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The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
The Study Book
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The Study Book

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  • 1. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege THINK BEFORE YOU TALK Think well before you speak because yourwords may plant the seed of either success orfailure in the mind of some other person. - Napoleon Hill - THE STUDY BOOK SUMMER NOVICE CAMP Wat Pasantidhamma 14289 Chapmans Lane W A T PA S A N T I D H A M M A Carrollton, VA 23314 www.watpa.iirt.net, www.bdlus.com AUGUST 7-14, 2011 E-mail : santidhamma_9@hotmail.com Novice Summer Camp 2011 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 2. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege PART ONE-CHANTINGPraise for the Triple Gem 3The heart of Buddhism 7The blessing word 10Verses of Excellent Blessing 11Chanting before meal 12The ten precepts 14 PART TWO-SELF-TRAININGMeditation 17 PART ONEBuddhist Holy Day 20 CHANTINGMagha Puja Day 20Visakha Puja Day 21Asalha Puja Day 23Buddhist Poem 25Dhamma Study 30 PART THREE-LEARNING BE A MAN OF VALUEThe schedule of program 33 Try not to become a man of success,Daily Schedule 35 but rather try to become a man of value.The first novice in Buddhism 36 Albert EinsteinNote 40-48The duties 49-50 Novice Summer Camp 2011 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 3. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Supatipanno bhagawato sāwaka-sangkho, The Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples has practiced well. Sanghang namāmi. I pay respect to the Sangha. (BOW DOWN) Handa mayang buddhassa bhagawato PRAISE FOR THE TRIPLE GEM pubba-bhāga-namakārang karoma sē: Now let us chant the preliminary passageArahang sammā-sambuddho bhagawā, in homage to the Awakened One, the Blessed The Blessed One is Worthy One: and Rightly Self-awakened. (ALL)Buddhang bhagawantang abhiwādemi, Namo tassa bhagawato arahato sammā- I bow down before the Awakened, Blessed sambuddhassaOne. (Three times) (BOW DOWN) Homage to the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Rightly Self awakened One.Svākkhāto Bhagawatā dhammo, The Dhamma is well-expounded by theBlessed One. THE TOP-OF-THE-Dhammang namassāmi, BANNER-STAFF PROTECTION I pay homage to the Dhamma. (BOW DOWN) Itipi so bhagavā arahang sammā- sambuddho, Novice Summer Camp 2011 3 4 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 4. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege He is a Blessed One, a Worthy One, The Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples a Rightly Self-Awakened One, Who have practiced straightforwardly,Vijjā-carana-sampanno sugato lokavidū, ñāya-patipanno bhagavato sāvaka- Consummate in knowledge and conduct, sangho,one who has gone the good way, knower of the The Sangha of the Blessed One’scosmos, disciples who have practiced methodically,Anuttaro purisa-damma-sārathi satthā Sāmīci-patipanno bhagavato sāvaka-devmanussanang buddho bhagavāti. sangho, Unexcelled trainer of those who The Sangha of the Blessed One’s can be taught, teacher of human and disciples who have practiced masterfully, divine beings; awakened; blessed. Yadidang cattāri purisa-yugāni atthaSvākkhāto bhagavatā dhāmmo, purisa-puggalā: The Dhamma is well-expounded i.e., the four pairs – by the Blessed One. the eight types – of Noble Ones:Sanditthiko akāliko ehipassiko, Esa bhagavato sāvaka-sangho – To be seen here and now, timeless, That is the Sangha of the inviting all to come and see, Blessed One’s disciples –Opanayiko paccattang veditabbo Āhuneyyo pāhuneyyo dakkhineyyoviññūhīti. anjalī-karanīyo, Leading inward, to be seen by Worthy of gifts, worthy of hospitality, the wise for themselves. worthy of offerings, worthy of respect,Supatipanno bhagavato savāka-sangho, Anuttarang punnakkhettang lokassāti. The Sangha of the Blessed One’s The incomparable field disciples who have practiced well, of merit for the world.Ūju-patipanno bhagavato sāvaka-sangho, Novice Summer Camp 2011 5 6 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 5. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Pātimokkhē ca sangvaro OVĀDA-PĀTIMOKKHA GĀTHĀ restraint in line with the monastic code, Mattanyutā ca bhattasmingSabba-pāpassa akaranang, Moderation in food, Never doing of all evil, Pantañca sayanāsanang.Kusalassūpasampadā, dwelling in seclusion, In virtue always fulfilled. Adhicittē ca āyogo:Sacitta-pariyodapanang: Devotion to the heightened mind Purifying one’s own heart Ētang buddhāna-sāsanantiEtang buddhāna-sāsanang. These are the Teacing of all Buddhas These are the teaching of all Buddhas.Khanti paramang tapo titikkhā THE SUBLIME ATTITUDES Patience is the suppreme incinerator of the highest austerity. Ahang AWēro homi .Nibbānang paramang vadanti buddhā, May I be free from anmity All Awakened one say Ahang Abyāpajjo homi. nibhana is surpreme May I be free from ill-treatment.Na hi pabbajito parūpaghāti Ahang Anīko homi. Those who harm others May I be free from trouble. are not yet calm Ahang Niddukkho homi.Samano hoti parang vihēthayanto May I be free from suffering. Those who oppress Ahang Sukhī attānang pariharāmi. others are not yet calm. May I protect my own happiness.Anupavādo anupaghāto Ahang sukhito homi. Not reviling, not injuring, May I be happy. Novice Summer Camp 2011 7 8 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 6. