COUNTABILITY AND PLURAL NOUNS<br />
COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE?<br />AN APPLE / APPLES<br />FRUIT / SOME FRUIT<br />
A BOTTLE / <br />A FEW BOTTLES<br />WINE / A LITTLE WINE<br />
A TABLE / MANY TABLES<br />FURNITURE  / <br />MUCH FURNITURE<br />
A CASE / <br />A GREAT NUMBER OF CASES<br />LUGGAGE / A LARGE AMOUNT OF LUGGAGE<br />
countability<br /><ul><li>Theyhave singular and plural form.
You can use numberswiththem.
You can use thearticle a / anwiththeir singular form.
Theyonlyhaveoneform.
They are followedby a singular verb.
Youcan’t use eithernumbersorthearticle a /anwiththem.</li></ul>COUNTABLE NOUNS<br />UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS<br />
Uncountablenouns<br />Advice, information, accommodation, homework,<br />knowledge, money, water, time, health, paper, iro...
We can countuncountablenounsindirectlybyusing a phraselikea piece of …, a bit of ….<br />A bar of chocolate<br />
A loaf of bread<br />A pinch of salt<br />
A slice of bread<br />A carton of milk<br />
A round of applause<br />A bowl of rice <br />
A bottle of, a grain of rice, anitem of furniture, a box<br />of, a packet of, a bag of, a spoon of sugar, a can of<br />c...
Someuncountablenouns can beused in a countablewaywhenthey describe a category<br />FRENCH CHEESES<br />SPANISH WINES<br />
Somenouns can becountableoruncountablewith a change of meaning<br />WOOD<br />A WOOD<br />
CHICKEN<br />A CHICKEN<br />
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Countability

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Countability

  1. 1. COUNTABILITY AND PLURAL NOUNS<br />
  2. 2. COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE?<br />AN APPLE / APPLES<br />FRUIT / SOME FRUIT<br />
  3. 3. A BOTTLE / <br />A FEW BOTTLES<br />WINE / A LITTLE WINE<br />
  4. 4. A TABLE / MANY TABLES<br />FURNITURE / <br />MUCH FURNITURE<br />
  5. 5. A CASE / <br />A GREAT NUMBER OF CASES<br />LUGGAGE / A LARGE AMOUNT OF LUGGAGE<br />
  6. 6. countability<br /><ul><li>Theyhave singular and plural form.
  7. 7. You can use numberswiththem.
  8. 8. You can use thearticle a / anwiththeir singular form.
  9. 9. Theyonlyhaveoneform.
  10. 10. They are followedby a singular verb.
  11. 11. Youcan’t use eithernumbersorthearticle a /anwiththem.</li></ul>COUNTABLE NOUNS<br />UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS<br />
  12. 12. Uncountablenouns<br />Advice, information, accommodation, homework,<br />knowledge, money, water, time, health, paper, iron,<br />weather, traffic, equipment, work…..<br />A fewuncountablenounsend in –s, buttheyfollow<br />the normal rules foruncountablenouns and have a<br />singular verb:<br />News, billiards, politics, ….<br />
  13. 13. We can countuncountablenounsindirectlybyusing a phraselikea piece of …, a bit of ….<br />A bar of chocolate<br />
  14. 14. A loaf of bread<br />A pinch of salt<br />
  15. 15. A slice of bread<br />A carton of milk<br />
  16. 16. A round of applause<br />A bowl of rice <br />
  17. 17. A bottle of, a grain of rice, anitem of furniture, a box<br />of, a packet of, a bag of, a spoon of sugar, a can of<br />coke, a jar of mermelade, ….<br />
  18. 18. Someuncountablenouns can beused in a countablewaywhenthey describe a category<br />FRENCH CHEESES<br />SPANISH WINES<br />
  19. 19. Somenouns can becountableoruncountablewith a change of meaning<br />WOOD<br />A WOOD<br />
  20. 20. CHICKEN<br />A CHICKEN<br />
  21. 21. PAPER<br />A PAPER<br />
  22. 22. TOAST<br />A TOAST<br />
  23. 23. MORE EXAMPLES<br /><ul><li>IRON (metal) / AN IRON (domesticappliance)
  24. 24. BUSINESS (in general) / A BUSINESS (a company)
  25. 25. GOSSIP (talking) / A GOSSIP (a person)
  26. 26. HAIR (alltogether) / A HAIR (a single strand)
  27. 27. HELP (in general) / A HELP (a helpfulpersonorthing)
  28. 28. WORK (in general) / A WORK (a work of art/ engineering, …)
  29. 29. CHOCOLATE (substance) / A CHOCOLATE (a box of chocolates)</li></li></ul><li>PLURAL NOUNS<br />There are somenounswhichonlyhave a plural form<br />and take a plural verb:<br /><ul><li>Yourclothes are great!</li></ul>More plural nouns: goods, jeans, trousers, means, ….<br />
  30. 30. GROUP NOUNS<br />Groupnouns can befollowedbyeither a singular or plural<br />verb:<br />I thinkthegovernmentis/ are wrong,<br />Itdependsonwhetherwethink of thegroup as a whole<br />(singular verb), orits individual members(plural <br />verb):<br />Theaudiencewasverydisappointedaftertheplay.<br />Theteamweregiven a medalafterwinningthe match.<br />More groupnouns: <br />army, class, company, crew, crowd, data, media, family,<br />group, press, public, staff<br />Remember! People, police and cattle are always PLURAL.<br />
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