Giorgi Liqokeli

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Giorgi Liqokeli

  1. 1. Ee k o l o g i a p r o e q t i ` ekologia - nawilis mizani mTelSi~ Tbilisi 2008 Ggiorgi liqokeli
  2. 2. s a r C e v i <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ra aris ekologia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>P planeta safrTxis winaSea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E ekologiuri problemebi da maTimogvarebis saSualebani </li></ul></ul><ul><li>bavSvebi da garesamyaro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tye-sicocxlis wyaro! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>davicvaT Cveni sacxovrebeli garemo dabinZurebisagan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>redaqtori: giorgi liqokeli </li></ul><ul><li>dizaineri: giorgi liqokeli </li></ul><ul><li>Ffotografi: giorgi liqokeli </li></ul><ul><li>damfuZnebeli giorgi liqokeli </li></ul>
  3. 3. proeqtis devizia: ~tyeebs nu kafav Zmobilo…...…~ <ul><li>proeqtis mizania: </li></ul><ul><li>ekologiuri warmovadginoT </li></ul><ul><li>problemebis mogvarebis saSualebani </li></ul><ul><li>saqarTvelos tyeebis dacvisa da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebis aRmofxvris gzebi. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ra aris ekologia? <ul><li>Eekologia organizmebisa da garemos urTierTdamokidebulebas niSnavs. ekologia ZvelTaZveli sibrZnis gaxsenebaa, sibrZnisa, romlis mixedviTac buneba erTi mTliani organizmia, sadac `nawilis mizani mTelSia~, nawilis dazianeba mTelis dasneulebas, maT Soris arsebuli kanonzomieri wonasworobis darRvevas iwvevs. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pplaneta safrTxis winaSea <ul><li>Cemi azriT, TiToeulma Cvenganma unda icodes, Tu ra safrTxis winaSea dResdReobiT Cveni planeta, Cvenive daudevrobiT. iqneb amis Semdeg mainc davfiqrdeT da kargad avwon-davwonoT Cven mier ganxorcielebuli yvela is qmedeba, romelic SeiZleba Cveni planeti-saTvis safrTxis erT-erTi mTavari warmomSobi mizezi gaxdes. Cven ar unda vizrunoT mxolod da mxolod Cvens yoveldRiur keTildReobaze, aramed unda davfiqrdeT imazec, Tu ra zianis momtani SeiZleba gaxdes arsebuli yoveldRiuri keTildReoba momavalSi Cveni planetisaTvis. Cven SeiZleba vicavdeT Cvens interesebs, magram aseve maqsimalurad unda davicvaT Cveni planetis interesebic. </li></ul><ul><li>teqnikurma progresma gamoiwvia atmosferos, mdinareebisa da wyalsacavebis dabinZureba gaziTa da samrewvelo narCenebiT. Kkacobriobas emuqreba erT-erTi udidesi mteri-erozia! </li></ul><ul><li>iuneskos monacemebiT, adamianis zemoqmedebiT dazianebulia grandiozuli teritoria–planetis damuSavebuli farTobis meoTxedze meti! </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Tu kacobrioba ver iswavlis miwasTan urTierTobis xerxebs, romelic sicocxlis am wyaros daicavs, maSin dadgeba dro, rodesac adamiani amowuravs Tavis umdidres memkvidreobas, Wknobas daiwyebs mis mierve ganadgurebul da dacarielebul miwaze! </li></ul><ul><li>Aadamiani ulmoblad, gaugonari sisastikiT epyroba mis mwvane megobars-tyes! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cems xelT arsebuli informaciiT msoflioSi arsebuli tyis erTi mesamediRaa darCenili! <ul><li>` rodesac ukanasknel xes miwaze daanarcxebs ukanaskneli tyismWrelis najaxi, raTa adgili gauTavisuflos axal samrewvelo kompleqss, xom ar daviwyebT Cven, Semodgomis foTolcvenisa da maisis pirveli simwvanis sinanuliT mogonebisas, plastmasisfurclebiani rkina-betonis xeebis gaSenebas dedamiwaze?