• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Materials, logistic & inventories
 

Materials, logistic & inventories

on

  • 518 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
518
Views on SlideShare
516
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://proyekusaha.blogspot.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Materials, logistic & inventories Materials, logistic & inventories Presentation Transcript

    • 1APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Organization chart: ManufacturingOrganization chart: Manufacturing OperationOperation Chief Executive Operation Manager Factory Manager Production Manager Material Manger Maintenance & Engineering Research & Design Production Planning & Control QC, Tally Sample, Jig & Tools maker Tooling Tester, verifier QC, Inventory
    • 2APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Material managementMaterial management FunctionFunction - Collect, analize and dessiminate informationCollect, analize and dessiminate information about material utilisationabout material utilisation - Preparing the required materialsPreparing the required materials - Determine the current stock level & its valueDetermine the current stock level & its value - Ensure the materials is safe in keeping /Ensure the materials is safe in keeping / storagestorage
    • 3APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Materials controllerMaterials controller Head of department, business ownersHead of department, business owners ManagersManagers Executives / officersExecutives / officers SupervisorsSupervisors ClerksClerks  Organisation chartOrganisation chart  Duties and responsibilityDuties and responsibility
    • 4APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Requirement to become materialRequirement to become material controllercontroller Have knowledge about the materials underHave knowledge about the materials under their supervisiontheir supervision Given authority as material controllerGiven authority as material controller Have full responsibility of the goods under hisHave full responsibility of the goods under his carecare Has facilities to safe keeping the goodsHas facilities to safe keeping the goods Have good knowledge about materialHave good knowledge about material managementmanagement Document: stock book, inventory card etc.Document: stock book, inventory card etc.
    • 5APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Requirement to become materialRequirement to become material controller (cont.)controller (cont.) Material management:Material management:  Planning the requirementPlanning the requirement  PurchasingPurchasing  ReceivingReceiving  StorageStorage  MaintenenceMaintenence  InventoryInventory  Releasing for processingReleasing for processing  DisposingDisposing Membuat, melapor danMembuat, melapor dan menyimpan rekod:menyimpan rekod:  jenis bahanjenis bahan  KuantitiKuantiti  nilainilai
    • 6APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Requirement to become materialRequirement to become material controller (cont.)controller (cont.) Material tendency to wear, damage, faulty &Material tendency to wear, damage, faulty & depreciatedepreciate Mixing recipeMixing recipe Compatibility of materials to productCompatibility of materials to product manufacturedmanufactured Rate of utilisationRate of utilisation
    • 7APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Materials propertiesMaterials properties Physical properties:Physical properties:  TypeType  SizeSize  GradeGrade  Density, chemicalDensity, chemical content etc.content etc.  QualityQuality  QuantityQuantity  Value of materialsValue of materials  Material usesMaterial uses Mechanical properties:Mechanical properties:  MaintenanceMaintenance  StorageStorage
    • 8APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing DocumentationDocumentation Material specifications: name, model, physicalMaterial specifications: name, model, physical propertiesproperties Quantity: utilization rate – daily, weekly, monthlyQuantity: utilization rate – daily, weekly, monthly Suppliers: name, address, telephone, productsSuppliers: name, address, telephone, products supplied, terms and pricessupplied, terms and prices Purchasing document: L.O. (purchase order),Purchasing document: L.O. (purchase order), delivery notes (D.O.), invoicesdelivery notes (D.O.), invoices
    • 9APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Documentations (cont.)Documentations (cont.) Receiving: goodsReceiving: goods received notesreceived notes  NameName  ModelModel  Grade, quality (refer toGrade, quality (refer to specifications)specifications)  QuantityQuantity MaintenanceMaintenance  MechanicalMechanical  PreventivePreventive InventoryInventory  QuantityQuantity  QualityQuality ProductionProduction  MaterialMaterial request formrequest form -- Stock cardStock card
    • 10APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Raw material managementRaw material management Unit: Kg., liter, ton, pieces, unit, packing, rolls,Unit: Kg., liter, ton, pieces, unit, packing, rolls, drums etc.drums etc. Safe keeping and safety of materialsSafe keeping and safety of materials Reports to superior officers & frequencyReports to superior officers & frequency Not leaking information to competitorsNot leaking information to competitors Applying system: Location, storage methods,Applying system: Location, storage methods, replenishreplenish Knowing stock levels and utilization rateKnowing stock levels and utilization rate
    • 11APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of MaterialResponsibility of Material ControllersControllers 1.1. Material inspection:Material inspection:  Before delivery (at suppliers warehouse); 2Before delivery (at suppliers warehouse); 2ndnd party auditparty audit  Ability of suppliers: to supply on time, deliveryAbility of suppliers: to supply on time, delivery  Right information in documentations: purchasing,Right information in documentations: purchasing, delivery notes, invoicedelivery notes, invoice  Quality supplied according to specificationsQuality supplied according to specifications  Quality is checkedQuality is checked  Recording the classification changes (if any & allowed)Recording the classification changes (if any & allowed)
