The Solar System and Beyond        Year 8 Physics
Lesson 1                Starter     Write down 4 things you  already know about The Solar       System and Beyond
7L1         Lesson 1 Objectives  • to know the difference in size between the    sun and the Earth  • to explain phenomena...
The Earth is divided up into the northern    hemisphere and the southern hemisphere: Northernhemisphere Southernhemisphere...
The Earth is tilted on an axisNorth poleSouth pole
While the Earth is spinning the side that faces the               sun is in ________       Sunrise
The Earth  Copy the diagram below and label it using these  words:  North pole          South pole      EquatorNorthern he...
Day and NightOn the diagram below:a) Shade the side of the Earth which is night-time.b) Label the side of the Earth which ...
The Earth spins on its axis every ___ (__ hours)
A Moving Sun?The apparent movement of the Sun across the sky    is caused by the Earth spinning on its axis
Length of DayThe Sun is at a higher angle in the sky in summer than in winter. This means the Sun is ABOVE THE  HORIZON lo...
The Earth orbits the sun every…     …year (365 1/4 days)
This orbit is actually a “slightly   squashed” circle (ellipse)
The Earth is kept in orbit by the force of…                   Gravity                             …and by the             ...
Gravity also keeps the moon in orbit around the  Earth. The moon orbits the Earth every…                           …month ...
strongerGravity is ________ if the planet has              more mass:  Earth       Jupiter
The Earth & Beyond : Day & Night                                  How long is one day?                                   ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L1  a West                              h 24 hou...
7L1      Lesson 1 Review of objectives  • to know the difference in size between the    sun and the Earth  • to explain ph...
• Lesson 2                             Starter                  The Seasons In your groups discuss: Why December is hot in...
7L1         Lesson 2 Objectives  • to describe the differences between the 4    seasons  • to explain variations in day le...
The tilt of the Earth on its axis is also       responsible for the seasons:When the northern hemisphere is tilted towards...
Two things happenbecause of this tilt:1) The days are longer during the summer2) The weather is warmer during the summer  ...
Summer and WinterWhen is the Sun highest in the sky? Summer or winter?                                        Sun in      ...
Why?Why is it northern summer when the northern hemisphereis tilted towards the Sun?When the northern hemisphere istilted ...
East and WestHow does the Sun move across the sky during the day?Because the         NOON is when theEarth SPINS,        S...
The 4 SeasonsYour teacher will give you a slip to stick into your book like the picture below. On the diagram, shade the p...
Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemis...
Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemis...
Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemis...
Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemis...
The Earth & Beyond : The SeasonsEast                                                      West                            ...
Home Work Project – Eclipses
Finding information      3               4             5                Do research   Find and useDo some         using mo...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                        7L1m spring; summer;          2 a) Early ...
7L1      Lesson 2 Review of objectives  • to describe the differences between the 4    seasons  • to explain variations in...
• Lesson 3                                  Starter  Link the Key words to their meanings Year        The time taken for t...
7L2         Lesson 3 Objectives  • to know that there are luminous and non    luminous objects  • to know that the Sun is ...
SatellitesSATELLITES are objects that ORBIT other BODIES.Satellites are held in orbit by the FORCE OF GRAVITY ofthe body t...
The Earth & Beyond : Probes & Satellites                             POLAR ORBIT                             SATELLITES : ...
The Earth & Beyond : Probes & Satellites                             GEOSTATIONARY                             SATELLITES ...
The MoonThe MOON is the Earth’snearest neighbour.The Moon has NOATMOSPHERE orliquid surface water.Its surface is coveredin...
Phases of the MoonThe View from EarthNew                         FullMoon                       Moon A       B       C    ...
Phases of the Moon
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Crescent  Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonHalf Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon  Gibbous   Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Full Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon  Gibbous   Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonHalf Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Crescent  Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonNew Moon                    N.B. This is the view from Earth.
The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon  1. The Moon does not produce its own light - how can we see it?                            ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                  7L2  a could include: it is round (spherical), ...
Investigating Craters• You are going to drop marbles from  different heights into a tray of sand in order  to investigate ...
Prediction – What do you think      will happen and Why?      3             4               5               6             ...
Variables• What are you going to change in this  experiment? (independent variable)• What are you going to measure? (depen...
What is a Success Criteria?SUCCESS : The achievement of somethingdesired, planned, or attempted.CRITERIA : Standards by w...
