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    Assignment 8. Assignment 8. Document Transcript

    • Level: GreenBy: Abigail Menzies
    • Part A: Todorov
    • Level : YellowTodorov Task 1These are different conflicts anddisruptions and resolutions fordifferent genres
    • Todorov Task 2 Todorov suggests there are five stages of narrativeStages of narrative Film Example: Colombiana EvidenceEquilibrium The normality of this film is This is the when Cataleya’s father is first scene of talking to Don Luis the film where everything is normal and balancedDisequilibrium The conflict of the Don Luis equilibrium is when Don Luis sends gunmen sends hitmen to kill Cataleya’s to kill family Cataleya’s family This traumatizes Cataleya as she hears the whole thing
    • Cataleya killsRecognition of Years later Cataleya grows up numerous peopledisequilibrium and gets revenge for the death that are related to of her parents her parent’s death Cataleya intrudes in OfficerAttempt to repair the •Cataleya realises she has no Ross’ house threatening himdamage other choice but to ask the to give her information police officer for information that can help her to stop her parent’s killersNew equilibrium Cataleya leaves Chicago and r Cataleya gets on the bus to start a new walking life away
    • Part B: Levi - Strauss Believes that our world is described in binary opposites e.g. • good/evil • light/day • male/female
    • Genre: DramaFilm African American American citizen Explanation citizen‘The Help’ Sophisticated Elegant clothing •These two characters are environment connote wealth opposites as they belong to tow different social class and this differentiation reinforces the idea of status and hierarchy. •This character is a black working •This character is a white middle class female classed female •She works for the middle class •She hires the working class to do white people in this film her house work •She is the outsider to this white •She treats the black working dominant society class as if they are not humans
    • Genre: Horror Film Good (Christian) Evil (Supernatural) Explanation ‘The devil •These two characters are opposites as they emphasize inside’ the difference between good and evil. •The possessed woman is seen as evil so as an audience we will automatically assume the daughter is good and she tries to get her mother exorcised. •This character is trying to •This character is find out what’s wrong with possessed by a demon her mother •This character is the daughter of the a possessed woman and wants her mother
    • Genre: ActionFilm Hero Villain Explanation‘Spiderman Superhero •This opposition of hero and costume The villain is usually unattractive villain reinforces the idea that2’ the young, handsome character is usually loved by the society and is the hero whereas the old, ugly character is usually an outsider and is the villain. •This opposition between Good good and evil is recognisable looking in action films •This opposition also creates the dominant ideology that • This character Peter the hero is suppose to be a Parker/‘Spiderman’ is the •After being the victim of an handsome, muscular male superhero within the film science experiment gone wrong, character. • This character tries to ‘Octavius’ rampages the city as give up the role of spider revenge man but returns after a villain tries to annihilate the city
    • Genre: Sci-fiFilm Hero Villain Explanation‘Avatar’ •These two characters are opposites as the first character ‘ Jake’ is the hero of the film who fights for the good and defeats other. Whereas Quaritch is the villain as he kill innocent lives and only looks out for himself. •This opposition between the hero and villain cause conflict as their goals and perspective of life is different to one another •This character ‘Quaritch’ plays the role of the villain/ bad guy in •This character ‘Jake Sully’ plays the film the role of the hero/ the good guy •Quaritch’s mission is to obtain a of the film mineral from the Pandora planet •Jake sympathizes with the which is valuable to earth however natives of the Pandora planet instead of evacuating the natives, and helps to save there home he destroys their homeland planet
    • Genre: ThrillerFilm Good (Innocence) Evil (Violation) Explanation‘Memento’ • These characters are opposites as Lenny’s purpose within the film is to get justice from his wife’s murder. Whereas, Natalie violates Lenny and his short term memory to get what she wants. •This character ‘Lenny’ is seen •This character ‘Natalie’ is seen as as the good character of the the evil character of the film film because of his innocence because of his violation towards •Lenny has short term and Lenny and his condition relies on pictures and tattoos •Natalie uses Lenny’s short term to solve his wives’ death. memory to his advantage
    • Part C : BarthesThis theory of codes encourages the audience to seekanswers and clues to make them anticipate the outcomeThere are 5 different codes:•Enigma code•Action code•Semantic code•Symbolic code•Cultural code
