Neighbourhood Planning - Golden Rules


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Eland House presentation December 2013

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  • Neighbourhood Planning - Golden Rules

    1. 1. #neighbourhoodplanning Golden Rules
    2. 2. #neighbourhoodplanning A quick reminder of what neighbourhood planning is… • POWER to make planning policy or grant planning permission • RESPONSIBILITY to meet need and support growth • INVESTMENT through Community Infrastructure Levy* * Communities with a neighbourhood plan in place receive 25% of CIL
    3. 3. First Golden Rule PLAN POSITIVELY
    4. 4. NPPF • Planning must be a creative exercise in finding ways to enhance and improve the places in which we live our lives… • Neighbourhoods should plan positively to support local development, shaping and directing development in their area… • Every effort should be made objectively to identify and then meet the housing, business and other development needs of an area, and respond positively to wider opportunities for growth… • Neighbourhood plans should not promote less development than set out in the Local Plan…
    5. 5. I commend Cringleford Parish Council for seeking to face up to the difficult issue of meeting a considerable level of housing need for a relatively small community: a further 1,200 dwellings in a parish where 1,000 new dwellings are already being constructed in Round House Park. Report of the independent examiner
    6. 6. “I only know two English neighbourhoods thoroughly, and in each, within a circle of five miles, there is enough of interest and beauty to last a reasonable man his life. I believe this to be the case almost throughout the country, but each has a special attraction, and none can be richer than the one I am speaking of and going to introduce to you particularly…” Tom Brown’s Schooldays
    7. 7. Thame VISION Thame must maintain its character as a real market town • Continue to feel ‘compact’ • Continue to have a close relationship with open countryside around it • Retain its markets • Continue to act as a centre for the surrounding area, not just residents • Remain attractive to residents and visitors
    8. 8. Thame The ten-word Vision Statement is clear, short and sharp. It provides a good introduction, from which the more detailed objectives, and then the policies to support and deliver the vision, naturally flow. Report of the Independent Examiner
    9. 9. Thame POLICIES Land allocated for 775 new homes: seven sites and three reserve sites. Nine other policies on integration of windfall sites, design, provision of new facilities, etc. Other policies on Working and Shopping; Getting Around; Community, Leisure and Well Being; Environment, Sustainability and Design Quality But remember: Upper Eden contains seven policies in total. Neighbourhood planning is a flexible tool.
    10. 10. “Don’t start unless you have a clear idea of why you need a neighbourhood plan and you have a positive goal in mind.” Jo Hawkins, Chairman
    11. 11. P.S. Be clear and succinct Cringleford examiner’s report: “I commend the Draft NDP for being logical, clear appropriately concise and intelligible to a reasonably intelligent lay reader with no expertise in town and country planning.” Rolleston examiner’s report: “The technique used in the Neighbourhood Plan to present a grid demonstrating the link between plan objectives and each of the plan policies is a fine example of best practice. These grids identify for every policy exactly which objectives the policy is addressing.” NPPF: “Planning should be genuinely plan-led, empowering local people to shape their surroundings, with succinct local and neighbourhood plans setting out a positive vision for the future of the area (…) Plans should provide a practical framework within which decisions on planning applications can be made with a high degree of predictability and efficiency.”
    12. 12. Second Golden Rule PUT YOURSELF IN THEIR SHOES
    13. 13. WHOSE SHOES? THE INDEPENDENT EXAMINER “Does this plan meet the basic conditions?”
    14. 14. …regard to national policies and advice… …general conformity with strategic policies… …contribute to sustainable development… …compatible with EU obligations… Neighbourhood Development Orders have some additional basic conditions
    15. 15. The plan you submit for publicity and examination must be accompanied by a ‘basic conditions statement’ explaining how the plan meets the requirements. You can find the basic conditions at Page 38, Locality Roadmap, or Or Schedule 10, Paragraph 8, Localism Act
    16. 16. WHOSE SHOES? THE VOTER The referendum question Do you want Thereborough District Council to use the neighbourhood plan for the Whereford area to help it decide planning applications in the neighbourhood area?
    17. 17. 90% Yes 92% Yes 76% Yes 34% turnout 21% turnout 40% turnout 96% Yes 81% Yes 74% Yes 52% turnout 17% turnout 26% turnout
    18. 18. A qualifying body should be inclusive and open in the preparation of its neighbourhood plan or Order and ensure that the wider community •is kept fully informed of what is being proposed •is able to make their views known throughout the process •has opportunities to be actively involved in shaping the emerging neighbourhood plan or Order •is made aware of how their views have informed the draft neighbourhood plan or Order. Where a qualifying body submits a plan proposal to the local planning authority, it must include a consultation statement, which •(a) contains details of the persons and bodies who were consulted about the proposed neighbourhood development plan •(b) explains how they were consulted •(c) summarises the main issues and concerns raised by the persons consulted and •(d) describes how these issues and concerns have been considered and, where relevant, addressed in the proposed neighbourhood development plan.
    21. 21. Pursuing sustainable development requires careful attention to viability and costs in plan-making and decision-taking. Plans should be deliverable. Therefore, the sites and the scale of development identified in the plan should not be subject to such a scale of obligations and policy burdens that their ability to be developed viably is threatened. To ensure viability, the costs of any requirements likely to be applied to development, such as requirements for affordable housing, standards, infrastructure contributions or other requirements should, when taking account of the normal cost of development and mitigation, provide competitive returns to a willing land owner and willing developer to enable the development to be deliverable. National Planning Policy Framework
    22. 22. Third Golden Rule TO GET A PLAN… …GET A PLAN
    23. 23. Regulations Timescale Designation of neighbourhood area/forum 6 weeks Pre-submission consultation 6 weeks Publicity period 6 weeks Examination Referendum 28 working days (56 for a business referendum)