Come, Follow Me
MATTHEW 9:9-13
JUNE 23, 2013
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI
USA
JUNE MEMORY VERSE
Matthew 28:19-20
“Go, therefore, and make
disciples of all nations,
baptizing them in the
name of the Fa...
the Son and of the Holy
Spirit, teaching them to
observe everything I have
commanded you. And
remember, I am with you
alwa...
LET FREEDOM
RING CONCERT
Sunday, June 30th
6:00 p.m.
After the concert, we will
have a Block Party on
President Street. 
The Capital City Stage
Band will be with us and
we will have inflatables
for the children to play
in. 
We will be serving
...
June 30—Lesson 1
from the Billy Graham
Evangelistic Association
“The Effective
Christian Life”
Acts 8:26-38
Philip and the...
July 7th—Lesson 2
“The Christian Witness”
ADULT SUNDAY
SCHOOL RALLY IN
FELLOWSHIP
HALL EAST AT
9:00 a.m. and 10:30 a.m.
July 7th lesson led by Ken
Blackstock and Ken Sims.
July 14th--Lesson 3
“The Care of
New Christians”
1 Thessalonians 2 & 3
WHAT’S THE
#1 THING?
BRING GLORY TO
GOD!
1 Corinthians 10:31 KJV
31 Whether therefore ye
eat, or drink, or
whatsoever ye do, do all
to the glory of God.
Two weeks ago we
studied Ephesians 2:8-10.
Ephesians 2:8-10 KJV
8 For by grace are ye
saved through faith; and
that not of yourselves: it is
the gift of God:
9 Not o...
10 For we are his (poiema)
workmanship, created in
Christ Jesus unto good
works, which God hath
before ordained that we
sh...
It is from poiema
(workmanship) that we
get our word “poem”.
You are a beautiful
masterpiece of God’s
literary workmanship.
You are God’s poem,
allow Him to write the
next verse in your life,
allow Him to write the
next chapter of your story!
Matthew 9:9-13 KJV
9 And as Jesus passed
forth from thence, he saw
a man, named Matthew,
sitting at the receipt of
custom:...
arose, and followed him.
10 And it came to pass, as
Jesus sat at meat in the
house, behold, many
publicans and sinners
cam...
11 And when the
Pharisees saw it, they said
unto his disciples, Why
eateth your Master with
publicans and sinners?
12 But when Jesus heard
that, he said unto them,
They that be whole need
not a physician, but they
that are sick.
13 But go ye and learn
what that meaneth, I will
have mercy, and not
sacrifice: for I am not
come to call the righteous,
b...
The MacArthur New
Testament Commentary,
Copyright © Moody Press
and John MacArthur, Jr.,
1983-2007.
*Matthew: the tax
collector
*Come, Follow Me
*Greek vs Hebrew
Methods of Teaching
*The Jewish Educational
System of Jesus’ Day
*Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi
and His Yoke
*Follow in His Dust
*The Holy Spirit!
*PBPGINFWMY
*You are God’s
Masterpiece
Matthew:
the tax
collector
As Jesus left "His own
city“ of Capernaum, He
passed on from there and
saw a man, called
Matthew
(“gift of Jehovah”).
When we realize that
Matthew penned these
verses about himself, we
get a glimpse of his
modesty and humility.
Because of his modesty,
Matthew does not
mention the fact, but Luke
tells us that the moment
Jesus called him, Matthew
"le...
follow Him" (Luke 5:28).
*That simple call by Jesus
was more than enough
reason for Matthew to
turn his back on
everything...
Because of his position as
an agent of Rome, he
knew that once he forsook
his post he would never
be able to return to it....
Of all the disciples,
Matthew doubtlessly
made the greatest sacrifice
of material possessions;
yet he himself makes no
men...
He lost a career but
gained a destiny, lost his
material possessions but
gained a spiritual fortune,
lost his temporal sec...
In his own mind, the most
important truth about the
writer's former character
is given in the words,
“sitting in the tax o...
To Jews of his day, that
single phrase established
Matthew as the most
despised, vile, and
corrupt man in
Capernaum.
Matthew was a publicani
(thus the title publican in
some translations),
a man who served
occupying Rome against
his own pe...
Publican
*By the nature of his
position, his first loyalty
had to be to Rome.
*Nationals of a country or
province occupied by
Rome ...
them to levy certain taxes
on the populace and on
travelers.
A franchise required
collecting a specified
amount of taxes for Rome
and allowed anything
collected beyond that
figure to ...
Because his power of
taxation was virtually
unlimited and was
enforced by the Roman
military, the owner of a
tax franchise...
For those reasons the
publicani were
understandably
considered traitors by
their own people and
were usually even more
des...
officials or soldiers.
*Many tax collectors
would accept bribes from
the wealthy to reduce and
falsify their taxes and
wou...
from the middle and
lower classes, making
themselves hated still
more.
They amassed great
fortunes under the
authority of the oppressor
and at the expense of their
own countrymen.
A Jewish publicani was
barred from the
synagogue and was
forbidden to have any
religious or social contact
with his fellow...
He was ranked with the
unclean animals, which a
devout Jew would not so
much as touch.
He was in the class of
swine, and because he
was held to be a traitor
and a congenital liar, he
was ranked with robbers
an...
testimony in any Jewish
court.