    • 12APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of materialResponsibility of material controllerscontrollers 2.2. Rejects materials which doesn’t meetRejects materials which doesn’t meet specificationsspecifications  Materials used to make the goodsMaterials used to make the goods  Materials qualityMaterials quality  QuantityQuantity  Expiry dateExpiry date  Non approve buyers / black listedNon approve buyers / black listed  Disapprove brand and modelDisapprove brand and model
    • 13APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of materialResponsibility of material controllerscontrollers 3.3. Storing the materials:Storing the materials:  Material classifications: type & physical propertiesMaterial classifications: type & physical properties  Safety levels; material depreciation, dangerousSafety levels; material depreciation, dangerous itemsitems  Able to determine current stocks and additionalAble to determine current stocks and additional itemsitems  Taggings on materials, packagesTaggings on materials, packages  RecordingRecording
    • 14APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of materialResponsibility of material controllerscontrollers 4.4. Conduct maintenanceConduct maintenance  Materials inspectionMaterials inspection  Ensure the materials is in good condition and ableEnsure the materials is in good condition and able to function properlyto function properly  Conduct maintenance appropriatly, i.e. change theConduct maintenance appropriatly, i.e. change the packaging, change the tag, initiate the chemicalpackaging, change the tag, initiate the chemical reactions (glue / finishing materials), eliminatereactions (glue / finishing materials), eliminate saturated components, oiling, block the undesiredsaturated components, oiling, block the undesired chemical reactionschemical reactions  Separate the expired & unfunctional itemsSeparate the expired & unfunctional items
    • 15APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of materialResponsibility of material controllerscontrollers 5.5. Implementing inventory / auditImplementing inventory / audit  Count the quantityCount the quantity  Compare the inventory and stock card figureCompare the inventory and stock card figure  Search the cause of difference, if anySearch the cause of difference, if any  Justify the quantity differencesJustify the quantity differences  Ensure the right quantityEnsure the right quantity  Inventory / stock reportsInventory / stock reports  Stock valuesStock values
    • 16APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Responsibility of materialResponsibility of material controllers (cont.)controllers (cont.) 6.6. Withdrawing the materialsWithdrawing the materials  Who can withdraw the materialsWho can withdraw the materials  Written approvalWritten approval  Needs according to production scheduleNeeds according to production schedule  Preparing the materials, refer specificationsPreparing the materials, refer specifications  Exact quantityExact quantity  Withdrawal form (materials request forms)Withdrawal form (materials request forms)
    • 17APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Factory management &Factory management & manufacturing facilitiesmanufacturing facilities Raw materialsRaw materials Machines andMachines and manufacturingmanufacturing equipmentsequipments Building and compoundBuilding and compound VehichlesVehichles
    • 18APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing DefinationsDefinations Raw materialsRaw materials  Materials use in construction of furniture,Materials use in construction of furniture, processing, assembly, packagingprocessing, assembly, packaging  Bahan yang digunakan dalam binaanBahan yang digunakan dalam binaan perabot, pemasangan, pembungkusanperabot, pemasangan, pembungkusan dan proses pembuatandan proses pembuatan InventoriInventori  Mengetahui status dan baki semasaMengetahui status dan baki semasa
    • 19APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Klasifikasi bahan: mengikut sifatKlasifikasi bahan: mengikut sifat fizikal bahan mentahfizikal bahan mentah 1.1. Bahan mentah asas: kayu, papan panelBahan mentah asas: kayu, papan panel 2.2. Bahan mentah pemprosesan: kertas pasir, perekatBahan mentah pemprosesan: kertas pasir, perekat 3.3. Bahan berbahaya: thinner, minyakBahan berbahaya: thinner, minyak 4.4. Hardware: skru, hinges, connectors, aksessoriHardware: skru, hinges, connectors, aksessori 5.5. Bahan mentah pembungkusan: fabrik, kotak, foam,Bahan mentah pembungkusan: fabrik, kotak, foam, strapstrap 6.6. Untuk pekerja: ubat, mask, ear plug, glove,Untuk pekerja: ubat, mask, ear plug, glove, measuring tape, calipermeasuring tape, caliper 7.7. Mesin: mata alat & alat gantiMesin: mata alat & alat ganti
    • 20APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Tempat simpanan bahanTempat simpanan bahan Bahan tidak disimpan disatuBahan tidak disimpan disatu tempattempat Mengikut sifat fizikalMengikut sifat fizikal Tempat kegunaan / prosesTempat kegunaan / proses Struktur keselamatanStruktur keselamatan
    • 21APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: kayu gergaji belumBahan: kayu gergaji belum dikeringkandikeringkan Air-dried sawn timber; anisotropicAir-dried sawn timber; anisotropic Gred:Gred: 1.1. PrimePrime 2.2. SelectSelect 3.3. StandardStandard 4.4. SoundSound 5.5. ServiceableServiceable 6.6. UtilityUtility Penyusunan:Penyusunan: a.a. mengikut spesismengikut spesis b.b. mengikut saizmengikut saiz c.c. gunakan stickergunakan sticker Lantai rata, bersimenLantai rata, bersimen Kawasan teduh, berbumbungKawasan teduh, berbumbung
    • 22APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan mentah: kayu – heavyBahan mentah: kayu – heavy hardwoodshardwoods Balau/Selangan BatuBalau/Selangan Batu (Shorea(Shorea spp.)spp.) Balau, Red/Selangan Batu MerahBalau, Red/Selangan Batu Merah (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) BelianBelian (Eusideroxylon zwageri)(Eusideroxylon zwageri) BitisBitis (Madhuca spp. and(Madhuca spp. and Palaquium spp.)Palaquium spp.) ChengalChengal (Neobalanocarpus(Neobalanocarpus heimii)heimii) GiamGiam (Hopea spp.)(Hopea spp.) KekatongKekatong (Cynometra spp.)(Cynometra spp.) KeranjiKeranji (Dialium spp.)(Dialium spp.) MalagangaiMalagangai (Eusideroxylon(Eusideroxylon malagangai)malagangai) MerbauMerbau (Intsia spp.)(Intsia spp.) PenagaPenaga (Mesua ferrea)(Mesua ferrea) PenyauPenyau (Upuna borneensis)(Upuna borneensis) ResakResak (Vatica spp. and(Vatica spp. and Cotylelobium spp.)Cotylelobium spp.) TembusuTembusu (Fagraea spp.)(Fagraea spp.)
