Fire and Fire Prevention


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The presentation on Fire and Fire Prevention covers topics like Actions required to be activated on sensing fire and remedial steps to be taken immediately after the fire. Pre-cautionary and Preventive measures to control and prevent fire accidents are also discussed. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division has created the presentation.

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Fire and Fire Prevention

  1. 1. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-6 Fire and Fire Prevention We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  2. 2. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Fire • Here substances combine chemically with oxygen from the air giving out bright light, heat and smoke • They are capable of harming men, machinery, material, property and environment mercilessly • A naked fire is fire in lighting, live fire like burning charcoal, lighted paper etc which are generally the root cause for the origin and spread of many fires We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  3. 3. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Groups of fire Fire can be divided into two groups: • Wanted fire • Unwanted fire We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  4. 4. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Actions required to be activated on sensing fire • • • • • • • • Cry out loudly to draw attention of the people for fire prevention Move along to a switch off the power Choose the right type of extinguisher and attack the fire Call for in-house fire station Rescue the injured and rush them to the nearest hospital Resuscitate the fire-affected person/s who fell unconscious Apply artificial respiration or other necessary first aid methods to save the life of the affected persons Call up and intimate the police and also the inspector of factories We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  5. 5. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Steps to be taken immediately after the fire • • • • • Intimate immediately to the Judicial or Sub-Divisional Magistrate in case of any casualties Call up and intimate the insurance company with whom subjects like assets, machinery and equipment and people are insured Intimate the family members of the fire affected person/s immediately Also intimate banks in case of loss to the mortgaged/hypothecated goods/machinery/property Obtain FAC for claiming insurance We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  6. 6. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Pre-cautionary measures to prevent and control fire accidents • Display charts have to placed showing the type of fire and kind of extinguisher to be used at all conspicuous locations in the plant or at the work place • Posters with slogans, signs, indicators etc need to be displayed at all conspicuous locations, to create better awareness among the people • People working in different departments, along with security personnel need to be trained in fire fighting at periodic intervals • Smoke detectors and fire alarms need to be installed at every sensitive area of the plant • Life validity of the extinguishers and re-filling etc precautionary measures need to be inspected at periodic schedules We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  7. 7. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Preventive measures to prevent fire accidents • • • • Utmost care should be taken while handling and storing flammable liquids and liquefied gases Easily combustible materials like curtains, gunny bags etc, shall be kept at a safe distance from all types of naked fires Coal and oil items should be stored in properly constructed bins of incombustible material Workmen’s clothing etc that are contaminated with oil and grease lubricants shall be kept in separate rooms in well ventilated metal cupboards Cont… We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  8. 8. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division • • • • • Regular cleanliness, good house-keeping and immediate disposal of rubbish, etc. should be undertaken as an indirect fire prevention measure “Closing time-check” of the place of operation by the people working therein would help fire prevention It is further recommended to identify and designate “Smoking zone” and “No smoking zone” in the industrial plant Fire prevention is largely a practice of care, discipline and habits, which should automatically suggest themselves to everyone Great care should be exercised in the use of and also installation of electrical wiring and fittings Cont… We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  9. 9. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division • Special care should be taken that customers, guests and also casual visitors do not attempt to smoke in the prohibited areas • While handling and using LPG gas cylinder, careful storing and handling should be ensured by keeping cylinders in upright position • Fire shall be lighted by matchstick only to the purpose • Care should be taken so that appliances like stove and lamps etc, use only the right fuel for which the appliance is designed • Cooking houses shall be provided only in rooms with roofs and walls of incombustible materials We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
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