    • Enigma code  This is how narrative is set up to puzzle the audience. It basically portrays a mystery and causes the audience raise questions as a way to intrigue and draw them in. These enigmas delay the ending /resolution to maintain the audience’s interest.  Scream 4 is an example of a film with the enigma code as it allows the audience to seek answers to events that happen in the film Audience will look for cluesThe mask keep the audience intrigued within the film to try andand maintains their interest as they’re find out who the killer isunable to identify the killer Audience will question why is the killer killing people
    • Action code This code shows how certain actions and behaviour within a film cause the audience to assume and expect certain resolutions and consequences Texas Chainsaw Massacre is an example of a film with the action code as the audience expect certain consequences such as the death of the character if they visit an old, haunted house. Girl walking up the an old, haunted house The audience will assume that the character will die or something bad will happen as this is a convention used in horror movies
    • Semantic code  Iconographic features in a film have clear connotations and meaning s to an audience. This allows them to identify to know the genre of the film by the characters, props and location.  Star Wars: The Revenge of the Sith is an example of a film with the semantic code as the audience is able to identify the film’s genre which is sci - fi through the semantics in the film. Props such as spaceships are associated with the sci fi genreCharacter suchas aliens androbots areusuallyassociated withthe sci - figenre
    • Symbolic code This code is symbolic features about the oppositions and antithesis is a film e.g. savage and civilised, light and dark. The Dark Knight is an example of a film with the symbolic code as it shows a clear distinction between the opposition of good and evil from the characters Batman and the JokerGood Evil The Joker threatens others Batman puts his life at risk to save with weapons such as knives. Rachel . This shows Batman being good Make up This creates a clear rather than evil and letting Rachel die. distinction between being good and evil.
    • Symbolic code continued… Good Evil The superhero g The Joker works alongside mob costumes gang to terrorize the city connotes being good and fighting for justice Batman captures the Joker in the end The Joker blows up the hospital and kills innocent people
    • Cultural code This code is used to explain how outside of the film, the audience has a commonly shared knowledge that helps them understand the meaning of the text which is often in reference to things in the popular cultures and historical events such as 9/11 and other wars The Pursuit of Happiness is an example of a film with the cultural code as the audience of this film lives in a time where there has been an increase in the number of homeless people on the streets on America so the audience would understand why theres a huge number of homeless people in the film Long line of homeless people for the homeless shelter
    • Part D : ProppPropp formed the theory that there are seven distinctive charactertypes called ‘spheres of action’These seven spheres of actions are:•Hero•Dispatcher•Villain•Donor•Helper•False Hero•Heroine
    • Hero This character is on a quest/ mission and is traditionally a male. The role of the hero is to restore the disequilibrium, this is usually done by defeating the villain and winning the heart of the heroine Jake Sully from Avatar is an example of a ‘hero’ character. This character restore the disequilibrium within the film by fighting alongside the natives of Pandora to save their homeland and defeat the other side (villain)
    • Dispatcher This character starts the hero on their way and is often the father of the hero. The dispatcher send the hero off so they can prove their worth. Grace from Avatar is an example of a ‘dispatcher’ character as she send the hero (Jake Sully) into the Avatar to prove himself to the Na’vi tribe and to gain their trust Grace is the ‘dispatcher’ character of Avatar
    • Villain This character is the opposite of the hero and is the cause of the disruption within the film Quaritch from Avatar is an example of a ‘villain’ character. This character is the cause of the disruption within the film as he leads the soldiers to destroy the homeland of the Na’vi in order to obtain a mineral that is valuable on Earth
    • Donor This character helps the hero by giving them ‘magic; or advice to help them on their journey. Norm from Avatar is an example of a ‘donor’ character as he helps the hero of the film (Jake Sully) by mentoring him about the natives of Pandora so he is able to fit in with them Norm is the ‘donor’ character of Avatar
    • Helper This character assists/helps the hero in restoring the normality/ equilibrium Trudy from Avatar is an example of a ‘helper’ character as she helps the hero escape from imprisonment so he can complete his quest. Trudy is the ‘helper’ character of Avatar