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilegeSabbē sattā awērā hontu. May all beings be free from anmity. ANUMODANĀ GĀTHĀSabbē sattā abyapajjā hontu. (The blessing word) May all beings be free from ill-treatment.Sabbē sattā anīgā hontu. Yathā vārivahā pūrā paripūrenti May all living beings be free from trouble. sāgarang,Sabbē sattā sabba-dukkhā pamuccāntu. Just as the rivers full of water May all beings be free from suffering. fill the ocean full,Sabbē sattā sukhī attānang pariharantu. Evameva ito dinnang petānang upakap- May all beings protect pati. their own happiness. Even so does that here givenSabbē sattā sukhitā hontu. benefit the dead. May all beings be happy. Icchitang patthitang tumhang khippa- meva samijjhatu, Whatever by you wisthed or wanted may it quickly be, Sabbe pūrentu sankappā cando pan- naraso yathā, May all your wisthed be fulfilled as the moon upon the fifteenth day, Manijoti raso yathā. Or as the wish-fulfilling gem. Sabbītiyo vivajjantu sabbarogo vinas- satu, Novice Summer Camp 2011 9 10 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 7. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege May all distress be averted, bhavantute,Mā te bhavatvantarāyo sukhī dīghāyuko By the power of all the Buddhas, ever inbhava. safety may you be. May all diseases be destroyed, Bhavatu sabbamangalang rakkhantu may no dangers be for you, sabbadevatā, May you be happy, living long. May there be for you all blessings,Abhivādanasīlissa niccang may all the devines protect you well,vuddhāpacāyino, Sabba dhammānubhāvena sadā sotthī He of respectful nature who ever bhavantute, the elders honouring, By the power of all the Dhammas,Cattāro dhammā vaddhanti āyu vanno ever in safety may you be.sukhang balang. Bhavatu sabbamangalang rakkhantu Four qualities for him increase: sabbadevatā, long life and beauty, happiness and May there be for you all blessings, strength. may all the devines protect you well, ********** Sabba sanghānubhāvena sadā sotthī bhavantute, SUMANGALAGĀTHĀ By the power of all the Sangas, (Verses of Excellent Blessing) ever in safety may you be. *******Bhavatu sabbamangalang rakkhantu REFLECION AT THE MOMENT OF US-sabbadevatā, ING THE REQUISITES May there be for you all blessings, (CHANTING BEFORE MEAL) may all the devines protect you well, Patisankhā yo niso pindapātangSabba buddhānubhāvena sadā sotthī patisēwāmi, Novice Summer Camp 2011 11 12 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 8. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege wisely reflecting, I use alms food,Nēwa dawāya na madāya na mandanāya THE TEN PRECEPTSna Wibhūsanāya, Not playfully, nor for intoxication, nor for 1.Pānātipātā veramanī. putting on weight, nor for beautification, 2.Adinnādānā veramanī.Yāwadēwa imassa kāyassa thitiyā 3.Abrahmacariyā veramanī.yāpanāya 4.Musāvādā veramanī. But simply for the survival 5.Surāmerayamajjapamādatthānā and continuance of this body, veramanī.Wihingsuparatiyā brahma- 6.Vikālabhojanā veramanī.cariyānukkahāya, 7.Naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā For ending its afflictions, veramanī. for the support of the holy life, 8.Mālāgandhavilepanadhā ,Iti purānañca wēdanang patihankhāmi ranamandanavibhūsa natthānānawañca Wēdanang na uppādēssāmi, veramanī. Thinking thus, I destroy all feelings of 9.Uccāsayanamahāsayanā veramanī. hunger And not create new feelings from 10.Jātarūparajatapatiggahanā veramanī. overeating. 1.Refraining from killing living creatures.Yātrā ca mē bhawissati anawajjatā ca 2.Refraining from taking what is not giv-phāsu-wihāro cāti. en. So that I may continue to live Blamelessly 3.Refraining from unchaste conduct. and at ease. 4.Refraining from speaking falsely. 5.Refraining from distilled and fermented ************** intoxicants which are the occasion for careless- ness. Novice Summer Camp 2011 13 14 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 9. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege 6.Refraining from eating at the wrongtime. 7.Refraining from dancing, singing, musicand going to see entertaiments. 8.Refraining from wearing garlands,adorning with perfumes and beautifying withcosmetics. 9.Refraining from lying on a high or largesleeping-place. 10.Refraining from accepting gold andsilver (money). *********** PART TWO SELF-TRAINING LEARN HOW TO SMILE If you can smile at life, life will always smile at you. Will Durant Novice Summer Camp 2011 15 16 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 10. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege iii. Have the children close their eyes iv. Practise deep breathing for a few momentsMeditation a. Breathe in to a count of three, hold the breath and breathe out to a count of three; b. As you breathe, you breathe in fresh energy, love, joy and peace. They are entering and spreading throughout your body;How to do it ? c. As you breathe out, imagine any negative feelings — sadness, boredom, anger or tiredness — coming out through your noseThe meditations for children and leaving your body and disappearinginclude five steps: 3. Concentration of the Mind 1. Relaxing the body This step is focusing the mind at one point. 2. Deep breathing i. Visualise a point on your upper lip and concentrate at that 3. Concentration of the point. Draw all the energy and attention into that point while stayingmind very relaxed. Let any stray thoughts or memories pass through, always 4. Expansion of the mind gently drawing the attention back to the point. 