Maps of Boston
An exhibition at 9th
Floor of Boston City Hall
August 31– December 31, 2013
Boston
Redevelopment
Authority
...
Maps of Boston
The purpose of this exhibition is to showcase images and illustrations in our map collections that
demonstr...
A Plan of Boston and its environs
Date: 1775
Publisher: Dury, Andrew
This map depicts Revolutionary War Boston
and the vic...
Boston Old and New
Date:1880
Author: Winsor, Justin
Publisher: Heliotype Printing Co.
Noted historian and librarian, Justi...
Boston Old and New
Date: 1776
Boston Environs and Vicinity
With the use of computers, current streets
are overlaid on this...
Boston and its Vicinity
Date: 1819
Author: Hales, John Groves
Publisher: Hales, John Groves
The neighborhood boundaries of...
Map of Boston Vicinity
Date: 1859
Author: Walling, Henry Francis
Publisher: Baker, F. A.
• Walling, a Boston-based enginee...
Map of Boston
Date: 1876
Author: A. Williams & Co.
Publisher: A. Williams & Co.
The neighborhood boundaries of Boston as
d...
Boston Streets & Neighborhoods
Date: 2011
These neighborhood boundaries of Boston
are for planning purposes only, not the
...
Boston Figure Ground Map
Date: 2012
A figure-ground diagram is a two-
dimensional map of an urban space that
shows the rel...
Boston Streets & Neighborhoods
Date: 2011
Boston streets and transit. This is a very
popular map which is available at the...
1975 General Land Use Plan
Date: 1975
Originally from the 1960’s General Plan, each
color represents a land use category.
...
Illustrative Re-Use Site Plan for the
Regional Core
This is detailed land use from the General
Plan, done by hand.
Source:...
2005 General Land Use Map
Description: Land Use in 2005
Data Source: MassGIS 2005, The Sanborn
Company
This map was create...
Map of City of Roxbury
Date: 1849
This map shows Roxbury as it existed as a
town in 1849. Dudley Square is visible
on the ...
Map showing Roxbury becoming a
part of Boston
Date: 1883
This map represents annexations of Roxbury,
Dorchester and West R...
Dudley Square Figure Ground Maps:
1899/2011
These two figure-ground maps show the
Ferdinand building(shown in red) in its
...
Transformation of Ferdinand’s
Building in Dudley Square
Built in 1896, the Ferdinand building sits,
“flanked” by Warren an...
Figure-Ground Maps of the Greenway:
1940/1990/2010
These Figure-Ground Maps of the Greenway
are re-created based on a diag...
Greenway
2011
Source:
Boston Water & Sewer Commission
Wall 5 18 ready to print
Greenway
This is a top view from Boston
Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model
showing projects under construction,
under revi...
Greenway
Date: 2009 (top)
Aerial photo from Pictometry
Date: 2013 (bottom)
Matching view from Boston Redevelopment
Authori...
Greenway
Date: 2009 (top)
Aerial photo from Pictometry
Date: 2013 (bottom)
Matching view from Boston Redevelopment
Authori...
Aerial Photos of Boston
Date: 1860 (left)
This first aerial photo of Boston was taken by
James Wallace Black from Samuel K...
View of Boston Harbor 1870 & 2013
Date: 1870 (top)
Author: Fuchs, F.
Publisher: Weik, John
This view of Victorian Boston p...
Bird’s Eye View from the North 1870 &
2013
Date: 1870 (top)
Author: Bachmann, John
Publisher: L. Prang & Co.
Date: 2013 (b...
Boston
Date:
Author: Bradford, T. G. (Thomas Gamaliel)
Boston's transformation and growth from a
colonial port city origin...
Plan for the occupation of flats owned
by the Commonwealth in Boston
Harbor
Date: 1868
Author: Massachusetts. Board of Har...
Aerial Photo of South Boston
Date: 2010
Source:
Google Maps
Wall 6 27 ready to print
Rendering of 3D model for South
Boston
Date: 2013
This is an aerial view from Boston
Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model
sh...
South Boston
Date: 1994
The Ted Williams Tunnel was under
construction.
Source:
Boston Water & Sewer Commission
Wall 7 29 ...
South Boston
Date: 2001
Highway and tunnel project continues.
