Óóðàã<br />
Çîðèëãî<br />Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà, á¿òýö<br />Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí ¿¿ðýã<br />
Àìèí õ¿÷èëíüàìèíá¿ëýã (NH2) , êàðáîêñèëá¿ëýã (COOH) ãýñýíõî¸ðôóíêöèîíàëüá¿ëýãçýðýãàãóóëñàííýãäýëþì.<br />CH3-COOH         ...
Àìèí õ¿÷ëèéíîíöëîãóðâàëþóâý? <br />
Àìèí õ¿÷èë ººðòºº ýåðýãöýíýãòýéàìèíá¿ëýã (-NH2) , ñºðºãöýíýãòýéêàðáîíèëüá¿ëýã (-COOH)-òýéáàéäàãèéìýýñàìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿ä íüõîîðîí...
¯¿ññýíäèïåïòèäíüäàõèííýãàìèí õ¿÷èëòýéóðâàëäîðæòðèïåïòèä ¿¿ñãýõãýõìýò ¿ðãýëæèëñýíïîëèïåïòèä, óóðãèéã ¿¿ñãýíý.<br />
Õ¿íñàðìàã÷èíãààñþóãààðààÿëãààòýàéâý? <br />
1-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíá¿òýö.<br />2-ð áàãóóðãèéííàéðëàãà.<br />3-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíàíõäàã÷ ,õî¸ðäîã÷ àíãèë...
1902 îíäãåðìàíûýðäýìòýíÝ.Ôèøåðóóðãèéíá¿òöèéíòóõàéîíîëûãáîëîâñðóóëñàí.Ýíýîíîëûí ¸ñîîðóóðãèéíìîëåêóëäïåïòèäèéíõîëáîîãîîðõîëá...
Óóðàãíüìàøíàðèéííàéðëàãàá¿òýöòýéáàéãàëèéí ºíäºðìîëåêóëòíýãäýëþì. Óóðãèéííàéðëàãàíä í¿¿ðñóñòºðºã÷, óñòºðºã÷, õ¿÷èëòºðºã÷ººñ...
Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />Ôèçèê<br />Óóðàãíüøèíãýí, õàãàñøèíãýí, õàòóóçýðýãîëîíÿíçûíõýëáýðýýðáàéãàëüäîðøèíî. Óóðàãíüõîîðîíäîî...
¿ãèéíñ¿ëæýý<br />õºíäëºí㺺ð <br />1. óóðãèéíãèäðîëèçîîðõàìãèéíýöýñòþó ¿¿ñýõâý? <br />2.àëüôà àìèíïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàë...
Ä¿ãíýëò<br />Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà     , á¿òýö<br />Óóðãèéíøèíæ   ÷àíàð<br />Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí  ¿¿ðýã<br />
Ãýðèéíäààëãàâàð<br />Ñóðàõáè÷ãèéí 216-ð õóóäàñíûàñóóëòàíäõàðèóëæèðýõ.<br />
õè÷ýýëäèäýâõòýéîðîëöñîíòàá¿õýíäáàÿðëàëàà.<br />
Àìèííýãäýë  ( R-NH2) êàðáîí õ¿÷ëèéí (R-COOH) á¿òöèéãõàðüöóóëàíàìèí õ¿÷èëãýæÿìàðá¿òýöòýéíýãäýëáàéõûãõýëíý ¿¿ ?<br />
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11 анги уураг

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11 анги уураг

  1. 1. Óóðàã<br />
  2. 2. Çîðèëãî<br />Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà, á¿òýö<br />Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí ¿¿ðýã<br />
  3. 3. Àìèí õ¿÷èëíüàìèíá¿ëýã (NH2) , êàðáîêñèëá¿ëýã (COOH) ãýñýíõî¸ðôóíêöèîíàëüá¿ëýãçýðýãàãóóëñàííýãäýëþì.<br />CH3-COOH NH2-CH2-COOH<br />öóóíû õ¿÷èëàìèíöóóíû õ¿÷èë<br />
  4. 4. Àìèí õ¿÷ëèéíîíöëîãóðâàëþóâý? <br />
  5. 5. Àìèí õ¿÷èë ººðòºº ýåðýãöýíýãòýéàìèíá¿ëýã (-NH2) , ñºðºãöýíýãòýéêàðáîíèëüá¿ëýã (-COOH)-òýéáàéäàãèéìýýñàìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿ä íüõîîðîíäîîóðâàëîðäîã. Íýãàìèí õ¿÷ëèéíêàðáîêñèëüá¿ëýãíºãºº àìèí õ¿÷ëèéíàìèíá¿ëýãòýéíýãäýæóñíûíýãìîëåêóëÿëãàðñíû ¿ð ä¿íäàìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿äèéíõîîðîíäïèïòåäûí (NH-CO)õîëáîî ¿¿ñäýã .<br />
  6. 6. ¯¿ññýíäèïåïòèäíüäàõèííýãàìèí õ¿÷èëòýéóðâàëäîðæòðèïåïòèä ¿¿ñãýõãýõìýò ¿ðãýëæèëñýíïîëèïåïòèä, óóðãèéã ¿¿ñãýíý.<br />