5. Productive activity 4. Expansion of the Mind1. Relaxing the Body Once the children’s bodies, emotions and minds are quiet, they Some stretching or yoga exercises will be recommended. After are ready for the fourth step: true meditation – turning inside for theirthe yoga exercises, have the children tense and relax each body part, own answers and wisdom. Guide the children to expand their imagi-starting with the toes and ending with the top of the head. Or you can do nation and awareness through guided imagery. By using guided imag-the waterfall relaxation meditation with the children. ery, the children will learn to see themselves on a movie screen in their minds as a caring, loving, patient etc. person.2. Deep Breathing This will aid them to perform better as a human being as their i. Gather the children to sit cross legged on the cushions, left thoughts are slowly being transformed into wholesome and positivepalm over the right palm ones. ii. Keep the back straight and also relaxed as that will allow anatural flow of energy up and down the spine 5. Productive activity Novice Summer Camp 2011 17 18 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 11. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege i. Slowly bring your attention backto your body. Feel all your body parts.Slowly wriggle your fingers and toes. Ro- Buddhist Holy Daytate your head.When you are ready, slowlyopen your eyes. It is now time for the fifth step: Magha Puja Daygrounding the newfound energy, wisdom, Fourfold Assemblyinsights and heightened awareness into There are many im-some useful and productive activity. Direct portant Buddhist Holy Days.the children to channel this newly focused These days fall on the fullenergy and creativity into dance, art, story writing, music, sharing, class moon day and 8th day of thediscussions, creative communication, awareness games or academic waxing and waning moon.work. They are Visakha Puja Day, Asalha Puja Day, and MaghaThe children learn to relax before meditation. Puja Day. In this lesson, we A beautiful waterfall of white light is flowing down on you. Itflows down on your head, helping your head to relax. You feel your are studying about one ofhead relaxing. It moves down over your neck and shoulders. Your neck these days. It is Magha Pujaand shoulders are relaxing.Now it flows down over your arms. You feel Day.your arms relaxing. It flows down your back. Your back is letting go and Magha Puja Day takesrelaxing. It flows over your chest and stomach, helping your chest and place on the full moon day of the third lunar month(full moon day ofstomach relax. You feel your chest and stomach relax. It moves down March). This Holy Day is observed to commemorate two importantover your legs and feet. You feel your legs and feet letting go and relax- events in the life of the Buddha. The first important event occurred earlying. The beautiful waterfall of white light is flowing over your whole in the Buddhas missionary life.body. You are very peaceful and relaxed. After the first Rains Retreat at Deer Park(near the city of Benares in India), the Buddha went to Rajagaha city, 1250 Arahants(Enlightened Saints), the Buddhas Disciples, without prior appointment, returned from their mission to pay respect to the Buddha. They assembled in Novice Summer Camp 2011 19 20 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 12. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilegethe Veruvana Monastery(Temple). Two chief disciples of the Buddha, and her friends about the meaning of Visakha Puja Day.Sariputta and Moggallana, were also there. This assembly is called the The following is a conversation between Thapanee and herFourfold Assembly because it consisted of four factors, namely; teacher. 1. All 1250 monks were Arahants. Thapanee : What is the meaning of Visakha Puja, Sir? 2. All of them had been ordained by the Buddha himself. Teacher : It means paying homage to the Buddha on the full moon day 3. They assembled by themselves without any prior call. of Visakha month, the sixth lunar moonth. 4. It was the full moon day of Magha month. Thapanee ; Why do we do this Puja, sir? Teacher ; We do this puja to commemorate the birth of the Buddha, hisFundamental Principles of Buddhism enlightenment, and his passing away on the full moon day of this month. The Buddha took this opportunity to proclaim the fundamental This is why we call this day "Visakha Puja Day."principles of the Buddhist teachings, as follows: Thapanee : Please give some details, sir. Sabbapapassa Akaranam : Not to do any bad action. Teacher : It commemorates the three events of the Buddhas own kusalassupasampada : To do good deeds. life: Sacitta Pariyodapanam : To purify the mind. 1. The Buddha was born on the full moon day of the sixth lunarThis is known as Ovada Patimokkha, the fundamental principles of Bud- month in the beautiful garden of Lumbini, on the border of Kapilavastudhism. If people the world over follow these principles of Buddhism, city and Devadaha city, near the present Indo-Nepalese border.human beings will have peaceful and happy lives indeed. This is the first 2. The Buddha realized Enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree onevent that happened in the first part of the Buddhas mission. the full moon day of the sixth lunar month thirty-five years after his ******** birth. 