What will you expect to see if yourexperiment worked?      3              4               5              6          7     ...
Write a set of instructions  333                4               5             6                 7                         ...
Complete the Experiment1) Record your results in a table (remember   to repeat readings for reliability)2) Plot a suitable...
Quick Quiz• What does luminous mean?                            Something that gives out light• Name two luminous objects....
7L2      Lesson 3 Review of objectives  • to know that there are luminous and non    luminous objects  • to know that the ...
• Lesson 4                   Starter              Eclipses   • Discuss with the people on your     table what the terms so...
7L2        Lesson 4 Objectives  • to know how eclipses of the Sun occur  • to know how eclipses of the Moon occur  • able ...
Eclipse          7 mins
Solar Eclipse
Lunar Eclipse
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L2     1 a) month, Earth; phases     b) Earth   ...
7L2      Lesson 4 Review of objectives  • to know how eclipses of the Sun occur  • to know how eclipses of the Moon occur ...
• Lesson 5                           Starter    Journey across the solar system   • Write down 10 things you would take   ...
7L3         Lesson 5 Objectives  • that our solar system includes the Sun, its    planets and asteroids and the natural   ...
The Big Picture• What are the names  of the planets?• Which is the largest  planet?• What keeps the  planets in orbit?
The Order of the PlanetsSun                                                                          Pluto                ...
Group Task    In your groups make up your own    rhyme to help you remember the    order of the planets.                  ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                  7L3 a Sun                                m smal...
7L3      Lesson 5 Review of objectives  • that our solar system includes the Sun, its    planets and asteroids and the nat...
• Lesson 6                           Starter    Re-arrange the letters below to name   seven of the planets in the solar s...
7L3        Lesson 6 Objectives  • Know the difference between    asteroids and comets  • Plot a bar chart of the diameters...
Note to teacher• Question 4 is a bar chart which  could be plotted using excel. If  you are unsure how to do this  see RBE...
ASTEROIDS – WHAT ARE THEY?                   Asteroids: Large                   pieces of rock in                   orbit ...
HOW DO THE ASTEROIDS ORBIT        THE SUN?     KEY FACTS:                        The Asteroid                        Belt ...
COMETS                           Where did Comets                           come from and what                           a...
Link the Key words to their                     meanings                   The path taken by a satellite. It can be aSolar...
Question 4 – bar chart• Discuss with a partner or small group What variable should go on the x axis and why? What variab...
Question 5 – line graph• Discuss with a partner or small group What variable should go on the x axis and why? What varia...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L3   1 a) nine, Solar   b) Mercury, Venus, Earth...
7L3      Lesson 6 Review of objectives  • Know the difference between    asteroids and comets  • Plot a bar chart of the d...
• Lesson 7                                      Starter                  Design an Alien• In groups of three• Fold the pie...
7L4          Lesson 7 Objectives• how to find out about the relative sizes of the  Sun, Earth, Moon and other planets and ...
Scavenger Challenge• In groups of 4 research  information about the solar system• There is a checklist in your booklet  fo...
Homework for next lessonUse the internet / pictures frommagazines to obtain images of thesun, planets, asteroids and comet...
7L4      Lesson 7 Review of objectives• how to find out about the relative sizes of the  Sun, Earth, Moon and other planet...
• Lesson 8                               Starter             Producing your poster • Get into your groups from last lesson...
7L4       Lesson 8 Objectives  • Work cooperatively in a group to    produce a poster  • To evaluate the relevance of the ...
Group Posters• Create a poster and spoken presentation in  your group using the information you  obtained last lesson and ...
Time for ReflectionAnswer the following questions in your book using fullsentences: 1. Write down a list of things you hav...
7L4      Lesson 8 Review of objectives  • Work cooperatively in a group to    produce a poster  • To evaluate the relevanc...
• Lesson 9                                     Starter                Astronomer puzzle     Answer the clues to find the f...
7L5         Lesson 9 Objectives  • to search for patterns from ICT data  • to draw conclusions from data  • Plot a line gr...
Plotting Graphs   Examine the data shown in the table   below and then plot 2 graphs showing:1. The distance to the Sun ag...
The distance to the Sun against the orbit time of the planet 250                                        x 200 150         ...
The distance to the Sun against the average temperature of the planet     500 x     400 x     300     200     100       0 ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L4     a Mars (similar temperature, day length, ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L4     4 Mercury, Mars, Pluto; these are the thr...
