Introduction to MDG
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Introduction to MDG Introduction to MDG Presentation Transcript

  • + The UN’s Millennium Development Goals Ana Moral and Ben Likis
  • + What are the Millennium Development Goals?  There are eight goals that the 193 member states of the UN have committed to achieving by the year 2015:
  • + Millennium Development Goals 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. Reduce child mortality rates 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for development View slide
  • + 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  Halve the proportion of people living in poverty and suffering from hunger  World Bank identified 1.4 billion people living in extreme poverty in 2008, down from 1.8 billion in 1990  The number of individuals living off $1/day in Sub-Saharan Africa increased by 100 million between 1990 and 2005 View slide
  • + 2. Achieve universal primary education  Since 2000, many developing countries have enrolled more than 90% of children in primary education  72 million primary school age children around the world – nearly half in Sub-Saharan Africa – remain out of school
  • + 3. Promote gender equality and empower women  Women’s presence in Sub-Saharan governments has doubled from 9% (2000) to 18% (2009)  Only 17% of parliamentary seats in developing countries are held by women
  • + 4. Reduce child mortality  Reduce by 2/3 the under-five mortality rate  Deaths among children under five have been reduced from 12.5 million per year in 1990 to 8.8 million in 2008  Based on current trends, many countries are unlikely to achieve the MDG health targets by 2015
  • + 5. Improve maternal health  Reduce the maternal mortality ratio by ¾, between 1990 and 2015  In 2007, 61% of deliveries were attended by skilled health workers (up from 53% in 1990)  At current rate, the target of 120 or fewer deaths per 100,000 live births cannot be achieved
  • + 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases  To have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases  Number of new HIV infections decreased 30% between 1996 and 2008, while the number of individuals in low- and middle-income countries receiving HIV antiretroviral treatment has increased by a factor of ten  For every two people who start antiretroviral treatment, there are five people newly infected with HIV
  • + 7. Ensure environmental sustainability  Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation  Current rates suggest the world will meet this target  Rate of CO2 emissions has continued to grow with each generation
  • + 8. Develop a global partnership for development  Global cooperation on aid, trade, debt, access to affordable essential medicines and technologies and addressing the special needs of the least developed, landlocked and small island states  Improved telecommunications and access to information via internet  On average, people in developing countries pay more for the cheapest generic medicines than people in the developed world
  • + Assignment  If you were able to work toward one of these Millennium Development Goals, which would you choose and why? (One paragraph)
  • + Works Cited  The Millennium Development Goals: A Snapshot  http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/mdg_snapshot_16mar.pdf