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Plea bargaining in India

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Plea bargaining in India

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Plea bargaining in India

  1. 1. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Plea Bargaining in India Niranjani B
  2. 2. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is Plea Bargaining? ‘Plea Bargaining’ can be defined as pre-trial negotiations between the accused and the prosecution during which the accused agrees to plead guilty in exchange for certain concessions by the prosecution.
  3. 3. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Introduction 1) Plea Bargaining has existed in form or the other for 800 years. 2) Criminal procedures have generally 3 problems, i.e. a) Inordinate delays; b) Often difficult for prosecutors to secure conviction of guilty defendants and c) large number of under-trials are in jail for very long time. 3) Plea Bargaining was introduced in India in 2006 through Criminal Law (Amendment) Act – 2005 for crimes for which the maximum permissible punishment is up to 7 years. 4) There are some demerits of the system but the merits such as speedy trial and low cost weigh heavy and there is need to make the system more adoptable to Indian needs so that problems of backlog of cases in courts could be addressed.
  4. 4. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com General Characteristics of Plea Bargaining 1) Intention of both the parties is to avoid lengthy criminal trial. 2) Defendant should agree for Plea Bargaining voluntarily. 3) There should be factual evidence for the crime. 4) There may or may not be supervision of court. 5) An agreement should be reached between the defendant and the prosecution. 6) Defendant seeks concession in punishment. 7) Bargain may be on charge or sentence.
  5. 5. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Advantages of Plea Bargaining Approach 1) Speedy Justice 2) Low Cost 3) Better Working Relationship 4) Easy Release from Jail 5) Quick Disposal 6) Not affecting the Future of Accused 7) Hassle Free 8) Avoiding Public Eye 9) Rehabilitation
  6. 6. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The Indian Model of Plea Bargaining Prior to the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2005, the concept of plea-bargaining was totally alien to the Indian criminal justice process. The Apex court, while examining the concept of plea- bargaining in State of U.P. v. Chandrika in 2000 and Kripal Singh v. State of Haryana, also in 2000 observed that: “Neither the Trial Court nor the High Court has jurisdiction to bypass the minimum sentence prescribed by law on the premise that a plea- bargain was adopted by the accused.”
  7. 7. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Continued... 1) Based on the recommendation of the Law Commission, the new Chapter XXI-A dealing with Plea Bargaining in cases of offences punishable with imprisonment up to seven years has been included in CrPC 2) It has come into effect from 05.07.2006. 3) Certain procedure prescribed for plea bargaining under Sections 265-A to 265-L of CrPC are to be complied to make it a valid plea bargain. 4) The Indian model is very different from that of USA and application of Plea Bargaining in India is very restricted and it is yet to be accepted in the general masses as an integral part of the Indian Judicial System. 5) The provisions, though, are not entire consistent with the scheme recommended by the Law Commission of India in its 142nd and 154th Reports, which have also been endorsed by the Mallimath Committee.
  8. 8. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Indian Cases ● In Mumbai’s first case, an application for plea bargaining was made before a sessions court when an ex-Reserve Bank of India clerk, accused in a cheating case, moved the court seeking lesser punishment in return for confessing to the crime. Based on submissions of CBI, the court rejected Bandekar’s application. ● In Pardeep Gupta v. State, Honourable Judge observed that “The trial court’s rejection of the plea bargain shows that the learned trial court had not bothered to look into the provisions of chapter XXI A of Code of Criminal Procedure meant for the purpose of plea bargaining. The High Court directed the trial court to reconsider the application of plea bargaining made by the accused
  9. 9. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Criticism of Plea Bargain ● A major argument against Plea Bargaining is that it is detrimental to the innocent defendant undermining the public image of the criminal justice system representing a system which sacrifices proper punishment of criminals in the name of judicial efficiency. ● Another observation of critics is that most guilty pleas are not as a result of genuine repentance and defendants pretend repentance to earn sentence reductions. ● Some other drawbacks of the concept of plea bargaining as mentioned by critics are unjust sentencing or disparity in sentencing and a general attitude of leniency of the court in pronouncing the punishment.
  10. 10. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Conclusion It is heartening to note that the Criminal Law Amendment Act has at least taken some basic tenets of the conventional plea bargaining and with a cautious approach of restricting its applicability to only relatively less serious crimes, has kept the scope wide open for enhancing the applicability of plea bargaining to other domains of criminal law and make it more popular in the Indian judicial system. For the lack of infrastructure and our mindset the Indian Legal System is not ready to adopt the Plea Bargaining on the same scale as in USA In the Indian scenario it is difficult to imagine Prosecution and Defence lawyers, victim, defendant and Police sitting on a table negotiating an agreement between the concerned parties through ethical and transparent arguments and discussions. There is thus, no reason to believe that the practice will achieve the same scale and magnitude of success in India as in the United States.
  11. 11. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com THANK YOU

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