11 анги уураг
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11 анги уураг

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11 анги уураг 11 анги уураг Presentation Transcript

  • Óóðàã
  • Çîðèëãî
    Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà, á¿òýö
    Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð
    Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí ¿¿ðýã
  • Àìèí õ¿÷èëíüàìèíá¿ëýã (NH2) , êàðáîêñèëá¿ëýã (COOH) ãýñýíõî¸ðôóíêöèîíàëüá¿ëýãçýðýãàãóóëñàííýãäýëþì.
    CH3-COOH NH2-CH2-COOH
    öóóíû õ¿÷èëàìèíöóóíû õ¿÷èë
  • Àìèí õ¿÷ëèéíîíöëîãóðâàëþóâý?
  • Àìèí õ¿÷èë ººðòºº ýåðýãöýíýãòýéàìèíá¿ëýã (-NH2) , ñºðºãöýíýãòýéêàðáîíèëüá¿ëýã (-COOH)-òýéáàéäàãèéìýýñàìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿ä íüõîîðîíäîîóðâàëîðäîã. Íýãàìèí õ¿÷ëèéíêàðáîêñèëüá¿ëýãíºãºº àìèí õ¿÷ëèéíàìèíá¿ëýãòýéíýãäýæóñíûíýãìîëåêóëÿëãàðñíû ¿ð ä¿íäàìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿äèéíõîîðîíäïèïòåäûí (NH-CO)õîëáîî ¿¿ñäýã .
  • ¯¿ññýíäèïåïòèäíüäàõèííýãàìèí õ¿÷èëòýéóðâàëäîðæòðèïåïòèä ¿¿ñãýõãýõìýò ¿ðãýëæèëñýíïîëèïåïòèä, óóðãèéã ¿¿ñãýíý.
  • Õ¿íñàðìàã÷èíãààñþóãààðààÿëãààòýàéâý?
  • 1-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíá¿òýö.
    2-ð áàãóóðãèéííàéðëàãà.
    3-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíàíõäàã÷ ,õî¸ðäîã÷ àíãèëàë
    4-ð áàãóóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíãóðàâäàã÷ , äºðºâäºã÷ àíãèëàë
    5-ð áàãóóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð
    6-ð áàãîðãàíèçìäàõóóðãèéí ¿¿ðýã
  • 1902 îíäãåðìàíûýðäýìòýíÝ.Ôèøåðóóðãèéíá¿òöèéíòóõàéîíîëûãáîëîâñðóóëñàí.Ýíýîíîëûí ¸ñîîðóóðãèéíìîëåêóëäïåïòèäèéíõîëáîîãîîðõîëáîãäñîíàìèíõ¿÷ëèéíóðòãèíæèíõýëõýýíýýñòîãòîíî.
    Óóðãèéíãèäðîëèçèéãäàðààõáàéäëààðèëýðõèéëæáîëíî.
  • Óóðàãíüìàøíàðèéííàéðëàãàá¿òýöòýéáàéãàëèéí ºíäºðìîëåêóëòíýãäýëþì. Óóðãèéííàéðëàãàíä í¿¿ðñóñòºðºã÷, óñòºðºã÷, õ¿÷èëòºðºã÷ººñ ãàäíààçîòçààâàëáàéäàã . ̺íîëîíõèóóðãèéííàéðëàãàíäõ¿õýð, çàðèìäààôîñôîð, òºìºð, çýñ, öàéðçýðýãýëåìåíòîðñîíáàéíà. Ýäãýýðýëåìåíòýýñàçîòûíõýìæýýóóðãèéííàéðëàãàíäòîãòìîëîðîëöîîãîîð 16% áàéäàã.
  • Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð
    Ôèçèê
    Óóðàãíüøèíãýí, õàãàñøèíãýí, õàòóóçýðýãîëîíÿíçûíõýëáýðýýðáàéãàëüäîðøèíî. Óóðàãíüõîîðîíäîîàäèëã¿éîëîíÿíçûíøèíæòýé. Óóñàõ ÷àíàðààðààõàðèëöàíàäèëã¿é. Èõýíõóóðàãõàéëàõã¿é , áóöëàõã¿é, õàëààõàäõàéëàõáóöëàõààñàà ºìíº çàäàðäàã.
    Õèìè
    Óóðãèéíãèäðîëèç.
    óóðàã+Í2Î õ¿÷èë, ø¿ëòàëüôààìèí õ¿÷ë¿¿ä
    Óóðàãòóíàäàñæèõ
    à. áóöäàãòóíàäàñæèëò
    Óóðãèéíóóñìàëñïèðò Na+ ,K+ ,NH4+,èéíäàâñóóðãèéíòóíàäàñ
    á. áóöàëòã¿éòóíàäàñæèëò
    Óóðãèéíóóñìàë+ {õ¿íäìåòàëëûíäàâñ, õ¿÷èë, ø¿ëò, òóÿà, òåìïåðàòóð} óóðãèéíòóíàäàñ
  • ¿ãèéíñ¿ëæýý
    õºíäëºí㺺ð
    1. óóðãèéíãèäðîëèçîîðõàìãèéíýöýñòþó ¿¿ñýõâý?
    2.àëüôà àìèíïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë
    3. óóðãèéíìîëåêóëûíáàéãóóëàëòûíàíãèëàëûííýð
    4.àëüôà-àìèíî-öóóíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë
    5. àëüôà-àìèíî, âåòòà-ãèäðîêñèïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë
    6. óóðãèéíõèìèéíøèíæ
    áîñîîãîîð
    1.àëüôà àìèíïðîïèîíû õ¿÷ëèéíóëàìæëàëòíýðøèë
  • Ä¿ãíýëò
    Óóðãèéííàéðëàãà , á¿òýö
    Óóðãèéíøèíæ ÷àíàð
    Óóðãèéíáèîëîãèéí ¿¿ðýã
  • Ãýðèéíäààëãàâàð
    Ñóðàõáè÷ãèéí 216-ð õóóäàñíûàñóóëòàíäõàðèóëæèðýõ.
  • õè÷ýýëäèäýâõòýéîðîëöñîíòàá¿õýíäáàÿðëàëàà.
  • Àìèííýãäýë ( R-NH2) êàðáîí õ¿÷ëèéí (R-COOH) á¿òöèéãõàðüöóóëàíàìèí õ¿÷èëãýæÿìàðá¿òýöòýéíýãäýëáàéõûãõýëíý ¿¿ ?