7L5      Lesson 9 Review of objectives  • to search for patterns from ICT data  • to draw conclusions from data  • Plot a ...
• Lesson 10                          Starter  Link the Key words to their meanings Big Bang         Very large groups of b...
7L5        Lesson 10 Objectives  • that the Sun and other stars are light sources  • that the apparent movement of the sta...
Solar systems, galaxies and the                   Universe(Basically, everything in the universe orbits around something e...
Making a telescope• What do you notice about the image that you see?
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L5     Your place in the Universe. The sequence ...
Answers to questions in the pupils’ text:                                7L5   1 a) star, galaxy   b) distance, year   c) ...
7L5  Lesson 10 Review of objectives  • that the Sun and other stars are light sources  • that the apparent movement of the...
• Lesson 11                           Starter      Review of ‘the solar system and                 beyond’• Which topic di...
7L5        Lesson 11 Objectives  • To answer 15 questions about the solar    system and beyond  • Think about what topics ...
7L- End of chapter questions
Answers1. 24 hours.              7. 92. A year (36514 days).   8. Jupiter.3. a) summer.             9. Mercury.   b) highe...
7L5   Lesson 11 Review of objectives  • To answer 15 questions about the solar    system and beyond  • Think about what to...
The solar system and beyond
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  • A drag and drop activity
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  • The solar system and beyond

    1. 1. The Solar System and Beyond Year 8 Physics
    2. 2. Lesson 1 Starter Write down 4 things you already know about The Solar System and Beyond
    3. 3. 7L1 Lesson 1 Objectives • to know the difference in size between the sun and the Earth • to explain phenomena such as day and night, and the apparent movement of the Sun • to use a model to show that the axis of spin of the Earth is at an angle to its orbit round the Sun
    4. 4. The Earth is divided up into the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere: Northernhemisphere Southernhemisphere Equator
    5. 5. The Earth is tilted on an axisNorth poleSouth pole
    6. 6. While the Earth is spinning the side that faces the sun is in ________ Sunrise
    7. 7. The Earth Copy the diagram below and label it using these words: North pole South pole EquatorNorthern hemisphere Southern hemisphere North pole Northern hemisphere Equator South pole Southern hemisphere
    8. 8. Day and NightOn the diagram below:a) Shade the side of the Earth which is night-time.b) Label the side of the Earth which is day-time. day- time
    9. 9. The Earth spins on its axis every ___ (__ hours)
    10. 10. A Moving Sun?The apparent movement of the Sun across the sky is caused by the Earth spinning on its axis
    11. 11. Length of DayThe Sun is at a higher angle in the sky in summer than in winter. This means the Sun is ABOVE THE HORIZON longer in summer than in winter. So, insummer, the days are longer and the nights are shorter, compared to winter.
    12. 12. The Earth orbits the sun every… …year (365 1/4 days)
    13. 13. This orbit is actually a “slightly squashed” circle (ellipse)
    14. 14. The Earth is kept in orbit by the force of… Gravity …and by the fact that is is moving at a high velocity
    15. 15. Gravity also keeps the moon in orbit around the Earth. The moon orbits the Earth every… …month (28 days)
    16. 16. strongerGravity is ________ if the planet has more mass: Earth Jupiter
    17. 17. The Earth & Beyond : Day & Night  How long is one day?  24 hours  How long is one year?  365¼ days  Planet Earth spins on its tilted axis and orbits the Sun.  This causes days & nights and the seasons.
    18. 18. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L1 a West h 24 hours i anti-clockwise, b South viewed from above N pole c can cause permanent damage j 1 year (365 days) to your eyes k 365 (or 365, leading to a d shorter discussion of leap years; e lower February 29th; for century-years f we would die; all life would only if not divisible by 400) end l force of gravity g Australia, China, Japan; if morning in UK then America, West Indies; if afternoon in the UK then Pakistan, Bangladesh, India (use a globe to show this)
    19. 19. 7L1 Lesson 1 Review of objectives • to know the difference in size between the sun and the Earth • to explain phenomena such as day and night, and the apparent movement of the Sun • to use a model to show that the axis of spin of the Earth is at an angle to its orbit round the Sun
    20. 20. • Lesson 2 Starter The Seasons In your groups discuss: Why December is hot in Australia but cold in Britain
    21. 21. 7L1 Lesson 2 Objectives • to describe the differences between the 4 seasons • to explain variations in day length and climate in different seasons
    22. 22. The tilt of the Earth on its axis is also responsible for the seasons:When the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, it isnorthern summer and winter in the southern hemisphere.When the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, it issouthern summer and winter in the northern hemisphere.
