Peresepan hewan kecil

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  • Peresepan hewan kecil

    1. 1. PERESEPAN HEWAN KECIL By PHARMACY LAB
    2. 2. Hewan kecil KucingAnjing
    3. 3. Sejarah • Anjing dan kucing , hewan liar • Domestikasi 14.000-15.000 tahun yang lalu • Kisah kesetiaan anjing
    4. 4. Animal Welfare • Freedom from hunger,thirst and malnutrition • Freedom from pain,injury and disease • Freedom from discomfort due to environment • Freedom from fear and distress • Freedom to express its normal behavior
    5. 5. Resep Rasional • Usia • Jenis kelamin • Penyakit • Kondisi fisik • Mobilitas • Diet • Genetik (ras) • Sirkandian ritme
    6. 6. Faktor Administrasi • Rute peroral, via makanan, parenteral, topikal atau membran mukosa. Parenteral Intravena Intramuscular Subcutan
    7. 7. Note • Injeksi IM 4-5 ml (ras besar) Injeksi IM 2-3 ml (ras kecil) Injeksi IM 1.5-2 ml (kucing) • Injeksi SC < 15-20 ml (kucing&ras kecil) Injeksi SC < 25-30 ml (ras besar) Nyeri
    8. 8. Defek enzim proses metabolisme Spesies Reaksi Konjugasi Target Gugus Reaksi Kucing Sintesis glukuronid (glucuronil transferase) -OH, -COOH,-NH2, =NH, -SH Ada,berjalan lambat Anjing Asetilasi Ar-NH2 Absen
    9. 9. kucing • Obat yang tidak boleh diberikan Parasetamol, organofosfat, aspirin, kloramfenikol dan griseofulvin. • Karena; Fenasetin, bersifat racun akibatnya anemia hemolitik methemoglobinemia, udem dan cyanosis. • Treatment : vitamin C dan asetilsistein
    10. 10. • Antiseptik dan desinfektan iodin, turunan benzoat • Tetrasiklin dapat mewarnai gigi
    11. 11. Anjing • Turunan sulfa misal : sulfanamid, sulfasalazine dan sulfametoksazol • Reaksi asetilasi tidak ada,tidak bisa di eliminasi
    12. 12. • Tetracycline antibacterials may cause permanent staining of the dental • NSAIDs may cause gastric ulceration, particularly at high doses or if given in combination with corticosteroids • Phenothiazines such as acepromazine should be used with caution in Greyhounds • Ketokonazole dapat sebabkan infertilitas pada anjing jantan
    13. 13. Common breed spesific problem in dogs Breed Recurrent condition Afghan hound Beagle Boxer Border Collie Bulldog Cairn terrier Cavalier KC Dachshund Golden Retriever German shepherd Labrador Poodle Rottweiler Eye problem Heart disease, epilepsy, skin condition Heart disease, digestive problem, bloate Epilepsy, deafnesss Heart disease, respiratory problem, skin and eye problem Skin allergies Eye problemi Heart disease, diabetes, skin condition Heart problem, skin problem, epilepsy, eye problem Gastric disorder, bloat, eye disease Cataract and other eye problem, bloat Eye and ear problem Eye problem and bloat
    14. 14. Yorkshire Terrier • Patellar Luxation Patella luxation is a condition in which the patella (knee-cap) no longer glides within its natural groove in the femur, the upper bone of the knee joint. • Urolithiasis Urolithiasis refers to the formation of stones (calculi or uroliths) in the urinary tract. • Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood glucose or blood sugar concentration of less than 70 mg/dl of blood. • Cataracts A cataract is any opacity in the lens of the eye. The normal lens is translucent (clear), and it transmits and focuses light onto the retina in the back of the eye. • Portosystemic Shunt A portosystemic shunt is an abnormal communication between blood vessels, which causes blood to bypass the liver.
    15. 15. • German Shepherd Hip Dysplasia Gastric Torsion (Bloat) Panosteitis Pyoderma Pannus
    16. 16. BEAGLE Epilepsy Intervertebral Disc Disease Cataracts Glaucoma Deafness
    17. 17. Common breed speficifik problems in dogs Hip Dysplasia Gastric Torsion (Bloat) Hot Spot Progressive Retinal Degeneration Hemangiosarcoma Golden Retriever
    18. 18. TERIMA KASIH

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