~- werda safrangeTis agronomiuli kvlevis erovnuli institutis sabWos prezidenti pier paganioli. </li></ul><ul><li>samwuxarod, rogorc Cans, gamoCenili mecnieris sevdanarevi ironia saukuneTa gzisgasayarze mware sinamdviled iqca... </li></ul><ul><li>Kkacobriobis umniSvnelovanes problemaTa Soris gansakuTrebiT aqtualuria dedamiwis klimatis globaluri daTbobis procesi. </li></ul><ul><li>Ggaremoze adamianis gadaWarbebuli zemoqmedebiT XX saukuneSi dedamiwis zedapiris saSualo temperatura erTi gradusiT gaizarda! Aadvili warmosadgenia, ra katastrofuli Sedegebi SeiZleba mohyves klimatis globalur daTbobas, Tu igi kvlavac gagrZelda – CrdiloeTisa da samxreTis polarul zonebSi yinulebis intensiuri dnobis Sedegad okeaneebisa da zRvebis done aiwevs; wyalqveS moeqceva dedamiwis yvelaze mWidrod dasaxlebuli adgilebi – sanapiro zoli; </li></ul><ul><li>Eekvatoridan daiwyeba gaudabnoebis procesi, romelic TandaTan polusebisken gadainacvlebs; arsebul klimatur pirobebTan Seguebuli cocxali organizmebi gadaSenebis gzas daadgeba da a.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Uukanasknel wlebSi mravali ubedureba daatyda Tavs Cvens qveyanas stiqiuri katastrofebis saxiT. Ees ki darRveuli ekonomikuri balansis pirdapiri Sedegia. </li></ul><ul><li>Ddroa, gons movegoT! Bbunebis mimarT Cadenili nebismieri barbarosuli qmedeba bumerangiviT ukan dagvibrundeba! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Eekologiuri problemebi da maTi mogvarebis saSualebani <ul><li>dResdReobiT ekologiuri problemebi metad mniSvnelovani da aqtualuri Temaa. Cven yvelam maqsimalurad unda vibrZoloT da koncentracia movaxdinoT, rom ekologiuri problemebi Cvens qveyanaSi sabolood aRmovfxvraT. SeiZleba TiToeuli Cvengani gaxdes ekologiuri problemebis msxverpli. </li></ul><ul><li>dameTanxmebiT, rom bevrad mimzidveli da lamazia is qalaqi, romelic bunebasTan harmoniuladaa Serwymuli, sadac minimaluradaa Secvlili bunebrivi landSaftis elementebi, maqsimaluradaa gadaWrili haerisa da wylis dabinZurebis problemebi da adamianebs eZlevaT saSualeba daisvenon tye-parkebSi, icxovron qalaqis gareubanSi. </li></ul><ul><li>samwuxarod, did qalaqebSi sagangaSo ekologiuri viTarebaa Seqmnili: aq 10-30-jer gazrdilia haerSi mtvrisa Dda sxvadasxva minarevebis Semcveloba; erT mcxovrebze gaangariSebiT moixmareba da binZurdeba 10-jer meti wyali, vidre soflad; qalaqebSi mTlianadaa degradirebuli mcenareuli da niadaguri safari; mwvaved dgas narCenebisa da nagvis gadamuSavebis problema. </li></ul><ul><li>narCenebis gadamuSavebis problema marTlac yvela qalaqs awuxebs. Ggarda imisa, rom narCenebi abinZurebs garemos, igi cvlis qalaqis esTetikur iersaxes da amavdroulad epidemiis keracaa. Bbunebrivia, did qalaqebSi ufro didi raodenobis narCeni grovdeba. magaliTad, niu-iorkis mcxovreblebi yoveldRiurad 24 aTas tona narCens yrian, romelSic garda biologiurisa, xvdeba saSiSi qimiuri naerTebic. misi gabneva ki ekologiuri katastrofis momaswavebelia. </li></ul><ul><li>Mminda xazgasmiT aRvniSno, rom gansakuTrebiT saSiSi Sedegebi mosdevs qimiuri narCenebis wyalSi moxvedras. </li></ul><ul><li>dabinZurebuli wyali xvdeba mdinareebSi, romliTac Semdgom irwyveba sagareubno soflis meurneobiT dakavebuli teritoriebi. Aamgvari tipis meurneoba ki didi qalaqebis bostneuliTa da baRCeuliT momaragebazea orientirebuli. Aamrigad, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom dabinZurebuli wyali ukan `gvibrunebs~ arasworad gadayril narCenebs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ekologiuri problemebis mogvarebis saSualebani 1. farTo magistralebis mSenebloba 2.Ggareubnebis keTilmowyoba 3.samrewvelo sawarmoebis sakvamurebze damcavi mowyobilobebisdamontaJeba 4.Aavtotransportis mayuCebze damcavi mowyobilobebis damontaJeba 5.wyalsafiltrebisa da gaTbobis centraluri sistemebis mowyoba Qqalaqebis gamwvaneba, tye-parkebisa da mwvane zonebis mSenebloba aucilebeli piroba 6. xarisxiani sawvavis gamoyeneba Nnagvis gadamamuSa- vebeli fabrikebis mSeneb- loba