A certain type of tax
collector was called a
mokhes, who collected a
wide variety of use taxes
— taxes similar to our
impo...
business license fees, and
the like.
*The mokhes had almost
unlimited latitude in their
taxing powers and could
attach a t...
They could, for instance,
levy a tax on a person's
boat, on the fish he caught
with it, and on the dock
where he unloaded ...
They had authority to
open private letters to see
if a taxable business of
some sort might be related
to the correspondenc...
There were two kinds of
mokhes.
*One kind, called the great
mokhes, hired other men
to collect taxes for them
and, by virt...
least some of their
reputation among their
fellow countrymen.
*The other kind, called
small mokhes, did their
own assessin...
were in constant contact
with members of the
community as well as
with all travelers who
passed their way.
The gabbai were...
more despised, and the
small mokhes were
despised most.
Matthew was obviously a
small mokhes, because he
himself was sitting in the
tax office as Jesus passed
through the outskir...
It was to Matthew, the
most despised of the
despicable,
to whom Jesus
said, Follow Me!
Like many new converts,
Matthew's first thought
was to tell his friends
about the Savior.
He was so overwhelmed
that he threw a banquet to
present Jesus to his
friends — all of whom, as
tax-gatherers and sinners,...
We learn from Mark (2:15)
and Luke (5:29) that the
banquet was in Matthew's
own house, another fact
that he modestly omits...
*This is the example that
Matthew set for us of
inviting our friends into
our homes in order to
meet Jesus.
*The BGEA want...
Go to:
www.myhopewithbillygraham.org
*Matthew: the tax
collector
*Come, Follow Me
*Greek vs Hebrew
Methods of Teaching
Come, Follow Me
Jesus talked about people
following Him 23 times:
7 times in Matthew
4 times in Mark
5 times in Luke
+7 times in John
23 t...
The Greek verb translated
"follow" is often used in
this sense of following
like a disciple.
The tense of the verb
indicat...
*The word "follower" in
this verse literally means a
mimic or an imitator.
*In fact, the Greek word
translated “follower”
...
May God’s Holy Spirit
enable and empower all of
us to imitate the life of our
Lord Jesus Christ!
*Matthew:
the tax collector
*Come, Follow Me
*Greek vs Hebrew
Methods of Teaching
GREEK vs HEBREW
METHODS OF
TEACHING
It is helpful to make some
comparisons between
Western (Greek) and
Eastern (Hebrew)
thinking in education.
The object and aim of the
Hebrew system was, “the
knowledge of God”.
The object and aim of the
Greek system was, “know
thy...
*These two aims are poles
apart.
*The Hebrew system
started with God;
7 “The fear of the Lord is
the beginning of
knowledg...
The Hebrews taught that:
Man can never know
himself, unless he first
learns of God and is
submissive to His will.
The Greek system, on the
other hand, starts from
the knowledge of man as
he seeks to understand
God through man’s
higher n...
To the Jew, the ideal of
holiness and separation
was the key to knowing
God.
All education was
directed to this end;
be holy, be different,
be set apart from the other
heathen nations.
In contrast, the Greek
world did not understand
education to be tied to a
holiness of life.
Teaching involved the
transfer of knowledge in
intellectual areas such as
art, music, or athletics.
*The Greek teacher aimed
at developing the talent
and potentials of his
student.
*In Greek society only the
wealthy and le...
Our English words school
and scholar come from
the Greek word,
”Scholazo”, which means
to have leisure, or to have
spare t...
Conversely, Jewish
education was for all
people and concerned the
whole person.
In summary, the Greeks
learned in order to
comprehend,
the Hebrews learned in
order to revere.
To a Jew, wisdom was
what you did, not what
you knew.
It was action and
behavior, not the nine
points of theology.
*Jesus took His disciples
out into life to teach them
how to act.
*He demonstrated
personally, and as they
acted and react...
*It was not “to know”,
but, “to experience”.
*It is helpful to look at the
Jewish educational system
during the time of Je...
made Him a rabbi in the
eyes of His constituents.
Jesus was often called
rabbi by His peers in the
stories of the New
Test...
In fact, the Gospels record
that Jesus was called,
”Rabbi” on sixteen (16)
different occasions.
What was a rabbi and
how d...
The word “Rabbi” means,
“My Master” or literally
“My Great One”.
It came from the word
“RAV” that means great
or honored one and was
used by slaves to their
master or by a servant to
his ...
The word “Ravi” means
my master or
my boss.
One definition of the
word “sin” is not letting
God be the boss of my life.
*The Jewish Educational
System of Jesus’ Day
*Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi
and His Yoke
*Follow in His Dust
To understand how Jesus
became a Rabbi, let’s look
at the Jewish educational
system of His day.
*The heart of all Jewish
education was the home.
*The home was the center
of learning.
*Most of their education
took place...
*Any other education was
just an extension of the
principles taught at home.
*Although both parents
shared in this task, t...
instruction of the children.
The father was the main
instrument in the learning
process.
The heart of Jewish
education was a child
seeing his family,
especially the father, in
action in life situations.
The foundation for Jesus’
education would have
definitely been His father,
Joseph’s example – in
addition to His heavenly
...
The father was
responsible to teach his
son Torah and to teach
him a craft as well as
almost everything else in
life.
