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Cambodia coordination and policy


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  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • Integration of DRR/CCA into NSDP is done before the Ketsana hit Cambodia and we when for this work many time, then after the Ketsana hit Cambodia it seem to sock the gorverment to wake up to more consider on the Disaster management. Base on their concept that Cambodia is less disaster affect compare to the other Asian country but, because of the capacity to adapt to the disaster risk of the poor and the community is low so it is the cause that bring them most vulnerable to the disaster. ‘ DRR Forum is aim to put in place and to contribute towards better operational systems to ensure an effective preparedness and a more coordinated response from the RGC, donors, UN agencies, NGOs and others in the humanitarian community to future disasters. Also practice the disaster risk reduction initiatives at the community level and integrated in the Government development program to reduce the vulnerability’ Furthermore, DRR Forum is open space and encourage the paticipation form Local NGOs, CBOs and PCDM to bring up the issue and their voice up to the national level.
  • JAG: there is an implicit agreement amongst the JAG members that should one, or more, DiPECHO applicants not have their proposals approved that: unsuccessful DiPECHO applicant(s) will try to join the proposed activities in the same way but through other funding sources. where the unsuccessful DiPECHO applicant(s) was/were the lead agency(ies) in a specific activity, that this activity would then be potentially assigned in discussion with the JAG members to one (or more) of the successful agencies. The Joint Activities Group (JAG) has come out of coordination and information sharing concerning DRR activities between ActionAid, Oxfam (America), Oxfam (GB), Concern, Danish Red Cross, DanChurchAid/Christian Aid and ADPC, which has been taking place more formally since early January 2010.
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • Under leadership by NCDM and support by Actionaid.
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • NCCC : 19 ministries are member of NCCC- MoE is chair of NCCC
  • Transcript

    • 1. Strengthening Climate Resilience Regional Consultation Workshop Institutional Enhancement on Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Kingdom of Cambodia The Davis Hotel Bangkok 22 nd -23 rd .July.2010
    • 2. Background
      • Government mechanisms to cope with changes
      • National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) was created in early 2006, by sub-decree by the Cambodian Council of Ministers (19 government ministries and agencies).
      • Disaster Management Committee at national and sub-national levels were created by sub-degree.
      • Cambodia government ratified UNFCCC, Kyoto protocol, Hyogo Framework for Action and Asian Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER)
      • National Adaptation Program of Action on Climate Change (NAPA) has been developed in 2006.
      • CCA Funding: EU & WB (Cambodia government agreed on Pilot Program on Climate Resilience (PPCR) )
    • 3. Civil society organizations and UN Agencies coordinating interventions towards Institutional Enhancement
      • Plan-International
      • Oxfam
      • ADPC
      • CEDAC
      • LWF
      • Action-Aid
      • World Vision
      • Concern
      • CARE
      • ZoA
      • UN agencies
      • etc
    • 4. Interventions and Achievements
      • National level
      • Influenced NCDM to work with Ministry of Planning to integrate DRR and Climate Change interventions in National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 2009-2013.
      • The Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction (SNAP), directly ties into climate change adaptation activities . Component 5.5, ‘ Integrate DRR into climate change adaptation programs ’
      • Promote and share best practices and lesson learnt on DRR and CCA through DRR Forum held every quarter led by NCDM-government agency.
    • 5. National level (Con’t)
      • Interventions by Cambodian Civil society:
      • Established national climate change network which meet every month.
      • Joint Action Group among DRR agencies is establish with involvement or Oxfam, Concern, AcitonAid, ADPC, DCA,DRC,LWF,CWS and CRC.
      • Promoting climate change adaptation and mitigation through awareness campaigns : ticktick campaign, environment day … etc
      • Promoting greater dialogue on climate change adaptation and mitigation among donors, UN agencies and other NGOs
    • 6. National level (Con’t)
      • Cooperated with Ministry of Education to mainstream DRR by focusing on climate risks (flood and drought) into geography and earth science topics of secondary school curriculum.
      • Collect evidence based from grassroots levels to inform policies markers and NGOs to promote CCA initiative in the country ( case studies published in farmer magazines, policy brief note on children and CCA, KAP surveys on CC …etc)
    • 7. National level (Con’t)
      • Cooperate with Ministry of Women Affairs to Integrate DRR and CCA into ministry policies and program ( MoH, MAFF, MRD and MoWRAM)
      • The draft national strategy on social protection strategy has been mainstreamed climate change adaptation
      • NCDM consultation with NGOs and UN agencies on draft DM law seeking to ensure mainstreaming of Climate Change into the law.
    • 8. Sub-National level
      • CSO contribution to government policy:
      • Hazard Vulnerability and Capacity assessment (HVCA): Increased capacity of Disaster Management Committees (DMC) at sub-national levels: to conduct HVCA which integrate future climate uncertaintiesl to develop DRR plans, and to mainstream DRR & CCA into Commune Investment Plan/Commune Development Plan.
      • Changes in debate: C ommune leaders (leaders of disaster management committee at commune level) are better able to interact with others, exchange ideas and participate in at national platforms to articulate their concerns and needs to national leaders and civil society organization
    • 9. Sub-National level
      • CSOs have contributed to National policy:
      • Enhancing adaptive capacities :
        • DMC at sub-national level are better able to develop contingency planning based on identified scenarios which focus on the changing climate.
        • DMC at sub-national level are better able to raise awareness (eg: celebration of DRR day) and mobilize community action towards strengthening resilience (eg: tree planting and environmental protection campaigns)
        • DMC at sub-national level actively coordination and planning mechanism in most province where DRR projects are going.
    • 10. Lessons learnt
      • Multi- stakeholders have the same objectives and activities but different priorities for interventions.
      • Lack of comprehensive guide to mainstream DRR and CCA.
      • Limited reach and scale for capacity building of disaster management committees at sub-national level on DRR and CCA -- in non NGOs target areas.
      • Strong coordination and commitment from civil society organizations in supporting NCDM to promote the linkage of DRR and CCA.
    • 11. Recommendations
      • Further work needed to strengthen the coordination work between NCDM and NCCC on promoting DRR and CCA.
      • A taskforce on promoting climate smart approach to DRM needs to be developed for strong coordination and effective impact
    • 12. Publications
      • DRR booklets and posters
      • Farmer magazines
      • Governmental Policy documents (SNAP,NAPA, NSDP)
      • Policy briefing note on climate change adaptation and children
      • Teacher and student books on geography and earth science topics of secondary school curriculum