Patentability of graphical user interface designs

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Patentability of graphical user interface designs

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Patentability of graphical user interface designs

  1. 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS P.ILANANGAI IP CONSULTANT PATENT DEPARTMENT
  2. 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS DESIGNS:  One form of Intellectual Property.  Design protects the forms of appearance, style or design of a novel object. This includes shape, configuration, pattern, ornament composition of color etc.  Criteria for filing the Design Application.  Purpose of Design Registration.  Term of Design Patent.
  3. 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS • A graphical user interface, or GUI, is a “computer environment” that allows a user to interact with the computer through visual elements such as icons, “pull-down menus, pointers, pointing devices, buttons, scroll bars, windows, transitional animations, and dialog boxes. Some examples of GUIs include:  Operating systems (e.g., Microsoft Windows,3 Apple’s Mac OSX Lion4);  Smartphone screens (e.g., Apple iOS 6,5 Windows Phone 8,6 and Android 4.27);  Computer programs (e.g., Microsoft Word,8 Adobe Photoshop9);  Mobile applications (e.g., iBooks for iPhone,10 Facebook for Android11). • GUIs are the visual aspects of these applications, and not the underlying code (i.e., “source code” and “object code”). contd…
  4. 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • A design patent’s scope is based on a drawing or set of drawings, which, through the use of dotted lines, solid lines, and shading, can specifically claim protection over certain elements of a design. • Specific materials, colors and even precise gradients can be expressly claimed. • These tools allow patent holders to prevent infringers from copying the most important aspects of their designs. • For example, Google was issued a design patent for its Internet home screen in 2009. The term “Google” has been explicitly disclaimed-by the use of dotted lines-which means that the patent would be infringed if someone copied the entire layout but replaced “Google” with another name. This strategy protects the design from careful infringement. • contd… PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  5. 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS contd…
  6. 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Design patents protect the "look and feel" of a GUI. • A design can obtain design patent protection even if it is simultaneously ornamental and functional, so long as it is not purely functional. • Design patents are extremely narrow, and a design patent will cover only the exact or almost exact appearance of that GUI. • One can potentially avoid infringing a design patent simply by changing appearance, text content and/or relative placements of GUI elements. contd.. PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  7. 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • STRONG DESIGN PATENTS : THE POWER OF COLOR contd.. PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  8. 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com contd..
  9. 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • In addition to a Graphical User Interface, one can also protect an Animated User Interface with a design patent. • To protect an animation, successive images of the animation to be filed as separate color images. contd.. PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  10. 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Apple iPhone Vs Android contd.. PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  11. 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • WHETHER ICONS OR GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE CAN BE REGISTERED FOR DESIGN PATENT IN CHINA VS • Apple filed a design patent application on July 26, 2010 for a portable display device with graphical user interface. • However, pursuant to the Patent Examination Guidelines, patterns that are displayed only when the device is powered on, such as icons, are not patentable. Thus, SIPO denied Apple’s application. • Apple filed an appeal with the Reexamination Board, but the Board sustained the rejection decision. • contd… PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  12. 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Apple then filed for the administrative litigation. • The Beijing First Intermediate People’s Court believed that icons, although being able to display only when the portable electronic device is turned on, are still a design for the overall appearance of the portable device, which meets both requirements of industrial applicability and aesthetic appeal as a design patent. • The First Intermediate Court then granted Apple the design patent protection for icons. • The Reexamination Board appealed, but was overruled in the second instance at Beijing High Court. • SIPO has amended the Patent Examination Guidelines and put into effect on May 1st 2014, making graphical user interface patentable. PATENTABILITY OF GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DESIGNS
  13. 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com COPYRIGHT PROTECTION: • Copyright can be used to prohibit others from reproducing individual elements of a GUI (e.g., icons, text, dialogue boxes), but only to the extent that the individual elements are original expressions. • Additionally, copyright can keep others from reproducing exact or near exact copies of a compilation of those individual elements (e.g., the GUI as a whole). • Individual elements of a GUI design are typically protected as pictorial and graphic works, while a GUI as a whole is often protected as an audiovisual work. GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE
  14. 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com COPYRIGHT PROTECTION: • Apple Computer v. Microsoft Corp. • In Apple Computer v. Microsoft, the court found that Microsoft's Windows 2.03 and 3.0 did not infringe Apple's graphical user interface, because a license given to Microsoft by Apple made it unnecessary for the court to determine whether Apple's user interface should receive copyright protection. GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE
  15. 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CONCLUSION • As GUIs will continue to be instrumental in the technology marketplace, providing proper balance of intellectual property protection will be necessary to adequately spur further GUI innovation. There should be well defined legal theory to support innovation and various forms of IP protections, with that one will know how to protect their innovations without risk. Also, the industry’s attention will be diverted from its obsession of recreating existing successful designs, towards innovation, which, after all, is the ultimate purpose and the constitutional goal upon which intellectual property protection is based. GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE
  16. 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com

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