Kernel
-Neel Parikh
(110110107020)
Topics
• Definition
• Basic Structure
• Facilities
• Functions
• Types of Kernels
Definitionkernel
ˈkəˈn(ə)l/
noun
noun: kernel; plural noun: kernels
1.
a softer, usually edible part of a nut, seed, or fr...
Formal Definition
• In computing, the kernel is a computer
program that manages input/output
requests from software and tr...
Basic Structure
Kernel Basic Facilities
The Central Processing Unit.
• This is the most central part of a
computer system, responsible for...
Kernel Basic Facilities
The computer's memory.
• Memory is used to store both program
instructions and data.
• Typically, ...
Kernel Basic Facilities
Input / Output (I/O) devices
• I/O devices present in the computer, such as
keyboard, mouse, disk ...
Memory management
• Virtual addressing:
Paging
Segmentation
• Data Stores:
Hard Drive
RAM
• Memory Partitions:
Kernel...
Device management
1. On the hardware side:
 Interfacing directly.
 Using a high level interface.
 Using a lower-level d...
Types of Kernels
• Monolithic kernels
• Microkernels(μK )
• Hybrid(Modular) kernels
• Nano kernels
• Exokernels
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel

1,393
-1

Published on

Computer Engineering
Kernel basics
What is kernel
Operating systems

Published in: Engineering, Technology
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,393
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
116
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel

  1. 1. Kernel -Neel Parikh (110110107020)
  2. 2. Topics • Definition • Basic Structure • Facilities • Functions • Types of Kernels
  3. 3. Definitionkernel ˈkəˈn(ə)l/ noun noun: kernel; plural noun: kernels 1. a softer, usually edible part of a nut, seed, or fruit stone contained within its shell. "the kernel of a walnut“ 2. the central or most important part of something. "this is the kernel of the argument"
  4. 4. Formal Definition • In computing, the kernel is a computer program that manages input/output requests from software and translates them into data processing instructions for the central processing unit and other electronic components of a computer. • The kernel is a fundamental part of a modern computer's operating system.
  5. 5. Basic Structure
  6. 6. Kernel Basic Facilities The Central Processing Unit. • This is the most central part of a computer system, responsible for running or executing programs. • The kernel takes responsibility for deciding at any time which of the many running programs should be allocated to the processor or processors (each of which can usually run only one program at a time)
  7. 7. Kernel Basic Facilities The computer's memory. • Memory is used to store both program instructions and data. • Typically, both need to be present in memory in order for a program to execute. • Often multiple programs will want access to memory, frequently demanding more memory than the computer has available. • The kernel is responsible for deciding which memory each process can use, and determining what to do when not enough is available.
  8. 8. Kernel Basic Facilities Input / Output (I/O) devices • I/O devices present in the computer, such as keyboard, mouse, disk drives, USB devices, printers, displays, network adapters, etc. • The kernel allocates requests from applications to perform I/O to an appropriate device and provides convenient methods for using the device.
  9. 9. Memory management • Virtual addressing: Paging Segmentation • Data Stores: Hard Drive RAM • Memory Partitions: Kernel space User space
  10. 10. Device management 1. On the hardware side:  Interfacing directly.  Using a high level interface.  Using a lower-level device driver (file drivers using disk drivers).  Simulating work with hardware, while doing something entirely different. 2. On the software side:  Allowing the operating system direct access to hardware resources.  Implementing an interface for non-driver software.  Implementing a language, sometimes high-level.
  11. 11. Types of Kernels • Monolithic kernels • Microkernels(μK ) • Hybrid(Modular) kernels • Nano kernels • Exokernels
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×