    • 23APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Spesis kayu: medium hardwoodsSpesis kayu: medium hardwoods Alan BatuAlan Batu (Shorea albida)(Shorea albida) BekakBekak (Amoora spp.)(Amoora spp.) DerumDerum (Cratoxylum spp.)(Cratoxylum spp.) EntapulohEntapuloh (Teijsmanniodendron spp.)(Teijsmanniodendron spp.) Geriting / TeruntumGeriting / Teruntum (Lumnitzera spp.)(Lumnitzera spp.) KandisKandis (Garcinia spp.)(Garcinia spp.) KapurKapur (Dryobalanops spp.)(Dryobalanops spp.) KasaiKasai (Pometia spp.)(Pometia spp.) Kayu MalamKayu Malam (Diospyros spp.)(Diospyros spp.) Kedang Belum/Tulang DaingKedang Belum/Tulang Daing (Milletia spp.)(Milletia spp.) KelatKelat (Eugenia spp.)(Eugenia spp.) KeledangKeledang (Artocarpus spp.)(Artocarpus spp.) KempasKempas (Koompassia malaccensis)(Koompassia malaccensis) KeruingKeruing (Dipterocarpus spp.)(Dipterocarpus spp.) KeruntumKeruntum (Combretocarpus rotundatus)(Combretocarpus rotundatus) KulimKulim (Scorodocarpus borneensis)(Scorodocarpus borneensis) Mata UlatMata Ulat (Kokoona spp.)(Kokoona spp.) MempeningMempening (Lithocarpus spp. and Quercus spp.)(Lithocarpus spp. and Quercus spp.) Mengkulang/KembangMengkulang/Kembang (Heritiera spp.)(Heritiera spp.) MeransiMeransi (Carallia spp.)(Carallia spp.) Merawan / GagilMerawan / Gagil (Hopea spp.)(Hopea spp.) MerbatuMerbatu (Parinari spp. and Maranthes corymbosa)(Parinari spp. and Maranthes corymbosa) MerpauhMerpauh (Swintonia spp.)(Swintonia spp.) MertasMertas (Ctenolophon parvifolius)(Ctenolophon parvifolius) NyalinNyalin (Xanthophyllum spp.)(Xanthophyllum spp.) Pauh KijangPauh Kijang (Irvingia malayana)(Irvingia malayana) PerahPerah (Elateriospermum tapos)(Elateriospermum tapos) PetalingPetaling (Ochanostachys amentacea)(Ochanostachys amentacea) PunahPunah (Tetramerista glabra)(Tetramerista glabra) RangguRanggu (Koordersiodendron pinnatum)(Koordersiodendron pinnatum) RengasRengas (Gluta spp. and Melanochyla spp.)(Gluta spp. and Melanochyla spp.) SemayurSemayur (Shorea inaequilateralis)(Shorea inaequilateralis) SenumpulSenumpul (Hydnocarpus spp.)(Hydnocarpus spp.) SimpohSimpoh (Dillenia spp.)(Dillenia spp.) TampoiTampoi (Baccaurea spp.)(Baccaurea spp.) TualangTualang (Koompassia excelsa)(Koompassia excelsa)
    • 24APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Spesis kayu: light hardwoodSpesis kayu: light hardwood Alan BungaAlan Bunga (Shorea albida)(Shorea albida) AraAra (Ficus spp.)(Ficus spp.) BabaiBabai (Saraca spp.)(Saraca spp.) BayurBayur (Pterospermum spp.)(Pterospermum spp.) BeranganBerangan (Castanopsis spp.)(Castanopsis spp.) BintangorBintangor (Calophyllum spp.)(Calophyllum spp.) BinuangBinuang (Octomeles sumatrana)(Octomeles sumatrana) DedaliDedali (Strombosia javanica)(Strombosia javanica) DurianDurian (Coelostegia spp., Durio spp. and Neesia(Coelostegia spp., Durio spp. and Neesia spp.)spp.) Geronggang/SerunganGeronggang/Serungan (Cratoxylum spp.)(Cratoxylum spp.) GerutuGerutu (Parashorea spp.)(Parashorea spp.) JelutongJelutong (Dyera spp.)(Dyera spp.) JongkongJongkong (Dactylocladus stenostachys)(Dactylocladus stenostachys) KedondongKedondong (Species of Burseraceae)(Species of Burseraceae) KelumpangKelumpang (Sterculia spp.)(Sterculia spp.) Kembang SemangkokKembang Semangkok (Scaphium spp.)(Scaphium spp.) KetapangKetapang (Terminalia spp.)(Terminalia spp.) KungkurKungkur (Pithecellobium spp.)(Pithecellobium spp.) LaranLaran (Anthocephalus chinensis)(Anthocephalus chinensis) MachangMachang (Mangifera spp.)(Mangifera spp.) MahangMahang (Macaranga spp.)(Macaranga spp.) MedangMedang (Species of Lauraceae)(Species of Lauraceae) Melantai / KawangMelantai / Kawang (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) MelunakMelunak (Pentace spp.)(Pentace spp.) Mempisang / KaraiMempisang / Karai (Species of Annonaceae)(Species of Annonaceae) Meranti BakauMeranti Bakau (Shorea uliginosa)(Shorea uliginosa) Meranti, Dark Red/Obar SulukMeranti, Dark Red/Obar Suluk (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) Meranti, Light Red/Red SerayaMeranti, Light Red/Red Seraya (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) Meranti, White/MelapiMeranti, White/Melapi (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) Meranti, Yellow/Yellow SerayaMeranti, Yellow/Yellow Seraya (Shorea spp.)