Slides ppgg webinar session 4

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Slides ppgg webinar session 4

  1. 1. DAAD Webinar Public Policy and Good Governance --challenges in the MENA Region– Session IV The Policy Dilemma: Technocracy v. Democracy DAAD WEBINARPUBLIC POLICY ANDGOOD GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION Prof. Florian Hoffmann Franz Haniel Chair of Public Policy Willy Brandt School of Public Policy University of Erfurt (Germany) http://www.brandtschool.de/the-school/full-time-academic-staff/prof-dr-florian-hoffmann.html
  2. 2. Themes for Session VI  (1) priorities of transition  (2) the role of civil society  (3) regionalism & regionalization  (4) cultural relativism  (5) how to make transition sustaninable  (6) the state and economic developmentDAAD WEBINAR • PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  3. 3. Case Study – Policy Project Professor Eltighani Elamin (PhD) Agricultural Economic & Policy Research Center Ministry of Science & Technology Khartoum – Sudan ‘A SCHEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE MENA PUBLIC FOOD MARKET‘DAAD WEBINAR PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  4. 4. Questions Science v. Interests v. Ideologies • How is knowledge constituted and what role does science play in this ? • What role does the politics of knowledge play in the identification of issues and the formulation of solutions ?DAAD WEBINAR • Is ‘Expertocracy’ an unavoidable consequence of PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD GOVERNANCE contemporary governance ?CHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  5. 5. Questions Technocracy v. Democracy • Is there a necessary trade-off between technocratic governance and democracy ? • Can goverment today be democratic without being technocratic ?DAAD WEBINAR PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD • GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  6. 6. Knowing the problem – engineering the solution ScienceDAAD WEBINAR Ideology Interest PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  7. 7. • What is knowledge? • Scientific knowledge = Universal knowledge? => Science relies on evidence to validate its theories and models Ontology Epistemology Ontology is the "the Epistemology is theDAAD WEBINAR science of being“. “science of knowledge”, PUBLIC POLICY The object of that is the theory of AND GOOD ontology is to how we know that GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE determine what is. which we know. MENA REGION
  8. 8. • Knowledge to actionDAAD WEBINAR PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  9. 9. Technocracy v. Democracy  Technocracy...is a form of government where technical experts are in control of decision making in their respective fields. Engineers, scientists, health professionals, and those who have knowledge, expertise or skills play a cricual and often decision-relevant role in the governing body.  “‘Expertocracy’ is a combination of administratiors and experts who continuously produce tailor-made information on what, from their point of view, politicians ought to know. The public, that is, the citizens, are not part of this process. The problem with this is that, technically, all democratic- parliamentary procedures are being observed – but these [technocratic] planning processes are inherently undemocratic, because they reduce politics to a relation between techoncrats and professional politicians. In the end, the justification is then always: we had to decide this, there was no alternative.” (Harald Welzer)DAAD WEBINAR PUBLIC POLICY AND GOOD  “*…] international policy-makers operatewith a map of the world in their GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE heads which affects the types of proposals they make, the outcomes they MENA REGION both expect and bring about” (David Kennedy)
  10. 10. Technocratic Governance Governance Strcutures ProgrammeDAAD WEBINAR PUBLIC POLICY Policy AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE MENA REGION
  11. 11. Pro/Contra Technocratic Governance + o making the ‚right‘ decisions (?) o Increasing policy efficiency & effectiveness o knowledge and expertise ‚spill over‘ effects o ‚upgrade‘ of public discourse o ‚race to the top‘ _DAAD WEBINAR o ‚delegative democracy‘ PUBLIC POLICY o privileging of executive AND GOOD GOVERNANCECHALLENGES IN THE o potential lack of MENA REGION accountability/representativeness/transparency o top-down decision-making o ‚zero sum scenario‘

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