduction and Sustainable Development Benefits Project P094388 Carbon Offset 19.Dec.05 PCB Management and Disposal Demonstration Project P082993 Global Environmen t Project 15.Dec.05 Fuzhou Nantai Island Peri-Urban Development Project P070519 IBRD/IDA 15.Dec.05 China: Fifth Inland Waterways P085333 IBRD/IDA 11.Oct.05 Irrigated Agriculture Intensification Loan III P084742 IBRD/IDA 11.Oct.05 Shanghai Urban Environment APL Phase 2 P075732 IBRD/IDA 05.Jul.05
  48. 48. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 48 CN-PCF Xiaogushan Hydropower Project P087153 Carbon Offset 22.Jun.05 POOR RURAL COMMUNITIES DEVELOPMENT PROJECT P071094 IBRD/IDA 21.Jun.05 Chongqing Small Cities Infrastructure Improvement Project P081161 IBRD/IDA 21.Jun.05 China - Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP) P067625 Global Environmen t Project 16.Jun.05 Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP) P067828 IBRD/IDA 16.Jun.05 LIUZHOU ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PROJECT P081346 IBRD/IDA 24.May.05 Agricultural Technology Transfer Project P069862 IBRD/IDA 28.Apr.05 CN-Ningbo Water and Environment Project P086505 IBRD/IDA 17.Mar.05 Heat Reform and Building Energy Efficiency Project P072721 Global Environmen t Project 17.Mar.05 Inner Mongolia Highway and Trade Corridor P068752 IBRD/IDA 15.Feb.05 CN-PCF Jincheng Coal Bed Methane Project P087291 Carbon Offset 1.Dec.00 Hunan Urban Development Project P075730 IBRD/IDA 16.Sep.04
  49. 49. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 49 TAI BASIN URBAN ENVIRONMENT PROJECT P057933 IBRD/IDA 03.Aug.04 Italian Trust Fund for Environmental Protection in China P088764 Recipient Executed Activities 30.Jun.04 Hubei Shiman Highway Project P081749 IBRD/IDA 24.Jun.04 Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban Environment Project P075728 IBRD/IDA 08.Jun.04 CN-GEF Guangdong PRD Urban Env P084003 Global Environmen t Projec 08.Jun.04 Hai Basin Integrated Water and Environment Management Project P075035 Global Environmen t Project 15.Apr.04 Fourth Inland Waterways Project P077137 IBRD/IDA 25.Mar.04 Pro-Poor Rural Water Reform Project P088116 Recipient Executed Activities 19.Mar.04 Wuhan Urban Transport Project P069852 IBRD/IDA 09.Mar.04 Zhejiang Urban Environment Project P066955 IBRD/IDA 29.Jan.04 Jiangxi Integrated Agricultural Modernization Project P065463 IBRD/IDA 20.Nov.03 Basic Education in Western Areas Project P073002 IBRD/IDA 09.Sep.03
  50. 50. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 50 Gansu and Xinjiang Pastoral Development Project P065035 IBRD/IDA 09.Sep.03 Gansu and Xinjiang Pastoral Development Project P077615 Global Environmen t Project 09.Sep.03 Second Anhui Highway Project P076714 IBRD/IDA 24.Jun.03 Shanghai Urban Environment Project P070191 IBRD/IDA 17.Jun.03 Second Tianjin Urban Development and Environment Project P040599 IBRD/IDA 20.May.03 Lake Dianchi Aquatic Biodiversity Restoration Project P068239 GEF Medium Sized Program 26.Mar.03 Yixing Pumped Storage Project P068058 IBRD/IDA 20.Mar.03 Energy Conservation Project, Phase II P067337 Global Environmen t Project 24.Oct.02 Xinjiang Highway Project (03) P058847 IBRD/IDA 05.Sep.02 Hubei Hydropower Development in Poor Areas Project P068049 IBRD/IDA 25.Jun.02 Sustainable Forestry Development Project P064729 IBRD/IDA 16.Apr.02