3. The Buddha passed away on the full moon day of the sixth Visakha Puja Day lunar month under the Sala trees in the forest near Kusinara city, forty- Today is Sunday. Thapa- five years after realizing enlightenment, at the age of eighty. These three nee did not go to her regular events happened on the same day. This day is known as the day of coin- school. She came to the Bud- cidence of Birth, Enlightenment, and Death of the Buddha. dhist Sunday School to study ******** Thai and Buddhism. In this pe- riod her instructor will teach her Novice Summer Camp 2011 21 22 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 13. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Teacher ; Yes, Kondanna, the senior ascetic, attained insight into Asalha Puja Day the truth of life(the Sotapanna level of mind purity), entering the stream In this lesson we will study about of assured enlightenment. Asalha Puja Day, which is an im- Paulene : What is the name of the first sermon of the Buddha sir portant day for Buddhist people. ? And what happened on this day last Teacher : The first sermon of the Buddha is known as Dhmma- 2575 years ago during the lifetime cakkappavattana Sutta or turning the wheel of the Dhamma Discourse. of Lord Buddha. We will study a Paulene : Thank you sir. And what are the principles of the first conversation between Paulene and sermon ? her teacher in Wat Dhammaram Teacher : The principles of the first sermon are as follows : Sunday School, the Thai Buddhist 1. Dissatisfaction, Temple of Chicago. 2. Cause of Disssatisfaction, Paulene : What does Asalha Puja mean Sir ? 3. Extinction of Dissatisfaction, Teacher : Asalha Puja means to pay homage to the Buddha on 4. The way which leads to an extinction of Dissatisfac-the full moon day of the 8th lunar month(approximately July). It is one tion.fo the Buddhist Holy Days. In simple terms, the first sermon concerns itself with the prob- Paulene : Where and when is Asalha Puja Day observed Sir? lem of life, the causes of the problem, problem solving, and the problem Teacher : Asalha Puja Day is observed in many Buddhist solving method.countries in the world since it was first observed in Thailand in 2501B.E.(1958). Paulene : What event concerning Buddhism occurred on the fullmoon day of the 8th lunar month Sir? Teacher : Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon to the five as-cetics, namely: Kondanna, Vappa, Bhaddiya, Mahanama, and Assaji2575 years ago at Deer Park(Sarnath) near Benares city, in India. Paulene : Can you tell me sir? What happened after the first ser-mon of the Buddha? Novice Summer Camp 2011 23 24 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 14. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege 2. Anger is conquered by love Buddhist Poem Hatreds never cease through hatred in this world; through love alone they cease. This is an eternal law. The bitter feud through various existences (Kala Yakkhini) Once there lived a householder, whose wife was barren. Being1.Evil begets evil unable to bear a child and afraid that she would be mistreated by her Mind is the forerunner of (all evil) states. Mind is chief; mind- husband and her mother-in-law, she herself selected and arraged for hermade are they. If one speaks or acts with wicked mind, because of that, husband to marry another woman. But on two occasions, as soon as shesuffering follows one, even as the wheel follows the hoof of the draught- knew the second wife was pregnant, the barren wife gave her food mixedox. with drugs causing her to have miscarriages. On her third pregnancy, the fruitful wife kept it to herself without informing the barren wife. ButAn Arahant who had lost his eyesight(Cakkhupala) when the latter came to know about it, she again caused an abortion. One day, Venerable Cakkhupala who was blind came to pay Eventually the second wife died in childbirth. Before her death, the un-homage to the Buddha at the Jetavana monastery. While he was pacing fortunate woman was filled with hatred and vowed vengeance on theup and down in meditation, he accidentally stepped on some insects. In barren wife and her future offspring. Thus he feud started.the morning, some bhikkhus visiting him found the dead insects. They Among their later existences the two were reborn as a hen andthought ill of him and reported the matter to the Buddha. When ques- a cat; a doe and a leopardess; and finally as the daughter of a noblemantioned by the Buddha whether they had seen Cakkhupala killing the in Savatthi and an ogress. One day the demon(Kala Yakkhini) was ininsects, they answered in the negative. The Buddha then admonished hot pursuit of the noblemans daughter and her baby. When the ladythem, Just as you had not seen him killing, so also he had not seen those heard that the Buddha was giving a religious discourse at the Jetavanliving insects. Besides, being an Arahant he had no intention of killing, monastery, she fled to him and placed her son at his feet for protection.and was not guilty of committing an unwholesome act. On being asked The demon was thus prevented from entering the monastery. She waswhy Cakkhupala was blind, the Buddha revealed the following story to later called in and both the lady and the ogress were admonished by theexplain the nature of kammic effects. Buddha. The Buddha told them about their past feud as rival wives and Cakkhupala had been a physician in one of his past existences. how they had been harbouring hatred towards each other and killingOnce, he had deliberately made a woman patient blind. That woman had each ohers offspring