Federal Courthouse, Seaport Hotel,
World Trade Center East a...
South Boston
Date: 2005
Boston Convention and Exhibition
Center(BCEC), Institute of Contemporary
Art(ICA), Manulife Headqu...
South Boston
Date: 2011
Renaissance Boston Waterfront Hotel, One
Marina Drive, The Westin Boston
Waterfront Hotel and Libe...
South Boston
Date: 2013
This is a top view from Boston
Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model
showing projects under construct...
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
Maps of-boston_revised
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Maps of-boston_revised

  1. 1. Maps of Boston An exhibition at 9th Floor of Boston City Hall August 31– December 31, 2013 Boston Redevelopment Authority City of Boston Thomas M. Menino, Mayor
  2. 2. Maps of Boston The purpose of this exhibition is to showcase images and illustrations in our map collections that demonstrate historic changes to the City of Boston. Our selection of maps focuses on Boston’s regional core and three transformative neighborhoods: Roxbury, the Greenway and the South Boston Waterfront. These maps tell the story of the changing cityscape over time and are digital reproductions of actual historic maps. The primary goals of the exhibition are to provide examples of the evolution of mapmaking from handmade to digital cartography; to illustrate dramatic changes to the City of Boston; and to showcase the work of the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center, the BRA’s Office of Digital Cartography and GIS*, and the BRA’s Urban Design Technology Group. *Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is the collection of computer hardware, software, geographic data, and staff, designed to capture, store, update, manipulate, analyze, and map all forms of geographically referenced information. GIS can be linked to information relating to economic development, planning and zoning, environmental monitoring, law enforcement, and property management. Contributors The Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library Beacon Capital Partners Mayor’s Office of Arts, Tourism and Special Events Boston Redevelopment Authority: Planning; Urban Design Technology Group; Office of Digital Cartography and GIS; Economic Development; and the 9th Floor Hallway Committee Boston Redevelopment Authority City of Boston Thomas M. Menino, Mayor
  3. 3. A Plan of Boston and its environs Date: 1775 Publisher: Dury, Andrew This map depicts Revolutionary War Boston and the vicinity. It was the best contemporaneous map of the military situation just after the Battle of Bunker Hill and prior to the British evacuation of the city. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 2 1 ready to print
  4. 4. Boston Old and New Date:1880 Author: Winsor, Justin Publisher: Heliotype Printing Co. Noted historian and librarian, Justin Winsor created this unique map by superimposing the outline of the original Shawmut Peninsula onto an 1880 map of Boston. Though drawn without the assistance of computers or aerial photographs, the map remains one of the most vivid diagrams of the radical transformation and enlargement of the Shawmut Peninsula during the 19th century. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 2 2 ready to print
  5. 5. Boston Old and New Date: 1776 Boston Environs and Vicinity With the use of computers, current streets are overlaid on this historic shoreline map. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 3
  6. 6. Boston and its Vicinity Date: 1819 Author: Hales, John Groves Publisher: Hales, John Groves The neighborhood boundaries of Boston as depicted in 1819. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 2 4 ready to print
  7. 7. Map of Boston Vicinity Date: 1859 Author: Walling, Henry Francis Publisher: Baker, F. A. • Walling, a Boston-based engineer and surveyor, specialized in publishing landownership maps of individual towns, cities, and counties in New England, but particularly Massachusetts. One example is this extremely detailed map of Boston and vicinity, showing town boundaries, property owners, roads, railroads, and topography. • Like many of his other maps, it could be purchased as a folded map stored in a handsome case, or as a wall hanging mounted on rollers. His maps varied greatly in size, some as large as five or six feet square. Information included in these maps was obtained from traveling along existing roads; direction was determined by the surveyors compass and distance by the odometer wheel. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 2 5 ready to print
  8. 8. Map of Boston Date: 1876 Author: A. Williams & Co. Publisher: A. Williams & Co. The neighborhood boundaries of Boston as depicted in 1876. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 2 6 ready to print
  9. 9. Boston Streets & Neighborhoods Date: 2011 These neighborhood boundaries of Boston are for planning purposes only, not the official neighborhood boundaries for the City of Boston. This map is based on zoning neighborhood district s and zip code boundaries. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 7
