Building Coastal Resilience towards Disasters:
 Integration of Coastal Bio-shield and Information Communication
          ...
Context and Condition

     Tamil Nadu has a coastline of about 1,076 kms which is about 15% of the
      coastal line of...
Context and Condition……


   The data shows between 1891 to 1990 nearly 262 cyclones (92 severe) in a 50
    km wide stri...
Community Based Coastal Bio-Shields


Mangrove Bio-Shields
Community Based Coastal Bio-Shields


Non Mangrove Bio-Shields
Bio-Shield (Vegetation Belt)

   Vegetation between sea and living habitat

       Barrier for
             Sea borne c...
Identification of Project Site

   Feasibility of establishing Bio-shield in 29 fishing hamlets of Tiruvallur
    Distric...
Light House Village Panchayat

    The northern most coastal village panchayat of Tamil Nadu

     Consists of 11 hamlet...
Consultation/Planning with Village Communities
   Discussion with the traditional community
    leaders/villagers about t...
Consultation/Planning with Village Communities

   Demands made by the community
       Strong fencing for the plantatio...
Consultation/Planning with Village Communities

   Action plans made along with the community leaders
       Species sel...
SEEDS Technical Support

   Biophysical Survey
       Suitable area available for plantation
       Existing plant dive...
Bio-Shield Planting and Post Care Management
Information on Community Bio-Shield
   Multi species
       Casuarinas (1m), Pungamia (4m), Thespesia (4m), Neem(4m), an...
Koonan Kuppam, planted in October 2008

Plots – 4
Area – 11747 sq mts

Casuarinas – 1940
Pungama – 45
Thespesia – 52
Neem ...
TM Nagar, planted in November 2008

Plots – 4
Area – 5694 sq mts

Casuarinas – 1543
Pungama – 69
Thespesia – 55
Neem – 29
...
Nadu Kuppam, planted in November 2008

Plots – 2
Area – 2232 sq mts

Casuarinas – 873
Pungama – 16
Thespesia – 19
Neem – 1...
Arangem Kuppam, planted in December
 2008, Neem and Coconut in February 2009
Plots – 2
Area – 8088 sq mts

Casuarinas – 18...
Vairavan Kupam, planted in December 2008,
  Neem and Coconut in January 09
Plots – 2
Area – 7800 sq mts

Casuarinas – 2472...
Bio-Shield impact during May 2010 “Lyla”
Cyclone
Replication of Bio-Shield by Karimanal a non
    intervention village
    Self initiated through knowledge about SEEDs in...
Adding Economic Value to Bio-Shield: Sand
Bar Cultivation model
   In November 2009 Sand bar cultivation was initiated in...
Adding Economic Value to Bio-Shield: Sand
Bar Cultivation Model
   Harvest At Vairavan Kuppam South plot
   Brinjal, Ben...
Information Empowerment to promote
community resilience
   Strengthen the resilience of theses communities through effect...
Mobile Telephony – voice mail based
information empowerment

   On January 26th in partnership with

   IKSL – IFFCO Kis...
Mobile Telephony – Voice Mail based
Information Empowerment
   On time information support - Daily five messages are reco...
Village Information and Knowledge Center


   Consultation with community leaders and the elected local body
   Communit...
At
Present
Thank You
                            SEEDS
                  15/A First Floor,
                 Institutional Area,
     ...
India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters
India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters
India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters
India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters
India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters
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India Coastal Resilience towards Disasters