(Shorea spp.) MerbulanMerbulan (Blumeodendron spp.)(Blumeodendron spp.) MersawaMersawa (Anisoptera spp.)(Anisoptera spp.) NyatohNyatoh (Species of Sapotaceae)(Species of Sapotaceae) PelajauPelajau (Pentaspadon spp.)(Pentaspadon spp.) PenarahanPenarahan (Species of Myristicaceae)(Species of Myristicaceae) PerupokPerupok (Lophopetalum spp.)(Lophopetalum spp.) PetaiPetai (Parkia spp.)(Parkia spp.) PulaiPulai (Alstonia spp.)(Alstonia spp.) RaminRamin (Gonystylus spp.)(Gonystylus spp.) Malaysian oakMalaysian oak (Hevea brasiliensis)(Hevea brasiliensis) SengkuangSengkuang (Dracontomelum dao)(Dracontomelum dao) SentangSentang (Azadirachta excelsa)(Azadirachta excelsa) SepetirSepetir (Sindora spp. and Copaifera palustris)(Sindora spp. and Copaifera palustris) SesendokSesendok (Endospermum spp.)(Endospermum spp.) TerapTerap (Artocarpus spp., Paratocarpus spp. and(Artocarpus spp., Paratocarpus spp. and Antiaris toxicaria)Antiaris toxicaria) TerentangTerentang (Campnosperma spp.)(Campnosperma spp.) White SerayaWhite Seraya (Parashorea spp.)(Parashorea spp.)
    • 25APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Sifir industri kayuSifir industri kayu Sawn timberSawn timber 1 cu. ft. = 0.0283186 M31 cu. ft. = 0.0283186 M3 1 ton = 50cu.ft.= 1.41584 M31 ton = 50cu.ft.= 1.41584 M3 1 M3 = 0.7063 ton1 M3 = 0.7063 ton Contoh, diberi:Contoh, diberi: 2.25” x 3.5” x 8’ ada 125 batang2.25” x 3.5” x 8’ ada 125 batang Kirakan ton kayu?Kirakan ton kayu? (l x t x p)/(12 x 12 x 50) x unit(l x t x p)/(12 x 12 x 50) x unit = 2.25 x 3.5 x 8 /(7200)x 125= 2.25 x 3.5 x 8 /(7200)x 125 = 1.09375 ton= 1.09375 ton
    • 26APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Pengiraan M3 kayuPengiraan M3 kayu t” x l” x p”t” x l” x p” x pcs. = ft.3x pcs. = ft.3 17281728 ft.3ft.3 = M3= M3 35.3135.31 Nota:Nota: 1728 = 12 x 12 x 121728 = 12 x 12 x 12 35.31 =35.31 = 5050 1.415841.41584 Contoh:Contoh: 1.75” x 3.75” x 48” ada 312 pcs.1.75” x 3.75” x 48” ada 312 pcs. 1.75 x 3.75 x 481.75 x 3.75 x 48 x 312 = 56.8749 ft3x 312 = 56.8749 ft3 17281728 56.874956.8749 ft.3 =1.610733 M3ft.3 =1.610733 M3 35.3135.31 56.874956.8749 ft.3 = 1.1375 tonft.3 = 1.1375 ton 5050
    • 27APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: kayu gergaji sudahBahan: kayu gergaji sudah dikeringkandikeringkan Kandungan lembapan: _ % MCKandungan lembapan: _ % MC Kandungan lembapan keseimbangan: 12 –Kandungan lembapan keseimbangan: 12 – 13 % EMC13 % EMC Susunan: closed stack (tiada stickers)Susunan: closed stack (tiada stickers) Bundled: sama spesis & saiz, panjang yangBundled: sama spesis & saiz, panjang yang sama, sapu cat/lilin dihujung, bungkussama, sapu cat/lilin dihujung, bungkus dengan plastik, gunakan alas sama jarak, 4’dengan plastik, gunakan alas sama jarak, 4’ Kawasan teduh, bersimen, rata,Kawasan teduh, bersimen, rata, berbumbung, berdindingberbumbung, berdinding
    • 28APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: kayu berketamBahan: kayu berketam Diketam dan dipotong kepada saiz akhirDiketam dan dipotong kepada saiz akhir Mempunyai MC% yang dikehendakiMempunyai MC% yang dikehendaki Bundled: sama spesis, sama saiz, dibungkusBundled: sama spesis, sama saiz, dibungkus Simpanan: kawasan teduh, bersimen, rata,Simpanan: kawasan teduh, bersimen, rata, berdindingberdinding Jauh dari dingin/panas: perubahan cuaca –Jauh dari dingin/panas: perubahan cuaca – bengkok, berbulu dan mengembangbengkok, berbulu dan mengembang Ukuran: M3Ukuran: M3
    • 29APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: mouldingsBahan: mouldings Kayu berprofilKayu berprofil Contoh: frame, splint, skirting, jamb etc.Contoh: frame, splint, skirting, jamb etc. Bundled: sama spesis, sama profil, sama saiz,Bundled: sama spesis, sama profil, sama saiz, dibungkus plastik, ikat.dibungkus plastik, ikat. Susun dalam crateSusun dalam crate Ukuran: ft. run, mrUkuran: ft. run, mr
    • 30APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: komponen perabotBahan: komponen perabot Contoh: turnings, kaki, tops dll.Contoh: turnings, kaki, tops dll. Berbagai bentuk, saiz dan warnaBerbagai bentuk, saiz dan warna Finished & unfinishedFinished & unfinished Disusun, dibungkus & diletak ditempat teduhDisusun, dibungkus & diletak ditempat teduh Jangan simpan > 4 bulan (kayu); akan hilangJangan simpan > 4 bulan (kayu); akan hilang ketepatan saiz, profilketepatan saiz, profil