    23. 23. Two things happenbecause of this tilt:1) The days are longer during the summer2) The weather is warmer during the summer (due to the hemisphere being closer to the Sun)
    24. 24. Summer and WinterWhen is the Sun highest in the sky? Summer or winter? Sun in SUMMER at noon. Sun in WINTER at noon.
    25. 25. Why?Why is it northern summer when the northern hemisphereis tilted towards the Sun?When the northern hemisphere istilted towards the Sun, the Sun isat a higher angle in the sky andthe Sun’s rays are less spreadout. Therefore, they have agreater heating effect. In northernwinter the Sun is at a lower anglein the sky because the northernhemisphere is tilted away from theSun. Consequently, the Sun’srays are more spread out andhave a lower heating effect thanin summer.
    26. 26. East and WestHow does the Sun move across the sky during the day?Because the NOON is when theEarth SPINS, Sun is HIGHEST inthe Sun moves the sky.across the sky. The Sun RISES The Sun SETS in the EAST. in the WEST.
    27. 27. The 4 SeasonsYour teacher will give you a slip to stick into your book like the picture below. On the diagram, shade the parts of the Earth where it is night-time and fill in the gaps. Northern Southern
    28. 28. Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemisphere in the table.
    29. 29. Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemisphere in the table.
    30. 30. Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemisphere in the table.
    31. 31. Look at the the diagram of the earth below. Notewhere the light is shining. Then drag the seasonto match the correct hemisphere in the table.
    32. 32. The Earth & Beyond : The SeasonsEast West Summer Autumn Winter Copy the diagram above and add two ‘sun lines’ - one for Summer and one for Winter.
    33. 33. Home Work Project – Eclipses
    34. 34. Finding information 3 4 5 Do research Find and useDo some using more research helpsresearch. than one with what you source. are studying.
    35. 35. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L1m spring; summer; 2 a) Early morning shadow is long, towards the SW (Sun autumn; winter rises in NE). Shadow moves clockwise to W and NW,n summer days longer getting shorter. Shortest when North. Then shadow gets longer as it moves to NE, E, SE, very long as Sun sets.o colder at the poles; Shadows stronger (more contrast) and visible for more North Pole colder in hours. northern winter b) Shadow starts later in day and towards NW (Sun rises in1 a) Earth, spin (turn, SE) and ends at NE. Winter shadow is longer, moves rotate) through less than a semi-circle, is fainter and visible forb) Earth, Sun fewer hours.c) 365 (365 1/4) 3 a) too hot for life; seas would boild) 231/2° b) longer (hotter) days and longer (colder) nights; fewer dayse) Earth, Sun, higher, in a year longer c) no seasons, summer same as winter; continuous daylight at both poles
    36. 36. 7L1 Lesson 2 Review of objectives • to describe the differences between the 4 seasons • to explain variations in day length and climate in different seasons
    37. 37. • Lesson 3 Starter Link the Key words to their meanings Year The time taken for the Earth to spin once on its axis. Day A large object, like the Earth, that orbits a sun. The time taken for the Earth to orbit the Sun Night once. When our side of the Earth is turned away Sun from the Sun. The star at the centre of our Solar System Planet which provides almost all our energy.
    38. 38. 7L2 Lesson 3 Objectives • to know that there are luminous and non luminous objects • to know that the Sun is a light source, but the Moon and Earth are seen by reflected light • to explain how the view from the Earth of the Moon causes the phases in a regular sequence
    39. 39. SatellitesSATELLITES are objects that ORBIT other BODIES.Satellites are held in orbit by the FORCE OF GRAVITY ofthe body they are ORBITTING.Gravity is the FORCE OF ATTRACTION between all MASSES.The LARGER THE MASS, the greater the attraction. TheCLOSER two masses are together, the greater the attraction.ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES are satellites that are made byhumans. They have many uses:ASTRONOMY GEOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS STUDYING CLIMATE CHANGE MONITORING THE WEATHER
    40. 40. The Earth & Beyond : Probes & Satellites POLAR ORBIT SATELLITES :  Low orbit around the Earth passing over North and South poles.  Earth rotates underneath them as they orbit.  Used for large-scale mapping and global weather monitoring.
