“Romans countrymen, and lovers,hear me for my cause, and be silent, that you hear.Believe me for mine honour, ande have respect To mine honour ” JULIUS CAESAR WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1599)
The plot• First act: In 44 B.C. Julius Caesar defeats his rival.• Second act: Brutus decides to kill Caesar.• Third act: Caesar is assassinated, eventually Antony gives his funeral oration.• Fourth act: A military dictatorship succeeds the rule of Caesar• Fifth act: Brutus and Cassius committ suicide.
Julius Caesar: the title characterJulius Caesar:•Protagonist of the play•Focus of the discussion•Reason for the revange•Julius Caesar: past;conspiracy: future and desirefor freedom
The characters• Brutus:Roman nobleman with sense of principles and nobility, power of words• Antony: Roman nobleman with charm, more pratical than Brutus and a subtler political mentality,power of words
The rhetoric of politics• Rhetoric:maker of history,irony and rhetoric forms are ideological-political values in persuading,convincing
Ambition in public man• Ambition:problem of goodness and honestly in people having public roles (for this reason Antony defeats the “clever”Brutus)
Julius Caesar: the mirror of the Elizabethan order• Order not only political or social• Universe ruled by benevolent God• King’s right from God• Everyone linked together by a chain• Cassius’s jealousy destroys the divine harmony
The power of monarchy• Historical play about a political assassination• Historical plays were popular at Shakespeare’s time• Nowadays democracy, Shakespeare’s time strong rulers