through their various lives. They were made to seepromised to become his servant together with her children if her eyes that hatred could only cause more hatred, and that it could only ceasewere completely cured. Fearing that she and her children would have to through friendship, understanding and goodwill. Both realised their mis-become servants, she lied to the physician. She told him that her eyes takes, and on the admonition of the Buddha, made their peace with eachwere getting worse when, in fact, they were perfectly cured. The physi- other.cian knew she was deceiving him, so in revenge, he gave her another The Buddha then requested the woman to hand over her son toointment which made her totally blind. As a result of this evil deed the the ogress. Fearing for the safety of her son, she hesitated, but becausephysician lost his eyesight many times in his later existences. of her devotion and confidence in the Enlightened One she handed overThe Buddha then commented that an evil deed committed will follow her son as directed.the evildoer just like a wheel follows the hoof of the ox that bears the The child was warmly received by the ogress. After kissing andyoke. caressing the child tenderly like her very own son, the ogress handed Novice Summer Camp 2011 25 26 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 15. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilegeover the child back to his mother. As a result of this episode, there was 4. The wise control themselvesmuch good will on both sides. Irrigators lead the waters, fletchers bend the shafts; carpenters bend the wood; the wise control themselves.3. Cultivate good friendship A young samaneras achievement(Pandita) Associate not with evil friends, associate not with mean men; Pandita was a son of a well-known man of Savatthi. He became associate with good friends, associate with noble men. a samanera when he was very young. On the eighth day after becoming a samanera as he was following Venerable Sariputta on an almsround, heThe stubbornness of Venerable Channa saw some farmers channelling water into their fields and asked Sariputta, Channa was the attendant who had accompanied Prince Sid- Venerable Sir, can water which has no mind be guided to wherever onedhattha when he renounced the world. When the prince attained Bud- wishes? Yes, it can be guided to wherever one wishes, replied Sariputtadhahood, Channa also became a bhikkhu. Although he was a bhikkhu, as they continued on their way. The samanera next saw those who makehe was very stubborn and arrogant because he was proud of his close arrows heating their arrows with fire and straightening them. Furtherconnection with the Buddha. Channa used to say, I accompanied my on, he came across some carpenters cutting, sawing and plaining tim-Master when he left the palace for the forest. At that time, I was the only ber to make things like cart-wheels. Then he pondered, If water whichcompanion of my Master and there was no one else. But now, Sariputta is without mind can be guided to wherever one desires, if a crookedand Moggallana (brahmins by birth) say they are the chief Disciples and bamboo which is without mind can be straightened, and if timber whichthey hold the authority to control us. is without mind can be made into useful things, why should I, having When the Buddha admonished him for his behaviour, he kept consciousness, be unable to tame my mind and practise Tranquillity andsilent but continued to abuse and taunt the two Chief Disciples. The Insight Meditation?Buddha admonished him several times to change his attitude: Channa, There and then he asked permission from Sariputta and returnedthese two noble bhikkhus are good friends to you; you should associate to his own room in the monastery. There he ardently and diligently prac-with them and be on good terms with them. tised meditation, contemplating on the body. The devas also helped him In spite of repeated advice given by the Buddha, Channa did as in his meditation by keeping the monastery and its surroundings veryhe pleased and continued to scold and abuse the two Chief Disciples. quiet and still. Soon after Pandita attianed Anagami(the third stage ofThe Buddha said that Channa would not improve his ways immediately Sainthood).but would surely change after the parinibbana of the Mater. On the eve At that time Sariputta was going towards the place where the sa-of his passing away, the Buddha called Ananda to his bedside and in- manera was. The Buddha saw with his supernormal power that Panditastructed him to discipline Channa by imposing the Brahmadanda on had attained Anagami and also that if he continued to practise medita-Channa, i.e. for the bhikkhus to simply ignore him and not to invite him tion he would soon attain Arahanthood. So the Buddha decided to pre-for anything. vent Sariputta from entering the samaneras room. The Buddha went to After the Parinibbana of the Buddha, Channa, learning about the the door and kept Sariputta engaged by putting some questions to him.restrictions imposed on him, felt a deep and bitter remorse for having While the conversation was taking place, Pandita attined Arahanthooddone wrong. He admitted his mistake and apologised to the Sangha. on the eighth day after becoming a novice.From that moment, he changed his ways and also obeyed all their in- In this connection, the Buddha said, When one is earnestly prac-structions in his meditation practice and soon attained Arahanthood. tising the Dhamma, even devas give protection and keep guard; I myself have kept Sariputta engaged at the door so that Pandita could attain Ara- Novice Summer Camp 2011 27 28 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 16. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilegehanthood. Dhamma Study5.Be rather a victor of yourself Self-conquesst is, indeed, far greater than the conquest of all oth-er folk; neither a god nor a gandhabba, nor Mara, nor Brahma, can winback the victory of such a person who is self-subdued and ever lives inrestraint.Gain and loss in gambling 1. Rare persons On one occasion, a brahmin told the Budha, Venerable Sir, Ithink you know only the practices that are beneficial and not the prac- 1.1. Pubbakari : one who is first to do a favour; previoustices that are unbeneficial. The Buddha replied that he also knew the benefactorpractices which were unbeneficial and harmful. Then the Buddha enu-merated six practices which cause dissipation of wealth. They are(1) 1.2. Katannukatavedi : one who is grateful and repays theSleeping until the sun has arisen, (2)habitual idleness, (3) cruelty, (4)indulgence in intoxicants which cause drunkenness and negligence, (5) done favour ; grateful personwandering alone in streets at suspicious hours, and (6) sexual miscon-duct. Further, the Buddha asked the brahmin how he earned his living, 2.The three Admonitions or Exhortations of the Buddhaand the brahmin replied that he earned his living by playing dice, i.e.by gambling. Next, the Buddha asked him whether he had won or lost. 2.1.Not to do any evilWhen the brahmin answered that he sometimes lost and sometimes won, 2.2. To do good ; to cultivate goodthe Buddha said to him, To win in a game of dice is nothing comparedto a victory over moral defilements. 2.3. To purify the mind 3. Path of accomplishment, basis for success 3.1. Will; aspiration 3.2. Energy; effort; exertion 3.3. Thoughtfulness; active thought 3.4. Investigation; examination; reasoing; testing Novice Summer Camp 2011 29 30 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 17. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege4. In five ways a child should minister to his parents 4.1. Having been supported by them I will support them inmy turn. 4.2. I will do their work for them. 4.3. I will keep up the honour and the traditions of myfamily. 4.4. I will make myself worthy of my heritage. 4.5. I will make offerings, dedicating merit to them aftertheir death.5. Cause of ruin; sources for the destruction of the amassed PART THREEwealth LEARNING 5.1. Addiction to intoxicants 5.2. Roaming the streets at unseemly hours 5.3. Frequenting shows 5.4. Indulgence in gambling 5.5. Association with bad companions NAME NEVER DIES 5.6. Habit of idleness Mans body turns to dust, but his name or influence persists. Buddha Novice Summer Camp 2011 31 32 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 18. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege The Schedule of Novice Summer Camp August 7-14, 2011, Wat Pasantidhamma Time/Subject Day 8.30-10.00 a.m. 1.30-2.30 p.m. 2.40-3.40 p.m. 4.00-5.00 p.m. 6.00-7.00 p.m. 7.30-9.00 p.m. Holy Day Buddhist Poem The Dhamma Cleaning/Rest Chanting MoviesAugust 7, 11 Ordination Ceremony Rest Chanting 7 years in TibetAugust 8, 11 How to behave Mind is chief Rare persons Cleaning Chanting The Buddha CartoonAugust 9, 11 10 precepts Anger is conquered Buddhd-ovada Cleaning Chanting A little BuddhaAugust 10, 11 Maghapuja Good Friend Basis for success Cleaning Chanting The Buddha PBSAugust 11, 11 Visakhapuja The wise control Duty of children Cleaning Chanting Yoga, Great workAugust 12, 11 Asalhapuja Be rather a victor Cause of ruin Cleaning Chanting Follow the foot stepAugust 13, 11 Test Test Test Cleaning Chanting KundunAugust 14, 11 Mothers Day Activities Activities Disrobe Ceremony Back to Home INSTRUCTORS Phramaha Udom Pabhangkaro Phra Montree Kuttadhammo Phramaha Suntorn Suntaravadhi Phramaha Piya Uttamapanyo Phra Winyoo SirayanoRemark.....The schedule may change, depend on the situations. Novice Summer Camp 2011 33 34 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 19. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege THE FIRST NOVICE IN BUDDHISM Rahula -— The Son of the Enlightened Daily Schedule One Just before Prince Siddhartha re- nounced the world, his wife Yasodhara gave birth to a son. According to legend, 5.30 a.m. Wake up call when the birth was announced to the 6.00 a.m. Morning chanting and prince, he said, "A fetter (rahula) has been born, a bondage has been born," and this is sitting meditation how the boy got his name. It is more like- 7.30 a.m. Breakfast ly that he was named after a lunar eclipse (rahu) that might have occurred around the time of his birth. Either way, 8.30 a.m. Meditation, chanting, learning the birth of this child only served to make Prince Siddharthas desire to 10.30 a.m. Group-Chanting escape from what had become for him a golden cage, even more diffi- cult. On the evening he had finally decided to leave, the Buddha peered 11.00 a.m. Luch time into the royal bedchamber to take one last look at his sleeping wife and 12.00 a.m. Break time child, but the mothers arm obscured the childs face. Seven years after he left, the Buddha returned to Kapilavatthu. 1.30 p.m. Dhamma studies Yasodhara took the little Rahula to listen to the Buddhas preaching. 