0
Nuevos desarrollos sobre protocolos / estándares y problemas
actuales aún no considerados por las metodologías existente...
1
Contents
• Overview of CDM/GS projects in Colombia
• Existing Tools and Focus Area for Cookstove
Activities
• Summary
• ...
2
CDM/ GS project
• Low Penetration rate
• No Project focusing on
dispersed household
technologies such as Cooking,
Lighti...
3
Existing Tools and Focus Area
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• Feasibility assessment
– Se...
4
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• Methodology requirements
– Ex-Ante Emission reduction
– B...
5
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• Methodology features
– TPDDTEC
– Single Vs Multiple basel...
6
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• fNRB
– GS Methodology Approach
– AMS- IIG. Approach
– CDM...
7
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• Monitoring
– Sampling Approach
– Sample Size Selection
– ...
8
Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification
• Verification
– DOE
• Guidelines for Sustainable
developme...
9
Summary
• Objectives are
– To assist, local stakeholders, project developers and other
stakeholders
– To minimise the tr...
10
The Gold Standard Foundation
Vikash Talyan
vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org
+41 22 788 70 80
www.goldstandard.org
11
Retos técnicos para el desarrollo de proyectos de
estufas mejoradas que buscan financiamiento del
mercado del carbono
12
Barriers
• Standards & Testing
• There are standards on safety and efficiency of gas and electric stoves,
but not of an...
13
• Government Policy Related to Cookstove
• There are various relevant policies from the Ministries responsible for
envi...
14
• Technology
Standard & Testing
Gov. Policy Related to
Cookstove
Technology Carbon Finance
Colombians prefer a kitchen-...
15
Standard & Testing
Gov. Policy Related to
Cookstove
Technology Carbon Finance
• Lack of Information with respect to bas...
16
Some Solutions for Carbon Finance
• Establish baseline and testing programme
• Devise National Standards (based on Glob...
17
The Gold Standard Foundation
Vikash Talyan
vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org
+41 22 788 70 80
www.goldstandard.org
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Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Nuevos desarrollos sobre protocolos estándares retos técnicos Por: Vikash Talyan

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Fundación Natura y The Gold Standard Foundation (GSF) llevaron a cabo el Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia sobre estándares, metodologías y experiencias nacionales en el desarrollo de estrategias y proyectos de Estufas Eficientes de Leña. Este evento contó con la presencia de expertos nacionales e internacionales. Compartimos una de las presentaciones

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Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Nuevos desarrollos sobre protocolos estándares retos técnicos Por: Vikash Talyan