When the child became
old enough to attend a
formal school setting, he
went to the school that
was attached to the local
s...
There were three levels of
school available to the
students in Galilee of
Jesus’ day: 1) Bet Sepher
2) Bet Talmud
3) Bet M...
1) Bet Sepher - ages 6-10
House of the Book
2) Bet Talmud - ages 10-14
House of Learning
3) Bet Midrash -ages 15-30
House ...
Psalm 119:103 KJV
103 How sweet are thy
words unto my taste! yea,
sweeter than honey to my
mouth!
The teacher of the Torah
would say:
“May the words of God
be the most pleasurable,
the most enjoyable thing
you could ever...
The Hebrew children
were introduced to the
Scriptures as there was
nothing more enjoyable in
the entire universe than
tast...
God and making them a
part of their life.
10  “And I took the little
book out of the angel's
hand, and ate it up; and it
w...
The best of the best from
Bet Sepher went on to Bet
Talmud and the best of
the best of the House of
Learning went on to Be...
*The Jewish Educational
System of Jesus’ Day
*Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi
and His Yoke
*Follow in His Dust
In Jesus day, there were
two different kinds of
Rabbis:
1) Common rabbis
2) Rabbis with s’mekah
For example, a common
rabbi would say, “It is
written”, or, “Rabbi so
and so says”, but the
Rabbi with s’mekah
would say, ...
Look at Matthew 7:28-29.
Jesus had just finished
giving the Sermon on the
Mount and the Bible says
they were amazed at His...
authority (s’mekah) and
not as their regular Torah
teachers.
Yoke of learning
The rabbis with s’mekah
referred to their own
unique collection of
interpretations of
Scripture as their “yoke”
or yoke of...
Jesus said:
“Come unto me, all ye
that labour and are heavy
laden, and I will give you
rest. Take my yoke upon
you, and le...
heart: and ye shall find
rest unto your souls.
For my yoke is easy, and
my burden is light.”
Matthew 11:28-30 KJV
Follow in His Dust
When a rabbi was seeking
new disciples, he would
question bright fifteen
year old men to
determine their
knowledge of the:...
the sages and the law.
Ultimately the rabbi
would be seeking to
answer just one question.
That is....
Can this potential
disciple, really become
just like me, or putting it
another way, can this
potential talmid become a
mir...
Breaking that down, the
rabbi was trying to
determine if one could:
a) learn all of his
teachings
b) learn to think and ac...
c) could then spread his
“yoke” to others.
At the end of study at Beit
Talmud, when a Jewish
boy was 14 years old, if he
thought that he was the
best of the best, th...
powerful rabbi (the
highest position in Jewish
society).
He would say, “Rabbi, I
want to become your
disciple, your talmud...
So the rabbi would then
examine the young man
and ask lots of questions,
to find out if indeed this
child was the best of ...
Each rabbi wanted to
teach his thinking, his
interpretation of Scripture
and his philosophy –
what became known as
his “yo...
If the rabbi believed that
the student was not the
best of the best, that he
was not able to become a
rabbi, he would say,...
And you know Torah
well. But you are not able
to be my talmudeen, my
disciple, my student.
Go, home to your village.
Make ...
Go home and learn the
family business - fishing,
farming, carpentry.
Because you won’t be
studying to be a rabbi.”
A rabbi wasn’t going to
spend his valuable time
training someone that he
didn’t think could be
successful.
But for those who were
the best of the best Jewish
boys the rabbi would say,
“Lech Acharai –
Come, follow me.”
For a young Jewish man
to hear, “Come, follow
me”, was the highest of
honors for that young
man and for his parents.
The boy would then leave
his family, his family
compound, his village.
He would leave the local
synagogue. He would
leave ...
He would become a
talmudim, a disciple, a
student. He would devote
his life to becoming
exactly like that rabbi.
He would ...
The disciple would desire
to emulate the rabbi even
in all of his mannerisms.
He would eat the same
food in exactly the sa...
The disciple wanted to be
so much like his rabbi that
when the rabbi would
pick up a piece of straw
and put it in his mout...
He would go to sleep and
awake the same way as
his rabbi and, more
importantly, he would
learn to study Torah and
understa...
It would be said to such a
student - “May you be
covered in the dust of
your rabbi.”
The disciples would
follow their rabb...
become covered with the
dust of their rabbi.
A common blessing of
Jesus' day was:
“May you follow him so
closely that the ...
Are we walking so closely
with Jesus, that we’re
covered in His dust?
In calling the twelve,
Jesus was calling those
who apparently weren’t
viewed as rabbinical
candidates and instead
were bac...
world.
Bluntly, it would appear
that Jesus was settling for
the rejects, those that the
other rabbis had already
turned do...
If you were a rabbi
looking for men to
become part of the current
religious system of that
time, these men were
definitely...
If you were looking
through human eyes and
considering natural
abilities, they didn’t
measure up.
But Jesus didn’t do that.
He called disciples who
had already failed the
rabbi test.
He said, “Lech Acharai –
Come, follow...
“Take My yoke upon you
and learn from Me.”
Why did Jesus choose
these guys? 
Because He believed they
could become like Hi...
And you know what?
Jesus wants to be your
Rabbi.
He wants to be your
Teacher, your Master.
He wants you to be His
disciple...