    41. 41. The Earth & Beyond : Probes & Satellites GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES :  Stay above the same place on Earth.  Speed of orbit matches the Earth’s rotation.  Used for communications, satellite TV, weather forecasting, intelligence, GPS.
    42. 42. The MoonThe MOON is the Earth’snearest neighbour.The Moon has NOATMOSPHERE orliquid surface water.Its surface is coveredin CRATERS madeby impactingasteroids.Several manned missions have been to the surface of the Moonand it is the only other surface that humans have walked on.The Moon is seen by REFLECTED LIGHT and it takes 28DAYS to ORBIT the Earth.
    43. 43. Phases of the MoonThe View from EarthNew FullMoon Moon A B C D E F G H
    44. 44. Phases of the Moon
    45. 45. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Crescent Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    46. 46. The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonHalf Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    47. 47. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Gibbous Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    48. 48. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Full Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    49. 49. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Gibbous Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    50. 50. The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonHalf Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    51. 51. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon Crescent Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    52. 52. The Earth & Beyond : Our MoonNew Moon N.B. This is the view from Earth.
    53. 53. The Earth & Beyond : Our Moon 1. The Moon does not produce its own light - how can we see it? REFLECTED LIGHT 2. How long does it take the Moon to orbit the Earth? 28 DAYS 3. Why do we always see the same side of the Moon? IT ROTATES 4. Why do we only see a Full Moon once a month? THE WHOLE SIDE OF THE MOON THAT IS ILLUMINATED BY THE SUN CAN ONLY BE SEEN FROM EARTH ONCE A MONTH 5. What is a New Moon? ALL THE SUNS LIGHT IS BLOCKED BY THE EARTH 6. What force keeps the Moon in orbit around the Earth? GRAVITY 7. Why is there very little atmosphere on the Moon?BECAUSE IT IS SMALL IT DOES NOT HAVE A STRONGGRAVITATIONAL PULL SO ANY GASES ARE LOST TO SPACE
    54. 54. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L2 a could include: it is round (spherical), it is outside the Earth, it has craters, it is not made of green cheese, has been visited by astronauts (first time was 21 July 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin), airless (so no weather, no sound), cold, goes round Earth, same side faces us all the time, about a quarter of a million miles from us (240 000 miles, 380 000 km), about a quarter of diameter of Earth (2000 miles : 8000 miles); Moon’s gravity is about one-sixth of that on Earth, looks different each night (phases), held to the Earth by gravity, this gravity pull also causes the Earth’s tides, etc. b no air, water, life, etc. c sunlight (see diagram on pupils’ page)
    55. 55. Investigating Craters• You are going to drop marbles from different heights into a tray of sand in order to investigate how this changes the size of the craters produced
    56. 56. Prediction – What do you think will happen and Why? 3 4 5 6 7 Make a prediction explaining Use some Use a formula Use some what your detailed or anMake a simple science ideas results will be science ideas complicatedprediction. to make your like explaining to make a idea to explain prediction. where you got prediction. your prediction the information from.
    57. 57. Variables• What are you going to change in this experiment? (independent variable)• What are you going to measure? (dependent variable)• What will you keep the same to make it a fair test 4 5 6 7 What will you Explain how Try to explain Give your change, what you will keep which things independent, will you things the you will have dependent and measure, what same and how difficulty controlled will you keep much you will keeping the variables. the same? measure. same .
    58. 58. What is a Success Criteria?SUCCESS : The achievement of somethingdesired, planned, or attempted.CRITERIA : Standards by which somethingmay be judged.Standards by which the outcome of anexperiment can be judged
    59. 59. What will you expect to see if yourexperiment worked? 3 4 5 6 7 Decide onHow will you some suitable Try to explain Explain fullyknow if the outcomes to why you chose why you choseexperiment has know if your these outcomes these outcomesworked? experiment as worked
    60. 60. Write a set of instructions 333 4 5 6 7 Explain which Suggest a fewWrite a plan of Write your Write a plan in method you ideas how youwhat you will own, sensible a sensible, will use to get will do yourdo (with help) plan. clear order. the best work. results.