    • False Hero This character is initially on the side of the hero but turns against them and tempts the hero away from their quest Prince Charming from Shrek 2 is an example of a ‘false hero’ character as he pretends to be on the same side as the hero (Shrek) so he can win the princess’ heart. Prince Charming is the false hero character of Shrek 2
    • Heroine This character is often referred to as the ‘princess’ in traditional narratives and is often in love or ends up with the hero by the end of the film Neytiri from Avatar is an example of a ‘heroine’ character as she is the Princess of the Na’vi and falls in love with the hero of the film (Jake Sully) Neytiri is the ‘heroine’ character of Avatar
    • Part E: Other Terms
    • Diegesis This is the world that the characters live in. This world is created by the story that the characters experience The dairy of a wimpy kid shows diegesis as the characters within the movie encounter their own problems
    • Narrative Range Unrestricted narrativeThis narrative has no limits in the information that is presented to the audience e.g. Final Destination 5 Final Destination is unrestricted narrative as the audience knows what will happen next as Sam (the main character) has premonitions and the audience have access to these premonitions Restricted narrativeThis narrative only gives out minimal information to the audience to create an enigma e.g. Memento Memento has restricted narrative as Lenny (the main character) is shown throughout the film on the phone however, the audience doesn’t know who hes on the phone to till the end of the film
    • Narrative DepthObjective character identification This is when the viewer is given access to the character’s point of view for example seeing the character’s thoughts or dreams. Mean Girls is an example of a film with objective character identification as the audience is able view Cady (the main character) thoughts The audience sees Cady’s thought of when she imagines herself attacking Regina
    • Narrative Depth continued...Subjective character identification This is the viewer is given unique access to what a range of characters can see and do. X-men: The Last Stand is an example of a film with subjective character identification as the audience is able to view all the actions and thoughts of the characters in the film Audience has Audience has access to the character of access to the Warren’s childhood & adulthood character’ of Cyclops and his life The audience is able to view fighting scenes that happen between the good guys and bad guys of the film
    • Part F:Modular Narrative
    • Episodic This is how a film is organized by a series of narrative. For Colored Girls is an example for a film that is episodic as this film shows a collection of seven stories about seven different women and their lives.The seven separate stories in the film Crystal’s story She lives with her alcoholic, abusive husband and loses both her kids by the end of the film Jo’s story Jo who is too busy with her work to acknowledge her husband and realise that he no longer loves her. Nyla’s story After spending graduation with a bunch of friends, Nyla finds herself pregnant and gets a abortion to resolve her mistakes
    • Episodic continued…. Tangie’s story Sleeping with a different man every night, Tangie has no time to realise her little sister needs a role model to look up to Juanita’s story Despite knowing her husband is cheating on her Juanita still tries to ignore these facts and forgives her husband but he continues to cheat Yasmin’s story Yasmin who is a dance teacher gets herself raped by a man she thought she could trust Kelly’s story Kelly who works as a welfare officer blames herself for the death of Crystal’s children as she doesn’t take further actions and take the children under custody away from their alcoholic father. On top of this, Kelly is desperate to have children of her own however is unable to do so due to a disease which causes her to be infertile
    • Anachronic This narrative manipulates time and uses flashbacks and flash forwards. This type of narrative often repeat scene through a different perspective 4, 3, 2,1 is an example of a film with anachronic narrative -The film starts with the flash forward of the ending of the film then shows each character’s lives before the incident at the end of the film -This shows different perspectives during the film -The characters meet up in a café then go their separate ways after
    • Anachronic continued.. -This is where the narrative is split into four sections of the four characters-By the end of the film the four differentnarratives become one as the charactersmeet up at a bridge to save their friend’slife.
    • Split Screen This narrative is different from other types of modular narrative as its not determine by time. Split Screen is when a film is divided into two or more frames showing events that are happening within the same time period The phone call scene from Mean Girls shows split screen.