Immigration - Amnesty May 1, 2010

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Immigration - Amnesty May 1, 2010

  1. 1. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform <ul><li>Semester Project </li></ul><ul><li>By: Kym Nuñez </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Immigrant Life </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration History </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Current Concerns </li></ul>IMMIGRATION Need for Reform <ul><li>Immigration Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Humane Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Amnesty Necessity </li></ul>Conclusion & Recommendations Introduction
  3. 3. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform <ul><li>Immigration Since 1607 – Jamestown VA </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration Methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st : Colonization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd : Arrive en mass via Ellis Island (and other ports) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd : Planes, Trains, Automobiles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 th : Walking </li></ul></ul></ul>Immigrant Life - History
  4. 4. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life - Changes <ul><li>Immigration Unrestricted 1607 – 1882 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 out of 5 people in New York City, in 1890, were immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Earliest Immigration Restrictions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Anti-Immigrant Law: Exclusion Act of 1882 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Anti-Immigrant Law : Foran Act of 1885 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of Immigrant Laws to Date </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Changes (cont’d) <ul><li>Early Immigration Surges (per year) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1880: 800,00 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Northern & Western Europeans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1905: 1,285,000 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1910: 1,200,000 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Southern & Eastern Europeans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>**By 1910, 6 million passed through Ellis Island </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1925: 700,000 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Asians & North & South Americans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Changes (cont’d) <ul><li>Early Immigration Surges (per year) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1930: 400,00 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Asians & North & South Americans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1942-47: 360,000 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Mexican Farm Laborers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1955: 400,000 Immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Asians & North & South Americans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life - Changes (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration Population Surges </li></ul>
  8. 8. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Changes (cont’d) <ul><li>Importing Temporary Mexican Labor During Wartime </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1942: Bracero Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US/Mexico cheap agribusiness labor contracts during WW2 while American men at war in Europe/Asia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1943: Railroad Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US/Mexico cheap labor contracts during WW2 while American men at war in Europe/Asia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1950: Public Law 78 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US/Mexico cheap agribusiness & labor contracts during Korean War while American men at war in Asia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Changes (cont’d) <ul><li>Imported/Deported Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The temporary wartime US/Mexican labor contracts: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contracts brought many laborers and residents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contracts renewed regularly until 1964 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Operation Wetback,” 1953-1955, the USA’s round-up program, deported 2 million Mexicans as well as Mexican Americans (US citizens, and their children) back to Mexico – the beginning of the dispensable & disposable labor/people notion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Current Concerns <ul><li>Immigrants – As of 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 36 million immigrants in the US </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 12 million illegal immigrants in the US </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 70% Latino (Mexico, Central & South America) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 10% Asian (China, Philippines, India) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About .5% Canadians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>About 500,000 illegal entries into the US annually </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Current Concerns (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – As of 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by Department of Homeland Security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dept. (DHS) created by 9/11 attacks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combined old departments, added new aspects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICE – US Immigration & Customs Enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established by Homeland Security Act of 2002 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combined Customs and INS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICE enforces the laws of DHS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for tracking, capturing and deporting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Current Concerns (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – As of 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICE – US Immigration & Customs Enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains a log of Visa requests for family members of immigrants or citizens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Currently has a backlog of family Visa requests </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigates the borders of the US </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conducts employer investigations for illegal workers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raids employers business in search of illegal workers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigrant Life – Current Concerns (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Illegal Immigration 101, as of 2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to Become an Illegal Immigrant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Enter the US without authorization or inspection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Stay beyond authorized period on Visa </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) Violate the terms of legal entry </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Moral Treatment <ul><li>Immigration – Hate Environment for Latino Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative and liberal media use prejudice, dehumanizing and animal-like traits to describe Latino immigrants: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) “Threatening army of invaders” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) “The greatest invasion in history” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) “Swarms” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4) “Hordes” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Moral Treatment (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Hate Environment for Latino Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative and liberal media use prejudice, dehumanizing and animal-like traits to describe Latino immigrants: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5) “Animal-Like” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6) “Will rip apart and subvert American values” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7) “Not American and not decent” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8) “Less Deserving” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Moral