    61. 61. Complete the Experiment1) Record your results in a table (remember to repeat readings for reliability)2) Plot a suitable graph3) Write down what you have found out? How does it compare with your prediction
    62. 62. Quick Quiz• What does luminous mean? Something that gives out light• Name two luminous objects. Stars, light bulbs…• What does non-luminous mean? Something that does not give out light• Name two non-luminous objects. Table, chair, book…• Are the following luminous? – Sun Yes – Earth No – Moon No
    63. 63. 7L2 Lesson 3 Review of objectives • to know that there are luminous and non luminous objects • to know that the Sun is a light source, but the Moon and Earth are seen by reflected light • to explain how the view from the Earth of the Moon causes the phases in a regular sequence
    64. 64. • Lesson 4 Starter Eclipses • Discuss with the people on your table what the terms solar eclipse and lunar eclipse mean
    65. 65. 7L2 Lesson 4 Objectives • to know how eclipses of the Sun occur • to know how eclipses of the Moon occur • able to plan an investigation about the craters on the moon
    66. 66. Eclipse 7 mins
    67. 67. Solar Eclipse
    68. 68. Lunar Eclipse
    69. 69. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L2 1 a) month, Earth; phases b) Earth c) Moon, Sun, Earth 3 93 000 mm (93 metres, 100 yards) away (and 900 mm, 90 cm, in diameter)
    70. 70. 7L2 Lesson 4 Review of objectives • to know how eclipses of the Sun occur • to know how eclipses of the Moon occur • able to plan an investigation about the craters on the moon
    71. 71. • Lesson 5 Starter Journey across the solar system • Write down 10 things you would take with you if you were going to spend the next year in a space shuttle. Divide them into two groups essentials and luxuries.
    72. 72. 7L3 Lesson 5 Objectives • that our solar system includes the Sun, its planets and asteroids and the natural satellites of the planets • that the planets orbit the Sun in similar ways to the Earth • to speculate on the possible conditions on other planets
    73. 73. The Big Picture• What are the names of the planets?• Which is the largest planet?• What keeps the planets in orbit?
    74. 74. The Order of the PlanetsSun Pluto Neptune Uranus Saturn Jupiter Mars Earth Venus Mercury My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming Planets
    75. 75. Group Task In your groups make up your own rhyme to help you remember the order of the planets. Examples: My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming PlanetsMy Very Extravagant Mother Just Spent Under Ninety Pounds
    76. 76. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L3 a Sun m small ‘planetoids’, possibly b 1 year (365 days) the remains of an unformed c Jupiter planet; between Mars and Jupiter; largest is Ceres (900 d Saturn (and Uranus) km diameter) e Mars (and the asteroids) n off the right-hand side of the f Mercury page (by 3 cm) g Pluto o Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars p h Pluto nearer to the Sun i Venus q bigger (because you would be j Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, closer than on any other Neptune (the 4 ‘Gas Giants’) planet) k Mercury r very dim (like a bright star, which is what the Sun is) l the farther the planet from the Sun, the longer it takes for 1 s gravity (gravitational force) t an orbit (1 ‘year’ of the planet) oval shape, but almost circular
    77. 77. 7L3 Lesson 5 Review of objectives • that our solar system includes the Sun, its planets and asteroids and the natural satellites of the planets • that the planets orbit the Sun in similar ways to the Earth • to speculate on the possible conditions on other planets
    78. 78. • Lesson 6 Starter Re-arrange the letters below to name seven of the planets in the solar system:- • Narsuu • Uranus • Toupl • Pluto • Rathe • Earth • Runtas • Saturn • Sarm • Mars • Reyrmuc • Mercury • punteen • Neptune•List the above 7 planets in order of their increasingdistance from the sun. Mercury, earth, mars, saturn, uranus, neptune, plutoWhich two planets are missing? Venus and Jupiter
    79. 79. 7L3 Lesson 6 Objectives • Know the difference between asteroids and comets • Plot a bar chart of the diameters of the planets • Plot a line graph and use it to make a prediction
    80. 80. Note to teacher• Question 4 is a bar chart which could be plotted using excel. If you are unsure how to do this see RBE or MIL
    81. 81. ASTEROIDS – WHAT ARE THEY? Asteroids: Large pieces of rock in orbit around the Sun They vary in SIZE but are considered too SMALL to be planets Photo: 27th June 1997, 60KM wide The distance between here and Bridgend!!