    • 31APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: papan panelBahan: papan panel Papan lapisPapan lapis Binaan: lapisan venir berperekat disusun ira berselang seliBinaan: lapisan venir berperekat disusun ira berselang seli dalam bilangan ganjildalam bilangan ganjil Perekat: urea formaldehyde (MR – moisture resistance) &Perekat: urea formaldehyde (MR – moisture resistance) & phenol formaldehyde (WBP – water boiling proof)phenol formaldehyde (WBP – water boiling proof) Gred: face – back; AA, BB, CCGred: face – back; AA, BB, CC Value added: laminated face – tego filmValue added: laminated face – tego film Susunan: jenis perekat, gred, saiz, dibungkus, kawasanSusunan: jenis perekat, gred, saiz, dibungkus, kawasan teduhteduh Kayu penggalas: sama saiz, jarak 2’, 6” dari hujungKayu penggalas: sama saiz, jarak 2’, 6” dari hujung
    • 32APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: papan panel lainBahan: papan panel lain Fiberboard (MDF, HDF)Fiberboard (MDF, HDF) ChipboardChipboard SoftboardSoftboard ParticleboardParticleboard - Binaan: habuk/serbuk/serpai kayu, berbagai saiz, digaul denganBinaan: habuk/serbuk/serpai kayu, berbagai saiz, digaul dengan perekatperekat - Ukuran: ketumpatan, saiz (4’x8’,6’x8’,3’x6’)Ukuran: ketumpatan, saiz (4’x8’,6’x8’,3’x6’) - Gred: mengikut pelepasan formaldehyde; E0, E1, E2, E3Gred: mengikut pelepasan formaldehyde; E0, E1, E2, E3 - Susunan: mengikut jenis, saiz, gred, kawasan teduh, dibungkusSusunan: mengikut jenis, saiz, gred, kawasan teduh, dibungkus plastikplastik - Kayu pengalas: sama saiz, jarak 2’Kayu pengalas: sama saiz, jarak 2’
    • 33APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: pelapik mukaBahan: pelapik muka Formica, MaicaFormica, Maica AicaAica High pressure laminate (HPL); Post forming,High pressure laminate (HPL); Post forming, soft formingsoft forming - Backing: kertas, plastik, venirBacking: kertas, plastik, venir - Perekat: contact gluePerekat: contact glue - Susunan: mengikut jenis, saiz, dibungkusSusunan: mengikut jenis, saiz, dibungkus - Suhu: terkawal; < 24°CSuhu: terkawal; < 24°C
    • 34APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: kertas pasirBahan: kertas pasir Jenis: granit, kaca, silicaJenis: granit, kaca, silica Gred: paling kasar (00), halus (480)Gred: paling kasar (00), halus (480) Backing: kertas, kain, plastikBacking: kertas, kain, plastik Perekat: contact glue, proteinPerekat: contact glue, protein Kegunaan: mempelas, kemasiapanKegunaan: mempelas, kemasiapan Bentuk: mengikut mesin; sheet, wide belt, disc, longBentuk: mengikut mesin; sheet, wide belt, disc, long beltbelt Simpanan: bilik hawa panas (30°C -35°C; guna lampuSimpanan: bilik hawa panas (30°C -35°C; guna lampu 15 watt)15 watt) Susunan: kepingan (disusun), gulungan (digantung)Susunan: kepingan (disusun), gulungan (digantung)
    • 35APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: perekatBahan: perekat Water-based, oil-basedWater-based, oil-based PVAC, urea formaldehyde, contact glue, glukosa, hotPVAC, urea formaldehyde, contact glue, glukosa, hot melt glue, protein, super glue etc.melt glue, protein, super glue etc. Hardener, retarderHardener, retarder Shelve life: sebelum campur hardenerShelve life: sebelum campur hardener Pot life: selepas campur hardenerPot life: selepas campur hardener Standard guna: kelikatan (viscosity)Standard guna: kelikatan (viscosity) Bekas: bersih, tiada benda asing, bekas khas, kuantitiBekas: bersih, tiada benda asing, bekas khas, kuantiti standard i.e. 20kg, 18Lstandard i.e. 20kg, 18L Bilik: suhu sejuk < 20°C; superglue (peti sejuk)Bilik: suhu sejuk < 20°C; superglue (peti sejuk)
    • 36APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: minyakBahan: minyak Kenderaan: petrol, diesel, cylinder, coolant,Kenderaan: petrol, diesel, cylinder, coolant, transmissiontransmission Mesin: grease, hydraulicMesin: grease, hydraulic Gred: SAE (kelikatan)Gred: SAE (kelikatan) Ukuran: literUkuran: liter Bekas khas: kedap udara, tiada benda asing,Bekas khas: kedap udara, tiada benda asing, jauh dari bangunan awamjauh dari bangunan awam Bilik sejuk (< 18°C), bawah tanahBilik sejuk (< 18°C), bawah tanah
