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  • 1. Teens and STDs: Get the Facts
  • 2. FACTS
  • 3. Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • 4. TEXASHIV in TexasNearly 70,000 people in Texas are known to have HIV. It isestimated that an additional 17,000HIV in Texas are living with people in TexasHIV, but are currently unaware of their status. The number of Texas are Nearly 70,000 people inpeople known to have HIV increased by 34% from 2005 to It is estimated that known to have HIV. 2011.Learn more about HIV in Texas (PDF : 199 kb). Posted 1/10/2013 an additional 17,000 people in Texas are living with HIV, but are currently unaware of their status. The number of people known to have HIV increased by 34% from 2005 to 2011.
  • 5. Newly Diagnosed HIV Cases, Deaths, and People Living with HIV: Texas, 1980-2011 8,000 80,000 7,000 70,000 Living with HIVNew HIV Cases / Deaths 6,000 60,000 People Living with HIV 5,000 50,000 4,000 40,000 New HIV Cases 3,000 30,000 2,000 20,000 Deaths among HIV Cases 1,000 10,000 0 0 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Year
  • 6. Myth: Only "trashy" people get STDs.• Fact: STDs does NOT discriminate.• Rich people get STDs. Poor people get them. Athletes get them. Math geeks get them. CEOs and professors get them. Even someone having sex for the first time can get an STD. The only people who have no risk of getting an STD are people who havent had sex or any kind of sexual contact.
  • 7. Myth: If your partner has an STD,youll see it.
  • 8. • Fact: Theres often no sign that a person has an STD.• Even doctors often cant tell by looking if people have STDs. So they need to do tests, like bloodwork. People with STDs might not know they have them: STDs dont always cause symptoms. But it is possible to carry and spread the virus without ever having an outbreak. Untreated STDs can add up to serious health problems, like infertility (the inability to have a baby) or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which may land you in the hospital.
  • 9. The ONLY Safe Sex is NO SEX• So much wrong information about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) gets passed around that its no surprise the diseases do too. Of course, the only way to be 100% sure you wont get an STD like herpes, chlamydia, or HIV, is not to have any type of sex (abstinence). But if you do decide to have sex, youll need to stay informed and learn whats true — and whats not.
  • 10. Fact: You can get some STDs more than just once.•Some STDs are yours for life,• like herpes and HIV.•Others, like chlamydia and gonorrhea,can be treated, but you may getinfected again if you have sexualcontact with someone who has them.
  • 11. ChlamydiaMost people who have chlamydiadon’t know it since the diseaseoften has no symptoms.•Chlamydia is the most commonlyreported STD in the United States.•Sexually active females 25 years oldand younger need testing every year.•Easy to cure, chlamydia can impacta woman’s ability to have children ifleft untreated.
  • 12. GonorrheaAnyone who is sexually active can getgonorrhea.•If they occur, symptoms in men andwomen vary depending on what part ofthe body is infected: Gonorrhea canaffect the anus, eyes, mouth, genitals, orthroat.•This disease can impact a woman’sability to have children if leftuntreated.
  • 13. Genital Herpes• Genital herpes is a common STD, and most people with genital herpes infection do not know they have it.• You can get genital herpes even if your partner shows no signs of the infection.• If you have any symptoms (like a sore on your genitals, especially one that periodically recurs)laboratory tests can help determine if you have genital herpes.• There is no cure for herpes, but treatment is available to reduce symptoms and decrease the risk of transmission to a partner.
  • 14. Syphilis Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a bacterium. Syphilis can cause long-term complications and/or death if not adequately treated.• Syphilis is easy to cure in its early stages.• Signs and symptoms of syphilis include a firm, round, small, and painless sore on the genitals, anus, or mouth, or a rash on the body, especially on the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet.• During 2004–2008, rates of P&S syphilis increased the most among 15–24 year-old men and women.
  • 15. Pubic lice are tiny insects hatinfect the pubic hair areaand lay eggs. These lice canalso be found in armpit hairand eyebrows. Symptoms:Pubic lice causes itching inthe area covered by pubichair. Itching often gets worse...