    82. 82. HOW DO THE ASTEROIDS ORBIT THE SUN? KEY FACTS: The Asteroid Belt is made up of thousands of Asteroids in Orbit around the Sun between MARS and JUPITER
    83. 83. COMETS Where did Comets come from and what are they made of? They are leftover from when the Solar System was Formed Mainly made of ROCK, DUST and GAS When the Comet comesWhat is the Comet’s close to the Sun, theTail? DUST and GAS get BLOWN AWAY and SHINES in the Sunlight
    84. 84. Link the Key words to their meanings The path taken by a satellite. It can be aSolar eclipse circle or an ellipse (an oval). An object that goes round a planet or aSolar System star. This occurs when the Sun’s light isStar blocked by the Moon. The Sun and all the planets that go roundOrbit it.Satellite Very large objects in space that produce heat and light, like the Sun.
    85. 85. Question 4 – bar chart• Discuss with a partner or small group What variable should go on the x axis and why? What variable should go on the y axis? What range of values will each variable need? What scale can you use to make your graph as big as possible? ? ?
    86. 86. Question 5 – line graph• Discuss with a partner or small group What variable should go on the x axis and why? What variable should go on the y axis? What range of values will each variable need? What scale can you use to make your graph as big as possible? ? ?
    87. 87. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L3 1 a) nine, Solar b) Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto c) Pluto; Sun 2 farthest, dimmest (and small) 3 +430°C on day side; lead melts; no atmosphere 5 about 4 years
    88. 88. 7L3 Lesson 6 Review of objectives • Know the difference between asteroids and comets • Plot a bar chart of the diameters of the planets • Plot a line graph and use it to make a prediction
    89. 89. • Lesson 7 Starter Design an Alien• In groups of three• Fold the piece of paper on your desk into 3• The first person secretly draws a head on the top of the paper and leaves markers on the middle piece for the second person to continue with the body• The second person draws the body and leaves markers for the third person to finish with the legs• Hand them in so your teacher can judge the best aliens at the end of the lesson
    90. 90. 7L4 Lesson 7 Objectives• how to find out about the relative sizes of the Sun, Earth, Moon and other planets and the relative distances of the planets from the Sun• to search for patterns from ICT data• to identify the main points in each paragraph, distinguishing key points from supporting material• to use skimming, scanning, and note making as appropriate to different resources
    91. 91. Scavenger Challenge• In groups of 4 research information about the solar system• There is a checklist in your booklet for you to make sure you collect all the information required• Each member of the team must take on different roles (see booklet)• The team that collects the most information wins credits
    92. 92. Homework for next lessonUse the internet / pictures frommagazines to obtain images of thesun, planets, asteroids and comets togo onto your poster next lesson
    93. 93. 7L4 Lesson 7 Review of objectives• how to find out about the relative sizes of the Sun, Earth, Moon and other planets and the relative distances of the planets from the Sun• to search for patterns from ICT data• to identify the main points in each paragraph, distinguishing key points from supporting material• to use skimming, scanning, and note making as appropriate to different resources
    94. 94. • Lesson 8 Starter Producing your poster • Get into your groups from last lesson • Collect all the resources you need ( pens, pencils, text books etc.) • Designate each person with a job • Write your title (do not spend more than 5 minute colouring in a title)
    95. 95. 7L4 Lesson 8 Objectives • Work cooperatively in a group to produce a poster • To evaluate the relevance of the data collected • To work to a limited time scale and ensure the poster is finished in the set time
    96. 96. Group Posters• Create a poster and spoken presentation in your group using the information you obtained last lesson and for homework• The criteria sheet for your poster is in the booklet• Every member of the group must be active
    97. 97. Time for ReflectionAnswer the following questions in your book using fullsentences: 1. Write down a list of things you have learnt in the challenge that you didn’t know before. 2. What did you like about the challenge? 3. What did you dislike about the challenge? 4. What would you have done differently if you had the time over?
    98. 98. 7L4 Lesson 8 Review of objectives • Work cooperatively in a group to produce a poster • To evaluate the relevance of the data collected • To work to a limited time scale and ensure the poster is finished in the set time
    99. 99. • Lesson 9 Starter Astronomer puzzle Answer the clues to find the first name of a famous This Polish astronomer astronomer _________ Copernicus lived from 1473–1543. Venus He was n i vfirstse U the e r person to show oc u l ar Earth B in that the s moves round the Sun, M oo ns and thata l ax y is the G the Sun centre Gr a v iSolar of the t y System.t u r n Sa Cons t e l l at io n • The famous astronomer is Nicolaus Copernicus
    100. 100. 7L5 Lesson 9 Objectives • to search for patterns from ICT data • to draw conclusions from data • Plot a line graph involving positive and negative values
    101. 101. Plotting Graphs Examine the data shown in the table below and then plot 2 graphs showing:1. The distance to the Sun against the orbit time of the planet.2. The distance to the Sun against the Plot the distance to the average temperature of the planet. Sun on the x-axis.
