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Ict & Legislation
 

Ict & Legislation

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    Ict & Legislation Ict & Legislation Presentation Transcript

    • Applied GCE Unit 1 Life in the Information Age
    • Learning Outcomes Lesson 11
      • By the end of the lesson, you should:
      • understand the impact on crime prevention and legislation
      • see the effect that technology has
      • recognise the advantages and disadvantages of ICT within crime prevention and legislation
    • Crime and crime prevention
      • ICT has had a major impact
      • Types of crimes committed:
        • Bank robbery done by electronic hacking rather than safe cracking
        • Virus threats
        • Internet and email frauds
      • Crime has also become more global
      • Crime prevention agencies have to try and respond on a global level
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
    • Crime and crime prevention
      • Police force has seen ICT as a major driving force to improve methods and efficiency
      • ICT affects the job of every police officer:
        • Word processed reports
        • Digital radio communication
        • Crime databases
        • Biometric databases
        • Network and geographical analysis
        • Digital video and CCTV
        • Forensic analysis
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
    • Criminal Records Bureau
      • At last the UK has a central database of offenders
      • Now possible to check records to see if there is a history of convictions
      • Teachers and people who work with young children – mandatory checks
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
    • CCTV
      • UK has the greatest density of CCTV cameras in the world
      • Seems that people are accepting in order to gain reassurance about crime prevention and detection
      • Privacy issues – what are pictures used for?
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
    • ID cards and passports
      • Many countries insist that citizens carry ID cards
      • Big issue in the UK at the moment
      • Often carry biometric data as well as usual details of name and address
      • However, criminals can develop IT capabilities just as easily as the law enforcement agencies
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
    • Internet crime
      • Identity theft
        • 80% of household bins contained documents that could be used to forge an identity
        • Should shred or burn!
        • Spam emails sometimes contain viruses which detect key strokes
      • Phishing
        • Emails asking for personal details
        • Banks never do this – don’t be taken in
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology ; advantages and disadvantages
    • Benefits
      • Administrative duties completed more quickly
      • Tools available to help track down criminals
      • Communication improved
      • Evidence collection, tracking, analysis and availability improved
      • Amount of data available
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
    • Drawbacks?
      • No ‘bobby on the beat’
      • Local police officer in the local community
      • Large amount of data – but is there a significant impact on detecting and reducing crime overall?
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
    • Civil rights
      • Contentious area in the debate about the impact of ICT
      • More data, and more technology, then more likely that rights to privacy and civil rights are compromised
      • Computers make the collection, copying and transmitting of data very convenient
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
    • Civil rights
      • Governments maintain that data needs to be stored to help better understand the needs of the population, or to help fight terrorism and other evils
      • Government departments exchange data – more important that data is accurate
      • People concerned that personal data kept for more sinister reasons, or is not accurate
      • Will people in the future think that we are paranoid, or not careful enough?
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages
    • Legislation
      • Information Age has brought with it the need for its own set of laws to regulate, monitor and control
      • In the UK:
        • Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), as amended
        • Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations (1992)
        • Data Protection Act (1984), as amended
        • Copyright, Designs and Patents Act (1988)
        • Computer Misuse Act (1990)
        • Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (2000)
        • Freedom of Information Act (2005)
      Lesson 11 Learning outcomes: Understand the impact on crime and legislation ; effect of technology; advantages and disadvantages