  1. 1. Building Coastal Resilience towards Disasters: Integration of Coastal Bio-shield and Information Communication Technology Project Area: Coastal district of Tamil Nadu SEEDS Regional Centre, Pulicat National Consultation on Climate Smart June 15, 2010 Disaster Risk Management
  2. 2. Context and Condition  Tamil Nadu has a coastline of about 1,076 kms which is about 15% of the coastal line of India.  The unique geo conditions of the State make this region the most vulnerable to natural disasters.  Tamil Nadu is highly vulnerable to Drought, Cyclones and Floods.  The coastal area of Bay of Bengal in India is situated in the most vulnerable zone V of tropical storms and cyclones. Highly vulnerable ecosystems due to natural disasters like cyclone, heavy rainfall, flooding and water stagnation, freshwater depletion, shore line erosion and sea water intrusion etc.
  3. 3. Context and Condition……  The data shows between 1891 to 1990 nearly 262 cyclones (92 severe) in a 50 km wide strip occurred on the East Coast, indicates that on average, a moderate to severe cyclone hits the Tamil Nadu coast every two years.  In the year 2005 alone, 9 cyclonic storms crossed Tamil Nadu and Andhra coast in a three month period.
  4. 4. Community Based Coastal Bio-Shields Mangrove Bio-Shields
  5. 5. Community Based Coastal Bio-Shields Non Mangrove Bio-Shields
  6. 6. Bio-Shield (Vegetation Belt)  Vegetation between sea and living habitat  Barrier for  Sea borne calamities  Shore line erosion  Storm surge  Sand dust  Useful as  Shelter  Ecological services - Landscape restoration method, restoration of sand dunes, ground water source, coastal biodiversity  Economic value -timber and sand bar cultivation As expressed by the fisher folks during regular consultation…
  7. 7. Identification of Project Site  Feasibility of establishing Bio-shield in 29 fishing hamlets of Tiruvallur District and Chennai  Discussion with the community leaders, fisher women and men of all hamlets and Panchatyat raj leaders  Selected five fishing hamlets to start the pilot work
  8. 8. Light House Village Panchayat  The northern most coastal village panchayat of Tamil Nadu  Consists of 11 hamlets -Communities of Pattinavar, (MBC) traditional fishing community (predominant), Parayar, (SC) Yanadi (ST), Yadava, Mudaliar, Muslims all MBC) inhabit.  Seven Hamlets have rights over the sea shore –located on the beach front  Five Hamlets acceptance to establish Bio-shield Plantation  Two though willing technically not-feasible
  9. 9. Consultation/Planning with Village Communities  Discussion with the traditional community leaders/villagers about the modalities of establishing bio-shield plantation  Their earlier experience immediately after tsunami  Partial success in four villages  Failure in other villages – Intervention limitation
  10. 10. Consultation/Planning with Village Communities  Demands made by the community  Strong fencing for the plantation  Support assurance unlike the earlier NGO  Regular monitoring support till the plants are stabilized by SEEDS
  11. 11. Consultation/Planning with Village Communities  Action plans made along with the community leaders  Species selection and Space selection  Compromise on fencing methods  Post care management like Planting, watering of the tree saplings  Continuous monitoring as collaborative effort- Communities and Seeds
  12. 12. SEEDS Technical Support  Biophysical Survey  Suitable area available for plantation  Existing plant diversity and plant not existing in the area but suitable for bio-shield  Available water sources  Traditional sand dune formation etc  Agronomic practices for post care management  Soil fertility, judicious water supply, pest and disease management and promotion of sand bar cultivation to produce vegetable crops
  13. 13. Bio-Shield Planting and Post Care Management
  14. 14. Information on Community Bio-Shield  Multi species  Casuarinas (1m), Pungamia (4m), Thespesia (4m), Neem(4m), and Coconut (5m)  Badam and local variety…as requested by the community  Bio-shield plots  Identified by the Oor Panchayat  Maintenance and Management  Arranged and organized by the Oor Panchayat  Involving respective villagers and also neighbouring villagers  Value addition  Sand bar cultivation (only in two plots)  Vegetables – Flat beans, Bendi, tomato, brinjal, green and water melon  Community Responsibility  Since Dec 2009, village leaders manage and maintain the Bio-shield  Community bio-shield joint accounts were opened in the local bank  Village representatives nominated by community leaders operate the account  Fence Maintenance , plantation monitoring – Community Leader/SEEDS