4.00-5.00 p.m Cleaning, raking, watering, exercise When they arrived, she said to him: "This is your father, Rahula. Go and ask him for your inheritance." The child walked through the assembly 5.00-6.00 p.m. Relax, take a shower and stood before the Buddha, saying, "How pleasant is your shadow, O 6.00-7.00 p.m. Evening chanting, meditation Monk." When the talk had finished and the Buddha left, Rahula followed 7.00 p.m. Break time him, and as they walked along Rahula said: "Give me my inheritance, O Monk." Of course the Buddha no longer had gold or property but he 7.15-9.00 p.m. Dhamma movies had something far more precious - the Dharma, so he turned to Sariputta 9.00 p.m. Repeat homework and said: "Sariputta, ordain him."[ N1 ] Later, the Buddhas father, Sud- dhodana, and Yasodhara complained that the boy had been taken away 9.45 p.m. Bed time Novice Summer Camp 2011 35 36 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 20. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilegewithout their permission, as a result of which the Buddha made it a rule see this pot now empty and void?"that parental consent was necessary before someone could be ordained. "Yes, sir."[ N2 ] "Even so, Rahula, empty and void is the training of those who As if to make up for the seven years he was without a father, the have no shame at intentional lying."Buddha took great interest in Rahulas moral and spiritual education, The Buddha then impressed upon his son the importance ofteaching him many times himself, and making Sariputta his preceptor speaking the truth.and Moggallana his teacher. Rahula responded to this excellent tutelage "Rahula, for anyone who has no shame at intentional lying, thereby being an eager and attentive student and it is said that each morning is no evil that that person cannot do. Therefore, you should train yourselfas he awoke, he would take a handful of sand and say: "May I have to- like this: I will not tell a lie, not even in jest."day, as many words of counsel from my teacher as there are here grains Having explained what has to be done, the Buddha went on toof sand." As a result of this enthusiasm, the Buddha said of his son that explain to Rahula how it could be done.of all his disciples, he was the most anxious for training. When Rahula "What do you think about this, Rahula? What is the purpose of awas still a boy, the Buddha discussed with him aspects of Dharma that mirror?"were suitable for the young and in such a way as he could understand "The purpose of a mirror is to look at yourself."and remember. "Even so, Rahula, one should act with body, speech or mind Once, he got a pot of water and calling Rahula to his side said to only after first looking at oneself. Beforehim: acting with body, speech or mind, one "Rahula, do you see the small amount of water in this pot?" should think: What I am about to do, will "Yes, sir." it harm me or others? If you can answer: "Even so, little is the training of those who have no shame at Yes, it will, then you should not act. Butintentional lying." if you can answer: No, it will not, then The Buddha then threw the water away and said: "Do you see you should act. You should reflect in thethis small amount of water that I have thrown away?" same way while acting and after having "Yes, sir." acted. Therefore, Rahula, you should train "Even so, Rahula, thrown away is the training of those who have yourself thinking: We will act only afterno shame at intentional lying." repeatedly looking at ourselves, only after The Buddha then turned the pot over and said: "Do you see this reflecting on ourselves."[ N3 ]pot that has been turned over?" Rahula was trained in the Ten Precepts "Yes, sir." and monastic discipline and when he was eighteen, the Buddha decided "Even so, turned over is the training of those who have no shame that he was ready for meditation and then gave him advice on how toat intentional lying." practise. The Buddha then turned the pot upright again and said: "Do you "Rahula, develop a mind that is like the four great elements Novice Summer Camp 2011 37 38 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia
  • 21. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege(earth, water, fire and air) because if you do this, pleasant or unpleasantsensory impressions that have arisen and taken hold of the mind will not August 7, Notepersist. Just as when people throw faeces, urine, spittle, pus or blood on ********the earth or in the water, in a fire or the air, the earth, the water, the fire or ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................the air is not troubled, worried or disturbed. So too, develop a mind that ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................is like the four great elements. Develop love, Rahula, for by doing so ill-will will be got rid of. Develop compassion, for by doing so the desire to .............................................................................................................................................................. .....................................................................harm will be got rid of. Develop sympathetic joy, for by doing so, dislike ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................will be got rid of. Develop equanimity, for by doing so sensory reaction ............................