His talmudeen.
He is calling you
today,“Lech Acharai –
Come, follow Me.”
It doesn’t matter who you
are. It doesn’t matter
...
matter what company you
work for.
The most important thing
is not how much you can
memorize.
It’s not about how much
you k...
It’s all about Who you
follow.
You can be just like the
Rabbi!
He believes that, do you?
The Holy Spirit!
*But Jesus wasn’t making
His choice based on
natural human reasoning.
*He wasn’t making His
decision based upon the
natura...
*His choices were made
using much different
criteria.
*He saw the potential that
exists within anyone who
would allow His ...
*He knew that Who was
inside Him could be
inside those men as well.
*Jesus knew that God, the
Father dwelt not only in
Him...
*They just needed to
realize it themselves.
*He knew that all things
are possible when a
person allows God’s Holy
Spirit t...
*Jesus also knew that He
wasn’t looking for men to
be part of the religious
system of that time.
God, through Jesus, was
looking for men to rise up
and challenge the
religious and political
system of that day (and
our d...
Perhaps, we ought to
consider the possibility
that He wants to do the
same thing through us
today.
The real Gospel is the
Good News that God
totally accepts you, just as
you are.
God loves you as you are,
not as you ought...
The Gospel is that God
truly does love all of us
unconditionally and
wants every single person
to prosper in body, soul
an...
If you want to know how
God would think and act
as a human being, Jesus
says, “Look at Me!”
As amazing as that
statement may be, it is
even more amazing that
He says the same thing
about His disciples and in
fact H...
is the potential for the
words,
“If you have seen me, you
have seen Jesus” to be
true.
God, through Jesus, is
telling us that He is
absolutely confident that
we can bear His image
and He is also confident
that...
disciples did so
powerfully in the first
century.
The entire rabbinical
system was based upon
the rabbi having faith in
hi...
A rabbi would only pick a
disciple who he thought
could actually do what he
was doing.
Notice how many places
in the accounts of Jesus’
life that He showed
concern about His
disciples not living up to
their po...
Was He concerned
because they were
incapable?
No, but because they were
capable of doing much
more!
He saw what they could
have been and could have
done, and when they fell
short, it brought about
His displeasure.
It isn’t their failure that
was the problem; it was
their greatness. 
They didn’t realize what
they were capable of.
So at the end of His time
with His disciples, Jesus
had some final words for
them.
He told them to go to the
ends of the e...
And then He left.
He promised to send His
Spirit to guide them and
give them power, but
Jesus Himself left the
future of t...
And He didn’t stick
around to make sure they
didn’t mess it up.
He left!
And He trusted that they
could actually turn the
...
God has an extremely
high view of Spirit-filled
people.
God believes that Spirit-
filled people are capable
of amazing thi...
Yes, we need to believe in
Jesus but we also need to
realize that Jesus believes
in us.
The Rabbi knows that we
can be lik...
Isn’t that an amazing
thing – that according to
Jesus we will be like Him?
PBPGINFWMY
God is not finished with
us yet, but His work will
not cease until He has
made us into the perfect
likeness of His Son
(1 ...
1 John 3:2 KJV
2 Beloved, now are we the
sons of God, and it doth
not yet appear what we
shall be: but we know
that, when ...
appear, we shall be like
him; for we shall see him
as he is.
1 John 3:2 KJV
The apostle Paul tells us
in Philippians 1:6 that
when God begins a good
work, He will bring it to
pass.
Philippians 1:6 KJV
6 Being confident of this
very thing, that he which
hath begun a good work
in you will perform it
unti...
The story is told of the
rowdy, disruptive young
boy in a Sunday school
class who continually
frustrated his teacher.
One morning the teacher
asked him, "Why do you
act like that? Don't you
know Who made you?"
To which the boy replied,
"God...
All of us are still
imperfect, uncut
diamonds in the rough
being finished by the
divine Master Craftsman.
PBPGINFWMY
PBPGINFWMY
Please Be Patient,
God Is Not Finished
With Me Yet
You are God’s
Masterpiece
*In Ephesians 2:10, the
passage that we studied
two weeks ago, Paul says
we are the workmanship
of God, God’s poem!
*God i...
Allow Him to write the
rest of your story.
The Gospel
According to You?
10 For we are his (poiema)
workmanship, created in
Christ Jesus unto good
works, which God hath
before ordained that we
sh...
…“created in Christ Jesus
unto good works” for
God’s glory!
WHAT’S THE
#1 THING?
BRING GLORY TO
GOD!
15 But sanctify the Lord
God in your hearts: and be
ready always to give an
answer to every man that
asketh you a reason o...
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13
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06 June 23, 2013, Come Follow Me, Matthew 9;9-13

  1. 1. Come, Follow Me MATTHEW 9:9-13 JUNE 23, 2013 FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA
  2. 2. JUNE MEMORY VERSE Matthew 28:19-20 “Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of
  3. 3. the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always to the end of the age.” Matthew 28:19-20
  4. 4. LET FREEDOM RING CONCERT Sunday, June 30th 6:00 p.m. After the concert, we will have a Block Party on President Street. 
  5. 5. The Capital City Stage Band will be with us and we will have inflatables for the children to play in.  We will be serving “Homemade Ice Cream!”
