The process and method of election


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the exact guidelines and the techniques of conducting the election in the largest democracy of all.

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The process and method of election

  1. 1. The Process and method of election in India<br />-PrathameshBhere<br /><br />
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  20. 20. The government of the people, by the people,for the people<br />- Abraham Lincoln<br />
  21. 21. Government of India<br />It is democratic<br />It is secular. <br />It is republican<br />It was established by parliament of India.<br />It was given control of 28 states and 7 union territories.<br />
  22. 22. Election <br />Foundation stone of democracy<br />An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office<br />
  23. 23. Functions of Election <br />The mainstay of a democratic society<br />Educating citizens about national and international issues<br />Showing citizens limits of their own political authority<br />Operating the principle of general welfare<br />Elections helps to solve the problem of succession in leadership and thus contributes to the continuation of democracy<br />
  24. 24. The Method of the Election<br />The electoral system<br />
  25. 25. The Method of Election<br />Constitution of India in Art 324 provides for a Election Commissioner and other Election commissioners, who are appointed by the president of india.<br />The chief election commissioner functions as the chairperson of the commission.<br />Art 325 provides for creation of a single election roll for entire country<br />
  26. 26. The Method of Election<br />Art 326 establishes universal adult suffrage as the basis for the creation of roll. <br />Art 327 and 328 provides that the parliament and the state legislature can legislate on matters of elections, subject to the provision of the constitution.<br />Art 329 bans the courts from interfering in electoral matters <br />
  27. 27. The Method of Election<br />One MP must be elected from each constituency. <br />First past the post system is used to determine the winner<br />State may reserve seats in favor of sc/st/obc in legislative bodies<br />Voter who are not physically present in their constituency on polling day can vote through the Postal ballot system.<br />
  28. 28. The Process of Election<br />The country must be delimited into various constituencies.<br />The president appoints several regional commissioners on advice of chief election commissioner.<br />The electoral roll is prepared<br />The election commission calls for a all party meeting to discuss the poll dates.<br />
  29. 29. The Process of Election<br />Campaign managers of political parties conduct opinion polls<br />The election commission prepares a schedule for election<br />The code of conduct prescribed by the election commission comes into forces as the dates are declared.<br />Political parties kick off their campaigning when the poll dates are announces<br />
  30. 30. The Process of Election<br />On election day, voting commences in the morning and ends in the evening.<br />As voters leave polling booth exit polls are conducted.<br />The ballot boxes and EVMs are secured in strongholds.<br />The votes are counted and the winners are determined by the first past the post system.<br />
  31. 31. Contesting Candidates information<br />Election Process<br />AnnouncementofElections<br />Electorate Information<br />Nomination Phase<br />Scrutiny of Nominations<br />Withdrawal of Candidates<br />Polling<br />Counting<br />31<br />
  32. 32. Why should you vote?<br /><ul><li> India is the largest democracy in the world. The </li></ul>right to vote and more importantly the exercise of <br /> franchise by the eligible citizens is at the heart of <br /> every democracy. <br />
  33. 33. Why should you vote?<br /><ul><li> We, the people, through our right to vote have </li></ul> the ultimate power to shape the destiny of <br /> country by electing our representatives who run <br /> the Government.<br />
  34. 34. Who elects our Government?<br /><ul><li>Average polling percentage range = 50-60%
  35. 35. The winning parties obtaining a maximum of 25-27% of the total eligible voters' support means support of less than 20% of total voters</li></li></ul><li>Who elects our Government?<br /><ul><li>Many instances of the winning candidate obtaining fewer votes than required for refund of deposit
  36. 36. So far, no national government in India has been elected with a majority vote
  37. 37. Even the largest parliamentary majorities were based on less than 50% voter support. </li></li></ul><li>Who can vote?<br />You are eligible to vote if:<br /><ul><li>You are an Indian citizen
  38. 38. You are 18 years or older
  39. 39. You are an Ordinary Resident at your current </li></ul> location i.e. you have been living at your <br /> current address for 6 months or longer.<br />
  40. 40. Electoral Roll<br /><ul><li> An electoral roll is a list of all eligible citizens</li></ul> who are entitled to cast their vote in an <br /> election. The electoral rolls are prepared <br />Assembly Constituency wise. <br /><ul><li> To exercise your franchise, the first and </li></ul> foremost requirement is that your name <br /> should be in the electoral roll. <br />
  41. 41. Elector’s Photo Identity Card<br /><ul><li> Mere possession of an EPIC issued to you does </li></ul> not guarantee you your vote, because it is <br /> mandatory that your name should appear in the <br /> electoral roll.<br /><ul><li> For further information on registering yourself </li></ul> log on to <br />
  42. 42. Disclosure by candidates<br />Election Commission of India has made it mandatory that all candidates must file an affidavit along with their nomination form with details such as:<br /><ul><li> his/her criminal antecedents
  43. 43. his/her assets and liabilities and those of his/her </li></ul> spouse and dependents<br /><ul><li> his/her educational background</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Any citizen of the country can obtain copies of </li></ul> the nomination form and the affidavit filed by <br /> any candidate from the Returning Officer and it <br /> shall not be refused. <br /><ul><li> As a voter you have every right to seek this </li></ul> information and get it.<br />
  44. 44. Thank you<br />