objet trouvé  – gutter, 10 th  & Colorado, Santa Monica, California Toward a Well-managed  Digital Knowledge Environment T...
Mission of the J. Paul Getty Trust <ul><li>“ One of the largest supporters of arts in the world, the J. Paul Getty Trust i...
“ The Getty Research Institute  is dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts . Its ...
Some Properties of “knowledge”... <ul><li>Is  cumulative   (accretion may be  synchronous  or  asynchronous ) </li></ul><u...
Repatriation of biodiversity information through Clearing House Mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Gl...
“ The field of knowledge is the common property of all mankind “ Thomas Jefferson 1807
Julian Birkinshaw and Tony Sheehan, “Managing the Knowledge Life Cycle,”  MIT Sloan Management Review, 44 (2) Fall, 2002: ...
THE ROLE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN PROCEEDINGS OF A SYMPOSIUM  Julie M. Esanu ...
Reductionists Current Norms Expansionists Maximalists Intellectual Property Rights BENEFITS Differing Interpretations of I...
Poder Politico y Conocimiento From:   Organizaciones que aprenden, paises que aprenden: lecciones y AP en Costa Rica by  A...
Stages of Digital Library Development     Howard Besser.  Adapted from  The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Colle...
OECD Follow Up Group on Issues of Access to Publicly Funded Research Data.   Promoting Access to Public Research Data for ...
“ FORMATS” ? 8”
“ This &quot;oracle bone&quot; dates from the reign of King Wu Ding in the Shang Dynasty. It is approximately three thousa...
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/file_download.php/40ccadf3ed6e2b181b3a8e5fead40c9d0005V.jpg   [June 2,2007 ] Hashiyat 'ala ...
“ Inscriptions     “ Colophons, or inscriptions, are one of the more striking features of Chinese paintings that are unfam...
“ Here is the first page of the Babylonian Talmud, as it appears in the standard Vilna edition. The standardized paginatio...
Let's color-code the layout so that we can distinguish the various layers more easily.  http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/2/Jud...
http://www.danteonline.it/italiano/codici_frames/codici.asp?idcod=302   DANTE
http://www.nyu.edu/projects/materialworld/images/1_Darwin%20Tree%20B%2036.jpg   http://darwin-online.org.uk/converted/publ...
COLLABORATION
Professors Peg Jacob (UCLA) , Wijnand Mijnhardt (Utrecht) , Lynn Hunt (UCLA)
Confluence Application in Support of Picart Seminar
 
A 3D model of the human brain (top) The dark blue structures are the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex, joined by a m...
<ul><li>“ ‘ ...they're meat all the way through.’  </li></ul><ul><li>‘ No brain?’  </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Oh, there's a brain...
LA Artist George Herms videotaped as he processes his own archive with GRI staff members “ Meta-Archiving”
Topanga Canyon in the 60’s
“ Strategy” ? <ul><li>Adaptive fitness --  a  developmental paradigm   (including iterative cycles) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
And so...  What is the (still emerging) strategic paradigm?
NSF “ DataNet  organizations” will provide: <ul><li>A vision and rationale that : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>meet critical data...
Characteristics of NSF  DataNet  Partners <ul><li>Capacity to be at once both  risk averse  and  risk capable </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to  engage at the frontiers  of science and engineering research and educ...
Portfolio of Digital Projects at the Getty Research Institute (12/08)
TOM MORITZ <tom.moritz@gmail.com>
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Moritz iSchools at The Getty Dec, 2007

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Moritz iSchools at The Getty Dec, 2007

  1. 1. objet trouvé – gutter, 10 th & Colorado, Santa Monica, California Toward a Well-managed Digital Knowledge Environment Tom Moritz Associate Director, Administration & Chief, Knowledge Management Getty Research Institute [email_address] Digital Strategy?