    • 37APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: kemasiapanBahan: kemasiapan Nitro cellulose (NC), acid catalyzed (AC), poly urethaneNitro cellulose (NC), acid catalyzed (AC), poly urethane (PU), cat, varnish, minyak(PU), cat, varnish, minyak Ukuran kekuatan: resin content, solid contentUkuran kekuatan: resin content, solid content Kualiti: hardness, durability, kilauanKualiti: hardness, durability, kilauan Bahan lebur: thinner, air; retarderBahan lebur: thinner, air; retarder Shelf life; pot lifeShelf life; pot life Mudah terbakar, terpeluapMudah terbakar, terpeluap Bekas khas: kedap udara, jauh dari bangunan awamBekas khas: kedap udara, jauh dari bangunan awam Suhu simpanan: sejuk (< 28°C)Suhu simpanan: sejuk (< 28°C)
    • 38APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: pengikatBahan: pengikat Skru, paku, bolt & nut, staples, minifixSkru, paku, bolt & nut, staples, minifix Spesifikasi: panjang, diameter, bentuk kepala,Spesifikasi: panjang, diameter, bentuk kepala, bahagian pemutar, bentuk hujung, saduran,bahagian pemutar, bentuk hujung, saduran, warnawarna Rosak: karat, berubah warnaRosak: karat, berubah warna Bungkus: plastik, spesifikasi, kuantiti mudahBungkus: plastik, spesifikasi, kuantiti mudah Bekas: kotakBekas: kotak Stor utamaStor utama
    • 39APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: penyambungBahan: penyambung Hinges, connector, catchesHinges, connector, catches Spesifikasi: tempat kegunaan, saiz, model #,Spesifikasi: tempat kegunaan, saiz, model #, warnawarna Rosak: karat, gagal berfungsi dengan elokRosak: karat, gagal berfungsi dengan elok Bungkus: mengikut model, plastik, kuantitiBungkus: mengikut model, plastik, kuantiti mudahmudah Bekas: kotakBekas: kotak Stor utamaStor utama
    • 40APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: aksessori perabotBahan: aksessori perabot Tombol laci/pintu, kunci, drawer slide, toe kick,Tombol laci/pintu, kunci, drawer slide, toe kick, stopperstopper Spesifikasi: kegunaan, saiz, warna, modelSpesifikasi: kegunaan, saiz, warna, model Rosak: lusuh, karat, gagal berfungsiRosak: lusuh, karat, gagal berfungsi Bungkus: mengikut model, kuantiti mudahBungkus: mengikut model, kuantiti mudah Bekas: kotakBekas: kotak Stor utamaStor utama
    • 41APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: aksessori berasaskanBahan: aksessori berasaskan plastikplastik Screw caps, slides, adjuster, paddingScrew caps, slides, adjuster, padding Spesifikasi: saiz, warna, modelSpesifikasi: saiz, warna, model Bungkus: plastik, kuantiti mudahBungkus: plastik, kuantiti mudah Suhu: kurang dari suhu bilik (< 28°C)Suhu: kurang dari suhu bilik (< 28°C) Bekas: kotakBekas: kotak Stor utamaStor utama
    • 42APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: fabrik & kulitBahan: fabrik & kulit KainKain Bahan: kapas, polyester, wool etc.Bahan: kapas, polyester, wool etc. Mengikut bentuk tenunanMengikut bentuk tenunan Spesifikasi: bahan asas, warna, lebar,Spesifikasi: bahan asas, warna, lebar, ketahanan, modelketahanan, model Bungkus: gulung (roll), baring, kayu / kodiBungkus: gulung (roll), baring, kayu / kodi KulitKulit Stor: kering, suhu > 28°CStor: kering, suhu > 28°C
    • 43APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: pembungkusanBahan: pembungkusan Kotak, PU foam, plastik wrapper, strapKotak, PU foam, plastik wrapper, strap Assembly instruction sheet, write upAssembly instruction sheet, write up Kotak di pipihkan, ikatKotak di pipihkan, ikat Dibungkus, bahan tidak jadi lusuhDibungkus, bahan tidak jadi lusuh Stor: kering, suhu > 32°CStor: kering, suhu > 32°C
    • 44APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: keselamatan pekerjaBahan: keselamatan pekerja Dusk mask, ear plug, gloves, safety shoesDusk mask, ear plug, gloves, safety shoes Pakaian seragam, apronPakaian seragam, apron Dibungkus plastikDibungkus plastik diikat dalam kuantiti mudahdiikat dalam kuantiti mudah Stor utama, keringStor utama, kering
    • 45APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: alatan pengukuranBahan: alatan pengukuran Measuring tapes, veneer caliper, gauges,Measuring tapes, veneer caliper, gauges, moisture metermoisture meter Simpan keringSimpan kering Stor utamaStor utama
    • 46APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: toolsBahan: tools Alatan tangan: screw driver, pliers, spanner,Alatan tangan: screw driver, pliers, spanner, tukul besi, wrenchestukul besi, wrenches Simpan: kuantiti mudahSimpan: kuantiti mudah Stor utamaStor utama
