Teleconsultation
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Teleconsulation

Teleconsulation

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Teleconsultation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GROUP MEMBERS MUHAMMAD IQBAL B.AHMAD ZAMAN HURI DE110040 NOR FARAHIN BT DOL RISEP DE110086 NOR NABILA HUDA BT MD ZAKARIA DE110094 WAN NUR SHAMIRA BT WAN SEMAN DE110110 NOR HIRMAYANTI BT MOHD DAUD DE110123 ARIFAH BT ADNAN DE110123
  • 2. What is Teleconsultation? ❏ It is the one of electronic communications to provide medical expertise or treatment to areas where the expertise is not readily available. ❏ There are two type of teleconsultation: ❖ In real-time (synchronous) ❖ Delayed (asynchronous or store and forward).
  • 3. In real time (Synchronous) ❏ Real time teleconsultation uses advanced telecommunication technology to exchange information and involves the use of audiovisual technology allowing individuals to communicate live (or synchronously) over a video conference link. ❏ Real time services require, at a minimum, video cameras, a sound system, computer displays, and a secure high speed internet connection to transmit data between sites
  • 4. In real time (Synchronous) ❏ Real time teleconsultation encompasses computer technologies using narrow and high bandwidths for specific types of transmission, full motion video, broadcast video, compressed video and virtual reality. ❏ Real-time services rely on the availability of dedicated video conferencing facilities, which generally are restricted to institutions.
  • 5. Example of Real-Time Interaction: TelePsychiatry ❏ A patient is in the video conferencing room of a rural community telehealth site. ❏ At the same time the patient’s psychiatrist is in the video conferencing room at the specialist centre for psychiatry. ❏ Live interactive consultation takes place between the patient and the psychiatrist.
  • 6. Delay (Asynchronous ) ❏ Technology can be any device capable of capturing a digital sample, storing it, downloading it, and transmitting it to a remote site. Equipment used includes computers and laptops, computer files, scanners, digital cameras, iPods, audio files, or text files of a patient’s medical history. The internet provides the ability to transmit large files securely, quickly, and inexpensively to almost any location.
  • 7. ❏ Asynchronous teleconsultation has led to shorter wait times, fewer unnecessary referrals, higher levels of patient care, and patient and provider satisfaction in remote areas that lack health care professionals (Deshpande et al., 2008).
  • 8. Example of Store & Forward Interaction: TeleRadiology ❏ In a rural community telehealth site, a patient’s x-ray is taken, scanned and captured as an electronic file. ❏ The file, and any accompanying medical notes, is sent electronically to the physician in the tertiary care telehealth site. ❏ The radiologist in the tertiary care site opens the file, reviews the x-ray and notes in order to confirm and/or determine a diagnosis.
  • 9. ❏ The file and accompanying notes are then returned to the rural telehealth site. ❏ The patient is informed of diagnosis without having to meet the radiologist. While Real Time and Store & Forward can be used separately, they can also be used in conjunction with one another to further enhance the care provided
  • 10. Teleconsultation in Radiation Medicine Consultations between the Health Sciences Centre of the University of Ulm, Germany and Urals Research Centre for Radiation Medicine,Chelyabinsk, Russia
  • 11. REMPAN ❏ Installation and regular use of telemedical consultations via satellite between Ulm and Chelyabinsk based on multimedia patient records ❏ Improvement of medical care of persons with health effects after chronic radiation exposure ❏ Standardisation of diagnostic and therapeutic methods.
  • 12. Figure 1: The satellite communication system
  • 13. MMDB ❏ The multimedia medical database(MMDB) has been used for medical teleconferences. ❏ The MMDB was created to achieve the following purposes: ❏ Preparation and systematization of complete data on patients ❏ Preview of information by experts on each side before teleconference ❏ Simultaneous review of information in the MMDB during videoconferences ❏ Subsequent scientific analysis of clinical data
  • 14. Software and Hardware ❏Software:A multimedia medical database was developed using the relational database management system(RDBMS)Oracle 8.0 software package for Window NT 4 operational system. ❏Hardware: Pentium II-266 PC; Pentium-90 Pro PC; Video Controller and an X-ray RSU1 scanner
  • 15. Teleconsultation in Malaysia ❏ It was initiated in 2009 under the auspices of Malaysian Multimedia Super Corridor Telemedicine Flagship Application and the Ministry of Health, Malaysia. ❏ A network of nationwide Teleconsultation (TC) was created for the Disciplines of: 1. Neurosurgery, 2. Radiology, 3. Cardiology 4. Dermatology.
  • 16. Telecardiology ❏ Telecardiology facilitates the remote follow up of patients who carry a pacemaker. The device sends a flow of information to an internet server through the GSM network. ❏ This information relates to both the good functioning of the device and the state of the patient’s heart.
  • 17. Telecardiology network
  • 18. Teledermatology ❏ Teledermatology is a subspecialty in the medical field of dermatology and probably one of the most common applications of telemedicine and e-health. ❏ In teledermatology, telecommunication technologies are used to exchange medical information (concerning skin conditions and tumours of the skin) over a distance using audio, visual and data communication.
  • 19. TeleDermatology Network
  • 20. Teleradiology ❏ Teleradiology is the transmission of radiological patient images, such as x-rays, CTs, and MRIs, from one location to another for the purposes of sharing studies with other radiologists and physicians.
  • 21. TeleRadiology Network
  • 22. Hospital Locations and Disciplines
  • 23. Hardware
  • 24. Strategic For Future Table 1 :Strategic for future ❏ Upgrading of the Infrastructure ❏ Increasing the connectivity speed ❏ Upgrading the software ❏ Device upgrading