  2. 2. Mission of the J. Paul Getty Trust <ul><li>“ One of the largest supporters of arts in the world, the J. Paul Getty Trust is an international cultural and philanthropic institution that focuses on the visual arts in all their dimensions. The Getty serves both the general public and a wide range of professional communities in Los Angeles and throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Through the work of the four Getty programs—the Museum, Research Institute, Conservation Institute, and Foundation—the Getty aims to further knowledge and nurture critical seeing through the growth and presentation of its collections and by advancing the understanding and preservation of the world's artistic heritage . The Getty pursues this mission with the conviction that cultural awareness, creativity, and aesthetic enjoyment are essential to a vital and civil society.” </li></ul>14 pt http://www.getty.edu/about/trust.html
  3. 3. “ The Getty Research Institute is dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts . Its Research Library with special collections of rare materials and digital resources serves an international community of scholars and the interested public. The Research Institute creates and disseminates new knowledge through its expertise, its active collecting program, public programs, institutional collaborations, exhibitions, publications, digital services and residential scholars program . The activities and scholarly resources of the Institute guide and sustain each other and, together, provide a unique environment for research, critical inquiry, and debate. “ The work of the Research Institute takes its place within the collaborative context of the Getty Center as a whole, which includes the collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum, the international projects and research of the Conservation Institute, and the philanthropic outreach of the Getty Foundation.” Mission of the Getty Research Institute http://www.getty.edu/research/institute/
  4. 4. Some Properties of “knowledge”... <ul><li>Is cumulative (accretion may be synchronous or asynchronous ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As conventions of publishing have become more formal – so have conventions of citation and strictures on plagiarism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May be explicit or “ tacit ” / “ implicit ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(“public” / “private” distinctions?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is confirmed by consensus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal or informal peer (or other) review and evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is theoretically falsifiable (Popper) by appropriate testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is effective / consequential </li></ul><ul><li>Is dynamic – may evolve suddenly by “ paradigm shifts ” or gradually, by increments </li></ul><ul><li>Is “ true ” ( “conforms to reality” ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Repatriation of biodiversity information through Clearing House Mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Global Biodiversity Information Facility; Views and experiences of Peruvian and Bolivian non-governmental organizations. Ulla Helimo Master’s Thesis University of Turku Department of Biology 6.10. 2004 p.11. http://enbi.utu.fi/Documents/Ulla%20Helimo%20PRO%20GRADU.pdf [06-06-05] &quot;KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES”? Technology Knowledge Management
  6. 6. “ The field of knowledge is the common property of all mankind “ Thomas Jefferson 1807
  7. 7. Julian Birkinshaw and Tony Sheehan, “Managing the Knowledge Life Cycle,” MIT Sloan Management Review, 44 (2) Fall, 2002: 77. ??? Should knowledge be a “commodity” ???
  8. 8. THE ROLE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA AND INFORMATION IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN PROCEEDINGS OF A SYMPOSIUM Julie M. Esanu and Paul F. Uhlir, Editors Steering Committee on the Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain Office of International Scientific and Technical Information Programs Board on International Scientific Organizations Policy and Global Affairs Division, National Research Council of the National Academies, p. 5 Research Commons The Public Domain Knowledge Commons The GETTY
  9. 9. Reductionists Current Norms Expansionists Maximalists Intellectual Property Rights BENEFITS Differing Interpretations of IPR Regulation Gloved Mouse http://digital-library.csun.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/SFVH&CISOPTR=382&CISOSHOW=286&REC=1
  10. 10. Poder Politico y Conocimiento From: Organizaciones que aprenden, paises que aprenden: lecciones y AP en Costa Rica by Andrea Ballestero Directora ELAP Responsabilidad y Poder Políticos Administradores o Gestores Analistas-Técnicos Científicos Conocimiento (en términos científicos-occidentales ) Bajo Alto Alto (Sutton, 1999)
  11. 11. Stages of Digital Library Development   Howard Besser. Adapted from The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries by First Monday, volume 7, number 6 (June 2002), URL: http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_6/besser/index.html Stage Date Sponsor Purpose I: Experimental 1994 NSF/ARPA/NASA Experiments on collections of digital materials II: Developing 1998/1999 NSF/ARPA/NASA, DLF/CLIR Begin to consider custodianship, sustainability, user communities III: Mature ? Funded through normal channels? Real sustainable interoperable digital libraries
  12. 12. OECD Follow Up Group on Issues of Access to Publicly Funded Research Data. Promoting Access to Public Research Data for Scientific,Economic, and Social Development: Final Report March 2003