  6. 6. June 30—Lesson 1 from the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association “The Effective Christian Life” Acts 8:26-38 Philip and the Ethiopian
  7. 7. July 7th—Lesson 2 “The Christian Witness” ADULT SUNDAY SCHOOL RALLY IN FELLOWSHIP HALL EAST AT 9:00 a.m. and 10:30 a.m.
  8. 8. July 7th lesson led by Ken Blackstock and Ken Sims. July 14th--Lesson 3 “The Care of New Christians” 1 Thessalonians 2 & 3
  9. 9. WHAT’S THE #1 THING?
  10. 10. BRING GLORY TO GOD!
  11. 11. 1 Corinthians 10:31 KJV 31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
  12. 12. Two weeks ago we studied Ephesians 2:8-10.
  13. 13. Ephesians 2:8-10 KJV 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.
  14. 14. 10 For we are his (poiema) workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. Ephesians 2:8-10 KJV
  15. 15. It is from poiema (workmanship) that we get our word “poem”. You are a beautiful masterpiece of God’s literary workmanship.
  16. 16. You are God’s poem, allow Him to write the next verse in your life, allow Him to write the next chapter of your story!
  17. 17. Matthew 9:9-13 KJV 9 And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he
  18. 18. arose, and followed him. 10 And it came to pass, as Jesus sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples.
  19. 19. 11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?
  20. 20. 12 But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.
  21. 21. 13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance. Matthew 9:9-13 KJV
  22. 22. The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Copyright © Moody Press and John MacArthur, Jr., 1983-2007.
  23. 23. *Matthew: the tax collector *Come, Follow Me *Greek vs Hebrew Methods of Teaching
  24. 24. *The Jewish Educational System of Jesus’ Day *Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi and His Yoke *Follow in His Dust
  25. 25. *The Holy Spirit! *PBPGINFWMY *You are God’s Masterpiece
  26. 26. Matthew: the tax collector
  27. 27. As Jesus left "His own city“ of Capernaum, He passed on from there and saw a man, called Matthew (“gift of Jehovah”).
  28. 28. When we realize that Matthew penned these verses about himself, we get a glimpse of his modesty and humility.
  29. 29. Because of his modesty, Matthew does not mention the fact, but Luke tells us that the moment Jesus called him, Matthew "left everything behind, and rose and began to
  30. 30. follow Him" (Luke 5:28). *That simple call by Jesus was more than enough reason for Matthew to turn his back on everything he was and possessed.
  31. 31. Because of his position as an agent of Rome, he knew that once he forsook his post he would never be able to return to it. *He knew the cost and willingly paid it.
  32. 32. Of all the disciples, Matthew doubtlessly made the greatest sacrifice of material possessions; yet he himself makes no mention of it.
  33. 33. He lost a career but gained a destiny, lost his material possessions but gained a spiritual fortune, lost his temporal security but gained eternal life.
  34. 34. In his own mind, the most important truth about the writer's former character is given in the words, “sitting in the tax office”.
  35. 35. To Jews of his day, that single phrase established Matthew as the most despised, vile, and corrupt man in Capernaum.
  36. 36. Matthew was a publicani (thus the title publican in some translations), a man who served occupying Rome against his own people as a collector of taxes.
  37. 37. Publican
  38. 38. *By the nature of his position, his first loyalty had to be to Rome. *Nationals of a country or province occupied by Rome could buy franchises that entitled
  39. 39. them to levy certain taxes on the populace and on travelers.
  40. 40. A franchise required collecting a specified amount of taxes for Rome and allowed anything collected beyond that figure to be kept as personal profit.
  41. 41. Because his power of taxation was virtually unlimited and was enforced by the Roman military, the owner of a tax franchise in effect had a license for extortion.
  42. 42. For those reasons the publicani were understandably considered traitors by their own people and were usually even more despised than Roman
  43. 43. officials or soldiers. *Many tax collectors would accept bribes from the wealthy to reduce and falsify their taxes and would then exact proportionately more
  44. 44. from the middle and lower classes, making themselves hated still more.
  45. 45. They amassed great fortunes under the authority of the oppressor and at the expense of their own countrymen.
  46. 46. A Jewish publicani was barred from the synagogue and was forbidden to have any religious or social contact with his fellow Jews.
  47. 47. He was ranked with the unclean animals, which a devout Jew would not so much as touch.
  48. 48. He was in the class of swine, and because he was held to be a traitor and a congenital liar, he was ranked with robbers and murderers and was forbidden to give
  49. 49. testimony in any Jewish court.
  50. 50. A certain type of tax collector was called a mokhes, who collected a wide variety of use taxes — taxes similar to our import duties, tollway fees, boat docking fees,
  51. 51. business license fees, and the like. *The mokhes had almost unlimited latitude in their taxing powers and could attach a tax to virtually any article or activity.
  52. 52. They could, for instance, levy a tax on a person's boat, on the fish he caught with it, and on the dock where he unloaded it.
  53. 53. They had authority to open private letters to see if a taxable business of some sort might be related to the correspondence.
  54. 54. There were two kinds of mokhes. *One kind, called the great mokhes, hired other men to collect taxes for them and, by virtue of partial anonymity, protected at
  55. 55. least some of their reputation among their fellow countrymen. *The other kind, called small mokhes, did their own assessing and collecting and therefore
  56. 56. were in constant contact with members of the community as well as with all travelers who passed their way. The gabbai were despised, the great mokhes were
  57. 57. more despised, and the small mokhes were despised most.
