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Webinar Public Policy and Good Governance Webinar Public Policy and Good Governance Presentation Transcript

  • DAAD  Webinar   Public  Policy  and  Good  Governance     -­‐-­‐challenges  in  the  MENA  Region–     DAAD  WEBINAR  PUBLIC  POLICY  AND  GOOD  GOVERNANCE   CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   Prof.  Florian  Hoffmann   Franz  Haniel  Chair  of  Public  Policy   Willy  Brandt  School  of  Public  Policy     University  of  Erfurt  (Germany)   h"p://www.brandtschool.de/the-­‐school/full-­‐6me-­‐academic-­‐staff/prof-­‐dr-­‐florian-­‐hoffmann.html  
  • Introduc6on  &  Programme   1.  Raw  Materials:  States,  Markets  &  Civil  Socie6es   2.  Policy  Space  and  Policy  Time:  Global  Problems  &  Local   Solu6ons   3.  Knowing  the  Problem  –  Engineering  the  Solu6on:  Science  v.   Interests  v.  Ideologies   4.  The  Policy  Dilemma:  Technocracy  v.  Democracy   5.  Working  With  Con6ngency:  Public  Policy  in  Transi6on  &  Post-­‐ Conflict  Environments   DAAD  WEBINAR   6.  Open  Session   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • •  What  is  Public  Policy  ?   –  “The  authorita6ve  statements  or  ac6ons  of  government  which   reflect  the  decisions,  values,  or  goals  of  policymakers.”  (Wilson)   –  “a  set  of  inter-­‐related  decisions  taken  by  a  poli6cal  actor  or   group  of  actors  concerning  the  selec6on  of  goals  and  the  means   of  achieving  them  within  a  specified  situa6on  where  those   decisions  should,  in  principle,  be  within  the  power  of  those   actors  to  achieve”  (Jenkins)   –  “The  combina6on  of  basic  decisions,  commitments,  and  ac6ons   made  by  those  who  hold  or  affect  government  posi6ons  of   authority.”  (Gerston)   DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   –  “What  governments  do.”  (Dye)   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   View slide
  • •  What  is  Governance  ?   •  “Method  through  which  power  is  exercised  in  the  management   of  a  country’s  poli6cal,  economic  and  social  resources  for   development”  (World  Bank).     •  “the  exercise  of  economic,  poli6cal  and  administra6ve  authority   to  manage  a  country’s  affairs  at  all  levels.  It  comprises  the   mechanisms,  processes  and  ins6tu6ons  through  which  ci6zens   and  groups  ar6culate  their  interests,  exercise  their  legal  rights,   meet  their  obliga6ons  and  mediate  their  differences”  (UNDP).   •  “governance  refers  to  sustaining  coordina6on  and  coherence   among  a  wide  variety  of  actors  with  different  purposes  and   objec6ves”  (Pierre)   DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   •  What  is  Public  Value  Public  ?   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   –  “Crea6ng  public  value  means  producing  enterprises,  policies,   programs,  projects,  services,  or  infrastructures  that  advance  the   public  interest  and  the  common  good  at  a  reasonable   cost”  (Bryson)   View slide
  • •  What  is  Public  Policy  Analysis  ?   –  mul6-­‐disciplinary—policy  sciences  would  break  from  the   narrow  study  of  poli6cal  ins6tu6ons  and  structures  and   embrace  the  work  and  findings  of  fields  such  as  sociology,   economics,  law  and  poli6cs   –  norma6ve—policy  science  should  not  be  cloaked  in  the  guise   of  “scien6fic  objec6vity”,  but  should  recognize  the   impossibility  of  separa6ng  goals  and  means,  or  values  and   techniques,  in  the  study  of  government  ac6ons   –  problem  solving—policy  science  would  adhere  to  a  strict   DAAD  WEBINAR   canon  of  relevance,  orien6ng  itself  towards  the  solu6on  of   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   real  world  problems  and  not  engaging  in  purely  academic  and   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   ofen  sterile  debates   MENA  REGION  
  • •  Issues  and  Lead  QuesOons  of  Public  Policy  Analysis   –  Differences  in:   •  Ideology/poli6cs   •  Time   •  Scale   •  Loca6on     –  Comparisons  based  upon:   •  Efficacy   •  Appropriateness   –  How  to  differen6ate  fashion  from  applicable  principles   DAAD  WEBINAR   –  Which  dis6nc6ons  between  public  &  private  sectors  are   PUBLIC  POLICY   significant   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   –  Where  to  differen6ate  “service  to  clients”  from  “the  public   MENA  REGION   interest”     –  Understanding  how  to  use  prac6ces  of  centralisa6on/ decentralisa6on;  devolu6on;  integra6on;  subsidiarity    
  • Genesis  of  the   Public  Policy   Stage I Feedback   Development   on  the   of  the  Public   Public   Stage IV Stage II Policy   Policy   DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   Stage III AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   Implementa6on  of   the  Public  Policy  
