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What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel
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What is Kernel, basic idea of kernel

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Computer Engineering …

Computer Engineering
Kernel basics
What is kernel
Operating systems

Published in: Engineering, Technology
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  1. Kernel -Neel Parikh (110110107020)
  2. Topics • Definition • Basic Structure • Facilities • Functions • Types of Kernels
  3. Definitionkernel ˈkəˈn(ə)l/ noun noun: kernel; plural noun: kernels 1. a softer, usually edible part of a nut, seed, or fruit stone contained within its shell. "the kernel of a walnut“ 2. the central or most important part of something. "this is the kernel of the argument"
  4. Formal Definition • In computing, the kernel is a computer program that manages input/output requests from software and translates them into data processing instructions for the central processing unit and other electronic components of a computer. • The kernel is a fundamental part of a modern computer's operating system.
  5. Basic Structure
  6. Kernel Basic Facilities The Central Processing Unit. • This is the most central part of a computer system, responsible for running or executing programs. • The kernel takes responsibility for deciding at any time which of the many running programs should be allocated to the processor or processors (each of which can usually run only one program at a time)
  7. Kernel Basic Facilities The computer's memory. • Memory is used to store both program instructions and data. • Typically, both need to be present in memory in order for a program to execute. • Often multiple programs will want access to memory, frequently demanding more memory than the computer has available. • The kernel is responsible for deciding which memory each process can use, and determining what to do when not enough is available.
  8. Kernel Basic Facilities Input / Output (I/O) devices • I/O devices present in the computer, such as keyboard, mouse, disk drives, USB devices, printers, displays, network adapters, etc. • The kernel allocates requests from applications to perform I/O to an appropriate device and provides convenient methods for using the device.
  9. Memory management • Virtual addressing: Paging Segmentation • Data Stores: Hard Drive RAM • Memory Partitions: Kernel space User space
  10. Device management 1. On the hardware side:  Interfacing directly.  Using a high level interface.  Using a lower-level device driver (file drivers using disk drivers).  Simulating work with hardware, while doing something entirely different. 2. On the software side:  Allowing the operating system direct access to hardware resources.  Implementing an interface for non-driver software.  Implementing a language, sometimes high-level.
  11. Types of Kernels • Monolithic kernels • Microkernels(μK ) • Hybrid(Modular) kernels • Nano kernels • Exokernels

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