  58. 58. Matthew was obviously a small mokhes, because he himself was sitting in the tax office as Jesus passed through the outskirts of Capernaum.
  59. 59. It was to Matthew, the most despised of the despicable, to whom Jesus said, Follow Me!
  60. 60. Like many new converts, Matthew's first thought was to tell his friends about the Savior.
  61. 61. He was so overwhelmed that he threw a banquet to present Jesus to his friends — all of whom, as tax-gatherers and sinners, were social and religious outcasts.
  62. 62. We learn from Mark (2:15) and Luke (5:29) that the banquet was in Matthew's own house, another fact that he modestly omits in his own account.
  63. 63. *This is the example that Matthew set for us of inviting our friends into our homes in order to meet Jesus. *The BGEA wants us to follow this in November.
  64. 64. Go to: www.myhopewithbillygraham.org
  65. 65. *Matthew: the tax collector *Come, Follow Me *Greek vs Hebrew Methods of Teaching
  66. 66. Come, Follow Me
  67. 67. Jesus talked about people following Him 23 times: 7 times in Matthew 4 times in Mark 5 times in Luke +7 times in John 23 times in all
  68. 68. The Greek verb translated "follow" is often used in this sense of following like a disciple. The tense of the verb indicates that there must be a continual following.
  69. 69. *The word "follower" in this verse literally means a mimic or an imitator. *In fact, the Greek word translated “follower” means mimic in English.
  70. 70. May God’s Holy Spirit enable and empower all of us to imitate the life of our Lord Jesus Christ!
  71. 71. *Matthew: the tax collector *Come, Follow Me *Greek vs Hebrew Methods of Teaching
  72. 72. GREEK vs HEBREW METHODS OF TEACHING
  73. 73. It is helpful to make some comparisons between Western (Greek) and Eastern (Hebrew) thinking in education.
  74. 74. The object and aim of the Hebrew system was, “the knowledge of God”. The object and aim of the Greek system was, “know thyself”.
  75. 75. *These two aims are poles apart. *The Hebrew system started with God; 7 “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge:” Prov 1:7 KJV
  76. 76. The Hebrews taught that: Man can never know himself, unless he first learns of God and is submissive to His will.
  77. 77. The Greek system, on the other hand, starts from the knowledge of man as he seeks to understand God through man’s higher nature.
  78. 78. To the Jew, the ideal of holiness and separation was the key to knowing God.
  79. 79. All education was directed to this end; be holy, be different, be set apart from the other heathen nations.
  80. 80. In contrast, the Greek world did not understand education to be tied to a holiness of life.
  81. 81. Teaching involved the transfer of knowledge in intellectual areas such as art, music, or athletics.
  82. 82. *The Greek teacher aimed at developing the talent and potentials of his student. *In Greek society only the wealthy and leisure classes were educated.
  83. 83. Our English words school and scholar come from the Greek word, ”Scholazo”, which means to have leisure, or to have spare time, or to have nothing to do.
  84. 84. Conversely, Jewish education was for all people and concerned the whole person.
  85. 85. In summary, the Greeks learned in order to comprehend, the Hebrews learned in order to revere.
  86. 86. To a Jew, wisdom was what you did, not what you knew. It was action and behavior, not the nine points of theology.
  87. 87. *Jesus took His disciples out into life to teach them how to act. *He demonstrated personally, and as they acted and reacted He taught them the truth.
  88. 88. *It was not “to know”, but, “to experience”. *It is helpful to look at the Jewish educational system during the time of Jesus and see how that shaped His style of teaching and
  89. 89. made Him a rabbi in the eyes of His constituents. Jesus was often called rabbi by His peers in the stories of the New Testament.
  90. 90. In fact, the Gospels record that Jesus was called, ”Rabbi” on sixteen (16) different occasions. What was a rabbi and how did you become one?
  91. 91. The word “Rabbi” means, “My Master” or literally “My Great One”.
  92. 92. It came from the word “RAV” that means great or honored one and was used by slaves to their master or by a servant to his lord.
  93. 93. The word “Ravi” means my master or my boss. One definition of the word “sin” is not letting God be the boss of my life.
  94. 94. *The Jewish Educational System of Jesus’ Day *Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi and His Yoke *Follow in His Dust
  95. 95. To understand how Jesus became a Rabbi, let’s look at the Jewish educational system of His day.
  96. 96. *The heart of all Jewish education was the home. *The home was the center of learning. *Most of their education took place in the home.
  97. 97. *Any other education was just an extension of the principles taught at home. *Although both parents shared in this task, the father bore the chief responsibility for the
  98. 98. instruction of the children. The father was the main instrument in the learning process.
  99. 99. The heart of Jewish education was a child seeing his family, especially the father, in action in life situations.
  100. 100. The foundation for Jesus’ education would have definitely been His father, Joseph’s example – in addition to His heavenly Father.
  101. 101. The father was responsible to teach his son Torah and to teach him a craft as well as almost everything else in life.
  102. 102. When the child became old enough to attend a formal school setting, he went to the school that was attached to the local synagogue.