  • •  The  Willy  Brandt  School  Approach  to  public  policy   purposely   seeks   to   go   beyond   the   provision   of   technocra6c   exper6se   and   instead   to   endow   its   students   with   a   mul6-­‐disciplinary   analy6cal   toolkit   through   which   they   are   able   to   understand   the   func6onal   logics   behind   poli6cal,   social,   and   economic   processes   in   a   diversity   of   opera6onal   theatres.  The  horizon  here  is  neither  limited  to  the   mature   democracies,   nor   to   elite   decision-­‐making,   but   encompasses   the   global   North   and   the   global   South,   state   administra6on   and   non-­‐state   DAAD  WEBINAR   governance,  law,  poli6cs,  and  economics.   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • •  The  Current  Global  Policy  Landscape   –  The  state  is  today  but  one  among  several  relevant  global  actors,   alongside   mul6na6onal   corpora6ons,   organized   civil   society,   world  public  opinion,  insurgent  or  ‘terrorist’  groupings,  and  even   (some)  interna6onal  organiza6ons.  And  its  law  is  complemented   by   transna6onal   norma6ve   regimes,   such   as   the   notorious   lex   mercatoria,   and   hybrid   legal   forms,   such   as   those   found   in   the   ever   growing   field   of   investment   arbitra6on.   Tradi6onal   party-­‐ based   representa6ve   democracy,   too,   no   longer   enjoys   a   monopoly  over  the  provision  of  par6cipa6on,  accountability  and   transparency,   or,   in   other   words,   legi6macy,   but   is   challenged   by   parallel   mechanisms   that   transcend   the   state   and   its   model   of   all-­‐encompassing   administra6on   –   the   poli6cal   dynamics   unleased   by   YouTube,   Wikileaks   and   Twi"er,   but   also   by   the   DAAD  WEBINAR   resurgence   of   grass-­‐roots   ac6vism   a   la   Stu"gart   21,   tes6fy   to   PUBLIC  POLICY   this   development.   Even   that   other   great   regulatory   device   of   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE   tradi6onal   statehood,   strategic   military   power,   is   undergoing  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   profound   changes   in   light   of   severe   budget   constraints   and   en6rely  new  objec6ves  for  military  interven6on.  
  • –  What   is   more,   not   just   is   the   role   of   states   changing   vis-­‐a-­‐vis   non-­‐state  actors,  but  the  geopoli6cal  balance  among  states  has   become  fluid,  too.  The  ‘West’  with  its  geographic  centre  in  the   so   called   Old   and   New   World,   Europe   and   North   America,   is   gradually   loosing   its   poli6cal,   economic,   and   military   predominance,  or,  at  the  very  least,  has  to  adapt  to  be  just  one   part  of  a  larger  peer  group  that  includes  emerging  states  such  as   Brazil,  Russia,  India,  or  China,  that  is,  the  BRIC  states,  and  several   more.   Internal   governance   in   these   states   differs   significantly   from  the  tradi6onal  ‘Western’  model,  and,  of  course,  from  each   other,   yet   the   6mes   are   over   when   the   ‘West’   could   simply   understand   these   as   being   in   a   process   of   clear-­‐cut   transforma6on   to   Western   liberal   democracy,   free   or   social   market   economy,   and   rule-­‐of-­‐law   based   public   administra6on.   The   ways   in   which   state   and   society,   government   and   market,   DAAD  WEBINAR   poli6cs   and   law   interact   and   the   ways   in   which   legi6macy   is   produced   in   these   states   represent   an   ofen   difficult   to   decipher   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   mix   of   adapta6ons   of   Western   idealtypes   and   en6rely   different   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   forms  of  governance.   MENA  REGION  
  • •  The  (NaOon)  State   –  ‚Marriage‘  of   •  naOon  (cultural  idenOty)   •  territorial  administraOve  unit   QUESTIONS:     •  Is  the  State  withering  away,  is  it  changing  its   role  or  is  it  experiencing  a  renaissance  ?   •  What  is  the  role  of  democracy  in  state-­‐ DAAD  WEBINAR   buidling  /  state-­‐formaOon  ?  What  ‚couts‘  as   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   democracy  ?   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • •  Markets   –  transnaOonal  exchange  of  good/services   –  compeOOon   –  ‚new  form  of  regulaOon‘  &  organizaOonal   principle     UESTIONS   Q •  ‚Who‘  is  the  market  in  different  (MENA)   countries  ?     DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   •  What  are  the  economic  prospects  of  the   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   region  ?   •  Is  markeOzaOon  used  as  a  regulatory   MENA  REGION   principle  in  the  region  ?  
  • •  Civil  SocieOes     –  public  sphere  (collecOve)  v.  private  sphere   (individual)   –  interest-­‐oriented,  cause-­‐guided,  non-­‐profit     UESTIONS   Q •  ‚Who‘  is  civil  society  in  the  region  ?   •  What  are  the  primary  concerns  of  civil   society  ?   DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   •  Is  religion  part  of  civil  society  ?   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • The  MENA  Region  &  Governance   DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION  
  • DAAD  WEBINAR   PUBLIC  POLICY   AND  GOOD   GOVERNANCE  CHALLENGES  IN  THE   MENA  REGION   Maps  by  Phillipe  Rekacewicz,    Le  Monde  Diploma.que