Treatment (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Hate Environment for Latino Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative and liberal media use prejudice, dehumanizing and animal-like traits to describe Latino immigrants: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9) “Instill a threat to American’s basic well being” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10) “Spread communicable diseases” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11) “Take back prior Mexican territory from the US and give it to the government of Mexico” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Moral Treatment (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Hate Environment for Latino Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuttals for Latino immigrants: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latinos are not animals, stop using those descriptions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latinos have strong family values </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrants are deserving, our families were immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1/2 the Latino immigrant population is actually from at least 30 other Latino countries, other than Mexico </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Moral Treatment (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Hate Environment for Latino Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuttals for Latino immigrants: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only 1/2 the Latino immigrant population is actually Mexican </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All Latino immigrants are not mercenary soldiers secretly fighting with Mexican immigrants to take US territory back to Mexico </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is impossible to determine citizenship by appearance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 people from the same neighborhood in Guatemala live in the US, 1 legal, 1 not, can you identify the citizen by appearance? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Humane Treatment <ul><li>Immigration – In-humane Treatment by ICE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICE outsources building and maintenance of facilities to house overflow of detainees for deportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impossible for family communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower standard of care than a state or federal jail or other ICE facility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICE provides poor medical attention for sick or injured detainees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>107 deaths in ICE detention only since 2003 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICE separates illegal immigrant parents from citizen children through by deportation (after raids, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Amnesty Necessity <ul><li>Immigration – Amnesty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Immigrants migrate to the US for opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US government & companies created this environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many US companies provide immigrants with jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US companies save money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US companies still need cost savings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US companies pay lower wages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Amnesty Necessity (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Amnesty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many illegal immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay sales taxes wherever they are </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay income taxes & Social Security that is unclaimed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to economy through living and spending here </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to local communities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Immigration Issues – Amnesty Necessity (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration – Amnesty - Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Borders & provide Fast-Track to citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Invest in real border security, technology, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require all immigrants register into system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide ID cards with fingerprints, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toughen the consequences for employers hiring new immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require immigrants pay a $5000 to $10,000 fine (installments?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require English classes and standardized competency tests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow those registered and paid legal & Visa opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act 2009 addresses all above </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Conclusion & Recommendation <ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration History - Occurring since 1607 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses all types of labor shortages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continues to build and blend the melting pot of the US </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creates and improves the economy through spending/living </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Amnesty program for all current immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require all immigrants register into system, take English classes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide ID cards with fingerprints, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require immigrants pay a fine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow those registered and paid legal & Visa opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Conclusion & Recommendation (cont’d) <ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration – Humane and Moral Treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use secret facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve level of care for detainees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop separating families </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Amnesty program for all current immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require all immigrants register into system, take English classes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide ID cards with fingerprints, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Require immigrants pay a fine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow those registered and paid legal & Visa opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. ADL (Eds.). (2008). Immigrants Targeted: extremist rhetoric moves into the mainstream. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved from http://www.adl.org/ Bernstein, N. (2010). Officials hid the truth about immigration deaths in jail. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/10/us/10detain.html . Edmonston and Smith. The new Americans: economic, demographic, and fiscal effects of immigration. National Academy Press. Garraty, J.A., (1966). The American nation; a history of the United States. New York, NY: Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. Jacobson, M. & Sollors, W. (Eds.). (2007). Immigration and American popular culture: nation of newcomers; immigrant history as American history. New York, NY: New York University Press. NCLR (Eds.). (2010). Fact sheet. National Council of La Raza. Retrieved from http://www.nclr.org . PHC (Eds.). (2005). Estimates of the size and characteristics of the undocumented population – full report. Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/files/reports/61.pdf . Preston, J. (Ed.). (2007). Immigration quandary: a mother torn from her baby. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/17/us/17citizen.html?ei=5088&en=995bf8e6cb90c8de&ex=1352955600&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1195326374-2mUVluDap1JR/s2ibNmOzA . Stevens, J. (2010). America’s secret ICE castles. The Nation. New York, NY. Retrieved from http://www.thenation.com/doc/20100104/stevens . IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Works Cited
  26. 26. IMMIGRATION Need for Reform Thank You <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

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