  103. 103. There were three levels of school available to the students in Galilee of Jesus’ day: 1) Bet Sepher 2) Bet Talmud 3) Bet Midrash (Talmidim)
  104. 104. 1) Bet Sepher - ages 6-10 House of the Book 2) Bet Talmud - ages 10-14 House of Learning 3) Bet Midrash -ages 15-30 House of Study Talmidim - disciple
  105. 105. Psalm 119:103 KJV 103 How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!
  106. 106. The teacher of the Torah would say: “May the words of God be the most pleasurable, the most enjoyable thing you could ever comprehend.”
  107. 107. The Hebrew children were introduced to the Scriptures as there was nothing more enjoyable in the entire universe than tasting, receiving , accepting the words of
  108. 108. God and making them a part of their life. 10  “And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey:” Rev 10:10 KJV
  109. 109. The best of the best from Bet Sepher went on to Bet Talmud and the best of the best of the House of Learning went on to Bet Midrash (House of Study) at age 15.
  110. 110. *The Jewish Educational System of Jesus’ Day *Jesus: A Jewish Rabbi and His Yoke *Follow in His Dust
  111. 111. In Jesus day, there were two different kinds of Rabbis: 1) Common rabbis 2) Rabbis with s’mekah
  112. 112. For example, a common rabbi would say, “It is written”, or, “Rabbi so and so says”, but the Rabbi with s’mekah would say, “You’ve heard it said, but I say to you”.
  113. 113. Look at Matthew 7:28-29. Jesus had just finished giving the Sermon on the Mount and the Bible says they were amazed at His teaching, because He taught as One Who had
  114. 114. authority (s’mekah) and not as their regular Torah teachers.
  115. 115. Yoke of learning
  116. 116. The rabbis with s’mekah referred to their own unique collection of interpretations of Scripture as their “yoke” or yoke of learning.
  117. 117. Jesus said: “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in
  118. 118. heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” Matthew 11:28-30 KJV
  119. 119. Follow in His Dust
  120. 120. When a rabbi was seeking new disciples, he would question bright fifteen year old men to determine their knowledge of the: Scriptures, the prophets,
  121. 121. the sages and the law. Ultimately the rabbi would be seeking to answer just one question. That is....
  122. 122. Can this potential disciple, really become just like me, or putting it another way, can this potential talmid become a mirror image of me?
  123. 123. Breaking that down, the rabbi was trying to determine if one could: a) learn all of his teachings b) learn to think and act as he acted and
  124. 124. c) could then spread his “yoke” to others.
  125. 125. At the end of study at Beit Talmud, when a Jewish boy was 14 years old, if he thought that he was the best of the best, then he would present himself to a well-known respected,
  126. 126. powerful rabbi (the highest position in Jewish society). He would say, “Rabbi, I want to become your disciple, your talmudim, your student.”
  127. 127. So the rabbi would then examine the young man and ask lots of questions, to find out if indeed this child was the best of the best (one of the "Harvard boys").
  128. 128. Each rabbi wanted to teach his thinking, his interpretation of Scripture and his philosophy – what became known as his “yoke”.
  129. 129. If the rabbi believed that the student was not the best of the best, that he was not able to become a rabbi, he would say, “Ah, my son, you do know Torah.
  130. 130. And you know Torah well. But you are not able to be my talmudeen, my disciple, my student. Go, home to your village. Make babies. Pray that they become rabbis.
  131. 131. Go home and learn the family business - fishing, farming, carpentry. Because you won’t be studying to be a rabbi.”
  132. 132. A rabbi wasn’t going to spend his valuable time training someone that he didn’t think could be successful.
  133. 133. But for those who were the best of the best Jewish boys the rabbi would say, “Lech Acharai – Come, follow me.”
  134. 134. For a young Jewish man to hear, “Come, follow me”, was the highest of honors for that young man and for his parents.
  135. 135. The boy would then leave his family, his family compound, his village. He would leave the local synagogue. He would leave everything and follow that rabbi.
  136. 136. He would become a talmudim, a disciple, a student. He would devote his life to becoming exactly like that rabbi. He would follow him everywhere.
  137. 137. The disciple would desire to emulate the rabbi even in all of his mannerisms. He would eat the same food in exactly the same way as his rabbi.
  138. 138. The disciple wanted to be so much like his rabbi that when the rabbi would pick up a piece of straw and put it in his mouth then the talmudeen would mimic him.
  139. 139. He would go to sleep and awake the same way as his rabbi and, more importantly, he would learn to study Torah and understand God the exact same way as his rabbi.
  140. 140. It would be said to such a student - “May you be covered in the dust of your rabbi.” The disciples would follow their rabbi so closely that they would
  141. 141. become covered with the dust of their rabbi. A common blessing of Jesus' day was: “May you follow him so closely that the dust of his sandals covers you.”
  142. 142. Are we walking so closely with Jesus, that we’re covered in His dust?
  143. 143. In calling the twelve, Jesus was calling those who apparently weren’t viewed as rabbinical candidates and instead were back working in the business and economic
  144. 144. world. Bluntly, it would appear that Jesus was settling for the rejects, those that the other rabbis had already turned down.
  145. 145. If you were a rabbi looking for men to become part of the current religious system of that time, these men were definitely not your first choices.