  13. 13. “ FORMATS” ? 8”
  14. 14. “ This &quot;oracle bone&quot; dates from the reign of King Wu Ding in the Shang Dynasty. It is approximately three thousand years old.” “ A partial translation of the left-hand side of this oracle bone: [Preface:] Crack making on gui-si day, Que divined: [Charge:] In the next ten days there will be no disaster. [Prognostication:] The king, reading the cracks, said, &quot;There will be no harm; there will perhaps be the coming of alarming news.&quot; [Verification:] When it came to the fifth day, ding-you, there really was the coming of alarming news from the west. Zhi Guo, reporting, said, &quot;The Du Fang [a border people] are besieging in our eastern borders and have harmed two settlements.&quot; The Gong-fang also raided the fields of our western borders. “ This translation follows (with slight modifications) David N. Keightley, Sources of Shang History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978), p. 44. The oracle bone being cited is Ching-hua 2.” http://faculty.vassar.edu/brvannor/translation.html [June 2, 2007]
  15. 15. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/file_download.php/40ccadf3ed6e2b181b3a8e5fead40c9d0005V.jpg [June 2,2007 ] Hashiyat 'ala sharh Muhammad Bin Mubarakshah al-Bukhari 'ala Hikmat al-'ayn li-'Ali Bin 'Umar Author: 'Ibn Mubarakshah al-Bukharakshah al-Bukhari, Shams-al-din Library: National Library of the Czech Republic Owner: Czech Republic
  16. 16. “ Inscriptions   “ Colophons, or inscriptions, are one of the more striking features of Chinese paintings that are unfamiliar to western audiences.  In the west, not until the twentieth century do we see text and art image interact to the same degree on the surface of the art work.  Early narrative paintings in the Chinese tradition often displayed text in banners next to the figures depicted; portions of the associated narrative text were also frequently found interspersed with sections of the painting.   Beginning around the 11th century, however, poems and painted images were designed to share the same image space.     “ Although this practice was common at court, it was with the scholar painters that the practice of writing on the painting surface became firmly established.  Literati painters also appended notes concerning the circumstances of creation of  particular paintings.  These writings, added after the painting was completed, could be mounted together with the painting but on another piece of paper or silk (as was the case with handscrolls) or even invaded the picture surface itself (as in the case of the album leaf or the hanging scroll).  The content of these inscriptions typically included the appreciative comments of later viewers and collectors and constituted a major source of enjoyment for connoisseurs, who felt a connection to art aficionados and scholars of the past through their writings.” Wang Mian (1287?-1359), Plum Blossoms , in Gen jidai no kaiga (Tokyo/Nara: Yamato bunkakan, 1998), pl. 25, p. 55. Collection of Masame bijutsukan. Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 155.3 x 57.3 cm http://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/painting/4ptgtech.htm [June 2,2007]
  17. 17. “ Here is the first page of the Babylonian Talmud, as it appears in the standard Vilna edition. The standardized pagination follows that of the third Bomberg edition, Venice, 1548. Pages are numbered by folio. This page is Berakhoth 2a (that is, the first side of folio 2 in the tractate Berakhoth, &quot;Blessings&quot;). “ Considered from the standpoint of typography alone, the printed page of the Talmud is an amazingly complex text with many intertextual connections representing fifteen centuries of discussion.” http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/2/Judaism/talmud.html “ Talmud and its Shape”
  18. 18. Let's color-code the layout so that we can distinguish the various layers more easily. http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/2/Judaism/talmud.html       Mishnah (Palestine, about 220 CE)       Gemara (Babylonia, about 500 CE)       Comments of Rashi (Northern France, 1040-1105 CE)       Comments of the Tosafists (France and Germany, 12th-13th centuries)       Comments of R. Nissim ben Jacob (Tunisia, 11th century)       Notes by R. Aqiva Eger (Prussia, 1761-1837)       Anonymous comment (printers?)       Key to scriptural quotations       Cross-references to medieval codes of Jewish law       Cross-references to other passages in Talmud       A textual emendation from the Proofs of Joel Sirkes (Poland, 1561-1640)
  19. 19. http://www.danteonline.it/italiano/codici_frames/codici.asp?idcod=302 DANTE
  20. 20. http://www.nyu.edu/projects/materialworld/images/1_Darwin%20Tree%20B%2036.jpg http://darwin-online.org.uk/converted/published/1975_NaturalSelection_F1583/1975_NaturalSelection_F1583_fig03.jpg DARWIN
  21. 21. COLLABORATION
  22. 22. Professors Peg Jacob (UCLA) , Wijnand Mijnhardt (Utrecht) , Lynn Hunt (UCLA)
  23. 23. Confluence Application in Support of Picart Seminar
  24. 25. A 3D model of the human brain (top) The dark blue structures are the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex, joined by a major fibre tract, the corpus callosum, shown in light blue. The cerebellum is outlined in green, the thalamus in grey, the hippocampus in pink, and the amygdala in yellow. The system rests atop the brainstem, pons and medulla, which are shown in red. © 2005 Malcolm Young, University of Newcastle. http://research.microsoft.com/towards2020science/downloads/T2020S_Report.pdf “ Tacit Knowledge...”? What is “public” what is “private”?