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................will be got rid of. Develop the perception of the foul for by doing so, at- ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................tachment will be got rid of. Develop the perception of impermanence forby doing so, the conceit, I am, will be got rid of. Develop mindfulness .......................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................................of breathing for it is of great benefit and advantage."[ N4 ] .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Following his fathers advice and guidance on meditation, Rahu- ........................................................ ...........................................................................................................................................................................la finally attained enlightenment. He was eighteen at the time. After that ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................his friends always referred to him as Rahula the Lucky (Rahulabhadda) ...................... .............................................................................................................................................................................................................and he tells why he was given this name. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ...........They call me Rahula the Lucky for two reasons: .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... One is that I am the Buddhas son. And the other is that I have ...................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................................seen the truth.[ N5 ] .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Other than this, we know very little about Rahula. He does not .............................................................................................................. .....................................................................................................................seem to have been prominent at being either a Dharma teacher or a train-er of other monks. It is likely that Rahula kept himself in the background ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................so that he could not be accused of taking advantage of being the son of ..................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................................................the Enlightened One. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................ .......................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 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  • 22. 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  • 23. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege August 10, Note August 11, Note ******** ********................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 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  • 24. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege August 12, Note August 13, Note ******** ********................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 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  • 25. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege August 14, Note Note ******** ********................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 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  • 26. Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege Sadhu kho pabbajja nama Ordination is a great privilege THE DUTY OF A CHILD THE DUTY OF A TEACHERIn five ways a child should minister to his parents as the eastern quar- In five ways his teachers, thus served as the southern quarter, showter (saying to himself) : their love for him: a) Having been supported by them I will support them in my a) They train him so that he is well-trained.turn. b) They teach him in such a way that he understands and re- b) I will bo their work for them. members well what he has been taught. c) I will keep up the honor and the traditions of my family. c) They thoroughly instruct him in the lore of every art. d) I will make myself worthy of my heritage. d) They introduce him to his friends and companions. c) I will make offerings, dedicating merit to them after their e) They provide for his safety and security in every quarterdeath. THE DUTY OF THE PARENTS THE DUTY OF A MANIn five ways his parents, thus served as the eastern quarter, show their In five ways a clansman should serve his friends and associates as thelove for him: northern quarter: a) They keep him back form evil. a) by generosity b) they train him in virtue. b) by kind words. c) They have him taught arts and sciences. c) by gelping them and acting for their welfare. d) They arrange for his marriage to a suitable wife. d) by putting them on equal terms. c) They hand over his inheritance to him in due time. c) by being sincere to them. THE DUTY OF A STUDENT THE DUTY OF A FRIENDIn five ways a pupil should minister to gis teachers as the southern In five ways his friends and associates, thus served as the northernquarter; quarter, show their love for him: a) by rising to receive them. a) They protect him when he is careless. b) by waiting upon them. b) They guard his property when he is careless. c) by eagerness to learn. c) They are a refuge for him when he is in danger. d) by personal service. d) They do not leave him in his troubles. c) by attentively learning the and sciences. e) They show due respect to other members of his family. Novice Summer Camp 2011 49 50 Wat Pasantidhamma, Virginia

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