  51. 51. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 51 Sustainable Forestry Development Project (Natural Forest Protection) P060029 Global Environmen t Project 16.Apr.02 Tuberculosis Control P071147 IBRD/IDA 21.Mar.02 Liao River Basin Project P051859 IBRD/IDA 19.Jun.01 Montreal Protocol Ozone Depleting Substances Phase Out Project (03) P003409 Montreal Protocol 22.Jun.95 Ertan II Hydroelectric Project P003507 IBRD/IDA 22.Aug.95 Montreal Protocol Ozone Depleting Substances Phase Out Project (04) P039838 Montreal Protocol
  52. 52. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 52 6.2.1 National contacts State Planning Commission 38 Yuetan South Street, Xicheng District Beijing, China Tel: (86-10) 6850 1359 Ministry of Water Conservancy Department of International Cooperation 2 Baiguang Rd. Beijing, China 100053 Tel: (86-10) 6320 2114 Ministry of Science & Technology Department of Industrial Technology 15B Fuxing Rd, Beijing, China 100862 Tel: (86-10) 6851 2626 Fax: (86-10) 6851 5004 State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) International Cooperation Division and Foreign Economic Cooperation Office 115 Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie Beijing, China 100035 Tel: (86-10) 6615 1934 Fax: (86-10) 6615 3366 China National Technical Import and Export Corporation (CNTIC) Jiuling Building, 21 Xisanhuan Beilu Bejing, 100089, People’s Republic of China Tel: (86-10) 6840-4106 Fax: (86-10) 6840-4105 E-mail: cntic@cntic.genertec.com.cn Internet: www.cntic.com.cn Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFTEC) 2 Dongchangan Jie, Dongcheng Ku Beijing, 100731, People’s Republic of China Tel: (86-10) 6708-1526 Fax: (86-10) 6708-1513 Internet: www.moftec.gov.cn Ministry of Land and Natural Resources (MIR) 64 Fuchengmennei Dajie, Xicheng Qu Beijing, 100812, People’s Republic of China Tel: (86-10) 6612-7001 Fax: (86-10) 6617-5348 Ministry of Water Resources (MWR) 2 Baiguang Lu, Ertiao, Xuanwu Qu Beijing, 100761, People’s Republic of China Tel: (86-10) 6320-3069 Fax: (86-10) 6320-2150
  53. 53. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 53 State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) No.16 Guangqumenneidajie, Chongwen District Beijing, People’s Republic of China Tel: (86-10)-6711-6195 Fax: (86-10) 6711-6195 E-mail: info2@zhb.gov.cn Internet: www.zhb.gov.cn Administrative Centre for Agenda 21 Division of Program Management on Environment and Resources 109 Wanquanhe Rd. Haidian District, China 100080 Tel: (86-10) 6258 8128/6256 4400 Fax: (86-10) 6258 8127 E-mail: web@acca21.edu.cn
  54. 54. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 54 6.3 Chinese Institutes, Research Centres, and Associations Environmental Science Research Centre, Xiamen University Huandao Rd., Xiamen, Fujian 361005 Tel: (86-592) 218 7783 Fax: (86-592) 209 5242 New Technology Development Centre (NIDC) of China Association for Science & Technology (CAST) No. 86 Xueyuan Nan Rd., Haidian District, Beijing, China 100081 Tel: (86-10) 6217 9149 Fax: (86-10) 6210 3249 The Association of Municipal Environmental Sanitation of China Shangjialou, Chaoyang District Beijing, China 100028 Tel/Fax: (86-10) 6467 1214
  55. 55. China Intelligence Online www.chinaintelligenceonline.com 中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保中 国 环 保 China Environmental Protection 2008 | informing business in China 55 7 Disclaimer To the best of our knowledge, the information contained in this report is accurate. However, China Intelligence Online is not responsible for actions taken based on information herein. Readers are urged to exercise due diligence before any business arrangement.

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