    • 47APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: mesin toolingBahan: mesin tooling Knives blade, profile knives, circular saw, bandKnives blade, profile knives, circular saw, band saw, drill bits, router bitssaw, drill bits, router bits Disusun atas rak, kotak panelDisusun atas rak, kotak panel Mudah karatMudah karat Senggaraan: sapu minyakSenggaraan: sapu minyak Stor mesinStor mesin
    • 48APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bahan: senggaraanBahan: senggaraan Kunci: peti kunciKunci: peti kunci TanggaTangga Alatan elektrik: mentol, volt meter, wireAlatan elektrik: mentol, volt meter, wire Stor sengaraanStor sengaraan
    • 49APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Mesin kecilMesin kecil Jig saw, hand router, hand trimmer, drill,Jig saw, hand router, hand trimmer, drill, screw driver dll.: elektrik & air poweredscrew driver dll.: elektrik & air powered Diberi nombor rujukan unik bagi setiap satuDiberi nombor rujukan unik bagi setiap satu Nama pengguna dicatitkan mengikut tarikh &Nama pengguna dicatitkan mengikut tarikh & waktuwaktu Disimpan dalam setor alatDisimpan dalam setor alat Dipasang mata & diuji sebelum dan selepasDipasang mata & diuji sebelum dan selepas dikeluarkan dari setordikeluarkan dari setor
    • 50APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Peralatan semburanPeralatan semburan Kemasiapan: spray gun, hos, pump, tangki dll.Kemasiapan: spray gun, hos, pump, tangki dll. Perekatan: spray gun, hos dll.Perekatan: spray gun, hos dll. Dibersihkan selepas digunakanDibersihkan selepas digunakan Diberi nombor rujukan unikDiberi nombor rujukan unik Disimpan di setor semburanDisimpan di setor semburan Rekodkan nama penggunaRekodkan nama pengguna
    • 51APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Mesin tetapMesin tetap X-cut saw, rip saw, moulder, panel saw, router,X-cut saw, rip saw, moulder, panel saw, router, drill, sander, air compressor etc.drill, sander, air compressor etc. Bekalan elektrik betul & pendawaian selamatBekalan elektrik betul & pendawaian selamat Alat keselamatan & tooling terkawalAlat keselamatan & tooling terkawal Terlindung dari cuaca yang melampauTerlindung dari cuaca yang melampau Mesin diikat dilantai rata dengan kukuhMesin diikat dilantai rata dengan kukuh Diberi nombor rujukan unikDiberi nombor rujukan unik Ada jadual senggaraanAda jadual senggaraan Nama operator / senggaraNama operator / senggara
    • 52APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Peralatan kilangPeralatan kilang Dust extractor, silo, piping, spray booth,Dust extractor, silo, piping, spray booth, conveyor, hoist, work bench, perabot dll.conveyor, hoist, work bench, perabot dll. Ditempatkan / melalui kawasan yangDitempatkan / melalui kawasan yang selamat.selamat. Ditanda dengan kod warnaDitanda dengan kod warna Diperiksa / dibersihkan secara berjadualDiperiksa / dibersihkan secara berjadual
    • 53APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Kenderaan & handling equipmentKenderaan & handling equipment Pallet truck, forklift, roller conveyor, lori,Pallet truck, forklift, roller conveyor, lori, van, kereta dll.van, kereta dll. Disimpan ditempat yang dikhaskanDisimpan ditempat yang dikhaskan Disenggara mengikut jadualDisenggara mengikut jadual Operator yang dibenarkan sahajaOperator yang dibenarkan sahaja
    • 54APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Bangunan & kawasanBangunan & kawasan Bangunan, pondok, tempat letakBangunan, pondok, tempat letak kenderaan, pagar, parit, tangki kumbahan,kenderaan, pagar, parit, tangki kumbahan, taman, pintu, tingkap, tangga dll.taman, pintu, tingkap, tangga dll. Tiada yang tersumbat, kotor, tidak terjagaTiada yang tersumbat, kotor, tidak terjaga Tiada tempat pembiakanTiada tempat pembiakan Menugaskan anggota khusus untukMenugaskan anggota khusus untuk menjaga kawasan dan bangunanmenjaga kawasan dan bangunan Harta benda selamat & terkawalHarta benda selamat & terkawal