  10. 10. <ul><li>Eekologiuri problemebis mogvarebisaTvis erT-erT prioritetul mimarTulebad mimaCnia qalaqebis gamwvaneba, tye-parkebisa da mwvane zonebis mSenebloba. </li></ul><ul><li>Aaseve saWiroa mZlavri sakanonmdeblo baza Cveni bunebisa da saqarTvelos mosaxleobis konstituciiT garantirebuli uflebebis dasacavad; </li></ul><ul><li>saWiroa sasoflo-sameurneo produqciaze SemoRebuli iqnas ekologiuri markirebis sistema, rac mosaxleobas jansaRi da uvnebeli sakvebi produqtebis SerCevaSi daexmareba; </li></ul><ul><li>Aar unda davuSvaT da maqsimalurad unda aRudgeT win sazRvargareTidan Semotanili saeWvo xarisxis, xSirad iq dawunebuli sakvebis gavrcelebas Cvens qveyanaSi. </li></ul><ul><li>Ddidi qalaqebis ekologiuri problemebis mogvareba garkveulwilad SesaZlebelia, amisaTvis saWiroa: farTo magistralebisa da SemovliTi gzebis mSenebloba, gareubnebis keTilmowyoba, samrewvelo sawarmoebis sakvamurebsa da avtotransportis mayuCebze damcavi mowyobilobebis damontaJeba, wyalfiltrebisa da gaTbobis centraluri sistemebis mowyoba, nagvis gadamamuSavebeli fabrikebis mSenebloba, xarisxiani sawvavis gamoyeneba, eleqtrotransportis ganviTareba da sxva. </li></ul><ul><li>dResdReobiT ekologiuri problemebi imdenad aqtualuria, rom sayovelTao pasuxismgeblobas moiTxovs. Amitom, saWiroa gaverTiandeT da erToblivi ZalisxmeviT sabolood aRmovfxvraT ekologiuri problemebi Cvens qveyanaSi. </li></ul>Zala erTobaSia!
  11. 11. bavSvebi da garesamyaro sasurvelia, Tu skolebi patara oranJeriebs gaakeTeben da yvavilebs gaaSeneben bavSvi, romelic vardebsa da liliebs gaaxarebs, aRar daanagvianebs quCebsa da skverebs, ar moWris xeebs bavSvebs fizikuri Sroma daexmarebaT sulierad galamazdnen mizani 1 mizani 2 mizani 3 Mmoxaruli viqnebi, Tuki Cems ideas realobad vaqcev. Mme darwmunebuli var, rom es marTlac mogvitans realur Sedegs!
  12. 12. tye-sicocxlis wyaro! cxovelebi mcenareebi niadagi adamiani haeri wyali siTbo sinaTle
  13. 13. <ul><li>buneba Tavisi kanonzomierebiTa da saidumloebiT dasabamidan dRemde aocebs adamians. bunebis uamrav saidumloebaTa amoxsna bolo aTwleulebis prioriteti gaxda. </li></ul><ul><li>Ddasanania, rom am saidumloebaTa codnam adamiani bunebasTan ki ar daaaxlova, aramed TiTqos kidev ufro daaSora! igi uZRebi Svilis sixarbiT daewafa mis saganZurs… </li></ul><ul><li>Aadamiani bunebis qmnilebaTa gvirgvinia. goniereba da siyvaruli unda edos safuZvlad bunebasTan adamianis urTierTobas. igi xom uxvad gvTavazobs Cveni arsebobisaTvis aucilebel bunebriv resursebs – haers, wyals, siTbos, sinaTles, niadags, mcenareebs, cxovelTa samyaros… </li></ul><ul><li>calke aRebuli verc erTi maTgani ver uzrunvelyofs adamianis arsebobas. </li></ul><ul><li>bunebis naboZeb simdidreTagan tye umTavresia. Aantarqtidis garda igi yvela kontinentze vrceldeba da xmeleTis 30 procenti ukavia. Ddedamiwaze tyiT dafarulia sami miliard 779 milioni heqtari. </li></ul><ul><li>Ddedamiwis Tanamedrove tyis safari adamianis Carevam mniSvnelovnad Secvala. magaliTad, centralur evropaSi wiflnaris adgilze xelovnurad gaSenda naZvnari. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>saqarTveloSi tyes qveynis teritoriis 38 procenti ukavia, da ori milion 69 aTas heqtars Seadgens. samwuxarod, 460 aTasi heqtari tye Zalian gameCxerebuli da degradirebulia. </li></ul><ul><li>Mminda xazgasmiT aRvniSno, rom iyo dro, roca energresursebis mwvave deficitisa da ekonomikuri krizisis gamo tyeebi masiurad iCexeboda. Mmisasalmebeli da aRsaniSnavia is faqti, rom dResdReobiT Cvens qveyanaSi bevrad ukeTesi mdgomareobaa gasul wlebTan SedarebiT. </li></ul><ul><li>SeiZleba iTqvas, rom es aris Cvens mier gadadgmuli pirveli nabiji warmatebisaken. </li></ul><ul><li>tye Tavisi unikaluri TvisebebiT did gavlenas axdens sacxovrebel garemoze. Cxadia, adamianis organizmzec. Ddadgenilia, rom erTi heqtari tye weliwadSi 5-10 tona naxSirorJangs STanTqavs da 10-20 tona Jangbads gamohyofs, anu erTi heqtari tye wlis ganmavlobaSi 18 milion kubur metr haers asufTavebs da mas 30-60 tona mtvers aclis! </li></ul><ul><li>tye mravalricxovani resursis (merqani, qerqi, totebi, foToli, nayofi, Tesli, soko da sxva) umdidresi wyaroa, igi farTod gamoiyeneba merqnis damzadebis, gadamuSavebis, qimiur, kvebis, farmacevtul, safeiqro mrewvelobaSi da meurneobis sxva dargebSi. tye bunebrivi biologiuri resursia, romelsac aRdgenis unari aqvs. igi planetur biogeoqimiur funqcias asrulebs; mravalferovani landSaftis SeqmnaSi monawileobs da Zalian didi wyalSemnaxavi, niadagdacviTi, klimatmaregulirebeli mniSvneloba aqvs. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>tyis dacvas da mis racionalurad gamoyenebas udidesi sameurneo da sasicocxlo mniSvneloba gaaCnia. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>`xevi mTas hmonebs, mTa – xevsa, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wyalni-tyes, tyeni mdinareT, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yyvavilni – miwas da miwa- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tavis aRzrdilTa mcenareT…~ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>`buneba mbrZanebelia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>igiv monaa Tavisa~ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>`tye Seunaxe Svilebsa, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mmama xar Seni valia~ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. davicvaT Cveni sacxovrebeli garemo dabinZurebisagan <ul><li>garemos dabinZureba marTlac aRiarebuli problemaa. Aamitom mizanSewonilad miviCnie, arsebuli problema calke gamomeyo da ufro dawvrilebiT mesaubra amasTan dakavSirebiT. Cemi azriT aucilebelia garemosdacviTi politikis win wamoweva da misTvis gamokveTili prioritetis miniWeba. saWiroa ekologiuri ganaTlebisa da mosaxleobis garemosdacviTi cnobierebis donis mkveTri amaRleba. </li></ul><ul><li>Tavdapirvelad Tbilisis masStabiT me movinaxule sxvadasxva ubani. minda xazgasmiT aRvniSno rom gasul wlebTan SedarebiT bevrad ukeTesi mdgomareobaa qalaqis quCebsa da ubnebSi. SegviZlia Tamamad ganvacxadoT, rom Tbilisi marTlac sisufTavis qalaqia. marTalia davafiqsire garkveuli problemebi, magram am problemebis warmomqmnelni isev da isev adamianebi arian. me minaxavs uamravi adamiani, romelic nagavs pirdapir quCaSi yris. CemTvis miuRebelia da vewinaaRmdegebi maT amgvar qmedebas, vinaidan Cven vcxovrobT civilizebul samyaroSi da Sesabamisad unda moviqceT ise, rogorc civilizebul adamianebs SeeferebaT. sabednierod quCebSi dgas patara urnebi, romelic gaTvaliswinebulia mcire zomis nagvis Casayrelad. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>uaRresad mniSvnelovania TiToeulma Cvenganma igrZnos ekologiuri pasuxismgebloba sakuTari Tavis, sazogadoebisa da garemos mimarT. </li></ul><ul><li>me vestumre qalaqis merias da interviu aviRe dasufTavebis saqalaqo samsaxuris ufrosis moadgilisgan baton giorgi lipartiasgan. </li></ul><ul><li>batono giorgi, ramdeni adamiania dakavebuli qalaqis dasufTavebis samsaxurSi? </li></ul><ul><li>qalaqis dasufTavebas emsaxureba dResdReobiT Sps `Tbilservis jgufi~, romlis saStato erTeuli dRevandeli mdgomareobiT Seadgens 2500 kacs. </li></ul><ul><li>rogoria maTi muSaobis grafiki? </li></ul><ul><li>isini muSAaoben yoveldRiurad. maTi grafiki iwyeba dilis 6 saaTidan. Isini gadian samuSaoebze TavianTi raionebis mixedviT da mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi asruleben TavianT saqmianobas. </li></ul><ul><li>Aarsebobs Tu ara morigeobis sistema? </li></ul><ul><li>morigeobis sistema arsebobs. ZiriTadad yoveldRiuria. maT dasvenebis dRe ar aqvT, vinaidan erTi dRec rom ar dalagdes qalaqi mogexsenebaT ra mZime mdgomareoba iqneba ekologiuri TvalsazrisiT, magram morigeoba arsebobs. Aaris specjgufebi, romlebic Tu romelime raions raime uWirT, maT Sesabamisi daxmareba aRmouCinon. resursi, romelic ar kmara im raions Tu aris aseTi SemTxveva, anu Tu sityvaze aris iseTi momenti, roca is raodenoba momuSave xalxisa ar aris sakmarisi, am SemTxvevaSi damxmare jgufebi aris specbrigadebi, romlebic uzrunvelyofen yvelafers. </li></ul><ul><li>ramdeni manqanaa gamoyofili am saqmisTvis? </li></ul><ul><li>dResdReobiT qalaqs emsaxureba 120 erTeulamde mZime teqnika. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>- sad grovdeba aRebuli nagavi? </li></ul><ul><li>sayofacxovrebo narCenebi, romlebic dRis ganmavlobaSi qalaqSi grovdeba, amisaTvis arsebobs ori nagavsayreli, romelic qalaqs emsaxureba es aris gldanis nagavsayreli da ialRujis nagavsayreli. Aaq am nagavsayrelebze xdeba maTi gauvnebelyofa. </li></ul><ul><li>uwevs Tu ara vinme meTvalyureobas? </li></ul><ul><li>meTvalyureobas uwevs q. Tbilisis dasufTavebis saqalaqo samsaxuri mTel am procesebs. </li></ul><ul><li>ra gegmebi gaqvT uaxloes momavalSi arsebul sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT? </li></ul><ul><li>rac Seexeba Cvens gegmebs, Cveni gegma is aris, rom dRevandel dRes davxvewoT ufro ukeTesad is Cveni saqmianoba da is Cveni momsaxurebis servisi, romelic dResdReobiT Cven gagvaCnia da ufro ukeTesad Seetyos es yvelaferi qalaqs, magram ra Tqma unda es isev da isev mosaxleobis daxmarebiT unda moxdes, Torem marto Cven amas ver gavxdebiT. Cveni problemac is aris, rom mosaxleobis didma nawilma jer kidev ver gaiTavisa is rom arsebobs konteineri, arsebobs bunkeri, sadac unda moaTavsos sayofacxovrebo narCeni. </li></ul><ul><li>gmadlobT, saintereso saubrisaTvis! </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>da bolos minda yvelas movuwodo, rom davicvaT Cveni sacxovrebeli garemo dabinZurebisagan, raTa SeviqmnaT ukeTesi momavali. </li></ul><ul><li>Zala erTobaSia! </li></ul>
  20. 20. proeqti xels Seuwyobs ekologiis gaumjobe seba tyis Sevseba tyis gadarCenas moswavleebis siyvarulis gaRviveba bunebisadmi ganadgurebuli masivebis ganaxleba bunebis dacvas sxvadasxva kataklizme bisagan
  21. 21. Mmizani-romelic sicocxleze metia <ul><li>@@@~tye Seunaxe Svilebsa mama xar Seni valia!~ </li></ul>
  22. 22. proeqtis mosalodneli Sedegebi lamazad gaSenebuli gamwvanebuli jansaRi garemo

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