  7. 7. Õ¿íñàðìàã÷èíãààñþóãààðààÿëãààòýàéâý? <br />
  8. 8. 1-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíá¿òýö.<br />2-ð áàãóóðãèéííàéðëàãà.<br />3-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíàíõäàã÷ ,õî¸ðäîã÷ àíãèëàë<br />4-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíãóðàâäàã÷ , äºðºâäºã÷ àíãèëàë<br />5-ð áàãóóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />6-ð áàãîðãàíèçìäàõóóðãèéí ¿¿ðýã<br />
  9. 9. 1902 îíäãåðìàíûýðäýìòýíÝ.Ôèøåðóóðãèéíá¿òöèéíòóõàéîíîëûãáîëîâñðóóëñàí.Ýíýîíîëûí ¸ñîîðóóðãèéíìîëåêóëäïåïòèäèéíõîëáîîãîîðõîëáîãäñîíàìèíõ¿÷ëèéíóðòãèíæèíõýëõýýíýýñòîãòîíî.<br />Óóðãèéíãèäðîëèçèéãäàðààõáàéäëààðèëýðõèéëæáîëíî.<br />
  10. 10. Óóðàãíüìàøíàðèéííàéðëàãàá¿òýöòýéáàéãàëèéí ºíäºðìîëåêóëòíýãäýëþì. Óóðãèéííàéðëàãàíä í¿¿ðñóñòºðºã÷, óñòºðºã÷, õ¿÷èëòºðºã÷ººñ ãàäíààçîòçààâàëáàéäàã . ̺íîëîíõèóóðãèéííàéðëàãàíäõ¿õýð, çàðèìäààôîñôîð, òºìºð, çýñ, öàéðçýðýãýëåìåíòîðñîíáàéíà. Ýäãýýðýëåìåíòýýñàçîòûíõýìæýýóóðãèéííàéðëàãàíäòîãòìîëîðîëöîîãîîð 16% áàéäàã. <br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />Ôèçèê<br />Óóðàãíüøèíãýí, õàãàñøèíãýí, õàòóóçýðýãîëîíÿíçûíõýëáýðýýðáàéãàëüäîðøèíî. Óóðàãíüõîîðîíäîîàäèëã¿éîëîíÿíçûíøèíæòýé. Óóñàõ ÷àíàðààðààõàðèëöàíàäèëã¿é. Èõýíõóóðàãõàéëàõã¿é , áóöëàõã¿é, õàëààõàäõàéëàõáóöëàõààñàà ºìíº çàäàðäàã.<br />Õèìè<br />Óóðãèéíãèäðîëèç.<br /> óóðàã+Í2Î õ¿÷èë, ø¿ëòàëüôààìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿ä<br />Óóðàãòóíàäàñæèõ<br /> à. áóöäàãòóíàäàñæèëò<br />Óóðãèéíóóñìàëñïèðò Na+ ,K+ ,NH4+,èéíäàâñóóðãèéíòóíàäàñ<br />á. áóöàëòã¿éòóíàäàñæèëò<br />Óóðãèéíóóñìàë+ {õ¿íäìåòàëëûíäàâñ, õ¿÷èë, ø¿ëò, òóÿà, òåìïåðàòóð} óóðãèéíòóíàäàñ<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. ¿ãèéíñ¿ëæýý<br />õºíäëºí㺺ð <br />1. óóðãèéíãèäðîëèçîîðõàìãèéíýöýñòþó ¿¿ñýõâý? <br />2.àëüôà àìèíïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë<br />3. óóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíàíãèëàëûííýð<br />4.àëüôà-àìèíî-öóóíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë<br />5. àëüôà-àìèíî, âåòòà-ãèäðîêñèïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë<br />6. óóðãèéíõèìèéíøèíæ<br />áîñîîãîîð<br />1.àëüôà àìèíïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë<br />
  16. 16. Ä¿ãíýëò<br />Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà , á¿òýö<br />Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð<br />Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí ¿¿ðýã<br />
  17. 17. Ãýðèéíäààëãàâàð<br />Ñóðàõáè÷ãèéí 216-ð õóóäàñíûàñóóëòàíäõàðèóëæèðýõ.<br />
  18. 18. õè÷ýýëäèäýâõòýéîðîëöñîíòàá¿õýíäáàÿðëàëàà.<br />
  19. 19. Àìèííýãäýë ( R-NH2) êàðáîí õ¿÷ëèéí (R-COOH) á¿òöèéãõàðüöóóëàíàìèí õ¿÷èëãýæÿìàðá¿òýöòýéíýãäýëáàéõûãõýëíý ¿¿ ?<br />
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