  15. 15. Koonan Kuppam, planted in October 2008 Plots – 4 Area – 11747 sq mts Casuarinas – 1940 Pungama – 45 Thespesia – 52 Neem – 43 Coconut – 155 Two bores Watering and safe guarding Two Yanadi families 50% SEEDS 50% Village
  16. 16. TM Nagar, planted in November 2008 Plots – 4 Area – 5694 sq mts Casuarinas – 1543 Pungama – 69 Thespesia – 55 Neem – 29 Coconut – 108 Two Bores Watering and safe guarding Two Yanadi families 80% SEEDS 20% Village
  17. 17. Nadu Kuppam, planted in November 2008 Plots – 2 Area – 2232 sq mts Casuarinas – 873 Pungama – 16 Thespesia – 19 Neem – 16 Coconut – 29 One Bore Watering and safe guarding Two Persons 80% SEEDS 20% Village
  18. 18. Arangem Kuppam, planted in December 2008, Neem and Coconut in February 2009 Plots – 2 Area – 8088 sq mts Casuarinas – 1874 Pungama – 45 Thespesia – 62 Neem – 52 Coconut – 67 Two Bores Watering and safe guarding 9 persons 80% SEEDS 20% Village
  19. 19. Vairavan Kupam, planted in December 2008, Neem and Coconut in January 09 Plots – 2 Area – 7800 sq mts Casuarinas – 2472 Pungama – 59 Thespesia – 52 Neem – 39 Coconut – 141 Two Bores Watering and safe guarding Two Families 80% SEEDS 20% Village
  20. 20. Bio-Shield impact during May 2010 “Lyla” Cyclone
  21. 21. Replication of Bio-Shield by Karimanal a non intervention village  Self initiated through knowledge about SEEDs intervention  Community consultation with SEEDS  Working with the community to make multi species
  22. 22. Adding Economic Value to Bio-Shield: Sand Bar Cultivation model  In November 2009 Sand bar cultivation was initiated in two plots of Vairavan Kuppam  Sand bar cultivation  Small patch of .75 meter x 1meter size with a depth of .45 meter is dug out in the sea sand between the trees in the Bio-shield plantation  Mixture of Red sand and compost manure is filled in it  Vegetable seeds are sown and grown in these patches
  23. 23. Adding Economic Value to Bio-Shield: Sand Bar Cultivation Model  Harvest At Vairavan Kuppam South plot  Brinjal, Bendi, Lap lap, green, tomato and water melon seeds were sown  In period of three months the yield shared by the villagers  Bendi – 26 kg around ½ Kg per plant  Lap lap – 10 kg around 400 gram plant  Greens – 4 kg for three pits  Tomato – 8kg around400 gram plant
  24. 24. Information Empowerment to promote community resilience  Strengthen the resilience of theses communities through effective knowledge based information through mobile telephony and Village Information and Knowledge Centre.  The intervention pertaining to is objective was extended to all the eleven hamlets of light house village panchayat  Discussion about the objectives with all the village community leader  Information need analysis amongst the community  Fishing, Health, Education and employment, legal issues, development schemes
  25. 25. Mobile Telephony – voice mail based information empowerment  On January 26th in partnership with  IKSL – IFFCO Kisan Sanchar ltd and M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation - voice mail broadcast was started  Had detailed consultation with the local communities  About 500 green SIM card have been distributed to all the villages and fishing community network was created
  26. 26. Mobile Telephony – Voice Mail based Information Empowerment  On time information support - Daily five messages are recorded and transmitted – weather forecast, market information etc  Wave direction and height,  Wind direction and speed,  Potential Fishing Zones  Fish prices in other Market  Information about fisheries schemes, general schemes, health, education etc  Feedback – fishermen perceives the information are very useful  Individuals are approaching for sim card and willing to get in to the network  Working on more content generation with regard to Sustainable fisheries to meet and educate the fishing communities
  27. 27. Village Information and Knowledge Center  Consultation with community leaders and the elected local body  Community provided the building  Infrastructure  Resource material on Fishing resources  Computer with internet facilities  A management committee comprising of representatives from all the eleven hamlets  Information managers  Computer literacy  Environment sustainability  Community Awareness on disaster risk reduction and climate change
  28. 28. At Present
  29. 29. Thank You SEEDS 15/A First Floor, Institutional Area, Sector-IV, R.K. Puram New Delhi-110022, India T: 91-11-26174272 www.seedsindia.org

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