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Toolbox #3
 

Toolbox #3

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    Toolbox #3 Toolbox #3 Presentation Transcript

    • Get your folders for DOL/QW
    • » If you have moved locations: Where are you from? Is it somewhere other than where you live? When did you move? Where did you move from or to? Why did you move? Are you happy with the move?» If you have never moved, why not? Would you like to move somewhere different? Why or why not?
    • » A term from the Greek meaning “changed label” or “Substitute name”. A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.» Example: The White House asked the television networks for air time on Monday night.
    • » From the Greek for "pointedly foolish," an oxymoron is a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a ParadoxExamples:» abundant poverty» double solitaire
    • » Also referred to as parallel construction or parallel structure, this term comes from Greek roots meaning "beside one another."» It refers to the grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity.» This can involve, but is not limited to, repetition of a grammatical element such as a preposition or verbal phrase.
    • » The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant, or the difference between what appears to be and what is actually true.» Verbal irony: intended meaning of a statement differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.» Situational irony: involves an incongruity between what is expected or intended and what actually occurs.» Dramatic irony: the audience knows more about present or future circumstances than a character in the story
    • » meaning the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work.
    • » A statement that appears to be self- contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.» Example:"Some day you will be old enough to start readingfairy tales again.“ –C.S. Lewis
    • » A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words.Example:» “Brrrrrrriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinng! An alarm clock clanged in the dark and silent room."
    • » an emotionally violent, verbal enunciation or attack using strong, abusive languageExample:» "A knave, a rascal, an eater of broken meats; a base, proud, shallow, beggarly, three-suited, hundred-pound, filthy worsted-stocking knave; a lily-livered, action-taking, whoreson, glass-gazing, super-serviceable, finical rogue; one-trunk-inheriting slave; one that wouldst be a bawd in way of good service, and art nothing but the composition of a knave, beggar, coward, pander, and the son and heir to a mongrel bitch: one whom I will beat into clamorous whining if thou denist the least syllable of thy addition." (Kent addressing Oswald in William Shakespeares King Lear, II.2)
    • » A sub-type of parallelism, when the exact repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive lines or sentences.Example:» "I dont like you sulking around, bothering our citizens, Lebowski. I dont like your jerk-off name. I dont like your jerk-off face. I dont like your jerk-off behavior, and I dont like you, jerk- off." (Policeman in The Big Lebowski, 1998)
    • » the use of several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omittedExample:» "Let the whitefolks have their money and power and segregation and sarcasm and big houses and schools and lawns like carpets, and books, and mostly-- mostly--let them have their whiteness." (Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1969)
    • » Lack of conjunctionsExample:» “Speed up the film, Montag, quick. Click, Pic, Look, Eye, Now, Flick, Here, There, Swift, Pace, Up, Down, In, Out, Why, How, Who, What, Where, Eh? Uh! Bang! Smack! Wallop, Bing, Bong, Boom!" (Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451, 1953)
    • » From the Greek meaning “to tear flesh,” sarcasm involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something.Example:» Don’t be humble. You’re not that great.
    • » A succession of clauses of approximately equal length and corresponding structureExample:» "Come then: let us to the task, to the battle, to the toil--each to our part, each to our station. Fill the armies, rule the air, pour out the munitions, strangle the U-boats, sweep the mines, plow the land, build the ships, guard the streets, succor the wounded, uplift the downcast, and honor the brave." (Winston Churchill, speech given in Manchester, England, on Jan. 29, 1940)