    • 55APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Concept - TPMTQM: Concept - TPM 5 S’s of Good Housekeeping5 S’s of Good Housekeeping  1) Seiri1) Seiri - disposal of unnecessary things- disposal of unnecessary things  2) Seiton2) Seiton - make sure that things are in the- make sure that things are in the current placecurrent place  3) Seiso3) Seiso - clean up, sweep & polish- clean up, sweep & polish  4) Seiketsu4) Seiketsu - keep things clean - repeat 1,2 & 3- keep things clean - repeat 1,2 & 3  5) Shitsuke5) Shitsuke - discipline- discipline
    • 56APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Concept - TPMTQM: Concept - TPM 5 C’s of Good Housekeeping5 C’s of Good Housekeeping 1)1) Clean outClean out - determine what is necessary &- determine what is necessary & unnecessary & dispose of the latterunnecessary & dispose of the latter 2)2) ConfigureConfigure - provide a convenient, safe & orderly- provide a convenient, safe & orderly place for everything & keep it thereplace for everything & keep it there 3)3) Clean & checkClean & check - monitor the condition of the area- monitor the condition of the area during cleaningduring cleaning 4)4) ConformityConformity - develop the habit of routinely- develop the habit of routinely maintaining cleanlinessmaintaining cleanliness 5)5) Custom & practiceCustom & practice - train people in the disciplines of- train people in the disciplines of the 5C’sthe 5C’s
    • 57APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing 5 S (Bahasa Malaysia)5 S (Bahasa Malaysia) SisihSisih SusunSusun SapuSapu Selia / SeragamSelia / Seragam Sentiasa amalSentiasa amal
    • 58APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Concept - TPMTQM: Concept - TPM Ciri organisasi TPMCiri organisasi TPM  Menyatukan bahagian senggaraan &Menyatukan bahagian senggaraan & pengeluaranpengeluaran  Pasukan kecil terdiri dari operator / penyenggaraPasukan kecil terdiri dari operator / penyenggara  Latihan menjadikan ‘operators feel like owners’Latihan menjadikan ‘operators feel like owners’  Tabiat baik membentuk:Tabiat baik membentuk: Pembersihan menjadi pemeriksaanPembersihan menjadi pemeriksaan Pembersihan menampakan kepincanganPembersihan menampakan kepincangan Kepincangan diperbaikiKepincangan diperbaiki Pembaikan berterusan untuk peralatan danPembaikan berterusan untuk peralatan dan suasanasuasana
    • 59APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Konsep - TPMTQM: Konsep - TPM Step 1 (what does the company require?) Step 2 (is everything in order?) Step 3 (clean up) Step 4 (keep clean) Step 5 (educate people about the rules)
    • 60APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Konsep - TPMTQM: Konsep - TPM Sasaran TPMSasaran TPM  Memaksimakan keberkesanan peralatanMemaksimakan keberkesanan peralatan  Membentuk sistem PM disepanjang hayatMembentuk sistem PM disepanjang hayat peralatan tersebutperalatan tersebut  Dilaksanakan di semua bahagianDilaksanakan di semua bahagian  Melibatkan semua pekerjaMelibatkan semua pekerja  Mempromosikan PM melalui pengurusanMempromosikan PM melalui pengurusan motivasi – aktiviti kumpulan kecilmotivasi – aktiviti kumpulan kecil
    • 61APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Konsep - TPMTQM: Konsep - TPM 5 aktiviti pembangunan TPM:5 aktiviti pembangunan TPM: 1)1) Menghapuskan 6 punca kerugian utamaMenghapuskan 6 punca kerugian utama (slide berikut) untuk memanjang hayat(slide berikut) untuk memanjang hayat peralatan.peralatan. 2)2) Program senggaraan yang bebasProgram senggaraan yang bebas 3)3) Program senggaraan terancangProgram senggaraan terancang 4)4) Meningkatkan kemahiran anggota operasi &Meningkatkan kemahiran anggota operasi & senggaraansenggaraan 5)5) Program pengurusan peralatan asasProgram pengurusan peralatan asas
    • 62APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing TQM: Konsep - TPMTQM: Konsep - TPM Fokus TPM keatas 6 punca utamaFokus TPM keatas 6 punca utama kerugian peralatankerugian peralatan 1) Peralatan tidak berfungsi1) Peralatan tidak berfungsi 2) Set-up & adjustment time2) Set-up & adjustment time 3) idling & minor stoppages3) idling & minor stoppages 4) Mengurankan kelajuan4) Mengurankan kelajuan 5) Kecacatan proses5) Kecacatan proses 6) Mengurangkan hasil perolehan6) Mengurangkan hasil perolehan Kumpulan kecil yang bebas fokus kepadaKumpulan kecil yang bebas fokus kepada 6 punca utama kerugian6 punca utama kerugian
    • 63APO TES Bangladesh Furniture Manufacturing Kita tangguhkan dulu.Kita tangguhkan dulu.