Fancello input2012


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Giovanna Fancello on "Capability approach in assessment of urban quality of life"

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Fancello input2012

  1. 1. Capability Approach in assessment ofUrban Q l of Life b Quality f fby Giovanna FancelloPhd student in Architecture and PlanningDepartment of Architecture Design and PlanningUniversity of Sassari – Italy
  2. 2. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of LifeThis is a survey paper on recent studies of application of the capability approach onthe evaluation of the quality of life related to urban and territorial environment.The particular focus of the comparative exercise is to explore the degree and theways in which different methodological and operational approaches may be effectiveto produce results and to reveal and shed light on eminently urban and territorialfactors of human capabilities.1. The capability approach and the Urban Quality of life2. The Benchmark model3. Case studies4. Conclusions
  3. 3. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of LifeThe capability approach...The Capability Approach can be provisionally defined as an approach to comparative quality-of-life assessment and to theorizing about basic social justice. It holds that the key question toask, when comparing societies and assessing them for their basic decency or justice, is, “What iseach person able to do and to be?”(Nussbaum, 2011)...and the Urban Quality of LifeThe concept of Urban QoL may be intended in two different ways a. mere criterion of spatial delimitation of the area of study b. urban, territorial and spatial components and factors of human capabilities
  4. 4. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of LifeThe Benchmark modelThe model defines some requirements that should be present in a QoL assessment interms of the capability approach(a) The list of capabilities. Explicit formulation – Methodological justification – Sensitivity to the context of research – Different levels - Exhaustion and not reduction(b) The focus on individual. The Capability approach regards the individual as the fundamental unit of moral concern in the analysis for QoL measurement .The information gathered for the valuation model should be indicative of urban opportunities available to single individuals.(c) The focus on spatial distribution of capabilities and context inequalities.(d) The assessment of capabilities and not only functionings. Robeyns, 2003
  5. 5. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of Life Case studies ... that do not make explicit reference to the CA S24O. Italian financial newspaper “Il Sole 24 Ore” produces for over twenty years a dossier on the “livability” of the 107 Italian provinces. CI. CI Capacity inventory (Asset-Based Community Development Institute) is a practice adopted in Institute)* deprived neighborhoods which aims to develop urban policies and activities based on the analysis of individual capacity and skills not develop in low-income population living in the area. low income LIMMA. Liu** builds a model of QoL to assess in 83 metropolitan areas the “opportunity for individual h i ” d th b d th t thi l d t i i di id l choice” and the burden that this leads to increasing Q L i QoL. WSC. Rogers’s research*** intent to analyse urban QoL from a perspective very close to the CA and starting from the consideration that social capital is strictly linked to the urban structure and involved in improving QoL.*McKnight, J.Kretzmann (1996);**B. Liu (1975;1977; 1978) ;***S. H. Rogers, J. M. Hastead, K. H. Gardner, C. H. Carlson (2010)
  6. 6. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of Life Case studies ...that intent to operationalize the CA in assessing urban QoL GW. The Glasgow project* seeks to develop a questionnaire to measure outcomes within the capabilities framework for use in the evaluation of public health and social interventions. WB. Wellbebe** WB W llb b ** research program b ild a well-being i d i B l i f the democratic h builds ll b i index in Belgium for h d i choice of policies for sustainable development of the territory. MI. E. Chiappero Martinetti, S. Moroni and G. Nuvolati (2011) conducted in Milan a research*** on poverty (understood as a lack of well-being) starting from the Sen’s concept of QoL. UCC. This research**** aims to assess UQoL in developed countries starting from the analysis of children s children’s urban capabilities. capabilities*P.K. Lorgelly, et al.(2008);**L. Van Ootegem, E. Verhofstadt (2011);***E. Chiappero-Martinetti, et. al. (2011);****I. Blečić, A.Cecchini, V. Talu (2011)
  7. 7. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of Life Case studies compared to the benchmark model (b)Focus on (c)Spatial CA Research (a)List (d)Functionings or Capabilities individual distribution Only for few Only some information are Not Not S24O indicators but not representative of functionings or defined analysed an aim capabilities iented Explicit Analysed in the asset All indicators are representatives of CI Implicit aim mapping capabilities mplicitly ori Not Not All are functionings, only some LIMMA Analysed defined analysed represent capabilities Explicit E plicit Analysed Anal sed at All are functionings, only some f nctionings onlIm WSC Implicit aim neighborhood scale represent capabilities Explicitly Implicitly and only Analyse capabilities by asking people GW Defined analysed partially analysed in functionings Explicitly Analyse both capabilities and riented WB Defined Not analysed analysed functionings for each dimension xplicitly or Implicitly Partially Analysed but not Assess some capabilities by analysing MI Defined analysed always with valid data functionings and public endowments Explicitly Starting from functionings toEx UCC Defined Analysed analysed understand some capabilities
  8. 8. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of LifeConclusionsThe CA can become a new point of view for research on urban QoL however QoL,studies that aim to assess urban QoL from CA are still few due to the difficulty inoperationalise the approach and in find adequate data.Among the studies that implicitly refer to the CA it is possible to drawn on somemethodological approachs to assess capabilities and the links between individual g pp pquality of life and urban structure.Some problems persist:(1) Difficulty in defining an explicit list in reference to the context of research(2) Most of the researches analyse functionings and not capabilities because of the lack of data and the difficulty to assess their complexity(3) The capability set is defined without consider individual preferences(4) The lack in the analysis of the spatial distribution of individual and contextual inequalities
  9. 9. Capability Approach in assessment of Urban Quality of Life Thank you! Comments are welcomed Giovanna Fancello Phd student i Architecture and Planning d in A hi d Pl iDepartment of Architecture Design and Planning University of Sassari – Italy