Diet plan for pregnant woman


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Diet plan for pregnant woman

  1. 1. Nutritional Needs during Pregnancy<br />
  2. 2. Pregnancy<br />It is a period of great physiological and stress for the woman-birth to a foetus<br />Foetal development is accompanied –physiological , biochemical and hormonal changes in the maternal body –nutrients and efficiency<br />Increases basal metabolic rate , gastrointestinal changes ,hormonal changes ,changes in the body fluid ,altered renal function<br />
  3. 3. Risk factor- Onset of Pregnancy<br />Age less than 15 yrs or more than 35<br />Frequent pregnancy<br />Poor obstetric history /poor foetal performance<br />Poverty<br />Bizzare food habits<br />Abuse of caffine,nicotine,alcohol or drugs<br />Inadeguate wt<br />
  4. 4. Risk Factor-During Pregnancy<br />Low/ HP-Less than 12.0 g per 100 ml blood<br />Inadequate wt gain<br />Any wt loss<br />Wt gain less than 1 kg per month after 1 trimester<br />Excessive wt gain<br />
  5. 5. Diet and feeding pattern<br />Basic principle is same as normal adults<br />Early 3 mths- suffers from vomiting,nausea<br />Physiological and hormonal changes occur<br />Small amt of food with increased frequency<br />Give -Biscuits, bread ,fruit etc<br />Avoid-Rich,fried ,strongly flavoured and highly spiced food <br />
  6. 6. Things to keep in mind<br />1st trimester-nutrient intake need not be increased<br />2nd and 3rd trimester-extra food like snacks to be given in between meals-increase the frequency of feeding-5 meals a day<br />Protein food like milk,meat,egg,fish ,pulses,groundnuts,soyabean etc<br />Calcium and iron need-whole grains , pulses ,leafy vegs, dried fruits etc<br />
  7. 7. Due to foetal pressure constipation is common<br />Large quantities of dietary fibre-freash fruits and vegs ,whole grain cereals ,plenty of fluid<br />Full of nutritious and well balanced diet<br />Need of Iodine increases due to stress <br />
  8. 8. Diet of Lactating Mother<br />Lactation period is the duration when <br /> mother breastfeeds her child<br />Nutritional dietary intake shd be enough –milk production for the baby<br />Inadequate intake –reduces milk secretion and change the composition<br />Reqt:550 cal more than pregnant woman<br />Whole grain, juices, soups, veg and plenty of water<br />
  9. 9. Diet in an infancy –birth to 1 year<br />Infant-rapid growth and development<br />Infant is completely dependent –develops fair degree of physical and mental ability, motion deve, walks,holdobjects along with emotional and psychological –near and dear ones<br />
  10. 10. Breast Feeding <br />Natural method of feeding-Breast feedingProvides all the nutrients –<br />Contains Fats – is highly emulsified so easy to digest<br />Lactose-Natural sweetness-Calcium and iron absorption<br />Protein –Low amt –reduces pressure on kidney to excrete extra nitrogen<br />Vit C content is retained<br />
  11. 11. Anti –infective <br />Breast feeding is very hygienic –straight from mother’s breast to child’s mouth<br />No chance of contamination and infection<br />Contains antistaphylococcal factor –prevents growth of bacteria in the infants intestines<br />Gastric juice of breast milk is acidic and hence destroys micro-organisms that enter stomach <br />
  12. 12. Source of natural immunity<br />First 2 -3 days mothers milk is yellowish known as colostrum<br />Contains antibodies- natural immunity in the child-protects from various infectious disease<br />Colostrum is very rich in nutrients – shd not be discarded at all<br />Anti –allergic properties does not affect the infants<br />
  13. 13. Psychological advantages<br />Healthy, happy and emotional relationship –mom and child<br />Infants grow well on exclusively breast feeding<br />Baby does not even need water supplements <br />
  14. 14. Weaning<br />Is the art of gradually introducing <br /> food other than breast feeding<br />Mothers milk + additional food<br />Cereal porridge soaked in milk or water<br />Modified food-mashed rice-dal,dal-roti –sabji<br />Traditional Food-Khichedi,idli,upma,sujji<br />Home based instant food-roasted cereals and pulses<br />Mashed fruits and cooked mashed veg<br />
  15. 15. Intro new foods<br />One food to be introduce at a time<br />Consistency of food as per child’s age-liquid-semi-solid-solid<br />Small quantities ,gradually increase<br />Never force to feed the child<br />No spicy food or oily food<br />Include variety to make food appealing<br />To attract attention –consider colour, flavour, texture and shape of the food<br />Don’t show personal prejudice towards food<br />
  16. 16. Day’s Diet-Pregnant <br />Breakfast<br />•½ cup (125 mL) cottage cheese•½ cup (125 mL) berries (fresh or frozen)•1 cup (250 mL) whole-grain cereal with skim or 1% milk•1 cup (250 mL) coffee or tea<br />Snacks<br />1 tbsp (15 mL) peanut butter•4 to 6 whole-biscuits•1 cup (250 mL) skim or 1% milk<br />
  17. 17. Lunch:<br />Chana Curry,StuffedTindas,MintRaita,Salad,Rice/Chappatis<br />Snacks: Banana Shake,Poha<br />Dinner: Pea Paneer Curry, Mix Veg(dry),Chapattis/Rice,Fruit Custard<br />Age: 25 Activity : Moderate Food Habit: Vegetarian<br />
  18. 18. Day’s Diet for Lactating Woman<br />Breakfast: Tea,BesanRoti,Onion,Chutney,Jaggery<br />Mid Morning Snacks:<br /> Butter milk ,Dalia<br />Lunch:<br />Roti,Sproutedmoong,Salad,BesanLaddoo<br />Snacks:Tea,Groundnut roasted<br />Dinner: Dal,Potato Onion Veg,Rice/Chapattis<br />Bed time: Milk<br />