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Diet plan for pregnant woman
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Diet plan for pregnant woman

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  • 1. Nutritional Needs during Pregnancy
  • 2. Pregnancy
    It is a period of great physiological and stress for the woman-birth to a foetus
    Foetal development is accompanied –physiological , biochemical and hormonal changes in the maternal body –nutrients and efficiency
    Increases basal metabolic rate , gastrointestinal changes ,hormonal changes ,changes in the body fluid ,altered renal function
  • 3. Risk factor- Onset of Pregnancy
    Age less than 15 yrs or more than 35
    Frequent pregnancy
    Poor obstetric history /poor foetal performance
    Poverty
    Bizzare food habits
    Abuse of caffine,nicotine,alcohol or drugs
    Inadeguate wt
  • 4. Risk Factor-During Pregnancy
    Low/ HP-Less than 12.0 g per 100 ml blood
    Inadequate wt gain
    Any wt loss
    Wt gain less than 1 kg per month after 1 trimester
    Excessive wt gain
  • 5. Diet and feeding pattern
    Basic principle is same as normal adults
    Early 3 mths- suffers from vomiting,nausea
    Physiological and hormonal changes occur
    Small amt of food with increased frequency
    Give -Biscuits, bread ,fruit etc
    Avoid-Rich,fried ,strongly flavoured and highly spiced food
  • 6. Things to keep in mind
    1st trimester-nutrient intake need not be increased
    2nd and 3rd trimester-extra food like snacks to be given in between meals-increase the frequency of feeding-5 meals a day
    Protein food like milk,meat,egg,fish ,pulses,groundnuts,soyabean etc
    Calcium and iron need-whole grains , pulses ,leafy vegs, dried fruits etc
  • 7. Due to foetal pressure constipation is common
    Large quantities of dietary fibre-freash fruits and vegs ,whole grain cereals ,plenty of fluid
    Full of nutritious and well balanced diet
    Need of Iodine increases due to stress
  • 8. Diet of Lactating Mother
    Lactation period is the duration when
    mother breastfeeds her child
    Nutritional dietary intake shd be enough –milk production for the baby
    Inadequate intake –reduces milk secretion and change the composition
    Reqt:550 cal more than pregnant woman
    Whole grain, juices, soups, veg and plenty of water
  • 9. Diet in an infancy –birth to 1 year
    Infant-rapid growth and development
    Infant is completely dependent –develops fair degree of physical and mental ability, motion deve, walks,holdobjects along with emotional and psychological –near and dear ones
  • 10. Breast Feeding
    Natural method of feeding-Breast feedingProvides all the nutrients –
    Contains Fats – is highly emulsified so easy to digest
    Lactose-Natural sweetness-Calcium and iron absorption
    Protein –Low amt –reduces pressure on kidney to excrete extra nitrogen
    Vit C content is retained
  • 11. Anti –infective
    Breast feeding is very hygienic –straight from mother’s breast to child’s mouth
    No chance of contamination and infection
    Contains antistaphylococcal factor –prevents growth of bacteria in the infants intestines
    Gastric juice of breast milk is acidic and hence destroys micro-organisms that enter stomach
  • 12. Source of natural immunity
    First 2 -3 days mothers milk is yellowish known as colostrum
    Contains antibodies- natural immunity in the child-protects from various infectious disease
    Colostrum is very rich in nutrients – shd not be discarded at all
    Anti –allergic properties does not affect the infants
  • 13. Psychological advantages
    Healthy, happy and emotional relationship –mom and child
    Infants grow well on exclusively breast feeding
    Baby does not even need water supplements
  • 14. Weaning
    Is the art of gradually introducing
    food other than breast feeding
    Mothers milk + additional food
    Cereal porridge soaked in milk or water
    Modified food-mashed rice-dal,dal-roti –sabji
    Traditional Food-Khichedi,idli,upma,sujji
    Home based instant food-roasted cereals and pulses
    Mashed fruits and cooked mashed veg
  • 15. Intro new foods
    One food to be introduce at a time
    Consistency of food as per child’s age-liquid-semi-solid-solid
    Small quantities ,gradually increase
    Never force to feed the child
    No spicy food or oily food
    Include variety to make food appealing
    To attract attention –consider colour, flavour, texture and shape of the food
    Don’t show personal prejudice towards food
  • 16. Day’s Diet-Pregnant
    Breakfast
    •½ cup (125 mL) cottage cheese•½ cup (125 mL) berries (fresh or frozen)•1 cup (250 mL) whole-grain cereal with skim or 1% milk•1 cup (250 mL) coffee or tea
    Snacks
    1 tbsp (15 mL) peanut butter•4 to 6 whole-biscuits•1 cup (250 mL) skim or 1% milk
  • 17. Lunch:
    Chana Curry,StuffedTindas,MintRaita,Salad,Rice/Chappatis
    Snacks: Banana Shake,Poha
    Dinner: Pea Paneer Curry, Mix Veg(dry),Chapattis/Rice,Fruit Custard
    Age: 25 Activity : Moderate Food Habit: Vegetarian
  • 18. Day’s Diet for Lactating Woman
    Breakfast: Tea,BesanRoti,Onion,Chutney,Jaggery
    Mid Morning Snacks:
    Butter milk ,Dalia
    Lunch:
    Roti,Sproutedmoong,Salad,BesanLaddoo
    Snacks:Tea,Groundnut roasted
    Dinner: Dal,Potato Onion Veg,Rice/Chapattis
    Bed time: Milk