  10. 10. Boston Figure Ground Map Date: 2012 A figure-ground diagram is a two- dimensional map of an urban space that shows the relationship between built and unbuilt space. It is used in analysis of urban design and planning. A figure- ground illustrates a mass-to-void relationship, and analysis of it identifies a "fabric" of urban structures. This figure-ground map of Boston shows different urban fabrics from dense and organic in the North End to loose and fragmented in the South Boston Waterfront. It also shows major open spaces such as Emerald Necklace, Southwest Corridor and the Greenway. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 8
  11. 11. Boston Streets & Neighborhoods Date: 2011 Boston streets and transit. This is a very popular map which is available at the BRA’s map counter. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 9
  12. 12. 1975 General Land Use Plan Date: 1975 Originally from the 1960’s General Plan, each color represents a land use category. This map was the graphic representation of all major land use policies and recommendations set forth in the 1965/1975 General Plan for the City of Boston and the Regional Core. Since the Plan is a general statement of long range development goals, this map should be viewed as a flexible guide rather than an unalterable commitment to new land use development over the following decade. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 10
  13. 13. Illustrative Re-Use Site Plan for the Regional Core This is detailed land use from the General Plan, done by hand. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 11
  14. 14. 2005 General Land Use Map Description: Land Use in 2005 Data Source: MassGIS 2005, The Sanborn Company This map was created using digital data in a Geographic Information System (GIS). Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Office of Digital Cartography and GIS Wall 2 12 ready to print
  15. 15. Map of City of Roxbury Date: 1849 This map shows Roxbury as it existed as a town in 1849. Dudley Square is visible on the right-hand side. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 3 13 ready to print
  16. 16. Map showing Roxbury becoming a part of Boston Date: 1883 This map represents annexations of Roxbury, Dorchester and West Roxbury to the City of Boston. Roxbury was annexed to Boston January 6, 1868. Source: City of Boston Wall 3 14 ready to print
  17. 17. Dudley Square Figure Ground Maps: 1899/2011 These two figure-ground maps show the Ferdinand building(shown in red) in its context. Upper map is based on Bromley Atlas of 1899—three years after the Ferdinand building was built. The urban fabric was much fine-grained and street edges were well-defined then. The map of 2011 shows a much looser urban fabric with street edges harder to be identified. One of the reasons for this difference is that many institutions have replaced traditional residential uses in the Dudley Square area. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 4 15 ready to print
  18. 18. Transformation of Ferdinand’s Building in Dudley Square Built in 1896, the Ferdinand building sits, “flanked” by Warren and Washington Streets in Dudley Square. This is the future headquarters for the Boston Public Schools, continuing the revitalization of the neighborhood. Source: Photo upper right -Google Maps Inc. Photo middle right-City of Boston Rendering lower right-Sasaki Associates, Inc. Photo upper left-Boston Public Library, Print Department Photo lower left-Isabel Leon, Photographer, Mayor’s OfficeWall 4 16 ready to print
  19. 19. Figure-Ground Maps of the Greenway: 1940/1990/2010 These Figure-Ground Maps of the Greenway are re-created based on a diagram used in Urban Design Guidelines for the Central Artery Air Right Parcels by the Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department. In the 1990’s map, the Central Artery project cut through urban fabric of Boston. Today, the Greenway re-knit the urban fabric with a series of open spaces. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 17 ready to print
  20. 20. Greenway 2011 Source: Boston Water & Sewer Commission Wall 5 18 ready to print
  21. 21. Greenway This is a top view from Boston Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model showing projects under construction, under review and future planning around the Greenway area. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 19 ready to print
  22. 22. Greenway Date: 2009 (top) Aerial photo from Pictometry Date: 2013 (bottom) Matching view from Boston Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model showing projects under construction, under review and future planning around the Greenway area. Source: Pictometry Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 20 ready to print
  23. 23. Greenway Date: 2009 (top) Aerial photo from Pictometry Date: 2013 (bottom) Matching view from Boston Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model showing projects under construction, under review and future planning around the Greenway area. Source: Pictometry Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 21 ready to print