  146. 146. If you were looking through human eyes and considering natural abilities, they didn’t measure up.
  147. 147. But Jesus didn’t do that. He called disciples who had already failed the rabbi test. He said, “Lech Acharai – Come, follow Me”.
  148. 148. “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me.” Why did Jesus choose these guys?  Because He believed they could become like Him!
  149. 149. And you know what? Jesus wants to be your Rabbi. He wants to be your Teacher, your Master. He wants you to be His disciple, His student,
  150. 150. His talmudeen. He is calling you today,“Lech Acharai – Come, follow Me.” It doesn’t matter who you are. It doesn’t matter where you are. It doesn’t
  151. 151. matter what company you work for. The most important thing is not how much you can memorize. It’s not about how much you know.
  152. 152. It’s all about Who you follow. You can be just like the Rabbi! He believes that, do you?
  153. 153. The Holy Spirit!
  154. 154. *But Jesus wasn’t making His choice based on natural human reasoning. *He wasn’t making His decision based upon the natural abilities of any of those men.
  155. 155. *His choices were made using much different criteria. *He saw the potential that exists within anyone who would allow His Holy Spirit to live through them.
  156. 156. *He knew that Who was inside Him could be inside those men as well. *Jesus knew that God, the Father dwelt not only in Him but could dwell in those men as well.
  157. 157. *They just needed to realize it themselves. *He knew that all things are possible when a person allows God’s Holy Spirit to indwell them.
  158. 158. *Jesus also knew that He wasn’t looking for men to be part of the religious system of that time.
  159. 159. God, through Jesus, was looking for men to rise up and challenge the religious and political system of that day (and our day as well).
  160. 160. Perhaps, we ought to consider the possibility that He wants to do the same thing through us today.
  161. 161. The real Gospel is the Good News that God totally accepts you, just as you are. God loves you as you are, not as you ought to be!
  162. 162. The Gospel is that God truly does love all of us unconditionally and wants every single person to prosper in body, soul and spirit.
  163. 163. If you want to know how God would think and act as a human being, Jesus says, “Look at Me!”
  164. 164. As amazing as that statement may be, it is even more amazing that He says the same thing about His disciples and in fact He is saying that within every follower
  165. 165. is the potential for the words, “If you have seen me, you have seen Jesus” to be true.
  166. 166. God, through Jesus, is telling us that He is absolutely confident that we can bear His image and He is also confident that we can go out and change the world as the
  167. 167. disciples did so powerfully in the first century. The entire rabbinical system was based upon the rabbi having faith in his disciples. 
  168. 168. A rabbi would only pick a disciple who he thought could actually do what he was doing.
  169. 169. Notice how many places in the accounts of Jesus’ life that He showed concern about His disciples not living up to their potential.
  170. 170. Was He concerned because they were incapable? No, but because they were capable of doing much more!
  171. 171. He saw what they could have been and could have done, and when they fell short, it brought about His displeasure.
  172. 172. It isn’t their failure that was the problem; it was their greatness.  They didn’t realize what they were capable of.
  173. 173. So at the end of His time with His disciples, Jesus had some final words for them. He told them to go to the ends of the earth and make more disciples.
  174. 174. And then He left. He promised to send His Spirit to guide them and give them power, but Jesus Himself left the future of the Gospel in their hands.
  175. 175. And He didn’t stick around to make sure they didn’t mess it up. He left! And He trusted that they could actually turn the world upside down.
  176. 176. God has an extremely high view of Spirit-filled people. God believes that Spirit- filled people are capable of amazing things.
  177. 177. Yes, we need to believe in Jesus but we also need to realize that Jesus believes in us. The Rabbi knows that we can be like Him!
  178. 178. Isn’t that an amazing thing – that according to Jesus we will be like Him?
  179. 179. PBPGINFWMY
  180. 180. God is not finished with us yet, but His work will not cease until He has made us into the perfect likeness of His Son (1 John 3:2).
  181. 181. 1 John 3:2 KJV 2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall
  182. 182. appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 1 John 3:2 KJV
  183. 183. The apostle Paul tells us in Philippians 1:6 that when God begins a good work, He will bring it to pass.
  184. 184. Philippians 1:6 KJV 6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:
  185. 185. The story is told of the rowdy, disruptive young boy in a Sunday school class who continually frustrated his teacher.
  186. 186. One morning the teacher asked him, "Why do you act like that? Don't you know Who made you?" To which the boy replied, "God did, but He ain't through with me yet."
  187. 187. All of us are still imperfect, uncut diamonds in the rough being finished by the divine Master Craftsman. PBPGINFWMY
  188. 188. PBPGINFWMY Please Be Patient, God Is Not Finished With Me Yet
  189. 189. You are God’s Masterpiece
  190. 190. *In Ephesians 2:10, the passage that we studied two weeks ago, Paul says we are the workmanship of God, God’s poem! *God is not finish writing all of His poetry yet!
  191. 191. Allow Him to write the rest of your story. The Gospel According to You?
  192. 192. 10 For we are his (poiema) workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. Ephesians 2:10 KJV
  193. 193. …“created in Christ Jesus unto good works” for God’s glory! WHAT’S THE #1 THING?
  194. 194. BRING GLORY TO GOD!
  195. 195. 15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: 1 Ptr 3

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