    102. 102. The distance to the Sun against the orbit time of the planet 250 x 200 150 x 100 x 50 x x x 0 x 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
    103. 103. The distance to the Sun against the average temperature of the planet 500 x 400 x 300 200 100 0 xx 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 -100 x x -200 x x x -300
    104. 104. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L4 a Mars (similar temperature, day length, year length, rocky with mountains) b i) Venus is covered in clouds (so you can’t see through telescope) of sulphuric acid (so landing craft are attacked and damaged by the acid) ii) Pluto is small and very far away; and a long way from the Sun, so it is dim c Earth is at the right distance from the Sun, so the average temperature is between 0 °C and 100 °C
    105. 105. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L4 4 Mercury, Mars, Pluto; these are the three smallest planets; their gravitational pull is not as strong as other planets, so the atmosphere is not held as strongly to the planet
    106. 106. 7L5 Lesson 9 Review of objectives • to search for patterns from ICT data • to draw conclusions from data • Plot a line graph involving positive and negative values
    107. 107. • Lesson 10 Starter Link the Key words to their meanings Big Bang Very large groups of billions of stars. Light Year The galaxies that are closest to us. Galaxy The distance that light can travel in one year. Local Group A pattern of stars in the sky. The explosion that started the Constellation Universe.
    108. 108. 7L5 Lesson 10 Objectives • that the Sun and other stars are light sources • that the apparent movement of the stars is a result of the Earth’s rotation • that stars are spread throughout the universe • that within our solar system only Earth is known to support any life forms
    109. 109. Solar systems, galaxies and the Universe(Basically, everything in the universe orbits around something else) OUR SUN is one of millions of stars that orbit the centre of… THE MILKY WAY, which is one of a billion galaxies that orbitTHE UNIVERSE AND move away from the centre of…
    110. 110. Making a telescope• What do you notice about the image that you see?
    111. 111. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L5 Your place in the Universe. The sequence is: pupil, town, England, Earth & Moon, inner planets, Solar System, nearest stars, our galaxy, nearby galaxies Full address: road, town or district/city, county, England/Wales, etc., Britain (UK), Europe (European Community), northern hemisphere, Earth, Solar System, Milky Way, Universe Image magnified (4) and inverted (see above)
    112. 112. Answers to questions in the pupils’ text: 7L5 1 a) star, galaxy b) distance, year c) expanding, Big Bang 2 1 light year = 300 000 x 60 x 60 x 24 x 365 km = 9 460 800 000 000 km = 9 million million km (about 1016 metres) (about 6 million million miles)
    113. 113. 7L5 Lesson 10 Review of objectives • that the Sun and other stars are light sources • that the apparent movement of the stars is a result of the Earth’s rotation • that stars are spread throughout the universe • that within our solar system only Earth is known to support any life forms
    114. 114. • Lesson 11 Starter Review of ‘the solar system and beyond’• Which topic did you find the most interesting?• Which learning method did you enjoy the most?• Is there anything you are unsure of? What will you do before the test to make sure you understand it?
    115. 115. 7L5 Lesson 11 Objectives • To answer 15 questions about the solar system and beyond • Think about what topics we have enjoyed and if we have struggled with any tasks • Discuss the skills we have used and how we will use them again in our everyday lives
    116. 116. 7L- End of chapter questions
    117. 117. Answers1. 24 hours. 7. 92. A year (36514 days). 8. Jupiter.3. a) summer. 9. Mercury. b) higher. 10. Pluto.4. month. 11. Venus.5. A full moon. 12. Chunks of ice and rock.6. The Moon comes 13. The Milky Way. directly between the 14. The distance that light Sun and the Earth. travels in one year. 15. The Universe.
    118. 118. 7L5 Lesson 11 Review of objectives • To answer 15 questions about the solar system and beyond • Think about what topics we have enjoyed and if we have struggled with any tasks • Discuss the skills we have used and how we will use them again in our everyday lives
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