  24. 24. Aerial Photos of Boston Date: 1860 (left) This first aerial photo of Boston was taken by James Wallace Black from Samuel King’s hot air balloon “The Queen of Air.” Oliver Wendell Holmes, a poet and professor of medicine at Harvard University, gave the photo the name “Boston as the Eagle and Wild Goose See It” in an article in the Atlantic Monthly in July, 1963. This photo predates the fire of 1972 which razed much of what is visible. Date: 2010 (right) Matching view from Google Maps Source: Courtesy of the Trustees of theBoston Public Library, Print Department Google Maps Wall 5 22
  25. 25. View of Boston Harbor 1870 & 2013 Date: 1870 (top) Author: Fuchs, F. Publisher: Weik, John This view of Victorian Boston portrays a prosperous city undergoing rapid change. Industries are beginning to crowd portions of the waterfront. Clipper ships brought fame to Boston in the 1850s; the steamship subsequently decimated New England’s wooden shipbuilding industry; and the shipping trade was also declining due to the arrival of the railroads in the 1830s. This city was now firmly in the grasp of a new mode of transportation. Date: 2013 (bottom) This rendering of the City using the Boston Redevelopment Authority’s digital 3-D model, shows future development of the City from a similar angle. Boston’s economy continues to transition, marked by new development serving the innovation economy. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 23 ready to print
  26. 26. Bird’s Eye View from the North 1870 & 2013 Date: 1870 (top) Author: Bachmann, John Publisher: L. Prang & Co. Date: 2013 (bottom) This rendering of the City using the Boston Redevelopment Authority’s digital 3-D model, shows future development of the City from a similar angle. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 5 24 ready to print
  27. 27. Boston Date: Author: Bradford, T. G. (Thomas Gamaliel) Boston's transformation and growth from a colonial port city originally confined to the physical limitations of the Shawmut Peninsula are outlined on this map. Starting in the 1790s, bridges were built to connect Boston to the growing urban settlements of Cambridge, Charlestown, South Boston and South Bay. Bostonians began to increase the peninsula's useable land areas by extending and filling in between wharves, and reclaiming the Mill Pond and tidal flats, along the peninsula's narrow neck. During the 1830s with the introduction of railroads into the New England area, Boston developed a viable transportation alternative to ocean and coastal shipping. The map was engraved by G.W. Boynton, Boston's leading engraver during the mid-1800s. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 6 25 ready to print
  28. 28. Plan for the occupation of flats owned by the Commonwealth in Boston Harbor Date: 1868 Author: Massachusetts. Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners Publisher: Massachusetts. Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the land was added to accommodate the growing town. Most of this land was created by a process called ‘warfing out’—extending the wharves out from the shore and then filling the slips or docks between them. Warfing out was facilitated by the Massachusetts unique riparian law which gives shoreline property owners the right to own the adjacent tidal flats down to the low tide line or 1,650 feet from the line of high tide, whichever is closest to the shore, a law passed in the 1640’s to encourage building of the wharfs. Source: Boston Public Library Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Wall 6 26 ready to print
  29. 29. Aerial Photo of South Boston Date: 2010 Source: Google Maps Wall 6 27 ready to print
  30. 30. Rendering of 3D model for South Boston Date: 2013 This is an aerial view from Boston Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model showing projects under construction, under review and future planning in the South Boston Waterfront area. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 6 28 ready to print
  31. 31. South Boston Date: 1994 The Ted Williams Tunnel was under construction. Source: Boston Water & Sewer Commission Wall 7 29 ready to print
  32. 32. South Boston Date: 2001 Highway and tunnel project continues. Federal Courthouse, Seaport Hotel, World Trade Center East and West Offices were completed. Boston Convention and Exhibition Center(BCEC) site was being cleared. Source: MassGIS Wall 7 30 ready to print
  33. 33. South Boston Date: 2005 Boston Convention and Exhibition Center(BCEC), Institute of Contemporary Art(ICA), Manulife Headquarters, Channel Center and Park Lanes Seaport were completed. Source: MassGIS Wall 7 31 ready to print
  34. 34. South Boston Date: 2011 Renaissance Boston Waterfront Hotel, One Marina Drive, The Westin Boston Waterfront Hotel and Liberty Wharf were completed. Source: Boston Water & Sewer Commission Wall 7 32 ready to print
  35. 35. South Boston Date: 2013 This is a top view from Boston Redevelopment Authority’s 3D model showing projects under construction, under review and future planning in the South Boston Waterfront area. Source: Boston Redevelopment Authority Urban Design Department Wall 7 33 ready to print
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