Immigration Nation? Raids, Detentions and Deportations in Post-9/11 America


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Immigration Nation? Raids, Detentions and Deportations in Post-9/11 America

  1. 1. Immigration Nation: Raids, Detentions and Deportations in Post-9/11 America<br />Tanya Golash-Boza<br />Sociology and American Studies<br />University of Kansas<br /><br />@tanyagolashboza<br />
  2. 2.<br />New Bedford Raid<br />
  3. 3. Comments below the video<br />“Way to go ICE!! Arrest and deport the cockroaches!”<br />“Only tragedy here is that now the U.S. has to pay for some kids that freaking illegals left here.” <br />“hahaha, am i supposed to feel bad for these people? ALL of this could have been avoided had they simply followed the laws of immigration. not our fault you wanna break the law when you got kids.”<br />
  4. 4. Human rights perspective<br />Why the dehumanization?<br />
  5. 5. How does the immigration debate look from a human rights perspective?<br />
  6. 6. Who are the immigrants?<br />
  7. 7. Half of people who became legal permanent residents in 2006 came from just ten countries.<br />
  8. 8. In 2010, 85 percent of undocumented migrants come from ten countries.<br />
  9. 9. Undocumented migrants: 2010<br />
  10. 10. Countries that send us migrants are<br />Countries where U.S. employers have recruited laborers for over 100 years.<br />Countries with which we trade<br />Countries where the US military/CIA has been involved<br />
  11. 11. Countries that send migrants to the US<br /><ul><li>Which of these countries has not experienced US military/CIA involvement?
  12. 12. Which of these countries is not a major trading partner with the US?
  13. 13. Which of these countries has been sending labor migrants to the United States for over 100 years?</li></ul>China <br />Mexico<br />ThePhilippines<br />Vietnam <br />Dom. Republic<br />El Salvador<br />Cuba<br />Korea<br />Guatemala<br />Honduras<br />Brazil<br />India<br />
  14. 14. China <br />Mexico<br />ThePhilippines<br />Vietnam <br />Dom. Republic<br />El Salvador<br />Cuba<br />Korea<br />Guatemala<br />Honduras<br />Brazil<br />India<br /><ul><li>Countries where the US military/CIA has been involved</li></ul>Countries that send us migrants are<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Countries with which we trade</li></ul>China <br />Mexico<br />ThePhilippines<br />Vietnam <br />Dom. Republic<br />El Salvador<br />Cuba<br />Korea<br />Guatemala<br />Honduras<br />Brazil<br />India<br />Countries that send us migrants are<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Countries where U.S. employers have recruited laborers for over 100 years.</li></ul>China <br />Mexico<br />ThePhilippines<br />Vietnam <br />Dom. Republic<br />El Salvador<br />Cuba<br />Korea<br />Guatemala<br />Honduras<br />Brazil<br />India<br />Countries that send us migrants are<br />
  17. 17. Undocumented and legally present migrants come for the same reasons.<br />What renders some migrants “illegal” is the lack of legislation that enables undocumented migrants to obtain proper documentation. <br />
  18. 18. Ten million undocumented migrants<br />US response?<br />Raids<br />Detentions<br />Deportations<br />
  19. 19. Raids<br />Arrests at worksite raids increased 12-fold between 2002 and 2008.<br />
  20. 20. Postville, Iowa: May 12, 2008<br />The Postville raid led to a humanitarian and economicdisaster for the town, and, for much of the region. <br />
  21. 21. Detention<br />Immigration detention is where non-citizens await immigration hearings and deportation.<br />Detention increased 500% between 1994 and 2008.<br />
  22. 22. 2008: 33,400 detainees per day<br />
  23. 23. Francisco Castañeda<br /> The U.S. Public Health Service and the Division of Immigration Health Services denied Castañedathe biopsy, on the grounds that this is an elective procedure. <br />
  24. 24. Mass Deportation<br />In 2010, the United States deported 400,000 people, more than double the number deported in 2002, and more than the entire decade of the 1980s.<br />
  25. 25. Deportations: 1993-2009<br />1996: <br />IIRAIRA<br />2001: <br />9/11<br />2003: <br />DHS was<br />created<br />
  26. 26. Who gets deported?<br />96%of deportees are from Latin America and the Caribbean.<br />Most deportees are men.<br />
  27. 27. Latinos more likely to be deported<br />ASIA----------------------------><br />LATIN AMERICA ------------------------------------><br />
  28. 28. Asians and Europeans unlikely to be deported:Ratio of 2000 Non-Citizen Population to 2009 Criminal Deportees<br />LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN---><br />EUROPE AND ASIA-----------------------------><br />
  29. 29. Racial profiling – Police/ICE cooperation<br />
  30. 30. Between 1998 and 2007, over 2 million people were deported from the United States. Over 100,000had U.S. citizen children <br />Family unity<br />
  31. 31. The right to due process<br />The case of Joe Velasquez: <br />No right to a bond hearing<br />Detention and deportation were mandatory. No judicial review.<br />Deportation order was retroactive.<br />
  32. 32. Three-Step Approach to Reform<br />Implement policies that do not violate international human rights conventions.<br />Pave the way for legalization for all migrants currently in the United States.<br />Align migrant entry policies with the reality of globalization.<br />
  33. 33. Step 1: Immigration Policy with a Human Rights Vision<br />Align U.S. immigration policy with international human rights standards:<br />The right to form a family<br />The right to due process<br />The right to freedom from discrimination<br />The right to freedom from arbitrary detention<br />The right to not experience cruel or unusual punishment<br />
  34. 34. Step 2: Pave the way for legalization.<br />
  35. 35. Step 2: Pave the way for legalization.<br />
  36. 36. Step 3:Align entry policies with reality of globalization<br />If people had the right to mobility, then states would have to provide compelling reasons to deny anyone the right to enter their territories.<br />
  37. 37. Step 3:Align entry policies with reality of globalization<br />Social science research makes it clear that:<br />People often migrate because of specific ties between their country of origin and their destination country.<br />Emigration affects sending communities because of the transnational ties it creates and the social and economic remittances migrants send.<br />Temporary migrants often become permanent in response to immigration controls.<br />The impacts of immigrants in receiving communities are often profound, and, frequently, positive.<br />
  38. 38. A discussion of the right to mobility is an ethical and moral debate, but also must be based on social scientific evidence of the inevitability and consequences of emigration to create effective policy. <br />