  1. 1. 0 Nuevos desarrollos sobre protocolos / estándares y problemas actuales aún no considerados por las metodologías existentes. 28 March 2014
  2. 2. 1 Contents • Overview of CDM/GS projects in Colombia • Existing Tools and Focus Area for Cookstove Activities • Summary • Discussion
  3. 3. 2 CDM/ GS project • Low Penetration rate • No Project focusing on dispersed household technologies such as Cooking, Lighting, drinking water etc. • Barriers for these technologies – Low Potential – Dispersed in nature – High monitoring cost – Awareness – Lack of clear guidelines on requirements 8 7 3 1 4 2 25 1 7 17 2 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 Afforestation &… Biogas Biomass Cement Energy efficiency Fuel switch Hydro power Material use Waste Management… Methane recovery &… N2O decomposition Transportation Waste gas/heat… CDM/GS Projects in Colombia CDM GS CDM- PoA
  4. 4. 3 Existing Tools and Focus Area Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • Feasibility assessment – Selection of Certification Scheme • GS/CDM – Selection Programme • PoA –Large/ Small/ MicorScale • Project Scale – Methodology • GS Methodologies – TPDDTEC, Simplified Methodologies • CDM Methodologies – AMS II.G, AMS I.C and Others Screening Tool - Global Alliance For Clean Cookstoves, GERES, SouthPole Carbon - GIZ HERA Cooking energy Compendium http://carbonfinanceforcookstoves.org/ GAP for Further Addition - Customize version for Local Project Developers in local language - Inclusion of GS M-Scale Methodology - Integration of Quick SD Assessment
  5. 5. 4 Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • Methodology requirements – Ex-Ante Emission reduction – Baseline Survey – Baseline Performance Test – Project Survey – Project Performance Test – Usage Survey – Sales Record Available - GS Calculation Tool for M-Scale - CDM - SSC Sampling Guidelines - Sampling Manual, Perspectives GAP - Quick Guide Book for Terminologies - Methodology Guidebook - Guidelines/Templates - Standard Resource, Templates, Guidelines - Interactive SD assessment tool
  6. 6. 5 Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • Methodology features – TPDDTEC – Single Vs Multiple baseline and project Scenarios – Default Vs progressive baseline – Post registration Scenario Addition – Simplified Additionality Justification (20% penetration rule) – Similar design and performance characteristics (+/-5%) – Adjustment Approach – Post Registration submission of project specific case studies – Suppressed Demand Situation Available - KPT Guidelines GAP - A Quick Help Book - Generic Calculation templates - Country Specific Default Value based Calculation templates - WBT guidelines
  7. 7. 6 Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • fNRB – GS Methodology Approach – AMS- IIG. Approach – CDM Default Factor – Survey Based Approach - Barriers - Availability of Data - Resource Constraints Available - Nothing Much GAP - Default Value at Country Level - Default Values for different regions - Guidelines for Survey based Approach
  8. 8. 7 Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • Monitoring – Sampling Approach – Sample Size Selection – Integration of different sampling requirements into one – Project Database management – Monitoring procedures Available - CDM - SSC Sampling Guidelines - Sampling Manual, Perspectives GAP - Project database Templates - Sampling guideline with best Practices Examples - Sampling Templates for data collection - Monitoring and reporting Guidelines with live case studies - Usage Survey Templates/Guidelines
  9. 9. 8 Project Planning Project development Monitoring Verification • Verification – DOE • Guidelines for Sustainable development aspects, other GS specific requirements – Project Developers • What All should be included in the monitoring report • What shall the project developer avoid Available CDM Validation and Verification Manual GAP - Generic Guidelines to complete the monitoring report and requirements to cover aspects like - What to avoid - What to report
  10. 10. 9 Summary • Objectives are – To assist, local stakeholders, project developers and other stakeholders – To minimise the transaction cost for project development – By developing/providing • Assistance tools, Templates, Guidelines • Capacity building exercises
  11. 11. 10 The Gold Standard Foundation Vikash Talyan vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org +41 22 788 70 80 www.goldstandard.org
  12. 12. 11 Retos técnicos para el desarrollo de proyectos de estufas mejoradas que buscan financiamiento del mercado del carbono
  13. 13. 12 Barriers • Standards & Testing • There are standards on safety and efficiency of gas and electric stoves, but not of any other stoves • There are no plans to set any other stove standards, as there is no industrial production of these stoves • There are no standards on Indoor Air Pollution; standards for outdoor air pollution have been around for a long time but outside of Bogota measurement of air quality started only recently. This is administered by the CARs Standard & Testing Gov. Policy Related to Cookstove Technology Carbon Finance
  14. 14. 13 • Government Policy Related to Cookstove • There are various relevant policies from the Ministries responsible for environment and energy, • Their influence on cookstoves so far has been limited Standard & Testing Gov. Policy Related to Cookstove Technology Carbon Finance
  15. 15. 14 • Technology Standard & Testing Gov. Policy Related to Cookstove Technology Carbon Finance Colombians prefer a kitchen-like stove (often fixed) with mu versions are very clean but these stoves are very expensiv Illustrations of Current Technolog • Used in rural areas by richer households • Convenient, any biomass can be used; has a chimney • Burns approximately 50% more efficiently than three stone fires; Traditional Fixed (Lorena) Improved Fixed • Improved version of traditi design; hard to visually dis improvements are internal • Up to 55% more efficient t traditional fixed stove. Red of particle emissions of 86 olombians prefer a kitchen-like stove (often fixed) with multiple p ersions are very clean but these stoves are very expensive llustrations of Current Technology La • Used in rural areas by richer households • Convenient, any biomass can be used; has a chimney • Burns approximately 50% more efficiently than three stone fires; significant reduction in IAP Traditional Fixed (Lorena) Improved Fixed • Improved version of traditional design; hard to visually discern, improvements are internal • Up to 55% more efficient than a traditional fixed stove. Reduction of particle emissions of 86%; very little emissions in the kitchen if Basic stoves making use of freely available materials are regularly used in rural areas, espe hree brick fire (often on a platform) Illustrations of Current Technology Landscape • Made from termite mounds and used by some rural populations • 40-75% more efficient than a 3- stone fire • Difficulty is that it cracks and breaks easily • No industrially produce available, but an organ teaches people to mak stoves and ovens from available old materials umbrellas) for about $1 • High temperatures can reached (195 °C) if it is (often the case in Colom Solar3 Brick Fire – on ground/platform Binde – Termite Mound • Basic technique still used in the poorest areas • Often elevated on a platform, e.g. made of cement; sometimes also using iron bars • Highly inefficient, but the difference is smaller when larger pots are used to cook for a group Basic stoves making use of freely available materials are regularly used in rural areas, especially three brick fire (often on a platform) Illustrations of Current Technology Landscape Cooksto • Made from termite mounds and used by some rural populations • 40-75% more efficient than a 3- stone fire • Difficulty is that it cracks and breaks easily • No industrially produced desig available, but an organization teaches people to make solar stoves and ovens from widely available old materials (monito umbrellas) for about $10 • High temperatures can be Solar3 Brick Fire – on ground/platform Binde – Termite Mound • Basic technique still used in the poorest areas • Often elevated on a platform, e.g. made of cement; sometimes also using iron bars • Highly inefficient, but the 3 Stone Fire Traditional Fixed (Lorena) Binde – Termite Mound Improved Fixed Use -Common Cost -Free Use – Common Cost 500 USD Use – Some Rural Pop” Cost - NA Use – Limited Population Cost 500 USD
  16. 16. 15 Standard & Testing Gov. Policy Related to Cookstove Technology Carbon Finance • Lack of Information with respect to baseline • Diversity • fNRB • Prior experience of carbon Finance
  17. 17. 16 Some Solutions for Carbon Finance • Establish baseline and testing programme • Devise National Standards (based on Global Alliance- developed global standards) • Awareness Programme for Investors, Private Player
  18. 18. 17 The Gold Standard Foundation Vikash Talyan vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org +41 22 788 70 80 www.goldstandard.org

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