  25. 26. <ul><li>“ ‘ ...they're meat all the way through.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ No brain?’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Oh, there's a brain all right. It's just that the brain is made out of meat ! That's what I've been trying to tell you.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ So ... what does the thinking?’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ You're not understanding, are you? You're refusing to deal with what I'm telling you. The brain does the thinking. The meat.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Thinking meat! You're asking me to believe in thinking meat!’ “ </li></ul>“ Tacit Knowledge”...? THEY'RE MADE OUT OF MEAT by Terry Bisson http://www.terrybisson.com/meat.html
  26. 27. LA Artist George Herms videotaped as he processes his own archive with GRI staff members “ Meta-Archiving”
  27. 28. Topanga Canyon in the 60’s
  28. 29. “ Strategy” ? <ul><li>Adaptive fitness -- a developmental paradigm (including iterative cycles) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D / Prototyping / Fully Operational Deployment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vision -- clarity of focus and priority </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies and involves all relevant “communities of practice” </li></ul><ul><li>Draws on best practice and appropriate standards </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes effective structure and process </li></ul><ul><li>Produces (!) </li></ul>
  29. 30. And so... What is the (still emerging) strategic paradigm?
  30. 31. NSF “ DataNet organizations” will provide: <ul><li>A vision and rationale that : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>meet critical data needs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create important new opportunities and capabilities for discovery, innovation, and learning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve the way science and engineering research and education are conducted, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guide the organization in achieving long-term sustainability; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An organizational structure that : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provides for a comprehensive range of expertise and cyberinfrastructure capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensures active participation and effective use by a wide diversity of individuals, organizations and sectors, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>serves as a capable partner in an interoperable network of digital preservation and access organizations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensures effective management and leadership; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities to provide for : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the full data management life cycle, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitate research as resource and object, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>engage in computer science and information science research critical to DataNet functions, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop new tools and capabilities for learning that integrate research and education at all levels, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide for active community input and participation in all phases and all aspects of Partner activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>include a vigorous and comprehensive assessment and evaluation program. </li></ul></ul>Sustainable Digital Data Preservation and Access Network Partners (DataNet) Program Solicitation NSF 07-601
  31. 32. Characteristics of NSF DataNet Partners <ul><li>Capacity to be at once both risk averse and risk capable </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, the organization must operate in a swift, disruptive current of technological change. Both the hardware and software components of the organization and the expectations of its users will change rapidly and continuously. Thus, the organization must be adept at scanning the horizon, constantly planning for and then embracing new technologies . </li></ul><ul><li>Further, the organization must be fluent and engaged in the deep research issues that support all aspects of the data management life cycle (including data creation, access, use, and preservation). Successfully providing stability for long-term preservation and agility both to embrace constant technological change and to engage evolving research challenges requires a novel combination of expertise in library and archival sciences, computer, computational, and information sciences, cyberinfrastructure, and the other domain sciences and engineering. </li></ul>Sustainable Digital Data Preservation and Access Network Partners (DataNet) Program Solicitation NSF 07-601 http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2007/nsf07601/nsf07601.pdf
  32. 33. <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to engage at the frontiers of science and engineering research and education </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to support the re-purposing of digital data in innovative ways and in novel combinations not envisioned by the data authors </li></ul>Sustainable Digital Data Preservation and Access Network Partners (DataNet) Program Solicitation NSF 07-601 Characteristics of NSF DataNet Partners (cont.)
  33. 34. Portfolio of Digital Projects at the Getty Research Institute (12/08)
  34. 35. TOM MORITZ <tom.moritz@gmail.com>

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